International Journal of Management and Humanities

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EISSN : 2394-0913
Total articles ≅ 361
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Pooja Aggarwal
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1382.106221

Abstract:
Workplace diversity refers to the commonalities and contrasts among individuals at work in terms of class, nationality, age, ethnic heritage, academic background, physical capabilities and impairments, gender, interpersonal, and psychological variables. As a result, organizations must create an environment that is compatible with the diversification of their workforce in order to improve their efficiency in this globalised era. The goal of managing workforce diversity is to build and keep a favorable work environment where each employee's contributions are recognized. This reseаrсh рарer сritiсаlly аnаlyses wоrkfоrсe diversity аnd its раrаdigm shift оver time in the соntext оf аn оrgаnizаtiоn. Furthermore, this planned research intends to investigate of workplace diversity and its impact on an organization's efficiency. This study's research will be solely collected from secondary sources. The reseаrch study's findings will be beneficial to the organization since they provide some guidelines and recommendations that can be utilized to develop effective раrаdigms for managing diversity in the workplace. The proposed research study concludes with the belief that appropriate handling of workplace diversity may lead to more committed, pleased, and high-performing employees, as well as make the organization a more efficient workplace.
, Zerihun Getachew, Berhanu Kuma, Tora Abebe
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 13-27; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1371.0851221

Abstract:
External public debt and foreign exchange reserve (FER) are performing a crucial role in the growth and development of countries. To examine the short-run and long-run dynamics among external public debt (EPD) and FER in Ethiopia, the study used 39 years data (1981 to 2019) from National bank of Ethiopia (NBE) and World Bank data sets. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model with error correction model (ECM) was employed after checking the possible assumptions of economic series. The results of ADF test statistics confirms our economic series are stationary with a mixture of level form and first difference form. Bounds co-integration test suggests the existence of co-integration among the variables. According to the descriptive method of data analysis, on average, in Ethiopia the trend for service sector indicated that an ever improvement of the sector throughout the periods and supplementing the notion of change from agriculture base to service sector. On the other hand, according to ARDL model in the short -run on average trade tariff rate, share of manufacturing sector from the GDP, and lagged value of EPD itself predicts the EPD significantly at least at less than 10% level of significance . Moreover, the ECM revealed that in the long-run, financial development indicator, debt service payment, and average trade tariff rate were predicting the stock of FER for Ethiopian economy. Finally, the concerned body, the government of Ethiopia, should limit or reduce the amount of external debt (ED) inflows, and recheck the budget sources for financing different projects especially manufacturing industries rather than highly basing on external sources in the form of EPD, among others.
Rahul Singh Gautam, Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu, Shailesh Rastogi
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 5-12; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1372.0851221

Abstract:
The composition of digitalization and financial technology has brought about a new development model for the agriculture sector. What is the impact of digitization on India’s farmers? To answer this issue, this article examines the effects of digitalization on farmers in India using secondary data from 2018 to 2020, based on the idea of digitalization. It analyses the transmission of digitalization among Indian farmers using panel data analysis. The conclusions are as follows: Farmers' income can be significantly increased by digitalization, and farmers' digitization has resulted in agriculture sector development and contributed to economic progress.
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 31-34; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1367.096121

Abstract:
The current scenario e-learning approach got prominence during the covid-19 pandemic. Many institutions were greatly dependent on e-learning platforms like Edx, Coursera, Udemy, Swayam, Webex, Zoom, Google meet etc. to teach their students and also it became a major part of the education system. The purpose of the study is to identify the perception of learners and accordingly suggest faculty community and technology developing companies. In this context, the current study aims to measure the learners' perception towards e-learning with five dimensions are Usefulness, Ease-of-Use, Self-Efficacy, Attitude & Intention to Use, especially to measure at capital city of Telangana, namely Hyderabad. The learners' awareness of e-learning platforms is also examined along with the above variables. The hypothesis of the study is only one, 'which is there is no significance of users' perception found towards Usefulness, Ease-of-Use, Self-Efficacy, Attitude & Intention to Use etc. aspects of electronic Learning Approach’. Research has been carried out as a descriptive study basing on primary and secondary data sources and also with the help of a structured questionnaire, 121 learners have been examined. These learners are identified based on their availability and conducted a structured interview, in some cases its telephone interview and mail response. Thirty research articles were reviewed in the construction of a theoretical framework. To collect the responses, the convenience non-random sampling technique was used and has applied both the descriptive statistics and t-test to analyze data. The greater part of responders felt it is more useful, easy to use, it improves self-efficacy; they also have shown a positive attitude towards the e-learning approach. A high level of intention is shown towards the e-learning approach and platforms.
Priyanka Guleria
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 28-30; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1385.096121

Abstract:
The current research aims to study trait anger among male and female college students. The current research participants included a total of 80 (40 male and 40 Female). Age range of both the student groups ranged from 20 – 22 years. Mean age of male and female students was 21.05 and 20.08 respectively. All of these students had and urban and semi – urban idle class socioeconomic background and were unmarried. All the students were studying in the third year of B. Sc (Bachelor of Science) course in Degree College Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India. The data was collected through the “Personal Information Form”, “State Trait Anger Expression Index (STAXI)”. The t – test was used to compare the means of the two groups. The results showed that there was no significant difference between these two groups (Male and Female) with regards to trait anger.
Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu, Shailesh Rastogi
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 6, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1370.096121

Abstract:
Dividend has been a matter of concern since the concept of limited liability of the firms came to existence. The uncertainty regarding dividend policy is supposed to hunker down unless we move away from whack-a-mole approach to a long-winded solution to the problem of dividend policy. The issue gets exacerbated because of inclination towards the valuation by the people who call the shots in the firms. This paper explores the association of dividend with the rising NPAs in the Indian banks. The findings of the paper are the testimony to the fact that dividend policy in the banks has issues and need to be checked and corrected. It is recommended in the paper to decouple dividends from the NPA by linking dividend policy with free cash flow. It is also recommended to adopt DVR shares to cater to the aspirations of those investors who do look for consistent dividend policy irrespective of the performance of the banks in a particular year.
Ahmad, Kembaran Banyumas Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Zulkifley Mohamed, F.E. Subekti, 35900 Tanjong Malim Perak Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 5, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.l1360.0851221

Abstract:
The aim of this article is to describe students' cognitive abilities and responses to problem-based learning in the basic statistical concepts when web-based apps is used. Web-based apps were utilized via the Mentimeter application and Google Forms. The application is intended to familiarize students’ with the process of data collection, data presentation, and problems solving. The students’ worksheet and learning response questionnaires were used in data colllection. The data were then described quantitatively. The results revealed that by ultilizing Mentimeter and Google Forms in problem-based learning will enhance students’ understanding and skills in the basic statistical concepts. Additionally, students had a positive attitude toward learning statistics. Student’ tend to be more enthusiastic about their studies.
Hanna Merin Varghese
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 5, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.j1336.0751121

Abstract:
“Refugee” is a historically constructed term that privileged concerns that are substantially ideological and political rather than economic and ecological. But one cannot neglect the fact that environmental and economic concerns cannot be set apart from the political and hence rises the necessity to create a new inclusive category of “ essential needs” to consider their intrinsic interconnectivity as its one of the apriorism. Refugee literature essentially addresses not only the displacement but the gaps that are found in the sociological approach to “statelessness” and migration. On the other hand, literature stands for individual expressions and experience. Literature in the context of statelessness not only signifies the notion of being a “refugee” but being an “ asylum, seeker” as well. No Friend but the Mountains by Behrouz Boochani is such an autobigraphcial novel written in the backdrop of his experience as an asylum seeker and consequent incarceration in the Australian detention regime. The Australian detention centre is built and worked in such a way that it satisfies the idea of the panopticon. The Kyriarchal system works in the prison even in a way that affects the psyche of the imprisoned individuals and thus these stateless asylum seekers undergo extreme existential dilemmas and commit severe crimes, turning against one another and sometimes even suicides. On the basis of the experiences of Boochani, the carceral system of Australian detention centre is expounded here through a Foucaludean idea of punishment, Bentham’s notion of the panopticon as well Fiorenza’s idea of kyriarchy where all of them are essentially different shades and shapes of exerting power.
Jerwin E. Acilo, Esmen M. Cabal
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 5, pp 8-19; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.k1345.0751121

Abstract:
The study was conducted to assess the School Canteen Management in Public Secondary High Schools of Zone II, Division of Zambales for the SY 2018-2019.The research utilized descriptive research design and questionnaire as the main instrument in gathering data supplemented by unstructured interviews from one hundred forty two students and one hundred seventeen faculty, parents and canteen operators who were randomly selected. The researcher found out that most of the teachers, parents and canteen owners are adults; female and married. Their monthly family income is meager. Generally they finished high school but majority of them have their BS degree with masteral units and doctorate degree. They belong to Roman Catholics as to their religious affiliation. The canteen owners and teachers have a enough number of experience in the operation of canteen. The student-respondent is generally male, a teenager in Grade 11 and have small amount of money for school daily allowance. The canteen operators and students assessed that on permit and clearance, personnel and staff, price and commodities, food security and standards, quality and quantity of food served, kinds of service render to the customer, transparency and accountability, sharing and proceeds and reports and documentation are evident. There is significant difference on the perceptions of the teachers, parents and canteen operators towards school canteen management as to the evidence of permit and clearance, canteen personnel and staff, quality and quantity of food served, kinds of services rendered to the customers, transparency and accountability when they are group as to type of canteen they operate, age and years on the operation of the canteen and their highest education attainment; significant to age , length of years and type of canteen operation towards price and commodities; however there is a significant difference on their perceptions when they are grouped as to their highest educational attainment and type of canteen operation towards sharing and proceeds; and significant to highest educational attainment, length of years in the canteen operation and type of canteen operation towards report and documentation. There is significant difference on the perception of the teachers, parents, and canteen operators when grouped according to sex on the assessment towards dimension of canteen management as to permit and clearance, personnel and staff, price and commodities, food security and standards, quality and quantity of food served, kinds of service render to the customer, transparency and accountability. There is a significant difference in the perceptions of the teachers, parents and canteen operators towards the evidence in the permit and clearance and food security standard when grouped according to the type of canteen There is a significant difference in the perceptions of teachers, parents and canteen operators towards management evidences in canteen personnel and staff, price and commodities, quality and quantity of food served, kind of services rendered, transparency and accountability and sharing of proceeds when respondents were grouped according to length of years in operation and type of canteen operation with the inclusion of highest educational attainment towards the parameter of sharing proceeds. There is moderate relationship between the perceptions toward management evidences on price and commodities and the quality and quantity of food served as assessed by teacher, parent and canteen operator and student respondents. Based on salient findings and conclusions arrived, the researcher offers the following recommendations that the school heads should prepare a workable and viable long range master plan on canteen operations and personnel functions; the conduct a regular check-up or ocular visits on school canteens particularly on the kitchen area to assure sanitation and cleanliness in food handling is strongly encouraged; that the school officials should be ready to entertain and provide immediate action on complaints against mishandling of food and other concerns related to canteen operation; to provide discounts, combo meals at cheaper price; that the personnel incharge in cooking should look for organic alternatives of seasoning rather than the use so much amount of glutamate monosodium which affects health and safety condition of the students; that the canteen operators/school management should provide continuous training for crews and staff particularly those newly hired to assure safety on food handling and preparation and finally, future researchers may conduct a similar or parallel study with in-depth and wider in scope so as to validate the findings obtained in the study.
Omer Wagner
International Journal of Management and Humanities, Volume 5, pp 20-23; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijmh.k1353.0751121

Abstract:
Sea freight prices have risen sharply, due to the COVID-19 crisis, global shortages of ships, declining competition in the field, and containers of contagious demand. The increase in transportation costs leads to the increase in the value of goods for customs purposes, and to a further collection of customs duties. The Israeli law allows the state to facilitate importers and waive the extra customs duties, and similar and other facilitations have been made in the past. Therefore, all that is required is the flexibility and activation of goodwill on the part of the state, when interpreting the law.
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