PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH
Latest articles in this journal
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/4005138
The mutual fund industry in India has registered significant growth since the liberalization of Indian Economy in 1991 and has emerged as a significant financial intermediary.The growing importance of Indian mutual funds may be noted in terms of the increased mobilization of funds and the increasing number of schemes and investors in the industry.The results show that there is a significant association between educational qualification of the investors and the risk tolerance level and occupation of the investors and the risk tolerance level.The results further indicate that there is no significant association between occupation of the investors and the level of knowledge of mutual fund and monthly savings of the investors and the level of knowledge of mutual fund.Therefore, the investors have to consider the prevailing rate of risk free returns and to compare the fund returns with it. Based on this the selection of schemes and the choice of investment avenues can be decided.Due to the fund man timing skill,stock selection ability,imperfect diversification the schemes had suffered with low return. Hence to increase the fund return the concerned fund managers have to improve all these skills.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 41-45; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/0601409
BACKGROUND:Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in both developed and developing countries. It is a leading cause of death in India, and its contribution to mortality is rising. Considering the increasing burden of coronary artery disease and its mortality and the usefulness of identifying risk factors, studying the clinical profile and angiographic pattern will help us intervene the disease at various levels which can help control the morbidity and mortality of coronary artery diease. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The present study was conducted in the Department of Cardiology,IPGMER & SSKM Hospital,Kolkata during the period of January 2019 to December 2019.This is a hospital based observational prospective study with prospective data collection,where all patients of coronary artery disease who had undergone coronary angiography has been taken into consideration to find out the risk factors,clinical profiles and angiographic patterns in coronary artery disease patients in Kolkata. RESULTS: Maximum patients were present in the age group 51-60 years of age.Mean age is 56.7+11.6sd.Male patients were 70% and female patients were 30%.Most common symptom was chest pain,90% of patients had it during the time of presentation.The next frequent symptom was shortness of breath which was seen in 52% of patients. Most common risk factor was smoking which was seen in 58% of patients.Next frequent risk factor being hypertension seen in 43.5% of patients.Obesity was seen in 59.2% of patients.On coronary angiography,40% of patients had Single vessel CAD,27.3% had double vessel CAD,23.5% had Double vessel CAD,6.5% had Non-Significant CAD and 2.7% had Normal coronaries(recanalized epicardial coronaries).LAD was involved in 73.5% of patients,51.7 % had RCA involved,43.5 % had LCX involved and LMCA was involved in 1.7% of patients. CONCLUSION:Smoking and hypertension are the most common risk factors.Single vessel disease is the most common angiographic pattern.Risk factors should be addressed properly to decrease the morbidity and mortality of coronary artery disease
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 32-33; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/5604101
This paper seeks how market research make impact on digital marketing .Digital marketing is the path for the marketers through electronic communication to channelize the goods and services towards market place.Digital marketing is the method of promoting a brand,a product,or a service through one or more forms of electronic media such as the Internet, mobile instant messaging,wireless text messaging,podcasts,online radio channels,digital television,and mobile apps. Market research is the process of gathering valuable information about the needs and preferences of consumers.It helps in determining if there is market for a product or service and is a key part in developing any business.It gives businesses an insight into the profiles and spending habits of consumers and provides companies with the data necessary for making good business decisions.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 51-53; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/4904909
The worldwide pandemics are the common enemy of all mankind.When faced with the global pandemics, it becomes necessary for all nations to strengthen cooperation.Although India and China are close neighbors in Asia,their media coverage of each other in 2020 was extremely asymmetrical.Nonetheless,this media coverage should be strengthening communication and cooperation.Only in this way can it benefit the people of the two nations and ultimately realize a coprosperity and collaborative development.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 34-36; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/1401195
INTRODUCTION: Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB) accounts for 15- 25% of all TB cases. It is more difficult to diagnose than Pulmonary tuberculosis and often requires invasive procedures to obtain tissue and or fluid samples. Histology is time-consuming and establishing a diagnosis of TB with high specificity remains difficult. Tissue smear microscopy after special staining is often negative. Tissue culture often leads to considerable delays compromising patient care and outcomes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:1. To diagnose Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis by Gene Xpert(Xpert MTB/Rif assay or CBNAAT) and Liquid Cultures. 2. To evaluate the Sensitivity and Specificity of Gene Xpert in Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis in comparison with Liquid Culture MGIT960 system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out by reviewing all suspected extra pulmonary tuberculosis samples of 430 patients attending OPD at Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Jaipur from April 2020 to March 2021.The extrapulmonary samples (pleural fluid,CSF,pus,BAL,Ascitic fluid,Synovial fluid,Gastric aspirate,Liver aspirate) were subjected to GeneXpert and Liquid culture MGIT960 system. RESULTS: Of the 430 Extra Pulmonary Samples, The Sensitivity and Specificity of CBNAAT was 79.77% and 95.30% respectively in comparison with Liquid Culture. Out of the 430 Samples CBNAAT was Positive in 87 samples of which 71(81.60%) were Rifampicin sensitive and 16(18.39%) were Rifampicin Resistant.Out of the 430 Samples,Liquid cultures was Positive in 89 samples. CONCLUSION: Gene Xpert has a notable advantage of detecting tuberculosis within two hours which is acceptable to all clinicians to institute early treatment.CBNAAT is one of the rapid diagnostic tests available in the country and it should be routinely used under the public and private health sector effectively to detect early tuberculosis in Extra Pulmonary Samples.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 39-40; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/2601323
Metaplastic breast cancer constitute nearly 1 % of all breast carcinoma cases. There is metaplasia of normal epithelial components of the breast into other types. They are highly aggressive with very poor prognosis. Here we present a case of 30 year old female who presented with a breast lump in her left breast associated with dull aching pain. It was 10 x 10 cm in size involving upper inner, upper outer, lower outer quadrants and retroareolar area of left breast. USG was suugestive of BIRADS VI lesion. Axillary lymph nodes were not found enlarged clinically or radiologically. Core biopsy report showed Phylloides tumor of breast. The patient underwent simple mastectomy of left breast and histopathology revealed spindle cell variant of metaplastic breast cancer. The cell blocks sent for immunohistochemistry were negative for estrogen, progesterone receptors and Her2neu receptor. The post surgical treatment of this type of breast cancer is still under study.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 41-44; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/4306040
Children and Adolescents are seen to be using cell phonesand the internet to gather information and communicate with each other across the country.This way of communication with others is the unique feature of the Digital Age which gives powerful new styles for children and adolescents to create and peregrinate their social environments. Digital Age has a simultaneous impact on Children and Adolescents along with their physical development and development of identity, morality,and sexuality.Existing Published literatureindicated that connections between children and adolescents playing violent video games can cause aggressive behavioral problems later on.Digital Age has been known to have its impact on children and adolescents in form of diminished cognitive skills and poor academic and social development in addition to poor relationshipsandperceptionsof reality.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 20-22; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/2900668
Introduction: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a growing concern due to increased use of cosmetics and topical medications routinely and exposure to a large number of allergens on day-to-day basis. Patch testing is a reliable method for detecting the causative antigens in suspected cases. Aims And Objectives: To assess the demographic profile, pattern of ACD, and patch test profile of suspected cases of ACD attending contact dermatitis clinic of our department. Materials And Methods: It was a prospective study in which all the patients with suspected ACD attending OPD of department of dermatology over a 3 month period were analysed. Patch testing was done using the most common antigens primarily, and other batteries were used depending on patient requirement and availability. Results: A total of 50 patients were enrolled in the contact dermatitis clinic over a period of 3 months. Hand eczema was the most common pattern seen in 23 cases followed by feet eczema, hand and foot eczema, facial eczema, forearm and leg eczema and photoallergic contact eczema. A total of 32 (64%) gave positive patch test results, with nickel sulfate being the most common allergen identified followed by cobalt sulfate & potassium dichromate. Conclusion: Common allergens identified in our study were more or less similar to studies from other parts of India
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 24-28; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/3205551
Every nation has to move towards the constant progression of growth. The Co-Operative Banks as part of the banking system operating in Rural and Urban areas in reduced scales, caters the financial needs of Rural and Urban sector particularly agriculture and allied activities, trade and commerce and consumer finance. This paper aims to study the efficiency in sanction and disbursement made by Bijapur District Central Co-Operative Bank Ltd. Vijayapur, Karnataka during 2013-14 to 2017-18.The overall performance is efficient in sanction and disbursements of advances as the total advances shows increasing trend and the bank is disbursing loans to every talukas, all areas, and each category of loans. The Bank has managed efficiently to allocate the funds to Priority Sector as well as Non-Priority sectors; this helps the Bank to maintain high profitability by adhering the guidelines of RBI in sanction and disbursement of advances. The performance of the Bank can improve further by enhancing the loan facilities, improving the quality, introducing new products, and attracting the unreached customers.
PARIPEX INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH pp 37-38; https://doi.org/10.36106/paripex/6001242
Organophosphorus compounds (OPCs) are common pesticides used in agriculture in India. In this study, totally 24 patients had hypokalemia. Of 39 male patients,20 patients (51.3%) had hypokalemia. Of 11 female patients, 4 patients(36.4%)had hypokalemia. Of 50 patients totally, 14 had hyponatremia(<135 meq/dl) which constitutes 28%. Of this 6 patients had hypokalemia which accounts for 42.9%of hyponatremia.Of 24 patients with hypokalemia this 6 cases of hyponatremia accounts for 25%. Hypokalemia increases both morbidity and mortality in organophosphorus compound poisoning significantly.Hypokalemia can be used as a reliable and a cost effective marker of morbidity and mortality in organophosphorus compound poisoning