Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285)

Journal Information
EISSN : 2687-2285
Current Publisher: Bussecon International (10.36096)
Total articles ≅ 24
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Elif Baykal
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 18-25; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i4.224

Abstract:
Spiritual well-being is the affirmation of one’s life in a relation to external world, one’s ownself and a transcendental power like God. It reflects positive feelings, attitudes, and perceptions leading to a sense of identity, wholeness, peace, harmony, and purpose in life. In this study, it is predicted that individuals with high spiritual well-being will be more spiritually resistant during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is one of the most noteworthy periods when people need to be psychologically strong and resilient. In this study, resilience has been defined as the individual endurance against difficulties and the ability to bounce back and even get better. Hence we hypothesized that spiritual well-being of individuals will be effective on their resilience. We conducted our study in Turkey among adults older than 20 years old. We obtained 384 usable data and we analysed our date by using SPSS 20.0 program. Results confirmed the assumption of this study, regarding spiritual well-being/ resilience relationship.
Ugur Karaboga, Pelin Vardarlier
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 1-17; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i4.234

Abstract:
The recruitment process is more of an issue for many businesses. The process of determining the appropriate candidate to hire is often a costly, time-consuming process. Besides, due to incorrect decision-making or lack of objectivity in hiring processes, recruitment processes may not proceed effectively. Businesses are trying to use technology in their recruitment processes to avoid these problems. Currently, many businesses use internet and software technologies to receive applications and evaluate candidates. But despite these technologies, it takes time and additional personnel costs for people to coordinate all processes. Due to these and similar situations, there has been an increase in the use of artificial intelligence technologies in recruitment processes in the world recently. The use of artificial intelligence in recruitment processes has the effect of reducing costs and decision-making errors and appears to be beneficial in saving time. In this study, the use of artificial intelligence in the recruitment processes of businesses in Turkey was examined. In this context, interviews were conducted with the human resources managers of 22 businesses. According to research results, it was understood that artificial intelligence was benefited only as an auxiliary element in recruitment processes. It has been found that businesses do not rely much on artificial intelligence in their recruitment processes, so they do not use it or partially use it.
Yunus Emre Ozturk
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 26-35; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i4.235

Abstract:
With the negative effects of global financial crisis in 2008-2009 and recent Covid 19 pandemic, the need for stress management for individuals and business organizations is significantly increasing. However, the latest advances in digitalization and digital transformation of service companies are reshaping and redesigning the working conditions. This study aimed to explain how stress and burnout syndrome affects the individuals and business organizations. It is also aimed to maintain a theoretical perspective on burnout syndrome models. Main contribution of the paper to literature is its theoretical perspective with fundamental theories and models of burnout syndrome.
Ijeoma Ugiagbe
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 36-43; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i4.223

Abstract:
This paper focuses on the phenomenon of suicide ravaging Nigerian society. It specifically espouses the causes, manifestations, and feasible panacea to the scourge of suicide in the context of students in higher education in Nigeria. It adopted the content analysis methodology whereby existing secondary data on suicide were comprehensively reviewed and major strands and themes in the data analyzed were used as the basis for the discourse in this paper. The results of the reviewed data reveal that the major causal factors of the upsurge in suicide in Nigeria are attributed to a myriad of problems bedeviling Nigerian society such as; the comatose economy, abject poverty, anomie, globalization, get-rich-syndrome, peer influence, stress, and anxiety associated with socio-economic and political realities of the Nigerian society. These systemic and personal problems negatively impact the youths especially those in the higher institutions of learning because of the rigors associated with academic pursuits in Nigeria. A feasible panacea on how to stem the tide of suicide in Nigeria was discussed at the end of the paper.
Suseela Devi Chandran, Nasiha Sakina, Norazah Mohd Suki
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 16-23; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.203

Abstract:
This paper focuses on social security threats brought by the Rohingya refugees in Malaysia especially on healthcare services. First, a brief historical background of Rohingya ethnic and how this ethnic became refugees is discussed. Secondly, this paper provides a preview of Rohingyas during post-Myanmar’s political transition. and a short background of Rohingyas in Malaysia. Third, this paper examines the healthcare services among the Rohingya refugees in Klang Valley, Malaysia, and the accessibility of healthcare.
Hani Albasoos, Nabil Al Musallami
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 1-17; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.206

Abstract:
This article seeks to explore the conflict between Samsung and Apple. The conflict has been one of the most outstanding patent wars in the history of the smartphone industry. Apple and Samsung are among the most popular manufacturers of commonly used smartphones and tablets. The conflict began when Apple decided to file a federal lawsuit in the US district court, accusing Samsung of copying some of its iPhone features in the Samsung Galaxy S II smartphone. The court ascertained that the gadget had similar characteristics to Apple, thus ordering Samsung to pay Apple for the damages. In response, Samsung reacted by filing countersuits. The two firms, almost fifty cases in different nations and regions. The issues lasted for seven years, starting from 2011 and ending in 2016, in which both companies benefited and lost at the same time. The conflict emanated because of each firm pursuing its competitive advantage in the market. Apart from following market shares, third parties, like consumers, instigated the conflict, with international politics and the media playing a role.
Nazmiye Kaan
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 8-15; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.204

Abstract:
Today, innovation appears as new ideas, creative ideas, new situations in the form of devices or methods. Innovation is also often seen as the implementation of better solutions that meet new requirements, specific needs, or current market needs. Social innovation has special importance among the forms of innovation. This study aims to evaluate social innovation applications for visually disabled citizens in local governments. This study also aims to conduct a registration service review for visually impaired citizens within the scope of social innovation. With the registration service, it is aimed to voice the books in line with the demands of visually impaired members through volunteer readers. This study also evaluates the IMM’s social innovation efforts that provide innovative solutions to their problems. Additionally, this study also evaluated audio libraries for visually impaired individuals, which help them to read books.
Mahmut Arslan
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 1-13; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.201

Abstract:
This paper compares and analyzes the Catholic Social Teaching, Puritan work ethic and Islamic ethic of medieval Muslim Ahi Brotherhood of Anatolia in terms of business ethics. A high level of similarity can be found between Catholic social teaching (CST) and a branch of the Islamic work ethic of Ahi movement. Islamic Ahi work ethic has also significant similarities with the historical Protestant work ethic. This similarity reveals the opportunity to cooperate and to foster a more humanitarian workplace, particularly in multi-cultural organizations both for Christians and Muslims. We can argue that many ethical problems arise in organizations as a result of a violation of ethical values and virtues. Corruption, sexual harassment, mobbing, nepotism, are direct results of the lack of such virtues. Therefore, it is possible to merge Catholic, Protestant and Islamic values to create a more humane workplace.
Praptini Yulianti, Evi Setyo Lestari
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 31-35; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.196

Abstract:
The growing number of café businesses makes undergraduate students attracting to the enterprise. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (ESE) on entrepreneurial intention with the mediating role of attitude toward entrepreneurship. This study is providing questionnaires on the respondent. Total respondents are from 92 undergraduate students as the owner of a cafe business in Surabaya, Indonesia. This study examines two hypotheses by smart PLS. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a significant and positive influence on entrepreneurial intention. Attitude toward entrepreneurial is partially mediating the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy with entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy includes beliefs about the capabilities of achieving desired outcomes as well as beliefs about one's abilities to complete tasks. ESE is crucial to building entrepreneurial intention because the survival of a business does not merely depend on success but also seeks opportunities in business development. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy is a crucial factor that should be had by the undergraduate student as an owner of a business. By having a higher entrepreneurial self-efficacy, the better impact on an entrepreneur has perceived competence for successfully starting a new enterprise.
Hani Albasoos, Buthaina Al Hinai
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 14-20; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.199

Abstract:
Following the Arab Spring in 2011, Yemen’s devastating conflicts have deepened even further, leading the country to be the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. Despite the international community's multiple attempts to resolve this conflict, the conflict seems to have reached a stalemate. To make matters worse, resolving the conflict is made difficult by the large number of parties involved, internally and externally, and by the complex, dual and fluid nature of the relationships they share. Although the media and international community's focus is directed towards the binary conflict between the Hadi government and Saudi Arabia on one side and Iran and the Houthis on the other, the conflict is greatly multifaceted and far from being binary. This paper critically analyzes and explores other participating actors to comprehend the root causes of the conflict entirely. Although this conflict has been advertised as a proxy war, while others trace back the motivation to sectarianism, this paper argues how this analysis can be misleading and hindering the peace process.
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