Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285)

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EISSN : 2687-2285
Total articles ≅ 28
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Laurenti Magesa, David Bilungule Bakamana, Clement Chinkambako Abenguuni Majawa
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 36-42; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i1.249

Abstract:
Among the Luba people, the tshiota is one of the powerful types of indigenous manga (charms) used by the community. Tshiota is a traditional fire of power used for rituals, where invocations are made to the departed ancestors, spirits, and angels. It is a place of purification, cleansing, blessings, and making sacrifices. The study employed a qualitative research that was rooted in phenomenology. The concentration of the study was on the Kasai Central Province for two main reasons: one, the region has one of the major ethnic groups in the country and thus adequate evidence exists of use of manga in the area. The target population for the study was the Luba people who lived in Kasai Central Province. From this target population, charm givers, militia and political leaders were selected as the units of observation by the researcher.The findings of the research established tshiota is used to perform rituals and invocations to call upon the ancestors for help when there is a problem in the community. This help includes protection of community members before they go out to perform an activity on behalf of the community. This includes activities such as fighting during war. Tshiota fire was used also by the militia including Kamwina Nsapu who were fighting the government. They were initiated through fires of tshiota and drinking a powerful potion called tshizaba. Manga made the militia to be very powerful and strong in their fight for justice and good governance in Kasai. Through this abilities, they were able to fight and win against the modern day government in their effort to bring change and accountability in modern political leadership. Manga were used to deal with corruption and other mal-practices, hence bring forth justice and good governance in Kasai Central Province, in DRC.
Muafi Muafi
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 20-27; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i1.253

Abstract:
During the pandemic and post-pandemic of Covid-19, MSMEs are required to continue to survive, and even compete at the regional and global level. The improvement of technology and resources need to be optimized. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze: (1) the influence of Attitudes toward Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and Mimetic Isomorphism partially on Strategic Management in Islamic Perspective (SMIP); (2) the moderating role of Qur’anic Work Ethics (QWE) in the relationship between Attitudes toward ICT and SMIP; (3) the moderating role of Qur’anic Work Ethics (QWE) in the relationship between Mimetic Isomorphism and SMIP. This study is conducted in Batik MSMEs in Pekalongan with the number of respondents of 154 MSMEs. The primary data is collected through purposive sampling using a questionnaire. The results of this study show that: (1) there is a partial influence of Attitudes toward ICT and Mimetic Isomorphism on SMIP; (2) there is a moderating role of QWE in the relationship between Attitudes toward ICT and SMIP; and (3) there is a moderating role of QWE in the relationship between Mimetic Isomorphism and SMIP.
Engin Özel, Umit Hacioglu
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 01-19; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i1.251

Abstract:
This paper aims to develop a critical approach to flight safety by assessing theoretical and empirical studies on fatigue risk factors in cockpit and cabin crew. This paper also builds a fundamental basis for managing fatigue risk factors in the aviation industry. The main contribution of the paper demonstrates the fact that primary and secondary fatigue risk factors in cockpit and cabin crew affect the level of job satisfaction, operational efficiency, and flight security.
David Bilungule Bakamana
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 28-35; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i1.261

Abstract:
Africa continues to witness sustained conflicts owing to a number of different reasons. Already, evidence shows that a majority of these conflicts have been driven by long-standing social- political and economic reasons. Yet a closer look at the conflicts reveals that they have not only transformed, but are now sustained by different actors, methods, and have different objectives. Traditionally, conflicts in Africa have been driven by issues such as natural resources and struggles for political and economic power. However, there are now new factors that are significantly fueling and sustaining violence and conflicts in many parts of Africa. The paper focuses on why there have been such sustained conflicts in Africa and largely categorizes them into two main classes- old and new. Kadlor’s New War Theory helps explain and distinguish these two categories of conflicts by pointing out the salient features in each. However, what cannot be categorized is the effects that these conflicts have previously had and continue to leave in the countries and populations in which they occur. These are also briefly discussed which highlights the implications - both short-term and long-term that these conflicts have in Africa. Through these discussions, perhaps a new way of conceptualization of the nature of conflicts in Africa can be developed. This guides the approaches and means to be used in their mitigation and ultimate resolution.
Elif Baykal
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 18-25; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v2i4.224

Abstract:
Spiritual well-being is the affirmation of one’s life in a relation to external world, one’s ownself and a transcendental power like God. It reflects positive feelings, attitudes, and perceptions leading to a sense of identity, wholeness, peace, harmony, and purpose in life. In this study, it is predicted that individuals with high spiritual well-being will be more spiritually resistant during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is one of the most noteworthy periods when people need to be psychologically strong and resilient. In this study, resilience has been defined as the individual endurance against difficulties and the ability to bounce back and even get better. Hence we hypothesized that spiritual well-being of individuals will be effective on their resilience. We conducted our study in Turkey among adults older than 20 years old. We obtained 384 usable data and we analysed our date by using SPSS 20.0 program. Results confirmed the assumption of this study, regarding spiritual well-being/ resilience relationship.
Ugur Karaboga, Pelin Vardarlier
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v2i4.234

Abstract:
The recruitment process is more of an issue for many businesses. The process of determining the appropriate candidate to hire is often a costly, time-consuming process. Besides, due to incorrect decision-making or lack of objectivity in hiring processes, recruitment processes may not proceed effectively. Businesses are trying to use technology in their recruitment processes to avoid these problems. Currently, many businesses use internet and software technologies to receive applications and evaluate candidates. But despite these technologies, it takes time and additional personnel costs for people to coordinate all processes. Due to these and similar situations, there has been an increase in the use of artificial intelligence technologies in recruitment processes in the world recently. The use of artificial intelligence in recruitment processes has the effect of reducing costs and decision-making errors and appears to be beneficial in saving time. In this study, the use of artificial intelligence in the recruitment processes of businesses in Turkey was examined. In this context, interviews were conducted with the human resources managers of 22 businesses. According to research results, it was understood that artificial intelligence was benefited only as an auxiliary element in recruitment processes. It has been found that businesses do not rely much on artificial intelligence in their recruitment processes, so they do not use it or partially use it.
Yunus Emre Ozturk
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 26-35; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v2i4.235

Abstract:
With the negative effects of global financial crisis in 2008-2009 and recent Covid 19 pandemic, the need for stress management for individuals and business organizations is significantly increasing. However, the latest advances in digitalization and digital transformation of service companies are reshaping and redesigning the working conditions. This study aimed to explain how stress and burnout syndrome affects the individuals and business organizations. It is also aimed to maintain a theoretical perspective on burnout syndrome models. Main contribution of the paper to literature is its theoretical perspective with fundamental theories and models of burnout syndrome.
Ijeoma Ugiagbe
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 36-43; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v2i4.223

Abstract:
This paper focuses on the phenomenon of suicide ravaging Nigerian society. It specifically espouses the causes, manifestations, and feasible panacea to the scourge of suicide in the context of students in higher education in Nigeria. It adopted the content analysis methodology whereby existing secondary data on suicide were comprehensively reviewed and major strands and themes in the data analyzed were used as the basis for the discourse in this paper. The results of the reviewed data reveal that the major causal factors of the upsurge in suicide in Nigeria are attributed to a myriad of problems bedeviling Nigerian society such as; the comatose economy, abject poverty, anomie, globalization, get-rich-syndrome, peer influence, stress, and anxiety associated with socio-economic and political realities of the Nigerian society. These systemic and personal problems negatively impact the youths especially those in the higher institutions of learning because of the rigors associated with academic pursuits in Nigeria. A feasible panacea on how to stem the tide of suicide in Nigeria was discussed at the end of the paper.
Suseela Devi Chandran, Nasiha Sakina, Norazah Mohd Suki
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 16-23; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i3.203

Abstract:
This paper focuses on social security threats brought by the Rohingya refugees in Malaysia especially on healthcare services. First, a brief historical background of Rohingya ethnic and how this ethnic became refugees is discussed. Secondly, this paper provides a preview of Rohingyas during post-Myanmar’s political transition. and a short background of Rohingyas in Malaysia. Third, this paper examines the healthcare services among the Rohingya refugees in Klang Valley, Malaysia, and the accessibility of healthcare.
Hani Albasoos, Nabil Al Musallami
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.36096/brss.v3i3.206

Abstract:
This article seeks to explore the conflict between Samsung and Apple. The conflict has been one of the most outstanding patent wars in the history of the smartphone industry. Apple and Samsung are among the most popular manufacturers of commonly used smartphones and tablets. The conflict began when Apple decided to file a federal lawsuit in the US district court, accusing Samsung of copying some of its iPhone features in the Samsung Galaxy S II smartphone. The court ascertained that the gadget had similar characteristics to Apple, thus ordering Samsung to pay Apple for the damages. In response, Samsung reacted by filing countersuits. The two firms, almost fifty cases in different nations and regions. The issues lasted for seven years, starting from 2011 and ending in 2016, in which both companies benefited and lost at the same time. The conflict emanated because of each firm pursuing its competitive advantage in the market. Apart from following market shares, third parties, like consumers, instigated the conflict, with international politics and the media playing a role.
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