Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285)

Journal Information
EISSN : 2687-2285
Current Publisher: Bussecon International (10.36096)
Total articles ≅ 20
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Latest articles in this journal

Suseela Devi Chandran, Nasiha Sakina, Norazah Mohd Suki
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 16-23; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.203

Abstract:
This paper focuses on social security threats brought by the Rohingya refugees in Malaysia especially on healthcare services. First, a brief historical background of Rohingya ethnic and how this ethnic became refugees is discussed. Secondly, this paper provides a preview of Rohingyas during post-Myanmar’s political transition. and a short background of Rohingyas in Malaysia. Third, this paper examines the healthcare services among the Rohingya refugees in Klang Valley, Malaysia, and the accessibility of healthcare.
Hani Albasoos, Nabil Al Musallami
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 1-17; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.206

Abstract:
This article seeks to explore the conflict between Samsung and Apple. The conflict has been one of the most outstanding patent wars in the history of the smartphone industry. Apple and Samsung are among the most popular manufacturers of commonly used smartphones and tablets. The conflict began when Apple decided to file a federal lawsuit in the US district court, accusing Samsung of copying some of its iPhone features in the Samsung Galaxy S II smartphone. The court ascertained that the gadget had similar characteristics to Apple, thus ordering Samsung to pay Apple for the damages. In response, Samsung reacted by filing countersuits. The two firms, almost fifty cases in different nations and regions. The issues lasted for seven years, starting from 2011 and ending in 2016, in which both companies benefited and lost at the same time. The conflict emanated because of each firm pursuing its competitive advantage in the market. Apart from following market shares, third parties, like consumers, instigated the conflict, with international politics and the media playing a role.
Nazmiye Kaan
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 3, pp 8-15; doi:10.36096/brss.v3i3.204

Abstract:
Today, innovation appears as new ideas, creative ideas, new situations in the form of devices or methods. Innovation is also often seen as the implementation of better solutions that meet new requirements, specific needs, or current market needs. Social innovation has special importance among the forms of innovation. This study aims to evaluate social innovation applications for visually disabled citizens in local governments. This study also aims to conduct a registration service review for visually impaired citizens within the scope of social innovation. With the registration service, it is aimed to voice the books in line with the demands of visually impaired members through volunteer readers. This study also evaluates the IMM’s social innovation efforts that provide innovative solutions to their problems. Additionally, this study also evaluated audio libraries for visually impaired individuals, which help them to read books.
Hani Albasoos, Buthaina Al Hinai
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 14-20; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.199

Abstract:
Following the Arab Spring in 2011, Yemen’s devastating conflicts have deepened even further, leading the country to be the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. Despite the international community's multiple attempts to resolve this conflict, the conflict seems to have reached a stalemate. To make matters worse, resolving the conflict is made difficult by the large number of parties involved, internally and externally, and by the complex, dual and fluid nature of the relationships they share. Although the media and international community's focus is directed towards the binary conflict between the Hadi government and Saudi Arabia on one side and Iran and the Houthis on the other, the conflict is greatly multifaceted and far from being binary. This paper critically analyzes and explores other participating actors to comprehend the root causes of the conflict entirely. Although this conflict has been advertised as a proxy war, while others trace back the motivation to sectarianism, this paper argues how this analysis can be misleading and hindering the peace process.
Anthony T. Kiptoo, John Mbai Muthee
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 21-30; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.198

Abstract:
Female offenders are distinctly different from male offenders, and present with their own gender-specific needs and issues both in and out of the correctional setting. Most approaches to Coping Mechanisms for female offenders are currently based on research involving males and approaches designed for males. Inquiry regarding the gender-specific needs of female inmates as they pertain to treatment, reentry programs, and Coping Mechanisms is necessary so professionals can better understand how to serve this population. This study investigated the Coping Mechanisms Adopted by Women ex-offenders in Nyeri County, Kenya. The study specifically investigated the effects of not addressing the challenges identified for women returning from prison in Nyeri County especially challenges connected to housing, employment, relationships, drug, and substance abuse as well as mental health after incarceration. This was a qualitative study adopting a phenomenological design. The site and respondents were purposively selected with snowballing being used to select the respondents to the point of saturation. This study made use of 41 women ex-convicts, 3 FGDs, and 9 key informants. Data were collected by the use of semi-structured interview schedules. Results indicated that currently, prison is negatively viewed by the community; this is primarily because of the isolation of prisoners and whatever happens behind the bars. The government should involve other sectors such as the churches, the media, schools, and Non- Governmental Organizations in educating the masses in order to ease the re-entry of ex-convicts
Mahmut Arslan
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 1-13; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.201

Abstract:
This paper compares and analyzes the Catholic Social Teaching, Puritan work ethic and Islamic ethic of medieval Muslim Ahi Brotherhood of Anatolia in terms of business ethics. A high level of similarity can be found between Catholic social teaching (CST) and a branch of the Islamic work ethic of Ahi movement. Islamic Ahi work ethic has also significant similarities with the historical Protestant work ethic. This similarity reveals the opportunity to cooperate and to foster a more humanitarian workplace, particularly in multi-cultural organizations both for Christians and Muslims. We can argue that many ethical problems arise in organizations as a result of a violation of ethical values and virtues. Corruption, sexual harassment, mobbing, nepotism, are direct results of the lack of such virtues. Therefore, it is possible to merge Catholic, Protestant and Islamic values to create a more humane workplace.
Praptini Yulianti, Evi Setyo Lestari
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 31-35; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i2.196

Abstract:
The growing number of café businesses makes undergraduate students attracting to the enterprise. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (ESE) on entrepreneurial intention with the mediating role of attitude toward entrepreneurship. This study is providing questionnaires on the respondent. Total respondents are from 92 undergraduate students as the owner of a cafe business in Surabaya, Indonesia. This study examines two hypotheses by smart PLS. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a significant and positive influence on entrepreneurial intention. Attitude toward entrepreneurial is partially mediating the relationship between entrepreneurial self-efficacy with entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy includes beliefs about the capabilities of achieving desired outcomes as well as beliefs about one's abilities to complete tasks. ESE is crucial to building entrepreneurial intention because the survival of a business does not merely depend on success but also seeks opportunities in business development. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy is a crucial factor that should be had by the undergraduate student as an owner of a business. By having a higher entrepreneurial self-efficacy, the better impact on an entrepreneur has perceived competence for successfully starting a new enterprise.
Cemal Zehir, Isa Hemedan
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 01-12; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i1.176

Abstract:
The aim of the study is to analyze the Mediating Role of Learning Capability in the Relationship between Authentic Leadership and Business Performance. This study will contribute to the explanation of the question, “What are the reasons inter-firm differences for superior performance?” and it will guide the firms on how they create sustainable competitive advantage and how they generate above-average profits. In this context, medium and large-sized enterprises involved the finance business and located the Marmara Region are included in the study. Data obtained from 252 employees in different grades have analyzed in order to test the hypotheses developed. As a result of the analysis, a significant and direct relationship was found between authentic leadership and business performance and also a significant and direct relationship was found between learning capability and firm performance. However, it was understood that learning capability has a mediating role in the relationship between authentic leadership and business performance
Bruce Gashema, Misago Isae Kadhafi
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 13-26; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i1.178

Abstract:
Despite the mounting evidence that leadership can fuel the innovation behavior of employees, yet no study considered the psychological state of employees in such a relationship while Psychology is the primary root of human feelings and behavior. In this regard, this study uses the integrative approach of transformational leadership theory and positive psychology to uncover the pivotal role of positive psychological capital (PsyCap) and perceived effort-reward fairness in the relationship between transformational leadership (TFL) and employee’s innovation behavior. Data collected from 14 banking institutions operating in Rwanda (412 total respondents) were analyzed using structural equation modeling and findings support our hypothesized model
Suroso Imam Zadjuli, Atina Shofawati
Bussecon Review of Social Sciences (2687-2285), Volume 2, pp 27-37; doi:10.36096/brss.v2i1.158

Abstract:
Implementation of good corporate governance in zakat institution is very important to strengthen the reputation of zakat institution and gain trust from Muzakki (zakat prayer) for long term sustainability. Zakat institution has an intermediary function that is collect zakat from zakat prayer and pay zakat for the recipient (mustahik). Therefore the reputation from zakat institution is very important. The study aims to describe the general concept of corporate governance and how to apply the concept of corporate governance to zakāh administration in Indonesia. This study uses the methodology of the qualitative approach by describing the implementation of Zakat governance through an annual report from Rumah Zakat in 2015. The result of this research can describe the general concept of corporate governance and how to apply the concept of corporate governance to zakāh administration in Indonesia, especially in Rumah Zakat Indonesia.
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