Nsc Nursing

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EISSN : 2612-6915
Total articles ≅ 50
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, Opi Napoli
NSC Nursing pp 78-86; https://doi.org/10.32549/opi-nsc-78

Abstract:
COVID-19 patients survive in isolation with stringent measures of infection containment, leading to anxiety, fear, stress, loneliness, and depression. Music is recognized as useful to promote multiple health outcomes, including anxiolytic effects, pain-relieving, and relaxing effects that favour well-being and social interaction in healthcare settings. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) allows to implement music in hospital, restricting methodological weaknesses. The importance of exploring the in-patients’ preferences, usages, and feelings for COVID-19 before initiating a music-based intervention is crucial.
, Pahrur Razi, Ervon Veriza, Solihin Sayuti
Published: 1 September 2022
Journal: NSC Nursing
NSC Nursing pp 58-77; https://doi.org/10.32549/opi-nsc-77

Abstract:
Background. The development of science and technology in the field of medicine encourages experts to always conduct research on various diseases, including one of them is the incidence of infectious diseases in order to overcome suffering and death due to these diseases.This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of the emo demo method in increasing knowledge and skills about the prevention of non-communicable diseases. Methods. This quasi-experimental study using two groups of pretest-posttest design involved 100 participants, whose data were collected using a questionnaire and tested using the Wilcoxon test. Results. Both knowledge and skills variables show differences before and after the intervention of providing education, namely there is an increase in knowledge and skills to prevent non-communicable diseases. There are different mean values ​​between pre-test and post-test knowledge and skills, meaning that mathematically indicates there are differences in knowledge and skills before and after Emo Demo. Conclusion. The Demonstration Emotional Method learning model is effective in increasing students' knowledge and skills about preventing non-communicable diseases. Keyword: Counseling, Learning, Student, Knowledge, Skill
, Rina Fauziah, Opi Napoli
Published: 1 September 2022
Journal: NSC Nursing
NSC Nursing pp 43-58; https://doi.org/10.32549/opi-nsc-76

Abstract:
Introduction: Diarrhea is a significant public health problem because it is the third major contributor to child morbidity and mortality in various countries, including Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the density of flies in the geographic area, the knowledge of the mothers, their defecation behavior, and the presence of diarrhea in children in Jambi City, Indonesia Materials and Methods: This type of research is a quantitative study with a case-control approach involving 76 children under five, namely 38 cases and 38 control groups. The research data were analyzed using the Odds Ratio test. Results: Mothers who have less knowledge are 12 times more likely to have a toddler suffering from diarrhea than mothers who have good knowledge. Mothers with poor behavior in dealing with toddlers' defecation habits will have a 5 times greater risk of having a toddler with diarrhea problems; on the other hand, if mothers behave well in dealing with children's defecation problems, then the toddler will not be at risk of having diarrhea. The density of flies does not provide a significant risk for the incidence of diarrhea in infants. Conclusion: the incidence of diarrhea in children under five in the Putri Ayu Public Health Center in Jambi City is influenced by low parental knowledge and bad defecation behavior Keyword: Availability of latrines, Behavior, Knowledge, Diarrhea, Children
Ubaldi Ubaldino, Valentina Accinno, Margherita Ascione, Concetta Pane
NSC Nursing pp 23-42; https://doi.org/10.32549/opi-nsc-75

Abstract:
Introduction: Management by processes and clinical care pathways are now fundamental and indispensable requirements for quality improvement in healthcare organisations. The basic idea is to design a system that allows for continuous improvement in the way in which the key player in healthcare, i.e. the patient, is managed. If this were to happen, the best experiences to date tell us, it would definitively improve outcomes, efficiency and appropriateness. Moreover, patients perceive and appreciate this difference, allowing health professionals to operate at their best. Objective: To assess the knowledge and application of the DTCPs by the nursing staff. Materials and methods: The cross-sectional study took place in the period between June and September 2019 at the Operative Units of digestive surgery, hepatobiliary surgery, breast surgery and gynaecological surgery of the “Fondazione Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS in Rome”. A questionnaire was administered only to permanent nurses. Results: A total of 64 questionnaires were administered of which 27 were correctly completed (response rate 42.1%) and considered valid for analysis. The sample of respondents was predominantly female (74.07%), 81.48% held a Bachelor's degree and 40.74% held a Master's degree. 55.56% knew what DTCPs were, but there was no in-depth knowledge of them in the sample. In fact, 55.56% knew whether there were active DTCPs in their region; 7.41% that nurses cannot participate in DTCPs and only 11.11% that nurses cannot participate in the review of individual DTCPs, while 59.26% were aware of the professional figures involved in the drafting and review of DTCPs. 25.93% knew what the diagnostic phase was based on and 14.81% that there were no active memoranda of understanding with public or private facilities in the diagnostic phase. Finally, only 25.93% were aware that the user could not be used in the evaluation of the outcome. Conclusions: Although the interviewees were familiar with clinical care pathways, for most of them there had never been active involvement, they agreed on user involvement instead. Keywords: nursing care, clinical care pathways, patient safety, diagnostic-therapeutic care pathways
, Asni Johari, Muhammad Rusdi, Syahrial Syahrial
Abstract:
Introduction: Women in reproductive age are at high risk of iron deficiency anemia during the menstrual cycle. Adequate knowledge, attitudes, practices, and prevention towards anemia are necessary.There is a dearth of information on the evaluation of study characteristics and the overall quality of evidence of intervention studies in improving knowledge, attitudes and practices of anemia among adolescents. Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of health educationinterventionson the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and prevention towards anemia in adolescent girls. Therefore, the review question are “What health education methods are best used to improve knowledge, attitudes, practices, and prevention of adolescent?”, “What is the effect of health education interventions on anemia in adolescent girls?” Methods: This systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols) Checklist whichinvolved studies published between 2000 to 2021 through the databases of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Willey online Library, Cochrane, in English version. Study quality assessed using the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on controlled intervention studies. The risk of bias of the studies included assessed using The Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool.Data of the studies included were synthesized thematically in order to understand the effectiveness of mobile application. Atidentification stage, there are 1,414 publications were discovered through backward searching of relevant papers. The full-text screening was conducted on 34 articles and the finding 22 articles failed to meet eligibility criteria at the full-text screening stage, and only 12 articles were finally eligible for further analysis. There are twelve studies included in this study, strengthening the components of health education and increasing Iron-Folic Acid (IFA) knowledge among adolescent girls is beneficial in reducing iron deficiency anemia in adolescent girls Results: The results of the review article showed that health education interventions, giving iron supplements and multivitamins were effective in overcoming iron deficiency anemia in adolescent girls. Educational interventions also increase the knowledge of young women about iron deficiency anemia Conclusions: Health Education intervention for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia among adolescent female improved their knowledge, attitude, practice,and prevention Keywords: adolescent girl, health education, iron deficiency anemia, anemia
, Arazoo Tahir, Dlkhosh Ramadhan, Zuhair Mustafa, Kawther Galary
Abstract:
Background: Communities around the world have expressed concern about the safety and side effects of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. The adverse effects of the Covid-19 vaccines played a critical role in public trust in the vaccines. The current study aimed to provide evidence on the side effects of the BNT163b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech®); ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine (AstraZeneca®); BBIBP-CorVvaccine (Sinopharm®) COVID-19 vaccines. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study design was performed from April 26th, 2021, to June 3rd, 2021. Convenience sampling was used to select respondents; face validity was performed to the mandatory multiple-choice items questionnaire to cover the respondent’s demographic characteristics, coronavirus-19 related anamneses, and the side effect duration of coronavirus-19 vaccines, the data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Results: The 588 participants enrolled in the current study. ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine received 49.7%, followed by BNT163b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine and BBIBP-CorV (39.5% and 10.9%). The most common complaint was headache (61.2%), followed by vaccine injection site discomfort (58.8%), fatigue (49.7%), fever (48.3%), muscle discomfort (42.9%), and approximately (10.5% and 10.2%) had injection site swelling and nausea, respectively. Most of those surveyed had post-vaccine symptoms for one to two days (25.2%), (41%), and only a small percentage (3.7%) experienced them for over one month. ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine handled 53% of the side effects, followed by BNT163b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (42%) and BBIBP-CorV vaccines (5%). Conclusion: Prevalence of various local and systemic vaccines side effects, such as headache, fever, and pain at the injection site, was observed. Almost all participants had mild symptoms and were well-tolerated .AstraZeneca® vaccine has the most side effects, followed by the Pfizer® vaccine, and the Sinopharm® vaccine has the least. More independent studies on vaccination safety and public awareness are critical to improving public trust in vaccines. Keywords: COVID-19; Vaccines; Side effects; Prevalence; Cross-sectional design.
, Stefania Impicci, Martina Schiano,
Abstract:
Background: The Italian health system related to mental disorders is currently experiencing a period of radical reforms. This process began in 1978 with the adoption of the law 180 which produced a radical reform in mental health care. The problems of the continuous confrontation with increasing levels of expenditure are reflected in the search for models to improve both the efficiency and effectiveness of the health care system. Among these, the value creation model proposes to optimize the relationship between effectiveness, quality, and appropriateness of care on the one hand, and efficiency, cost and how resources are used on the other. The intervention involves redesigning services on the principles of recovery; implementing treatments supported by scientific evidence; encouraging processes of social inclusion. The proposed rehabilitation interventions are recovery oriented that place the person at the center of his rehabilitation path, motivating him in assuming responsibility for the treatment proposed during hospitalization. Objective: Evaluate the impact of the organisational reorganisation of the DSM S.R.R Regional Health Service of Ancona Area Vasta 2 by introducing evidence-based and recovery-oriented practices through the evaluation of clinical outcomes and psychosocial functioning. Methods: Longitudinal descriptive observational study with evaluation of a cohort of 13 patients, hospitalized in residential and semi-residential care at SRP1 “Casa Rossa” Area Vasta 2 of Ancona, by administration of a questionnaire (HoNOS) at the time of recruitment (February 2019), at 6 months (August 2019) and at 12 months (February 2020). The 12 items of the questionnaire were grouped into four subsets: behavioural problems (items 1-3), deficits and disabilities (items 4-5), psychopathological symptoms (items 6-8) and relational/environmental problems (items 9-12). Results: Survey results show a reduction in mean scores at 6 and 12 months compared to baseline in all subscales. Conclusions: Intensive mental health residential facilities need to put more effort into evaluating effectiveness in practice, using appropriate tools for outcome assessment and analysis of results. It is possible, in daily clinical practice, to evaluate the outcome of admissions in order to satisfactorily describe the changes induced during the period of hospitalization. Keywords: outcome of care, mental health, psychiatric facility, biopsychosocial.
, Monalisa Monalisa, Yunike Yunike, Mohd Syukri, Dewi Masyitah
Abstract:
Introduction: Pain is a common issue in the elderly. Osteoarthritis is often encountered in the elderly and contributes significantly to pain. Pain complaints involve multifactorial and often face many hindrances in the management. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of spirotive relaxation techniques in reducing osteoarthritis pain scale in the elderly. Methods: This quasi-experimental study used the Pre-Post Test Control Group Design, conducted in the Penyengat Olak and Sungai Duren Community Health Center, Jambi Province, Indonesia, from September to November 2021. Sixty-four elderly participants in this study were divided into Spirotive relaxation exercise and dhikr as the intervention group and the control group given Spirotive relaxation exercise only. Data analysis used t-test and independent t-test at a significant level of 95%. Results: There are differences in pain levels of the intervention group before and after Spirotive relaxation exercise and dhikr. Before the intervention, pain levels were moderate to severe, and pain levels were mild to moderate after the intervention. Similar results were also obtained in the control group given Spirotive relaxation exercise only with a significant reduction in pain. The independent test results showed a p-value = 0.207, indicating no difference in osteoarthritis pain in the intervention and control groups. Conclusion: Spiritual relaxation exercises have been shown to reduce pain levels in the elderly with osteoarthritis. There are also differences in the level of joint pain scale in the intervention and control groups. It suggests that public health centers provide non-pharmacological inspirational interventions as an additional therapy for the elderly. Keyword: Osteoarthritic, Pain, Spirotive, Elderly
, Rahmawati Rahmawati, Wa Ode Syahrani Hajri,
Abstract:
Introduction: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are diseases that are not caused by bacterial infection and are the main cause of death in the world. The increase in NCDs cases also occurred in Southeast Sulawesi Province (Indonesia), including Kendari City. The purpose of this study was to analyze the determinants of proxies related to the performance of Integrated Non-Communicable Diseases Development Post (INCDDP) cadres in Kendari City, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in Kendari City, Southeast Sulawesi Province (Indonesia), with a population of all INCDDP cadres in the working area of PHC Abeli, Lepo-Lepo, and Perumnas. The sample consisted of 56 responders. Data were analyzed univariate and bivariate statistics, using the chi-square test. Multivariate using logistic regression. Results: The results of the research on the performance of INCDDP cadres were awards (p = 0.079), cadre training history (p = 0.031), infrastructure (p = 1.0) and knowledge (p = 0.007). The factor most related to the performance of INCDDP cadres was cadre knowledge (p = 0.019) with the coefficient of determination (R2) = 27.4%. Conclusion: Cadre performance is related to awards, cadre training history, infrastructure and cadre knowledge. The most related factor to INCDDP cadre performance is cadre knowledge. Keywords: Health-Cadres, Non-Commnicable Diseases, Performance, Health Services
Sofia Di Mario, Andrea Minciullo, Lucia Filomeno
NSC Nursing pp 28-46; https://doi.org/10.32549/opi-nsc-69

Abstract:
Background: Voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTP) is influenced by ethical convictions, religious orientations and knowledge of the law. The latter is essential for students to be improved in University curricula, in order to develop attitudes among future nurses and midwives with the objective to reduce stigma and reluctance in providing VTP. Previous research has shown that nursing and midwifery students' attitudes and knowledge can be improved. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe literature regarding knowledge and perception about abortion and voluntary termination of pregnancy in several countries of the world among nurses, midwives and university students. Methods: This is a scoping review of the literature conducted by following the recommendations of the PRISMA-ScR Statement. The authors selected studies in MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Academic Search Index, Science Citation Index and ERIC, published in English and Italian in the last decade. Quality assessment was performed using the Jadad scale. Results: Initially, 434 studies were selected. A total of 11 articles met the inclusion criteria. The articles included in the scoping review deal with the issue of abortion from different perspectives. From the analysis it emerged that the barriers for VTP are the lack or inadequate knowledge of the legislation and of the practical / technical phases of the procedure. Conclusions: Health professionals and students have different perspectives and attitudes toward VTP. Nurses and midwives have inadequate knowledge of procedures and legislation. Therefore, it is recommended to implement university curricula on the topic. Keywords: knowledge, attitudes, voluntary termination of pregnancy, nurses, midwives, students.
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