Arthroplasty

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EISSN : 2524-7948
Total articles ≅ 76
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Baochao Ji, Guoqing Li, Xiaogang Zhang, Yang Wang, Wenbo Mu, Li Cao
Published: 6 July 2021
by 10.1186
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-9; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00081-9

Abstract:
Background In revision hip arthroplasty, managing the large protrusio acetabular defects remains a challenge. The report described a novel technique which employs a trabecular metal revision shell as a super-augment to buttress the superior medial structure. Methods Between January 2015 and December 2018, the multicup reconstruction was performed in 21 patients with severe protrusio acetabular defects. The revision shell, plus two similar porous acetabular components was implanted into the initial shell to create a “multicup” construct. The functional outcomes were evaluated in terms of the Harris Hip Score. Acetabular loosening, restoration of hip center of rotation, and bone ingrowth etc., were radiographically assessed. The survival rate of the implants was also evaluated. Results A followup lasting a mean time of 31 months (range, 18–57 months) revealed that the average Harris Hip Score improved from preoperative 37.0 ± 7.1 to postoperative 76.4 ± 9.0. There were no revisions due to acetabular loosening. The horizontal offset increased by an average of 14 mm, and the vertical offset decreased by an average of 18 mm. Eighteen of the 21 patients (86 %) met at least 3 of 5 criteria associated with bone ingrowth. The survivorship free from re-revision for acetabular loosening after 2 years was 100 %. Conclusions The multicup reconstruction technique was a simplified re-revision procedure for managing the severe protrusio acetabular defects and could achieve a high survival rate. Level of evidence Therapeutic study, Level IVa.
Andrew G. Yun, Marilena Qutami, Kory B. Dylan Pasko
Published: 5 July 2021
by 10.1186
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-7; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00082-8

Abstract:
Background Optical array placement for robotic-assisted knee replacement introduces the rare, but real risk of periprosthetic fracture. The purpose of this retrospective study was to review the incidence of fracture with the conventional technique of bicortical diaphyseal pin placement. We also evaluated a modified method of unicortical periarticular pin placement to mitigate this risk. Methods We reviewed 2603 knee arthroplasties that were performed between June 2017 and December 2019. The conventional bicortical diaphyseal technique was used in 1571 knees (bicortical diaphyseal group) and the unicortical periarticular technique was used in 1032 knees (unicortical periarticular group). Results A more than 1-year follow-up revealed that 3 femoral shaft fractures (0.19%) occurred in the bicortical diaphyseal group and no fracture took place in the unicortical periarticular group. There was no array loosening in either group. Conclusions The modified unicortical periarticular pin placement is a reliable technique for computer-navigated and robotic-assisted knee arthroplasties. It may be associated with a lower incidence of postoperative femoral shaft fractures, compared to conventional bicortical diaphyseal pinning.
Chongjie Cheng, Yan Yan, Qidong Zhang, Wanshou Guo
Published: 2 July 2021
by 10.1186
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00078-4

Abstract:
Purpose The purpose of this meta-analysis was to review the current evidence in the literature to find out whether the coexisting chronic kidney disease affected infection, revision, transfusion, readmission, mortality, and the length of hospital stay after total knee arthroplasty. Methods Medline, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from their dates of inception to June 30, 2020. The primary outcomes were postoperative infection, revision, and mortality. The secondary outcomes were transfusion, the length of hospital stay, and readmission. A P value of < 0.05 was deemed to be statistically significant. Results A total of 881 articles were identified, and 7 articles that met the inclusion criteria were identified to be eligible. The most important finding of our study was that the chronic kidney disease was associated with increased postoperative transfusion (P < 0.05) and mortality (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the patients with chronic kidney disease were associated with a higher readmission rate, compared to the patients without chronic kidney disease (P < 0.05). However, chronic kidney disease was not associated with high risks for infection (P > 0.05), revision surgeries (P > 0.05), and a prolonged hospital stay (P > 0.05). Conclusions After total knee arthroplasty, the patients with coexisting chronic kidney disease carry higher risks of transfusion, mortality, and readmission. However, the chronic kidney disease may not be associated with the risk of infection or revision, nor the duration of hospitalization.
Juyang Jiao, Haozheng Tang, Shutao Zhang, Xinhua Qu,
Published: 1 July 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-10; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00077-5

Abstract:
Background Increasing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgeries are being performed on working-age patients with prominent manifestations of pain and dysfunction. But few studies have explored the risk factors for pain and dysfunction in working-age patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) being considered for TKA. Therefore, this study sought to explore the relationship between mental health/physical activity and pain/dysfunction in working-age patients with KOA being considered for TKA. Methods This study was a secondary analysis of data derived from a public database, the Work participation In Patients with Osteoarthritis cohort study, which included 152 working-age patients (65 men and 87 women) with KOA planning for TKA. We analyzed preoperative data comprising age, educational level, body mass index (BMI), mental factors (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and the 36-Item Short Form Survey Instrument [SF-36 mental health]), physical activity level, and clinical outcomes (the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and SF-36 sub-item score). Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine risk factors for pain and dysfunction in working-age patients with KOA being considered for TKA. Results Women had lower pain, worse function, and higher PHQ-9 scores than men (p < 0.001). The depression scores were significantly linearly related to pain and function scores in women after adjusting for age, BMI, educational level, and physical activity (P < 0.05), whereas this relation was not observed in men. After adjusting for age, BMI, educational level, and mental factors, exercise time was found to be positively correlated with pain scores in women (P < 0.05). Conclusions Depression scores and exercise time were significantly correlated with pain and dysfunction in working-age women with KOA being considered for TKA.
Dustin Rinehart, Tyler Youngman, Junho Ahn, Michael Huo
Published: 11 June 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-5; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00080-w

Abstract:
Purpose This study reviewed the literature regarding the patient-reported treatment outcomes of using either open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a plate and screw system or intramedullary nail (IMN) fixation for periprosthetic distal femur fractures around a total knee arthroplasty. Methods A total of 13 studies published in the last 20 years met the inclusion criteria. The studies included 347 patients who were allocated to ORIF (n = 249) and IMN (n = 98) groups according to the implants used. The primary outcome measures were the Knee Society Score or the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index. The secondary outcome measures included knee range of motion and the rates of complications, including non-union, malunion, infection, revision total knee arthroplasty, and reoperation. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results The mean Knee Society Scores of ORIF and IMN groups were 83 and 84, respectively; the mean postoperative range of motion of the knee were 99° and 100°, respectively (P < 0.05); the non-union rates were 9.4 and 3.8%, respectively (P > 0.05); the malunion rates were 1.8 and 7.5%, respectively (P < 0.05); surgical site infection rates were 2 and 1.3%, respectively (P > 0.05); the reoperation rates were 9.6 and 5.1%, respectively (P > 0.05); and revision rates of total knee arthroplasty were 2 and 1%, respectively (P > 0.05). Conclusion Based on the patient-reported outcome assessments, both ORIF with a plate and screw system and IMN fixation are well-accepted techniques for periprosthetic distal femur fractures around a TKA, and they produce similar functional outcomes.
W. Y. M. Abeysekera, W. Schenk
Published: 3 June 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-6; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00074-8

Abstract:
Purpose The purpose of this prospective study was to present the experience of a single center on patellofemoral arthroplasty, in terms of patient-related outcomes. Method From January 2005 to January 2016, 42 patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis were treated. The patients were assessed using the Oxford Knee Score preoperatively, and one, five, and eight year(s) after surgery. The data of the patients were analyzed using linear mixed effects models. A P value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Among 42 patients who underwent patellofemoral arthroplasty, only 25 patients (31 limbs involved) had records up to 5 years. There was a significant clinical improvement of Oxford Knee Score postoperatively (P < 0.05), lowering the score on average by 10.4 ± 1.5 one year after surgery and 8.9 ± 1.9 five years after surgery. This improvement was independent of the types of implants (P > 0.05), gender (P > 0.05), age (P < 0.05), and body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05). Conclusion Patellofemoral arthroplasty can significantly improve the knee function, and this improvement is independent of the type of implant, gender, age, and BMI. However, further studies will need to assess the long-term outcomes of PFA.
Sravya P. Vajapey, Paul M. Alvarez, Douglas Chonko
Published: 2 June 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00073-9

Abstract:
Background We present two cases of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) bearing failure in this report—one case of bearing dislocation and one case of bearing fracture. The causes of failure in both cases are evaluated in depth and recommendations are provided regarding intraoperative technique to reduce risk of bearing failure in mobile bearing UKAs. Case presentation In the first case, intraoperative evidence of metallosis and chronic pain preceding the traumatic event may indicate that the patient had attenuation of her collateral ligaments that precipitated the instability event. In the second case, the relatively atraumatic nature of the bearing fracture-dislocation and intraoperative evidence of extensive poly wear suggest that the bearing fracture was likely due to a 3-mm bearing selection in the initial surgery. Conclusions This case report shows that late bearing in mobile bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty can often be a multifactorial event and treatment must address all the risk factors that led to bearing dislocation. Bearing fracture is a very rare complication associated with mobile bearing UKA and patients with thin polyethylene inserts are at risk for bearing fracture even in the absence of poly wear.
Correction
Allan Roy Sekeitto, Kaeriann van der Jagt, Nkhodiseni Sikhauli, Dick Ronald van der Jagt
Published: 11 May 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-1; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00079-3

Ping Keung Chan, Sum Lik Cheung, Kar Hei Lam, Wing Chiu Fung, Vincent Wai Kwan Chan, Amy Cheung, Man Hong Cheung, Henry Fu, Chun Hoi Yan, Kwong Yuen Chiu
Published: 3 May 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-10; doi:10.1186/s42836-020-00066-0

Abstract:
Background Dual-mobility hip component is widely used in Europe and North America, because it effectively reduces hip dislocation in primary and revision total hip arthroplasties. However, reports were limited on the use of dual-mobility articulation in Asian populations. Purpose The aim of this retrospective study was to review the use of modular dual-mobility hip articulation in Asian patients with the high risk factor for hip dislocation. We also discussed the potential concern on the use of dual-mobility articulation in Asian patients. Methods From Jan 2018 to June 2019, 17 patients were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (73.8 ± 9.5) years (range: 57–88 years). The mean size of acetabular cup and modular DM liner were (49.5 ± 3.4) mm (range, 46–58 mm) and (40.7 ± 3.4) mm (range, 38–48 mm), respectively. The mean follow-up period was (15.8 ± 3.9) months (range, 11–24 months). The primary outcome was the rate of hip dislocation. The secondary outcomes included the Harris Hip Score. Differences were considered statistically significant at p < 0.05. Results Hip dislocation, loosening, peri-prosthetic fractures, or intra-prosthetic dislocation was not found in the series. The mean preoperative and postoperative Harris Hip Scores were 42.2 ± 17.2 (range, 15–80) and 74.7 ± 13.5 (range, 52–97), respectively, giving a mean improvement of 32.5 ± 17.2 (range, 4–72). The improvement was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions In Asian patients with high risk of hip dislocation, the use of modular dual-mobility hip component produces promising outcomes without hip dislocation, but the relatively small-sized acetabulum may limit it widespread application in other populations worldwide. Trial registration HKUCTR-2913.
Pei Liu, Fei-Fan Lu, Guo-Jie Liu, Xiao-Hong Mu, Yong-Qiang Sun, Qi-Dong Zhang, Wei-Guo Wang, Wan-Shou Guo
Published: 2 May 2021
Arthroplasty, Volume 3, pp 1-10; doi:10.1186/s42836-021-00071-x

Abstract:
Purpose Presented here is an up-to-date review concerning robotic-assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (rUKA), including its rationale, operative system, pros and cons. Methods We did a systematic research in electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase up to March 30, 2020 to retrieve literature pertaining to rUKA. The search strategies “(robotic* AND knee arthroplasty OR knee replacement)” and “(knee arthroplasty OR knee replacement NOT total)” were used. Studies describing rUKA and clinical trials, dry bone or cadaveric researches regarding technologies, positioning, alignment, function, or survivorship of implants were included in this review. All retrieved studies were first browsed for eligibility on the basis of title and abstract, and the selected studies were further evaluated by reading full text for final inclusion. Results Robotic-assisted technology has been found to increase the accuracy of bone preparation and implant placement, reduce technical variability and outliers, and enhance reproduction of limb alignment. Additionally, early clinical outcomes were excellent, but mid-term follow-up showed no superiority in component survivorship. The potential drawbacks of the robotic-assisted technology include relatively-low time- and cost-effectiveness, development of some rUKA-related complications, and lack of support by high-quality literature. Conclusion This review shows that rUKA can decrease the number of outliers concerning the optimal implant positioning and limb alignment. However, due to absence of extensive studies on clinical outcomes and long-term results, it remains unclear whether the improved component positioning translates to better clinical outcomes or long-term survivorship of the implant. Nevertheless, since an accurate implant position is presumably beneficial, robotic-assisted technology is worth recommendation in UKA.
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