Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0853-8395 / 2598-5922
Current Publisher: Hasanuddin University, Faculty of Law (10.20956)
Total articles ≅ 64
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Alfred Pahala Manambangtua
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 115-122; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.8778

Abstract:
Sago is a palm plant that can be used as a pith on the stems into flour. Sago has potential as an alternative food source because it contains a high carbohydrate content. Sago plants have many advantages over other carbohydrate-producing plants, because they can be harvested at any time regardless of the season. The results showed that. Sago farmers in North Luwu District monthly income of Rp. 109.349,- and Rp. 1.312.186,- per year. Calculation Analysis of R / C Ratio of sago farmers in Nort Luwu is 4,14, under the condition if the value of R / C Ratio> 1 then the work done can be profitable and worth trying.
Astuti Siama, Nurdin Lanuhu, Pipi Diansari, Didi Rukmana, Saadah Saadah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 199-212; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.8410

Abstract:
The development of coffee plantation land has become an important tourism area in the preservation of agricultural land resources. This study aims to analyze the feasibility of developing agro-tourism in the Ghitari Coffee Plantation in terms of three aspects, namely the biophysical, economic and socio-culture aspects, where if the three aspects are fulfilled then the business is considered feasible to be carried out. This research was carried out at the Ghitari Coffee Plantation, located in Lembang Kaero, Sangalla’ District, Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi. The analytical method used is qualitative and quantitative analysis, where the qualitative analysis is used to analyze the feasibility of biophysical and socio-cultural aspects, while the quantitative analysis is used to analyze economic aspects using the NPV and IRR methods. The results showed that the aspect studied, both from the biophysical, economic and socio-cultural aspect were fulfilled. Based on the results of the calculation of IRR and NPV, the result of PV of Proceeds is Rp. 789,992,946 and PV of Outlays of Rp. 620,000,000, so the NPV value is positive, in the amount of Rp. 169,992,946. While the IRR calculation result is 27%, so it is considered feasible because the IRR value is greater than the interest rate.Keywords: Business Feasibility Analysis, Coffee Plantation, Agro Tourism.
Siswono Rahmat Yunus, Nurdin Lanuhu, Pipi Dian Sari
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 161-174; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.7227

Abstract:
This study aims to: 1) Identify the economic sectors included in the progressive sector in Bolaang Mongondow Regency; 2) Identify agricultural commodities that are commodity-based agriculture in Bolaang Mongondow Regency. This study uses primary data from the Department of Agriculture and Plantation Agency and secondary data in the form of data on Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of Bolaang Mongondow Regency and North Sulawesi Province in 2013-2017 and agricultural commodity data of Bolaang Mongondow Regency and North Sulawesi Province in 2012-2016. The data was analyzed using the Location Quotient and Shift Share methods. The results of the study concluded that: 1) There are 5 economic sectors which are the base sectors namely the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries sector; Mining and Excavation sector; the Electricity and Gas Procurement sector, the Real Estate sector and the Education Services sector. However, only the Mining and Excavation sector has a progressive growth rate and has a competitive advantage. As for the Agriculture sector itself, it has a growth rate that is not progressive and lacks competitive advantage; 2) There are 15 agricultural commodities which are the base commodities in Bolaang Mongondow Regency, namely green beans, soybeans, corn, rice, candlenut, coffee, cocoa, pineapple, mango, mangosteen, spinach, long beans, kale, eggplant and potatoes. As for now the commodities that are the government's main focus are soybeans, corn, rice, cocoa, pineapple and potatoes. Keywords: Progressive Sector; Base Commodity; Location Quotient; Shift Share.
Rahmi Achmad, Muh. Hatta Jamil, Rusli M Rukka, Sitti Bulkis, Rahmadanih Rahmadanih, A. Amrullah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.7274

Abstract:
Maintain urban agriculture with its multifunctionality is very important in national agricultural development. This study aims to know the existence of rice farming land in Makassar City, identify of the strength factors and weakness factors for farmers of rice farming in Makassar City and know the priority strategies used to maintain rice farming land in Makassar city. Informants in this study were heads of farmer groups and government representatives. The analytical method used is qualitative descriptive whereas to know strategy priority need to maintain rice farming land used the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method with support Expert Choice software 11. Results of the study conclude that the existence of rice farming land in Makassar city can be seen physically with a land area of 2,636 hectares and through land use by people who still manage rice farming land. Strength factors for farming in rice farming land in Makassar City are agricultural products that are consumed for family food sources, as a source of income, incapable condition of the peasant, the selling price of land is low and farming land are families inheritance while the weakness factors of farmers are land ownership status, unproductive land conditions, inappropriate and undistributed of government supporting for farmer's needs, limited fertilizer availability, pest and plant disease and there is no regeneration to manage existing land; the strategy priority needed in maintaining rice farming land in Makassar City for farmers is enhancement agricultural production facilities and infrastructure Keywords: Strategy; Rice Farm Land; Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).
Jose Amadeus Krisna Foe, Lasmono Tri Sunaryanto
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 185-198; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.10314

Abstract:
The empowerment of village farmers by the private sector and the government has a significant difference. Three factors influence the impact of empowerment on improving the welfare of farmers, namely the quality of empowerment facilities, the intensity of empowerment facility provision, and the quality of empowerment facilitators. Nglanggeran Village farmers receive empowerment facilities from the regional government in the form of plant seeds, fertilizer, livestock germs, pens, and training once a year. This is only enough for one growing season and is often late. When empowered by the Obor Tani Foundation, farmers receive facilities in a package called the Farmers Empowerment Center. The facilities are in the form of ponds, farmhouses, agricultural production facilities, training on 11 pillars of agricultural cultivation, and farmer cadres to guide farmers for 3.5 years. When empowered by the government, farmers only produce for individual food needs and do not fix the main agricultural problems in the village. When empowered by the Obor Tani Foundation, farmers' incomes have risen as well as the main agricultural problem in the village which is lack of water can be solved. Farmer empowerment strategies undertaken by the Obor Tani Foundation can be used as learning by the government to improve the quality of farmer empowerment.Keywords: Farmer empowerment, Regional government, Non-government foundation.
Andi Anizha Rahmadani, Tamzil Ibrahim, Saadah Saadah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 149-160; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.7238

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the existence of indigenous knowledge of peasant society on farming management especially of rice land farming in The Village of Carebbu, Awangpone Sub-district, Bone Regency, South Sulawesi Province during April 2019. The method used in this study is descriptive qualitative and case study method with a sampling technique that used is purposive sampling and snowball sampling. Researcher use is an in-depth interview and analyzed by qualitative data analysis with the approach of the AGIL functional theory of Talcott Parson. This result shows if there is 8 indigenous knowledge that exists on peasant society from generation to generation on their farming management of paddy rice land, but in the middle of the green revolution, it shows that indigenous knowledge of peasant society is lost some, there are 2 of 8 indigenous knowledge has to begin to be left out. This is due to the thinking of the peasant society which began to change from irrational to rational.Key Words: Indigenous knowledge; farm society; green revolution.
Samina Naton, Dody Radiansah, Hardiwan Juniansyah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 135-148; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.7286

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the cost, revenue, profit, and R / C ratio, internal and external factors that influence the development of banana chips agroindustry, an alternative strategy that can be applied in the development of banana chips agroindustry in Pontianak City. The type of research used in this study is the case study method. Data collected includes primary data and secondary data. The respondent's withdrawal in this study was purposive sampling, which was determining the sample with consideration of certain criteria which looked at being able to provide maximum data, then the respondents who were taken were banana chips entrepreneurs and as supporting respondents namely one person. Agriculture Service and one person from academia. The results showed that the total costs incurred by banana chips entrepreneurs in one month of the production process amounted to Rp. 22,030,029, revenues amounting to Rp. 46,090,000, the profits amounting to Rp. 24,059,971 and added value of Rp. 15,114 / kg of raw materials. R / C ratio of 2.09, which means that every expenditure of Rp. 1.00 banana chips businessmen get a profit of Rp. 1.09 which means that the business of banana chips is worth trying. The development strategy that can be done by banana chips entrepreneurs is an aggressive strategy with more focus on the strategy of SO (Strength-Opportunities), namely by using the power to take advantage of the opportunities that exist. SO (Strength-Opportunities) strategies include: (a) Increasing economic production capacity to meet demand, (b) Use of Technology, (c) Enlarging market share, (d) Maintaining the quality of banana chips products, and (e) Making product innovations.This study aims to determine the cost, revenue, profit, and R / C ratio, internal and external factors that influence the development of banana chips agroindustry, an alternative strategy that can be applied in the development of banana chips agroindustry in Pontianak City. The type of research used in this study is the case study method. Data collected includes primary data and secondary data. The respondent's withdrawal in this study was purposive sampling, which was determining the sample with consideration of certain criteria which looked at being able to provide maximum data, then the respondents who were taken were banana chips entrepreneurs and as supporting respondents namely one person. Agriculture Service and one person from academia. The results showed that the total costs incurred by banana chips entrepreneurs in one month of the production process amounted to Rp. 22,030,029, revenues amounting to Rp. 46,090,000, the profits amounting to Rp. 24,059,971 and added value of Rp. 15,114 / kg of raw materials. R / C ratio of 2.09, which means that every expenditure of Rp. 1.00 banana chips businessmen get a profit of Rp. 1.09 which means that the business of banana chips is worth trying. The development strategy that can be done by banana chips entrepreneurs is an aggressive strategy with more focus on the strategy of SO (Strength-Opportunities), namely by using the power to take advantage of the opportunities that exist. SO (Strength-Opportunities) strategies include: (a) Increasing economic production capacity to meet demand, (b) Use of Technology, (c) Enlarging market share, (d) Maintaining the quality of banana chips products, and (e) Making product innovations.
Sri Pujiati, Amelia Pertiwi, Churun Cholina Silfia, Dewa Maulana Ibrahim, Siti Hadiyati Nur Hafida
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 123-134; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i2.10493

Abstract:
Food security becomes an aspect that needs to be considered, especially when the population and degradation of agricultural land are increasing. Many variables that affect the measurement of the food security index, and what is often used is the availability, affordability, and utilization of food. This study aims to determine the effect of food availability, affordability, and utilization variables on the food security index. This study uses a correlational design and multiple regression analysis techniques. All regions in Central Java Province were the objects of this study, there are 35 districts/cities. The results from this study showed that the three variables did not significantly influence the increase of the food security index. The result shows that the current food security index has been influenced by other variables. Therefore, the government needs to examine more closely the new variables that affect the food security index in order to develop a strategy to improve the food security index in Central Java Province, especially in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0. Keywords: Food Security Index; Food Affordability; Food Availability; Food Utilization
Dalmasius Apen Bangun, Lasmono Tri Sunaryanto
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 11-26; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i1.9951

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk 1) Menganalisis karakteristik kewirausahaan yang dimiliki usaha Bale Hidroponik Salatiga 2) Mengetahui peranan kepemilikan karakteristik kewirausahaan dalam menghadapi persaingan bisnis online di Bale Hidroponik Salatiga. Pemilihan lokasi dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive) dengan pertimbangan usaha yang dikelola secara perorangan yang menerapkan karakteristik kewirausahaan tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Variabel yang diamati adalah dimensi hasrat atas tanggung jawab, dimensi lebih menyukai risiko menengah, dimensi meyakini kemampuannya untuk sukses, dimensi hasrat untuk mendapatkan umpan balik yang sifatnya segera, dimensi tingkat energi yang tinggi, dimensi orientasi masa depan, dimensi keterampilan mengorganisasi, dan dimensi menilai prestasi lebih tinggi dari pada uang. Kemudian karakteristik kewirausahaan tersebut dianalisis untuk mengetahui peranannya dalam menghadapi persaingan bisnis online di Bale Hidroponik Salatiga. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan pemilik Bale Hidroponik memiliki kedelapan variabel karakteristik wirausaha tersebut dalam menjalankan usahanya. Peranan karakteristik kewirausahaan tersebut dalam menghadapi persaingan bisnis online mampu membuat produk, harga, marketing, jaringan dan pelayanan Bale Hidroponik dapat bersaing.
Ros Mita, Rahim Darma, Rahmadani Rahmadani, Muslim Salam, A. Amrullah
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Volume 16, pp 61-70; doi:10.20956/jsep.v16i1.7700

Abstract:
Production risk is an occurrence of uncertainty in the agriculture sector and potentially potential loss and as a deviation from the agricultural production result obtained with the expected. This study aims to (1) To know the risk farming production at the shore of Lake Tempe in Mallusesalo Village, Sabbangparu District, Wajo Regency; and (2) To identify the efforts that need to be made by farmers in mitigating the risk of production of Lake Tempe coastal rice farming in Mallusesalo Village, Sabbangparu District, Wajo Regency. Data analysis techniques used are farm income analysis, coefficient of variation (CV) analysis, and descriptive analysis. The results of this study show that the average income of farmers is in Mallusesalo village of Rp. 17,243,261 / ha per season. Production risk obtained coefficient of variation (CV) of 0.046 can be interpreted as rice farming in Mallusesalo village has a low production risk. Efforts that need to be done by farmers in mitigating production risk are farmers observing weather conditions by referring to the planting calendar by taking into account the time of planting based on climate conditions. If there are signs of pest and disease attacks, farmers should prepare medicines (pesticides) accordingly. In addition, farmers can choose superior rice seed varieties, and farmers can also carry out biological biological control by utilizing natural enemies to reduce pest population.Keyword : Production; Risk; Mitigate; Rice; Lake Tempe
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