Journal of Global Oral Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2643-4709 / 2643-4695
Published by: Scientific Scholar (10.25259)
Total articles ≅ 93
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Oariona Lowe, Dawn McClellan
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 42-47; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_52_2020

Abstract:
Social determinants of health are affected by socioeconomic status, level of education attained, living conditions, and access to healthcare. Access to oral health care is impacted by the environment, in which one resides and the knowledge and benefits of good oral healthcare and prevention, most of which is influenced by parental knowledge and habits. Oral health status was reported on two populations of Sri Lankan children; one group residing in a tea plantation and the other in Mullaithivu, the northernmost area of Sri Lanka. Tea estate dwellers represent an impoverished group, where the education level attained is less than half of the national average. The decay rate in this population of children is high, many of them with early childhood caries. In Mullaithivu, children make up one-third of the population. Children between the ages of 6 and 19 were observed to have a large number of caries. Access to dental care in these remote areas is limited. Developing an oral health program to serve these populations would be beneficial to assist in healthy living.
, K. Moina Adeni
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 38-41; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_21_2020

Abstract:
An increase in concern regarding the safety and inferior aesthetics of amalgam restorations in dentistry has resulted in a transition from amalgam to other alternative dental materials such as composite resins. This article would critically analyze both the materials and the need for this changeover by means of scientific literature.
, Vinaya S. Pai, Siri Krishna, Gautham Kalladka, Shreyas Rajaram, Shivparasad Goankar
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_56_2020

Abstract:
Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the rate of maxillary canine retraction in cases with modified corticotomy versus without modified corticotomy. Clinical interventional study. Split mouth design was used. Materials and Methods: A sample size of ten patients and 20 sites were selected within the age group of 18–35 years following all criteria of the study. Before orthodontic leveling and alignment, upper first premolar extraction was carried out under local anesthesia. Pre-treatment OPG and IOPA were taken in relation to the maxillary canine and maxillary second premolar teeth. One extraction side was considered as the experimental site and contralateral side as control. Leveling and alignment were started with wire sequence. After modified corticotomy procedure, the canine retraction was started with 8 mm NiTi closed coil spring. The amount of tooth movement was recorded with the help of a Digital Vernier Caliper at an interval of 1 month till the completion of canine retraction. Results: Paired t-test showed higher mean velocity of tooth movement in modified corticotomy side (1.07 ± 0.25) as compared to the conventional side (0.91 ± 0.24), (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The modified corticotomy technique serves as an effective treatment modality for adults seeking orthodontic treatment with increased rate of orthodontic canine retraction.
Bollina Tejaswi, Vidya Gopal Sree, Elangovan Sivapriya, Durvasulu Archana,
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 56-66; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_57_2020

Abstract:
Nanotechnology is the branch of engineering that uses molecular machines with precise structures that are less than or equal to 0.1 μm in size. The word nano denotes 10 to the power of minus nine or 1 billionth. Treatment options for dental caries have been extensively studied; among them, the role of nanoparticles is of recent interest. Nanoparticles have shown promising results in the field of caries prevention because of their unique physical, mechanical, and biological characteristics. Nanosized systems have distinctive properties due to their increased surface-to-volume ratio and increased bioavailability toward cells and tissues. Furthermore, improved surface area results in better mechanical interlocking of nanoparticles to the resin matrix. They prevent dental caries by antimicrobial, remineralizing, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Although many nanoparticles have been studied for their role in caries prevention, only a few materials which were extensively studied are included in this review.
K Indrapriyadharshini, Subramanian Vishnuprasad, Jagadeson Mahesh, H. Faizunisa
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 14-19; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_55_2020

Abstract:
Objectives: Antibiotic resistance is rising to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world. New resistance mechanism is emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases. Dentists prescribe about 9–11% of all common antibiotics. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of antibiotic resistance among graduating dental students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 294 participants between November 2019 and December 2019. A structured questionnaire consisting of 14 questions was administered to the dental students. Descriptive analysis of demographic variables was done and knowledge score and attitude score were performed using Kruskal–Wallis H test. Results: About 85% of the participants suggested amoxicillin as the choice of antibiotic. Among the four domains suggesting the solution for antibiotic resistance, 48% of the final year students suggested avoiding self-medication as a solution, 34% of interns suggested avoiding over dosage, and 48% of the 3rd year students suggested completing the course of antibiotics. A majority of (87%) of the final year students suggested the usage of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with infective endocarditis. The difference in mean change in attitude scores among the groups was statistically significant (P = 0.028). Conclusion: The research showed variable levels of knowledge and attitude about antibiotic resistance among the students of different year of study. The study result insists the need to educate the dental students more regarding antibiotics and their proper use.
, Yogita S. Shah
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 48-55; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_38_2020

Abstract:
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic affecting 185 countries and >18.8 million patients worldwide as of July 2020. COVID-19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-2) and majorly manifesting as a hypoxic condition in the affected patients. It has shown to multiply rapidly among patients showing other debilities, majorly hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Periodontitis is defined as a multifactorial disease predominantly governed by microbial dysbiosis and having risk factors as the presence of systemic pathology, decline in immunity, and increased stress. Keeping these factors as a plausible threat for periodontitis, there can be a postulation made that periodontitis can act as a probable risk factor for COVID-19. Limited resources and novelty of the disease hold back any confirmation of the co-relation.
Shrikanth Benjwal, Mousumi Goswami, , Reenu Sarah Kurien, Anam Mushtaq
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 3-7; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_60_2020

Abstract:
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine bond strength of three self-adhering flowable composites. Materials and Methods: Mean tensile bond strength was measured in three groups – Group A – Constic, Group B – Dyad Flow, and Group C – Fusio Liquid Dentin on sound and demineralized primary teeth. Fracture pattern was studied using a stereomicroscope for each sample and in classified as adhesive, cohesive, or mixed fracture. Results: Mean tensile bond strength in sound enamel of Group A (Constic) was found to be 10.79 + 4.24, Group B (Dyad Flow) was 10.30 + 4.63, and of Group C (Fusio Liquid Dentine) was 11.87 + 4.45. No significant difference was found between the three groups (f = 0.327 and P = 0.724). However, a significant difference was found with demineralized enamel in three groups. Constic and Dyad Flow exhibited adhesive fracture pattern in majority of samples on sound enamel, whereas Fusio Liquid Dentin had mixed fracture pattern. On demineralized enamel, Constic exhibited adhesive fracture pattern majorly, whereas Dyad flow demonstrated mixed pattern and Fusio Liquid Dentin had more of cohesive fractures. Conclusion: Constic, Dyad Flow, and Fusio Liquid Dentin can be used instead of conventional pit and fissure sealants or in small occlusal cavities in primary teeth as a single step material.
, Girish R Shavi, S Shankar, Ranganath Sanga, G Lalithambigai, C Rahila, S Santhakumari
Journal of Global Oral Health, Volume 4, pp 20-26; https://doi.org/10.25259/jgoh_47_2020

Abstract:
Objectives: Oral health is closely related to general health and people’s quality of life (QoL), through affecting their oral functions and social interactions. This study aims to assess the oral health-related QoL among head-and-neck cancer (HNC) patients attending cancer care center at Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among 340 HNC patients between August and October 2019 attending Government Arignar Anna Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Institute in Kanchipuram District of Tamil Nadu. The questionnaire has two parts. The 1st part consists of demographic characteristics and cancer-related details. The 2nd part was the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL in HNC patients (EORTC QLQ H&N-35) questionnaire. Results: Among 340 patients, 72.4% were male and 27.6% were female. The majority of them had Stage II cancer. The main factors affecting oral health related QoL (OHRQoL) were taking painkillers, loss of sexual interest, difficulty in social contact, teeth problems, loss of taste, and smell senses. Significant association found between pain (P = 0.000), sense (P = 0.003), speech (P = 0.000), social eating (P = 0.016), social contact (P = 0.005), teeth problems (P = 0.031), dry mouth (P = 0.000), sticky saliva (P = 0.000), cough (0.002), feeling ill (P = 0.003), nutritional supplement (P = 0.042), and lost weight (P = 0.034) with respect to various treatment modalities. Based on the OHRQoL scores, those who were treated surgically alone had better QoL than others. Conclusion: We found that surgically treated HNC patients had better OHRQoL than others. Thus, Oral-Health related Quality of Life assessment can be used to analyse the outcome of treatment, patient satisfaction and their sense of self. We need to build a broader care protocol which satisfies/improves the demands arising from the patients.
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