Journal of Building Material Science

Journal Information
EISSN : 2630-5216
Current Publisher: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 18
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Nazrul Islam, M A Gafur, Amir Hossain Khan
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2768

Abstract:
With regard to the environmental aspect it would be very interesting if natural fibers like banana, jute, and coir could be used instead of artificial fibers and synthetic products as reinforcement in some applications. Banana .Natural fibers have many advantages compared to other man made fibers. The natural fiber composites may be used in everyday applications such as lampshades, suitcases, paperweight, helmets, shower and bath units. Polypropylene composites were fabricated with untreated and alkali treated jute fiber with 10-25% loading of fiber by weight and were designated at Polypropylene Banana Composite (PPBC). The composites of biodegradable Polypropylene (PP) reinforced with short jute natural fiber was prepared by melt mixing followed by hot press molding. The micro structural analysis and morphologies of the composites were studied via infrared spectroscopy (IR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques respectively. The extensive application of infrared spectroscopy is mainly due to the concept of group vibration. Any structural change like substitution or addition of groups or atoms in a molecule affects the relative mode of vibration of the group. This causes change in IR spectral band position, change in relative intensities and appearance of new bands and disappearance of any band and splitting of a single band into two or more bands. Infrared spectroscopy can also be used to increase the utility of fiber. It deals with the interaction of infrared light with matter. The former can indicate the presence of functional groups qualitatively and the latter can provide a semi quantitative measure of their concentrations. Electron Microscopy is most widely used to obtain information regarding the morphology of fiber surfaces, especially SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). Using SEM, it is easy to determine the differences of fiber surface topography after and before treatment, and hence the formation of fiber polymer composites. Fiber deboning was also observed for untreated and treated fiber pp matrix composite. It reveals that bonding between the fiber and the matrix at the interface may be improved. These indicate that there are some kinds of interfacial contact between fiber and pp matrix due to fiber treatment. The SEM can have a magnification range from a few times to several hundred thousand times.
Kiran Devi, Amit Kumar
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2759

Abstract:
In this digital era, usage of electric and electronic devices has become the need of people. Evolution of technology triggers the adoption of new devices over old and discarded appliances turned into the electronic wastes also termed as e-waste/s. E-waste from any source has become a major concern to the society. The disposal of these wastes into the landfills causes many hazardous impacts to the ecosystem. As a promising solution construction industry can utilize the e-wastes effectively. The wastes may be used either as fine filler or aggregates in concrete and bituminous based constructions efficiently. Usage of waste/s conserves the natural resources also. Present study magnifies the scenario of application of electronic wastes in different forms i.e., plastic, metal etc. in bituminous and concrete based mixtures. A critical review has been carried the effects of electronic wastes in concrete and bituminous mixes and findings confirm the praxis of electronic wastes is possible within certain limits.
Saad Issa Sarsam
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2792

Abstract:
The fatigue life of asphalt concrete is often related to environmental condition, loading condition, ageing, material composition and properties. This work investigates the influence of short and long term ageing of laboratory beam specimens, asphalt content, and testing temperature on fatigue life of asphalt concrete wearing course. Slab samples of (30 x 40x 6) cm have been prepared, beam specimens of (40x 5x 6) cm were cut from the asphalt concrete slab samples. Beam specimens were tested for fatigue life under the influence of three levels of micro strain (250, 400, and [3]750) at (5, 20, and 30) °C before and after practicing long-term aging. It was observed that the fatigue life decreases by (85 and 97) %, (87.5 and 97.4) %, (71.4 and 95.2) % after increasing the applied microstrain from (250 to 400 and 750) μƐ for control mixture and for mixtures subjected to short-and long-term ageing processes respectively. The fatigue life increases by (142.8 and 257.1) %, (34.4 and 57.8) % and (10 and 30) % when the asphalt content increases from (4.4 to 4.9 and 5.4) % for specimens practicing the applied microstrain of (250, 400 and 750) μƐ respectively. It was concluded that the fatigue life increases by a range of (two to fifteen) folds when the testing temperature increases from (5 to 20 and 30)°C respectively.
Nazrul Islam, M.A Gafur, Amir Hossain Khan
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2870

Abstract:
Fibers reinforced composite materials offer a combination of strength and modulus that are either comparable to or better than many traditional metallic materials. The research on natural fiber based composite materials fit well into this ecological image. This paper reports the conduction mechanism and ac conductivity, activation energy behavior of Polypropylene and banana fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites. Polypropylene [-CH2-CH2-CH2-]n and different fiber content (wt. %) of polypropylene-banana fibers (natural fiber) composites were fabricated using a hot-press molding system. The optimum fabrication parameters were established (initial pressure, temp. etc.). These composite test samples were fabricated so the short fibers were randomly oriented in the matrix. The detail investigation of the a. c. conductivity and conduction mechanism of polymer composites would provide information about the relaxation processes, activation energy etc. which are dependent on frequency, temperature and time. The activation energy involved in the above processes can also be estimated from this study. The measurements were performed over a wide range of frequency of 60 Hz to 3 MHz and temperature range from 30°C (303°K) to 110°C (383°K). Experimental results of the ac properties of pure polypropylene and polypropylene-natural banana fiber composites were compared. It has been established that the fabricated composition changes its insulating property after adding the natural fibers and gives the better conductivity properties.
Osama Bedair
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2906

Abstract:
This paper describes economical strategy for design of industrial electrical substations and control buildings. Limited literature addressed design aspects for this class of buildings. Furthermore, little guidelines are available in practice to regulate this type of steel construction. The first part of the paper overviews the architectural and structural layouts of various industrial buildings. The economical aspects and cost savings resulting in using mobile buildings are discussed. The paper also highlights the engineering challenges that are encountered in the design of mobile facilities. The transportation procedure and design requirements are briefly described. Recommendations are provided to compute the combined center of mass of the building and interior equipments. Effective analysis procedure is also described. The proposed design concept for mobile industrial buildings is cost effective and can be implemented in industry to reduce projects cost.
Xipeng Gao, Xiwei He
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 3; doi:10.30564/jbms.v3i1.3141

Abstract:
When the installation of cables and pipelines needs to go across rivers, bridges are usually adopted to support the cables and pipelines for crossing the rivers. The measure can make full use of the space resources and have no effect on the flow pattern of rivers. For this reason, analysis on the structural-type design of a large-span steel truss bridge specially used for cables has been performed. The numerical results indicate that the stayed-cable bridge with steel truss beam and concrete main tower has better performance and improved structural type caparisoned with that of the beam and arch bridges, and the construction of the major beam can be without the temporary support.
Mithen Lullulangi Unm, Onesimus Sampebua
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 3; doi:10.30564/jbms.v3i1.2929

Abstract:
This research aims to know the function of Traditional House of Toraja and Typology, as a unique traditional architectural tourist attraction in Ke'te 'Kesu'. The research is qualitative research. Data collection is done by observation, interview, and documentation. The research variables consist of: Function of Traditional House (Tongkonan), and it’s Typology. The data analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative analysis, that is analyzing each variable descriptively, consisting of four activity flow, that is data selection, data presentation, analyzing, , and conclusions. The results show that: In general, the main function of traditional Toraja house (Tongkonan) and its built environment is as a container of human activities supporting Toraja culture, consisting of Rambu Solo’ that is the customary ceremony associated with death, and Rambu Tuka’ or all things good lifestyle as well ceremonies related to daily life. Then typology can be viewed from aspects of Layout, Spatial, Shape, Structure and Construction, and Ornaments.
Ashish Chhachhia
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i1.2636

Abstract:
Concrete is one of the most consumable construction materials on the earth. The concrete constitutes cement, sand, gravel, water and/or additives in definite proportions. The proportions of raw materials of concrete are decided by the concrete mix design. The mix design depends on the various factors. For mix design, most of the countries have their own specifications. In the present study, standard guidelines of India, Britain and America for the concrete mix design have been discussed. The concrete grades of M25, M35 and M45 were designed and compared. Indian Standards were also compared. It was concluded that new revised version of Indian Standard code has the lowest value of water/cement ratio and highest quantity of cement as compared to other standards.
Yibo Wang, Hao Yue, Huibo Wang
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i1.2718

Abstract:
Sintering process plays an important role in iron and steel smelting process. The subsequent production of blast furnace ironmaking is directly affected by the quality of sinter. Among them, the proportion of raw materials and the advanced degree of sintering process are the two main factors affecting the quality of sinter. Because the control parameters of sintering process are too many and the physical and chemical process is too complex, it is difficult to establish and control the model accurately. Therefore, workers have long relied on experience to set temperature and other factors to engage in production, resulting in the quality of sinter is unstable, the cost is not easy to be controlled. Moreover, the flue gas produced in the sintering process will have different effects on the environment. Through the data analysis of the ore distribution scheme and the results of the physicochemical analysis of sinter in a steel plant, two aspects of the work are completed: one is to establish the optimal model of the cost of the sintering process, and the most suitable temperature for the sintering process. The second is the analysis of harmful components produced in sintering process.
, Serkan Yildiz
Journal of Building Material Science, Volume 2; doi:10.30564/jbms.v2i1.2591

Abstract:
Nowadays, sustainability is one of the most important goals of also the construction sector, as it is in most of the other sectors. However, sustainability in the construction sector is dealt mostly with its environmental and economic dimensions and its social dimension remains in the background. This situation causes the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS), which is perhaps the most important issue within the scope of social sustainability, to be addressed on its own, and its relationship with sustainability to be not introduced clearly. In this study, firstly, the relationship between social sustainability and OHS in the construction sector was discussed. Based on the fact that in construction projects the sustainability goal should be revealed forward to a great extent at the design stage, how to contribute to OHS by budgeting OHS activities together with project activities was explained. The study is expected to help construction sector stakeholders to understand the relationship between social sustainability and OHS, and to provide a clear picture of the role of budgeting in this respect.
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