Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal

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ISSN / EISSN : 2654-9905 / 2656-7008
Total articles ≅ 22
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Asy’Ari Asy’Ari, Titien Sofiati, Iswandi Wahab, Jana Sidin
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 148-164; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2741

Abstract:
Fish is one of the foodstuffs that has a protein content that is needed by humans. Nowadays fish have been processed into many products that have longer durability, humans have used fish as a mixture in diversified products. Diversification of fishery products so that fish can be used in other forms such as instant noodles, biscuits, and traditional products such as making sago plates mixed with fish meat. The purpose of this study was to determine the content of E. coli and Salmonella sp. on sago products produced. This research was conducted in September-October 2019. Sampling of fish sago was carried out in Dehegila Village, Morotai Island Regency. Sample analysis was performed at the Khairun University Ternate Environmental Laboratory. The data obtained were then presented in a descriptive analytic and literature study. From the results of the study obtained by sago plate added skipjack tuna meat as well as the use of flavorings Based on the analysis of all sago samples there was bacterial growth with an average number
Stenly M.B.S Wairara, Rosa D. Pangaribuan
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 115-130; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2618

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the composition of nutrients contained in kopyok moss and analyze the effect of natural or artificial feed on the growth of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). This research was carried out in October-November 2019, met in the UNPUS MSP laboratory and used the experimental method and Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Test animals used were juvenile tilapia 5-7 g; 5-10 cm and totaling 27 individuals. The fish were divided into three treatment groups, namely P1 (PF500 MS PRIMA FEED feed group), P2 (Takari feed group), and P3 (kopyok moss natural feed group) and each group consisted of nine fish. Feeding is done twice a day on an ad libitum basis for 30 days continuously. The results showed that the absolute weight gain in the P2 group was higher than in the P1 and P3 groups, the absolute length increase in P3 was higher than in P1 and P2 and the survival rate of P2 was higher than in P1 and P3. This explains that the nutritional content, especially protein in the feed, must be in the amount needed, otherwise the excess protein will be released into the environment in the form of ammonia (NH3), increased ammonia toxicity can cause damage to the gills and kidneys, decreased growth, disruption of the brain system, and dissolved oxygen levels become low. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that protein is one of the essential nutrients for growth for survival, but it must be at the amount needed by the body so that it is not released to the environment which will reduce water quality.
Dewi Farah Diba, Buana Basir
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 142-147; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2731

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the pattern of mast cell distribution in the intestinal tract of skipjack fish (Katsuwono pelamis) infested with endoparasitic worms and prove the correlation between endoparasitic worms and mast cells which are always involved in hypersensitivity responses. The study was conducted in May to July 2018 at the Paotere Fish Auction Place and at the Animal Climatology Histology Laboratory of Hasanuddin University. A total of 30 skipjack fish originating from the Paotere TPI were used as research samples, the fish were then dissected to be taken inside the organs infested with endoparasitic worms and then fixed and made histopatalogis slide preparations with microtechnic procedures and hematoxylin-eosin staining to be observed under a microscope. The results showed that infestation of endoparasitic worms in the body of skipjack fish could grasp the active mast cells. Mast cells are distributed only to the gonads, gills and heart of skipjack fish (Katsuwonus pelamis).
Sajriawati Sajriawati, Astaman Amir, Edy H.P Melmambessy, Siti Masiyah
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 131-141; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2677

Abstract:
Research on community participation in mangrove planting in Payum Coastal aims to find out who is involved in planting mangroves and what are the stages in planting mangrove seedlings. This research was conducted in the Payum Coastal of Merauke Regency for 5 (five) months from July to November 2015. The research used survey methods and direct interviews with the community. The object of research is the people who live in the Payum Coastal Region along with traditional institutions as key figures of the study. Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis by reporting research findings in the form of pictures and writings that describe something that is ongoing when the research is conducted. The results showed that direct community participation in mangrove management was carried out through mangrove planting based on local wisdom by the community in Payum Coastal. Activities carried out by indigenous peoples, traditional leaders, women and children. Mangrove seedlings planting activities consist of 4 (four) stages, namely nursery / seeding, bringing mangrove seedlings to the planting location, planting activities, and maintenance activities.
Nurafni Nurafni, Sandra Hi Muhammad, Isman Dohu
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 102-114; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2687

Abstract:
Echinoderms are animals that are included invertebrates that have thorny skin. The aim of this study was to analyze the structure of the Echinodermata community in Juanga coastal waters, Morotai Island Regency. This research was conducted in November 2019 in the waters of Juanga Village, Morotai Island Regency. By using the quadratic transect method, the transect line is pulled perpendicular to the sea along 100m at low tide or near lowest tide, starting at zero (0) and 1x1m squared are placed at each 10 m distance along the transect that is considered to represent the location for which there are samplesEchinoderms . While the analysis of the data used is the density of species (D), species diversity (H), demination index (C), and evenness (E). The results found 14 types of Echinoderms that were scattered at the study site. The highest density analysis at station I was 0.53 ind/m² ( Holothuria atra ) and the lowest 0.02 ind/m² (Acanthaster planci). Station II with the highest value of 0.33 ind/m² (Holothuria atra) and the lowest type of Stichopus variegatus, Echinothrix calamaris, Ophiaracna affinis, Ophiocoma brevipes with 0.02 ind / m², station III the highest density is still from the type Holothuria atra (0.42 ind/m²), the lowest is the kind Acanthaster planci, Ophiaracna affinis, Ophiocoma brevipes with an average value of 0.02 ind/m². Analysis of community structure (H') of stations I to III is included in the medium category, dominance index (C) no species dominates while the evenness index (E) of species distribution is very evenly distributed in all research locations.
Thomas Frans Pattiasina
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 77-101; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2466

Abstract:
The Whale Shark (Rinchodon typus) is a species of pelagic fish with the largest size in the world and has a very wide range of movements. By understanding the migration of whale sharks a number of important policies can be immediately applied to preserve the population of this species in nature. This paper aims to provide an overview of the concept and application of spatial science and technology to map and model the migration of whale shark species. This paper is the result of a review of various literatures, both scientific journal articles and books related to mapping and modeling of common marine animals and whale sharks in particular. The paper begins with a description of the bioecological aspects and threats to the whale shark population. Furthermore, the concept of mapping and modeling of whale shark migration will be described, covering important factors in mapping and modeling, development of marine geographic information migration model (GIS) and application of whale shark migration modeling. The conclusion from the review is that bioecological characteristics and patterns of whale shark migration cause these species to be vulnerable to various threats from both natural factors and human activities. Migration mapping and modeling is generally based on environmental variation or oceanographic factors and species movement types. Accurate mapping and modeling results will be of great value in planning and policies regarding the management and conservation of whale shark species.
Kismanto Koroy, Nurafni Nurafni, Fijai Pina
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 63-76; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i1.2231

Abstract:
Coastal ecosystems are dynamic ecosystems that have a rich diversity of habitats on land and in the ocean, as well interacting between one habitat with another. The purpose of this study is to identify the ecological parameters of the coastal ecosystem a marine ecotourism area and determine the suitability class of the Kokoya Island coast as a marine ecotourism area for the coastal tourism category. This research was conducted in January to February 2019. Data collection using primary data with survey methods and direct measurements in the field. The analysis is used to analyze the suitability of the beach ecosystem class on Kokoya Island by using the area suitability matrix for the recreation category of beach tourism. The results showed that at 7 stations in the study location had a Travel Conformance Index in the category of Very Appropriate (S1) and Appropriate (S2). The IKW of each station can be presented; Station 1 IKW. 92.31% (S1), Station 2 IKW. 89.74% (S1), Station 3 IKW. 89.74% (S1), Station 4 IKW. 97.44% (S1), Station 5 IKW. 78.21% (S2), Station 6 IKW. 90.38% (S1), and Station 7 IKW. 97.44% (S1).
Selvi Tebaiy, Paulus Boli, Fanny Simatauw, Simon Leatemia, Dedi Parenden, Andra Ananta
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 48-62; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i1.2273

Abstract:
The economic value of the activity of catching eggs in the waters of the Fak Fak Regency of West Papua not only provides income for migrant fishermen from South Sulawesi but also for the people in the Fak Fak Regency who live in coastal areas. This study aims to provide an overview of the economic impact of flying egg fishing and the marketing channels of these flying fish eggs. Data collection was carried out in August and September 2017 in the coastal areas of Fak Fak and the Fak Fak Fishing Base and several other landing areas. Interview and questionnaire techniques used for data collection also used secondary data from various sources and previous research. The data collected was analyzed descriptively and displayed in graphical form and percentage to reveal facts based on field information. The results showed that in 2017 the production of flying fish eggs per ship ranged from 270 - 1,575 kg, with an average value of IDR 307,446,154. The fish egg marketing channel in Fakfak Regency has 3 main actors namely: producers (fishermen), collecting traders (Papalele) and inter-island traders (Makassar, Takalar). The percentage of costs provided by fly fishing include: (1) fuel and oil 28 %, (2) food supply 26 %, (3) coconut leaves (24 %), and (4) fishing permit (22 %). The economic benefits as an added value from the activity of catching flying fish eggs for the Fak Fak coastal community are the opening of other business opportunities such as coconut leaf providers, fuel and food ingredients providers, boarding or lodging owners, and grater eggs.
Astaman Amir, Sajriawati Sajriawati, Andi Nur Apung Masisseng, Yeni Safitri Andi Lawi
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 35-47; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i1.1804

Abstract:
One of the strategic issues of marine potential management is the low quality of human resources of Marine society. This issue needs to be addressed through human resources development aimed at improving knowledge, changing attitudes and improving skills. This research aims to develop a strategy to increase human resources competency Group of fishery in Makassar. The sampling method used is nonprobability. Samples were taken using the formula Slovin with a 10% accuracy so that the samples were taken as much as 87 of 654 people. The research location is the city of Makassar chosen based on the consideration that in Makassar there are groups of processing and marketers of fishery results. The Data collected includes HR competence. Data analysis uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses. The coordinates of IFAS and EFAS are in Quadrant IV which demonstrates the strategy of improving HR competence on GMP in the fishery processing group in Makassar City using the strategy of WT (Weaknesses – Treaths).
Muh. Herjayanto, Annisa Misykah Mauliddina, Esa Rama Widiyawan, Nugroho Agung Prasetyo, Lukman Anugrah Agung, Magfira Magfira, Abdul Gani
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 24-34; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i1.1872

Abstract:
Oryzias sp. from Tunda Island, Indonesia has the potential as a model organism in laboratories and also ornamental fish. Basic information regarding maintenance during adaptation post-transportation from its habitat in nature, embryo incubation and maintenance of larvae is needed as a basis for breeding activities. The results showed that Oryzias sp. from Tunda Island can adapt, spawning and produce a total 262 eggs (diameter 0.88-1.02 mm) in a controlled environment. Eggs from spawning in nature begin to hatch on the 11th incubation day, the hatching peak occurs on the 13th day with a hatching process 4-9 days at 25-27oC. The hatching rate ranges from 57.14-100% and the survival of 5 days old lavae after hatching is 72.72-100.00%. The transportation technique in this study has not been able to suppress fish mortality during post-transportation rearing.
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