Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal

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ISSN / EISSN : 2654-9905 / 2656-7008
Total articles ≅ 27
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Andi Gustomi, Sri Dewi Dinata Putri, Sudirman Adibrata
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 48-62; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v3i1.3168

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the morphomeristic characteristics and habitat of Tempuring Fish (Puntius spp) in Bangka Island. The research was conducted from February to March 2020 at Bangka Island. The study used a survey method using primary and secondary data. Based on the analysis of the morphomeristic characteristics, The kind of tempuring (Puntius spp) which found in the Freshwater of Bangka Island are Puntius lineatus dan Puntius johorensis. Puntius lineatus on Bangka Island has a total body length (TL) ranging from 67.13 to 75.80 mm; head height (HD) ranges from 10 -12 mm; height (BD) ranged from 15.47-18.60 mm; dorsal fin radius (DR) D.I-II. 8-9; and lateral line (LL) scales ranging from 24-25 mm; characterized by having 5 vertical black lines on the body. Puntius johorensis has a total body length (TL) ranging from 59.60-80.67mm; head height (HD) ranged from 10.40 -16.00 mm; height (BD) ranged from 14.00-28.44 mm; dorsal fin radius (DR) D.I-II. 6-10; and lateral line (LL) scales ranging from 25-30 mm; characterized by having 6 vertical black lines on the body. Ecology of Tempuring in Bangka Island freshwater when viewed from several water quality parameters, including temperature ranges from 29-31 °C, pH 5, water transparency 0.27 - 0.36 m, flow velocity 0.03-0.06 m / s, and TSS range from 4-19.2 mg / l. This indicates that the water quality of the Tempuring Fish habitat on Bangka Island is still in a good range. Morphomeristic; Tempuring; Puntius lineatus; Puntius johorensis; Bangka Island
Iswandi Wahab, Nurafni Nurafni, Aricen Rahamati
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 38-47; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v3i1.3171

Abstract:
Mangroves are one of the most important plants in coastal areas that act as a provider of nutrients for aquatic biota. Telescopium telescopium is one of the gastropod species which is found in many mangrove ecosystem areas. The research objective was to analyze the abundance of Telescopium telescopium and the composition of the mangrove species in the waters of Daruba Pantai Village. This research was conducted from December 2019 to January 2020. The method used is quadrant transect line and Telescopium telescopium observation is done visually or directly. Telescopium telescopium abundance data were analyzed descriptively. The results of the research on mangrove communities were varied, consisting of 4-5 types of mangroves. At station (1) there are 4 types of mangroves, stations (2) and (3) there are 5 types of mangroves. The abundance of Telescopium telescopium at three stations, the highest was at station (3) 0.262 (ind / m²), Station (1) 0.212 (ind / m²) and the lowest was at station (2) 0.142 (ind / m²). The abundance of Telescopium telescopiun is found at three stations and the highest is at station (3) 0.262 (ind / m²). The composition of mangrove species contained in Telescopium telescopium are Rhizopohora apiculata, Ceriops tagal and Rhizopora mucronata.
Wildani Lubis, Nina Maksimiliana Ginting
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 30-37; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v3i1.3141

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the processing income of Baung fish. Sampling using the census method. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data analysis was performed using multiple linear regression. The coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.90, indicating that the processing income of Baung fish (Y) can be explained by the variables of raw materials (X1), supporting materials (X2), transportation costs (X3), amounting to 90% while the remain 10 % is influenced by other factors that are not included in the equation. The significance value of F is 0,000 indicating that H0 is rejected or H1 is accepted, there are the raw materials variable (X1), supporting materials (X2), transportation costs (X3), which is simultaneously have a significant effect on the variable net income of Baung fish processing (Y). Partially the cost of raw materials has an effect on the income of Baung fish processing, in the other hand the supporting costs and transportation costs partially have no effect on the income of processing Baung fish. The classical assumption test shows that the data is normally distributed, there is no multicollinearity and heteroscedasticity.
Wilhelmus Reinaldo Pattipeilohy, Thomas Frans Pattiasina, Simon Petrus Octavianus Leatemia, Selfanie Talakua
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 17-29; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v3i1.2961

Abstract:
One of the coastal ecosystems that has a high primary productivity, seagrass, makes it a places to find foods (feeding ground), spawn (spawning ground), and shelter for most fish. Whether the structure of fish communities on seagrass beds in the coastal waters of Doreri Bay based on day and night observation times is different from previous studies. This study aims to examine the structure of fish communities on seagrass beds in the coastal waters of Doreri Bay, between the time of observation and compared to previous studies. Data collection takes place during April-May 2019. The method used in this study is a descriptive method, using 1 and 1.5 inch gills net. The results of the study found that seagrass beds in Doreri Bay waters were more than in previous studies, which consisted of 10 species of seagrasses from 2 families (Hydrocharitaceae and Cymodoceaceae). The composition of fish is 56 species with a total of 91 individuals during the day and 189 individuals at night. Fish community structure in Doreri Bay waters has moderate diversity and uniformity while low dominance. Efforts should be made to protect seagrass ecosystems so that fish resources in the Doreri Bay region are maintained.
MohdI Umanahu, Umar Tangke, Syahnul Sardi Titaheluw
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 1-16; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v3i1.3080

Abstract:
This research was carried out with a survey method during August 2019 with the aim of knowing the biodiversity of target fish and their potential in the coral reef ecosystem in the waters of Maitara Island, North Maluku Province by collecting primary and secondary data in the form of coral reef conditions (lifeform), fish conditions (diversity, uniformity and dominance) as well as environmental parameter data in the form of temperature, salinity, current velocity, and brightness. The collection of data on the condition of coral reefs and fish was carried out simultaneously, namely 1 dive at each station. Visual census method is used for reef fish data. The results of visual observation of reef fish in the waters of Maitara Island found that there were 13 familyes included in the major fish group consisting of 7 familyes, 1 family of indicator fish and 5 target fish groups. The reef fish found at the observation location of station 1 consisted of 59.3% major fish groups, 24.2% target fish and 16.5% indicator fish and at station 2 reef fish consisted of 62.1 major fish groups. %, target fish is 23.8% and indicator fish is 4.1%. Overall, the results of the visual observations of reef fish showed that major fish were the most dominant, found as much as 66.7% of the target fish groups were 23.9% and indicator fish groups were 9.4%. The lack of presence of indicator fish groups shows that the fertility of the coral reef ecosystem in the waters of Maitara Island is no longer in good condition, because the indicator fish group is a type of fish that indicates good and bad parameters of coral reef conditions in the waters.
Asy’Ari Asy’Ari, Titien Sofiati, Iswandi Wahab, Jana Sidin
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 148-164; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2741

Abstract:
Fish is one of the foodstuffs that has a protein content that is needed by humans. Nowadays fish have been processed into many products that have longer durability, humans have used fish as a mixture in diversified products. Diversification of fishery products so that fish can be used in other forms such as instant noodles, biscuits, and traditional products such as making sago plates mixed with fish meat. The purpose of this study was to determine the content of E. coli and Salmonella sp. on sago products produced. This research was conducted in September-October 2019. Sampling of fish sago was carried out in Dehegila Village, Morotai Island Regency. Sample analysis was performed at the Khairun University Ternate Environmental Laboratory. The data obtained were then presented in a descriptive analytic and literature study. From the results of the study obtained by sago plate added skipjack tuna meat as well as the use of flavorings Based on the analysis of all sago samples there was bacterial growth with an average number
Dewi Farah Diba, Buana Basir
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 142-147; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2731

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the pattern of mast cell distribution in the intestinal tract of skipjack fish (Katsuwono pelamis) infested with endoparasitic worms and prove the correlation between endoparasitic worms and mast cells which are always involved in hypersensitivity responses. The study was conducted in May to July 2018 at the Paotere Fish Auction Place and at the Animal Climatology Histology Laboratory of Hasanuddin University. A total of 30 skipjack fish originating from the Paotere TPI were used as research samples, the fish were then dissected to be taken inside the organs infested with endoparasitic worms and then fixed and made histopatalogis slide preparations with microtechnic procedures and hematoxylin-eosin staining to be observed under a microscope. The results showed that infestation of endoparasitic worms in the body of skipjack fish could grasp the active mast cells. Mast cells are distributed only to the gonads, gills and heart of skipjack fish (Katsuwonus pelamis).
Stenly M.B.S Wairara, Rosa D. Pangaribuan
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 115-130; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2618

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the composition of nutrients contained in kopyok moss and analyze the effect of natural or artificial feed on the growth of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). This research was carried out in October-November 2019, met in the UNPUS MSP laboratory and used the experimental method and Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Test animals used were juvenile tilapia 5-7 g; 5-10 cm and totaling 27 individuals. The fish were divided into three treatment groups, namely P1 (PF500 MS PRIMA FEED feed group), P2 (Takari feed group), and P3 (kopyok moss natural feed group) and each group consisted of nine fish. Feeding is done twice a day on an ad libitum basis for 30 days continuously. The results showed that the absolute weight gain in the P2 group was higher than in the P1 and P3 groups, the absolute length increase in P3 was higher than in P1 and P2 and the survival rate of P2 was higher than in P1 and P3. This explains that the nutritional content, especially protein in the feed, must be in the amount needed, otherwise the excess protein will be released into the environment in the form of ammonia (NH3), increased ammonia toxicity can cause damage to the gills and kidneys, decreased growth, disruption of the brain system, and dissolved oxygen levels become low. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that protein is one of the essential nutrients for growth for survival, but it must be at the amount needed by the body so that it is not released to the environment which will reduce water quality.
Sajriawati Sajriawati, Astaman Amir, Edy H.P Melmambessy, Siti Masiyah
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 131-141; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2677

Abstract:
Research on community participation in mangrove planting in Payum Coastal aims to find out who is involved in planting mangroves and what are the stages in planting mangrove seedlings. This research was conducted in the Payum Coastal of Merauke Regency for 5 (five) months from July to November 2015. The research used survey methods and direct interviews with the community. The object of research is the people who live in the Payum Coastal Region along with traditional institutions as key figures of the study. Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis by reporting research findings in the form of pictures and writings that describe something that is ongoing when the research is conducted. The results showed that direct community participation in mangrove management was carried out through mangrove planting based on local wisdom by the community in Payum Coastal. Activities carried out by indigenous peoples, traditional leaders, women and children. Mangrove seedlings planting activities consist of 4 (four) stages, namely nursery / seeding, bringing mangrove seedlings to the planting location, planting activities, and maintenance activities.
Nurafni Nurafni, Sandra Hi Muhammad, Isman Dohu
Musamus Fisheries and Marine Journal pp 102-114; doi:10.35724/mfmj.v2i2.2687

Abstract:
Echinoderms are animals that are included invertebrates that have thorny skin. The aim of this study was to analyze the structure of the Echinodermata community in Juanga coastal waters, Morotai Island Regency. This research was conducted in November 2019 in the waters of Juanga Village, Morotai Island Regency. By using the quadratic transect method, the transect line is pulled perpendicular to the sea along 100m at low tide or near lowest tide, starting at zero (0) and 1x1m squared are placed at each 10 m distance along the transect that is considered to represent the location for which there are samplesEchinoderms . While the analysis of the data used is the density of species (D), species diversity (H), demination index (C), and evenness (E). The results found 14 types of Echinoderms that were scattered at the study site. The highest density analysis at station I was 0.53 ind/m² ( Holothuria atra ) and the lowest 0.02 ind/m² (Acanthaster planci). Station II with the highest value of 0.33 ind/m² (Holothuria atra) and the lowest type of Stichopus variegatus, Echinothrix calamaris, Ophiaracna affinis, Ophiocoma brevipes with 0.02 ind / m², station III the highest density is still from the type Holothuria atra (0.42 ind/m²), the lowest is the kind Acanthaster planci, Ophiaracna affinis, Ophiocoma brevipes with an average value of 0.02 ind/m². Analysis of community structure (H') of stations I to III is included in the medium category, dominance index (C) no species dominates while the evenness index (E) of species distribution is very evenly distributed in all research locations.
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