Problems of Management in the 21st Century

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2029-6932 / 2538-712X
Current Publisher: Scientia Socialis Ltd. (10.33225)
Total articles ≅ 12
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Vitalii Nitsenko
Problems of Management in the 21st Century, Volume 15, pp 4-8; doi:10.33225/10.33225/pmc/20.15.04

Abstract:
Ukraine has a huge potential for the development of various sectors of the economy, but the efficiency of its use still remains low. This problem is primarily related to management problems at all levels of government: from the President to the state enterprise. Unfortunately, the change in the political preferences of citizens of each regular election of deputies to regional, local authorities, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the President of Ukraine remains unchanged. It does not make sense to draw attention to all 30 years of Ukraine's independence, as this problem is not solved. For clarity, we will demonstrate the year of the rule of President Zelensky VO, who promised to change the situation in the country for the better. His arrival was not an accident. The people were prepared not only by the humorous shows Kvartal-95 on political topics, but also by the TV series “Servant of the People” (3 seasons), where Volodymyr Zelensky was elected President and was an ardent opponent of the current situation. Thus, the preparatory stage was in favor of his team.
Jorge Magalhães, Marcos Hir, Luc Quoniam, Zulmira Hartz, Daniele Alves De Oliveira
Problems of Management in the 21st Century, Volume 15, pp 40-55; doi:10.33225/10.33225/pmc/20.15.40

Abstract:
The 21st century presents itself as the informational and knowledge age. The aging population and the technological innovation to medicine have been a constant concern due to the search for the complete state of well-being of the individual. Nations are making increasing efforts to continually improve their populations. There is an urgent need for better management of knowledge and integrality of health care, such as the integration, convergence and pragmatism of actions in multiple areas. According to the World Bank and the World Health Organization, half the world's population does not have access to essential health services and more than 1 billion are threatened by neglected diseases. Therefore, information science aid in the complexity of identifying, extracting, and treating the quintillions of data added daily to the Web. After processing by ScripLattes tool thousands of resumes on the Lattes platform, 39,046 triple threat experts have been identified, but only 0.3% are senior competencies. The scientific papers published in Dengue fever, Zika virus and Chikungunya fever are 11,743. The ScripLattes tool proved to be efficient to support in the management of scientific knowledge in public health. Thus, this research provides an overview from the core competencies in triple threat in Brazilian territory and their mainly scientific and technological publications. Keywords: knowledge management, information science, public health, triple threat.
José G. Vargas-Hernández, Omar Cristian Vargas Gonzalez, José Sergio Morones Servín
Problems of Management in the 21st Century, Volume 15, pp 56-67; doi:10.33225/10.33225/pmc/20.15.56

Abstract:
A cluster is an important way to increase the economic development in a region. The discussion about the most suitable meaning of a cluster is breadth. For this reason, the main aim of this research was to provide a general overview of the concept of the cluster. The methodology is a review of literature of the main theoretical- empirical studies and models and some proposed models as well as its importance as a strategy for regional development and its operation. The main conclusions are that all the theoretical approaches to the concept are relevant and that does not exist a unique approach to define cluster. Keywords: concept analysis, cluster concept, regional development.
Solomon Chepsongol Kelwon
Problems of Management in the 21st Century, Volume 15, pp 23-39; doi:10.33225/10.33225/pmc/20.15.23

Abstract:
This paper was extracted and based on one of the variables of the researcher’s main research entitled: Antecedents of Occupational Health and Safety among the Police Officers in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The aim of the research was to analyze and find the effect of a legal framework on occupational, safety and health among Police Officers. The target population was the 4,000 Police Officers in Nairobi City County. In each police station, a sample of 5 percent Police Officers were randomly identified, selected, and interviewed by the use of questionnaires based on their availability at work. An initial pilot study of the 10% police stations was done in order to test the research instruments. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used, and its findings were presented using figures, tables and charts. The result findings gave a response rate of 75.5% which was acceptable for a research. The results also showed that 68.20% of the respondents were of the view that Codes of Conduct were good in the smooth running of police operations and supporting their OSH. The responses had a mean of 3.84 and standard deviation of .93. As presented in tables, the coefficient of determination R Square is .466 and R is .683 p-value p
Luca Bussotti, Charles Torres
Problems of Management in the 21st Century, Volume 15, pp 9-22; doi:10.33225/10.33225/pmc/20.15.09

Abstract:
Islamic terrorism has been a serious threat for Eastern and Southern Africa since the 1990s. Many of these African countries have developed different forms of struggle against Islamic terrorism, from a military intervention to social policies, in order to improve the general socio-economic conditions for society as a whole. In Mozambique, no specific measure was adopted to cope the diffusion of terrorism, leaving that radicalized forms of Islamism spread in particular in Cabo Delgado, a Northern Province bordering with Tanzania. Research aimed at approaching Islamic terrorism in Cabo Delgado according to the strategy of risk prevention and risk management by Mozambican State. This study demonstrates that during the second term of Guebuza as a Chief of State, Mozambique had to face three different, potential threats. Nevertheless, Mozambican government identified two of these threats as a priority (namely Somali piracy in Mozambique Channel and Renamo´s action), neglecting possible Islamic terrorist attacks in Cabo Delgado Province. This study demonstrates – using privileged witnesses as well as open sources available in the public sphere - that this choice was typical of a fragile and authoritarian State. Firstly, it was not based on an objective risk analysis, but on political as well as on patrimonial interests of political elite, and secondly local civil society could not oppose any resistance. This choice allowed radical Islamic groups to grow undisturbed in Cabo Delgado, until carrying out violent attacks from October 2017, which Mozambican government seems unable to counter until today. Keywords: Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambican State, religious extremism, risk prevention.
Problems of Management in the 21st Century; doi:10.33225/pmc

Solomon C. Kelwon, Peris K. Sogoti
Problems of Management in the 21st Century pp 54-72; doi:10.33225/pmc/19.14.54

Abstract:
Lubumbashi was chosen for this study because it is the second largest city in Katanga Province in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The province is well known for the mining of many precious minerals like gold, diamond, and copper among others. The mining companies use an immense quantity of fuel, bulk diesel in their operations and aviation for their aircrafts. In the study, the target was the whole population of employees in four companies in Lubumbashi Airport. There were two fuel depot construction companies, a fuel transporter and a fuel depot. The study picked all the companies that were contracted to work in an operational fuel depot under construction. One of the researchers during the study was an Operations Manager in the fuel depot. A balance had to be done between seamless operations which were at the same time risk free. This was despite the dangers brought about by the ongoing construction which was a safety risky. It made it necessary therefore for every respondent to be targeted in the study. Data was collected using questionnaires and observation of operations. This was to ensure that every employee under target in the study is covered. The respondents were given the freedom to fill the questionnaires. The data collected were then fed into a computer and processed using the software SPSS version 20 for data analysis. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inference. The findings were presented by the use of tables, figures, and bar charts which are detailed and shown in the study. This was to ensure that there was a proper understanding of the research. The details of the findings are well recorded. The three subcontracted companies were allowed to operate in a fuel depot with a lean staff for safety reasons. Of those interviewed, it was only 61 of them who agreed to return the questionnaires out of a target population of 115. This was a 53% response rate which was quite good considering the busy operations that were on going. The majority of the respondents, 98.4% were men while the rest 1.6% were female. As per the compliance to health, safety and environment, many respondents had not undergone training. This is because it was only 10.9% who had done emergency drills while 3.2% did not see the need of knowing contents in fuel tanks. Alternatively, a good number of the respondents valued the importance of safety gear, 91.2%. There is need for regular training of employees to avert serious cases of fire and accidents; since the facility falls under sensitive project in EIA/EA (Environmental Impact Assessment/Environmental Audit). The researchers recommend regular Environmental Audits from certified environmental Lead Experts. Keywords: safety and health, fuel depot, work environment, attitude, employees & pipeline.
Beata Zyznarska-Dworczak
Problems of Management in the 21st Century pp 73-83; doi:10.33225/pmc/19.14.73

Abstract:
Growing public awareness of the need for sustainability raises the need for business settlements in the line with the concept of accountability. This phenomenon contributes to the objective extension of information systems in enterprises, including accounting system. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of accountability on accounting development, showing thus the idea of sustainability accounting. This study investigates the significance of the accountability concept and was conducted, indicating in particular the types of this concept and the areas of its management in the company. Based on inductive and deductive reasoning, the thesis of the article has been proved, showing that the accountability concept directs the development of accounting towards sustainability accounting as one of the basic manifestations of corporate responsibility. The paper shows that a cascading of corporate accountability determines the areas in which accounting is crucial for the company management, like valuation of the results of the implementation of sustainable development principles, managerial control and sustainability reporting. This paper aims to promote the perception of the changes and prospects of the development of accounting towards sustainability accounting, presenting theoretical and practical implementations. Keywords: accountability, accounting development, corporate responsibility, sustainable development, sustainability accounting.
Marc M. Jacquinet, Luca Bussotti
Problems of Management in the 21st Century pp 42-53; doi:10.33225/pmc/19.14.42

Abstract:
Multinational corporations and international business practices as well as international investment are considered important elements for the diffusion of new modes of production, namely through a flow of cleaner production and new management practices such as corporate social responsibility (CSR). This view is lacking consistency and is not buttressed on strong empirical evidence. The positive driver of environmental sustainability is probably not international business and trade but strong and good institutions. The focus here is on four limitations: the context of the private firms and corporations, the workings of complex organizations, the technology and the right institutions that buttress the global, national and local contexts, taking as concrete examples some specific cases from the Global South, as Mozambique. The article concludes that these aspects have to be considered and contrasted to the technological and management solutions for sustainability. Keywords: corporate social responsibility, local communities, technology institutions.
Luca Bussotti
Problems of Management in the 21st Century pp 4-8; doi:10.33225/pmc/19.14.4

Abstract:
If one seeks to rent a house for spending some months in a European city, or just some days on holiday, an aspect becomes immediately clear: the quasi-monopoly of an on-line platform, which proposes interesting and innovative solutions, from an entire apartment to a single room. This on-line platform is Airbnb, created in 2007 in San Francisco and which in 2009 assumed the current denomination. Airbnb operates in 200 countries and about 8.100 cities, launching 5 million announcements yearly and hosting – through its associated structures – about 300 million people per year (Rubino, 2018), having reached in 2018 the target of 500 million people (AIRBNB, 2019).
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