Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды

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ISSN / EISSN : 2312-1572 / 2313-0482
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О. О. Скоробогатова
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 20-25; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.04

Abstract:
The scientific style of the scientist is analyzed on the example of the article “The Blossoming Rose” by Anatoly Tikhonovich Gulak. The author presents the main ideas of the article, including the complex analysis of semantic relations in Leo Tolstoy’s early stories, devoted to the image of the young warrior: the attitude to the subject of the narrative and the depicted world, the attitude to the reader, the image of the author, canonized by tradition and presented in Tolstoy’s idiostyle, the artistic techniques and stylistic means of text organization. It is described how the main objectives of the article correlate with the author’s methods of solving them. It is pointed out that in this work A. T. Gulak for the first time (without using the term) described one of the invariant images presented in the prose work of Leo Tolstoy. The scholar’s merit also lies in the detailed analysis of variants of this invariant and the identification of the dynamics of the writer’s artistic method. The stylistic requirements of Professor Gulak for the scientific style of the researcher-philologist and their realization in his own philological works are considered. The inner form of the word “conformity” is considered, its different meanings and reception in Pushkin’s requirement “proportionality and conformity” in language and style, and in the linguistic approach of the representative of Kharkov Philological School, A. T. Gulak, are defined.
Г. Ф. Калашникова
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 7-11; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.02

Abstract:
Какой же была Песнь жизни поэта А.Т. Гулака? Работая над своим сообщением, я снова перечитала его стихи и в процессе работы поняла, что Песнь жизни поэта может быть изучена и понята только в итоге всестороннего и глубокого рассмотрения всех сторон его творчества, а это в одном сообщении, отнюдь не претендующем на статус научного, невозможно. То, что собираюсь я сказать о его поэзии, – это взгляд на его стихи читателя-дилетанта, который всегда восхищался его поэтическим творчеством, которому были близки многие его жизненные позиции и понятны многие метания его души.
С. В. Ніколаєнко
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.12

Abstract:
Modern Russian language teaching (methodology and application field) in general secondary education schools of the Republic of Belarus is taking advantage of the achievements made in interdisciplinary studies, both within the linguistic framework and in integration with Mathematics, Biology, Sociology, Cultural Studies, etc. General intelligence development in schoolchildren is impossible without introducing them to cognitive studies, synergetics, cultural studies, sociolinguistics, onomastics. This helps to develop not only learners’ language abilities but also their spiritual and emotional spheres, mental spaces, competencies of considering the future. All the mentioned above determines the rationale of the article presented. Thus, the aim of this research is to share experience in the use of the integrated linguistic achievements obtained by Belarusian linguists and specialists in teaching methods. This experience has been gained in practical Russian language teaching in the Republic of Belarus. The material for the research is theoretical and methodological linguistic studies carried out by the researchers affiliated with Vitebsk State P.M. Masherov University. Results obtained and conclusion. The use of the integrated approach to teaching a language in a secondary school allows us to raise the issue of an urgent need to develop new approaches to teaching. They will be able to integrate the achievements performed in a number of fields, also to combine methods and main ideas which belong to linguistics, sociology, cultural studies, didactics and which focus on the issues like the role of a human being in language and culture, also the role of language in a human being and society, etc
А. А. Золотько
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 52-57; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.09

Abstract:
Theoretical basis of the research is the works of such scientists as V. Grigorev, I. Kovtunova, O. Skorobogatova and others, who assert that the specific features of poetic text organization give the opportunities to form its immanent characteristics. They are figurativeness, functioning of the law of unity and tightness of the poetry line, verse rhythm and compositionality. It is traditionally believed that for the adequate analysis of an artwork it is necessary to take into consideration the elements of all language levels. In our research the units of morphological level were examined. Verbal forms were studied from the aspect of their expressive potential and their ability to form poetic senses in Boris Slutskii’s lyrical works. The purpose of the article is to trace whether the poet uses expressive possibilities of verb forms and to learn if the methods of actualization of morphological forms and meanings (juxtaposition, selection and attraction) are frequently used. The material for the study was Boris Slutskii lyrics written in different years. A number of excerpts of his poems were analyzed. Thus, we can conclude that the poet widely uses all the general means of actualization.
І. П. Азевіч
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 58-66; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.10

Abstract:
The article deals with the linguistic methods and means of argumentation in accusatory speech on the example of speeches of A.F. Kony. The purpose of the study is to describe the compositional and syntactic levels of argumentation in monological judicial speech in their relationship. The features of accusatory speech as a speech genre are determined. The linguistic methods and means of argumentation at the compositional and syntactic levels, determined by the genre-speech characteristics of the accusatory speech, are revealed. The conclusion is made about the interdependence of the compositional structure of argumentation in accusatory speeches and the use of certain syntactic argumentative markers. The most frequent methods and means of argumentation used by A.F. Kony for argumentation of the prosecution position are described. These conclusions are based on the analysis of the speeches of A.F. Koni, who is one of the most prominent representatives of the oratory art of the late XIX– early XX century.
І. І. Степанченко
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 81-82; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.13

Abstract:
20-21 мая 2021 г. в Харьковском национальном педагогическом университете имени Г.С. Сковороды состоялась очередная, XIX научная конференция по актуальным проблемам филологических исследований, посвященная памяти ученого и поэта – доктора филологических наук, профессора Анатолия Тихоновича Гулака. Организаторами конференции стали кафедра зарубежной литературы и славянских языков и кафедра украинского языка украинского литературно-языкового факультета имени Г.Ф. КвиткиОсновьяненко совместно с Институтом украинского языка НАН Украины. Среди соучредителей конференции кафедра современных языков и культур Университета Пейс (НьюЙорк, США), кафедра русского языка и литературы Ардаганского университета (Турецкая Республика), кафедра речеведения и теории коммуникации Минского государственного лингвистического университета» (Республика Беларусь), кафедра славистики философского факультета Университета имени Ф. Палацкого в Оломоуце (Чешская Республика), кафедра синхронического и диахронического языкознания Института литературоведения и языкознания Университета имени Яна Кохановского в г. Кельце (Республика Польша), кафедра мировых языков Витебского гоударственного университета имени П.М. Машерова (Республика Беларусь).
О. П. Пушкар
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 41-45; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.07

Abstract:
Parenthetic constructions is an important syntactic mechanism of creation the language game in Sergei Dovlatov’s works. The purpose of the analysis is to determine the specific features of parenthetic constructions, used in creation the comic effect in Sergei Dovlatov’s literary works in terms of the formal, structural and functional aspects. In terms of the formal and structural features of parenthetic constructions, the dominating ones in the writer’s works are the parenthetic constructions, expressed by the sentence, and the interphrasal parenthetic constructions, respectively. In terms of the functional aspect of using this mechanism, the typical functions of the parenthetic constructions in Sergei Dovlatov’s works are the ironic function, the function of destroying the reality, characterizing, attitudinal-comparative and punning ones.
I. П. Зайцева
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 11-19; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.03

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the identification and analysis of a number of linguo-stylistic and linguo-aesthetic characteristics inherent in the lyric texts of the poet Anatoly Gulak, which, as it seems, most clearly embody the features of the poetic speech thinking of their creator.This analysis is preceded by a brief examination of the phenomenon of poetic speech thinking – the creative intellectual activity of the artist of the word, which is actively comprehended at the present time not only by philology, but also by fields adjacent to philological science (psychopoetics, psychology of artistic creativity, etc.) in various aspects, as well as by the characteristic one of its types: seminal-seminal, actualizing the ability of the word to desemantizeandto acquire additional semes in a poetic context, including occasional-figurative properties. This type of poetic speech thinking, according to our observations, is most often embodied in the lyric work of A. Gulak, is illustrated by material from the poets poems (the cycle “Rainbow over the forest”), the generalization of the features of which made it possible to establish some individual stylistic features of the author’s manner. The analysis shows the priority importance in the lyrics of A. Gulak of tropes that are distinguished by a special character – syncretic in their essence: in the tropical constructions of the poet’s lyric works, metaphor and epithet, metaphor and comparison, comparison and epithet are combined. It is the functioning of this kind of tropes that largely ensures, from our point of view, the uniqueness of the individual author’s handwriting of A. Gulak, at the same time giving the verbal fabric of his works originality and uniqueness. The most interesting for consideration are tropes with a component – an artistic comparison, which are quite rare in modern poetry. Syncretic paths perform another important function in the poet’s works – compositional and aesthetic, during the implementation of which not only the linguistic material attracted by the author is organized into an integral semantic-associative system, but also the subtext layer of the lyrical structure is significantly deepened and expanded.
Н. В. Міняйло
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 67-74; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.11

Abstract:
The article deals with the role of the author as a subject of omniscience in the personal narration of Solzhenitsyn's novel "In the First Circle". It is shown that this role is verbalized in the form of the author's inserts and aphoristic formulas, by which the author intervenes in the narrative of the characters. It is noted that the author's subjective view and the evaluative motive are present not only within the narrative of the narrator, but also in separate author's monologues-inserts, which differ at a different pace with in the general narrative, as well as in descriptions of the surrounding environment and psychological traits of the protagonists. It was determined that the author's presence in dialogues and polylogs is determined in remarks, which can be expanded to the extent of a message fragment, that in aphoristic formulas. Both the personal narrative and the internal monologue of the characters are under the general control of the author - the main narrator, and the external dialogue represents the actual speech of the characters with possible author's remarks or inserts. It is noted that the general polemical context (mostly in dialogical form) is supplemented and concretized by the author's journalistic inserts in the form of short monologues or aphoristic formulas, often ironically colored in the text of the novel. In conclusion, it is noted that the dialogues and monologues of the characters (formally expanded dialogic cues), as well as the author's inserts (cues, comments, remarks) in the novel are aimed directly at the reader, which not only helps to better understand the author's intentions, but also motivates.
К. І. Коваленко
Русская филология. Вестник ХНПУ имени Г.С. Сковороды, Volume 1, pp 26-34; https://doi.org/10.34142/2312-1572.2021.01.73.05

Abstract:
The genre designation of a work is its text marker, since for the author a genre serves as a kind of canon or creative model, representing a set of basic (nuclear) components that are characteristic and reproduced in the structure of various texts of the same genre. However, using the "genre potential" when creating a work, each author gives them an individual character. This article examines the compositional and aesthetic originality of the memoir "Captivity" by V. Korsak. The composition acts as a form of structural reflection and development of the theme, which is divided into internal and external. Composition, notes N.A. Nikolina, “there is a manifestation of significant discontinuity in continuity”. Thus, the originality of the linguistic approach to the study of the composition of the text is revealed when considering the categories of articulation and coherence. The factors of composition articulation include: graphic selection of parts, compositional speech form of presentation, type of transmitted information, role in the semantic deployment of the text content. These factors form different types of division: volumetric-pragmatic, structural-semantic and contextvariable. The last two types of division are largely related phenomena. In our article, we consider the internal composition of the investigated memoir work in the context of contextual-variable articulation
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