Vilnius University Open Series
EISSN : 2669-0535
Current Publisher: Vilnius University Press (10.15388)
Total articles ≅ 139
Latest articles in this journal
Vilnius University Open Series pp 328-343; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.18
This text deals with the depiction of Vilnius in the work of Mieczysław Limanowski, geologist, co-founder of the Reduta Theatre Company, art and theatre critic, and professor at the Stefan Batory University. The author, drawing on the work of specialists from various fields, presents a semiotics of Vilnius in Limanowski’s writing. In his depiction of the city and the larger region, reflections on nature and culture and interwoven, and thus his work is an outstanding early example of modern cultural geography. In his vision of Lithuania and Vilnius we can identify such interdisciplinary traits as the motive of the road and the theme of transcendence, along with spirituality recorded in the cultural code of the city. In Limanowski’s writing on Vilnius his reflections on the Gates of Dawn and on the Church of Saint Nicolas are particularly noteworthy.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 388-405; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.21
The article presents a personal relationship between the two outstanding authors, between F. Ruszczyc, a painter, writer, organizer of artistic and social life in the Vilnius Region and J. Bułhak, an excellent photographer and an intriguing writer. Attempts were made to indicate how this relation was significant to the functioning of the Vilnius University at the beginning of its “renewed” existence. The analyzes were based on the diaries of F. Ruszczyc (“Ku Wilnu”, “W Wilnie”) and the notes of J. Bułhak (“26 lat z Ruszczycem”, “Liść wawrzynu i płatek róży”). These works tell us a lot about the mission of the University and tasks that it faced in 1919. Regina Ruszczycowa is mentioned in the article as well. The analysis of her correspondence with Ferdynand Ruszczyc reveals us many details about university life and about her husband fascination with Vilnius.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 559-572; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.33
Lithuanian conjurations (zagovory) constitute a unique part of Lithuanian folklore. In the collection of conjurations’ manuscripts described in the publication of Daiva Vaitkevičienė (2008), we will find records of these archaic texts in various languages, including Polish. Polish-language conjurations constitute a separate subgroup in the Balto-Slavic context. Following the chronological criterion, we are dealing with texts of pre-Christian and after-Christ origins. Due to mutual cultural influences as well as functioning of different languages within Lithuania, it is usually not possible to determine the original language of conjuration. Only in a few cases we are able to state, which version of conjuration is its translation. This is indicated primarily by the structure of the text as well as its lexical features, adaptation or transliteration. The article describes the attempt to compare Polish and Lithuanian conjurations’ texts, classify their main themes and analyze how they worked.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 499-511; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.28
The aim of the paper is introduction and analysis of regionalisms of Vilnian polish youth’s sociolect. Regionalisms and dialectical forms that are typical of Polish language of the North–Eastern Borderlands were given to the study. In the given collection the most substantial group constitutes lexical regionalisms. Morphological (word–formative and inflectional) and phonetical regionalisms appeared in the lower range. They represent different theme range. The analysis of regional lexeme meaning, given by the respondents, revealed that a part of them were used in their main regional meaning. However, there are frequent examples of neosemanticism that are used in a metaphorical meaning with a severe emotional tone.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 447-459; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.24
The purpose of the article is to show how Vilnius stories and legends, collected by Władysław Zahorski, are alive today and are reflected in the physical, visual form of the city, including in monuments, memorial plaques, installations, but also in stories told to guests and residents of the Lithuanian capital.The stories explain the appearance of specific historical and geographical objects in Vilnius, contain signs of the past, reflect old beliefs, customs, ethical and social principles, and clarify encrypted religious, historiographic and national meanings. They bring information about legendary rulers and important places.Zahorski’s book is part of the city’s presentations characteristic of tourist guides addressed to the universal recipient. Stories and legends create a picture of a multicultural, multi-faith city with a complex past that is visible today through various physical signs. Zahorski combines various narratives about Lithuanian, Polish and Jewish Vilnius in the book.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 460-475; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.25
This article aims to present the possibilities offered to urban studies by the concept of memory culture. The case study discussed is that of Vilnius in the 1990–2018 period. The definition put forward by C. Cornelißen, for whom memory culture is “the formal generic term for all possible forms of conscious human memory of historical events, personages and processes”, inspired the creation of a research model encompassing: the multilingual urban discourse of Vilnius (analysis of texts), interviews with representatives of the official and alternative discourses of Vilnius’ memory (analysis of oral histories), and spatial representations of the past (analysis of carriers of memory). This diversified corpus of sources will allow for as comprehensive as possible a description of the phenomenon that is present-day Vilnius’ memory culture; it will also extend the boundaries of research towards true interdisciplinarity.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 526-539; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.30
The aim of the article is to elaborate on the principles of the online edition of The Normative Dictionary of the Polish Place Names from the area of Lithuania. This is a normative dictionary. It contains Polish equivalents of contemporary Lithuanian place names from the area of Lithuania, their declination, adjectives and names of residents. The dictionary contains names of districts, towns and villages, counting over 20 residents from Vilnius, Šalčininkai, Trakai, Švenčionys and Širvintos regions. The dictionary includes names from the Vilnius area inhabited by numerous Polish minority, and selected names from different parts of Lithuania, important in terms of history, culture and society (e.g. from the area of Lauda and the vicinity of Kaunas). The article outlines the structure of the dictionary, looks into difficulties encountered in its development and supplements this study with a brief description of the Dictionary and of the present state of work on it.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 540-558; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.32
This article shows an outline of anthroponymy which I excerpted from the tombstone inscription from two parish cemeteries approximately 700 km apart from one another. The first one is located next to Porudomin (lit. Parudaminys), situated 20 km south of Vilnius in Lithuan ia (currently Vilnius Region). The second one – in the Southern part of Lublin Province in Biłgoraj County next to Józefow. The ethnonyms and extracted suffix served as a starting base which showed the popularity of the names ending with -icz, -owicz, -ewicz, usually with the roots derived from the given names inVilnius Region, however in Lublin Province one can distinguish the following primal forms: appellatives, occupational and secondary patronymics, with the suffix -k. Names ending with -icz, -owicz, -ewicz – these forms were earlier recognized as prestigious forms, belonging to higher social spheres, which have spread among peasants in the south of Vilnius Region, taking patronymic character which are reflected in the names with the suffix -k in the South of Lublin Province. Also there is an evidence of formation of the ethnonyms: Liankialis in Vilnius Region and Litwiak in Lublin Province.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 512-525; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.29
The aim of the article is to analyze language attitudes expressed by young people belonging to the Polish ethnic minority living in Eišiškės. The material for this research was collected in 2020 by student Aneta Borisevska on the basis of a survey developed in the project “Sociolinguistic map of Lithuania: city and town (2013)”. The results of the survey show that the Polish language is assessed ambiguously by the respondents: the common Polish language is considered prestigious and necessary for contacts in Poland, but the Polish dialect is considered mixed and unsuitable for use in Vilnius or Poland. Young respondents state that they will need the Lithuanian language the most to study and work in Lithuania. In Eišiškės, there is a tendency to use the Lithuanian language more widely, the Polish dialect it is mostly spoken at home and with acquaintances.
Vilnius University Open Series pp 344-368; doi:10.15388/pzop.2020.19
The subject of this article is scientific reflection about the works on the history of Vilnius University had written in the first two decades of the twentieth century by the cultural historian, Ludwik Janowski (1878-1921), who was associated with the scientific community in Kiev and Krakow, and in 1919-1921 he was a professor at The Stefan Batory University in Vilnius. Janowski’s interest on the history of Vilnius University was a kind of a research passion all his life. Though he failed to write a historiographic synthesis that it has been planning. In his works he tried to correct and supplement the research on the history of Vilnius University. His studies and books compose a specific synthesis in fragments, which shows in a multi-variant narrative the most important stages and factors in the development of this great center of science and culture.