SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS)

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ISSN / EISSN : 2338-2392 / 2620-3308
Total articles ≅ 108
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Sri Mulyana
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109940

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal an overview of the application of andragogical principles in training, the learning outcomes of the training participants to sew clothes, and reveal the relationship between the application of andragogical principles and the learning outcomes of the training participants to sew clothes based on the initial observations that the author has made, located at Balai Work Training (BLK) in Padang. The results of the observations show that the high learning outcomes of the training participants are thought to be caused by the application of andragogical principles to the sewing training. This type of research is a correlational study that uses a quantitative approach. The population in this study was the training participants in sewing clothes for the January-March period this year. The sampling technique is saturated sampling and the sample is the whole population. The data collection technique used was a questionnaire and the tools used were questionnaires. The data analysis technique used the percentage formula and the Spearman Rho formula. The results of this study indicate that: 1) the application of andragogical principles in sewing good clothes; 2) the learning outcomes of the training participants to sew clothes are classified as good; 3) there is a significant relationship between the application of andragogical principles and learning outcomes in sewing training at the Vocational Training Center (BLK) in Padang. The suggestion of this research is that it is hoped that the instructor can deepen knowledge in teaching adults so that the results obtained are more optimal. Although in practice it has been implemented well. Keywords: Andragogy Principles, Learning Outcomes
Wisa Mayora
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109375

Abstract:
This is reseach is motivated by the lack of participation of posyandu cadres in carrying out posyandu activities in Nagari Sumpur Kudus, which is allegedly due to the interest of posyandu cadres in carrying out posyandu avtivities in Nagari Sumpur Kudus , Sumpur Kudus District, Sijunjung District. This study aims to: (1) describe the interest of posyandu cadres, (2) describe the participation of posyandu cadres, and (3) see the relationship between interests and posyandu cadre participation in Nagari Sumpur Kudus. This research is a correlational quantitative study. The population in this study were all posyandu cadres in Nagari Sumpur Kudus , amounting to 25 people. While the sample was taken as much as 80% of the population, amounting to 20 people with random sampling techniques. Data collection techniques using a questionnaire the data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analysis and rank order correlation formula. The result showed that: (1) the interest of posyandu cadres in carrying out posyandu activities was categorized as less (2) the participation of posyandu cadres in carrying out the posyandu activities was reletively low , and (3) there was a significant relationship between interest in posyandu cadres in Nagari Sumpur Kudus district Sumpur Kudus Sumpur Kudus Regency of Sijunjung.Keywords: interest, participation
Reno Suri Yenti
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i2.108658

Abstract:
This study aims to find out: 1) internal factors that influence the lack of interest in adolescents in education in the village of Pinjauan Tinggi. 2) External factors that influence the lack of interest in adolescents in education in the village of Pinjauan Tinggi. This research uses a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used in this study were interviews and observation. Data analysis was performed using an interactive analysis model. The data validity technique uses data and source triangulation techniques. The result showed that: 1) internal factors that influence are: (a) lack of motivation of adolescents to continue their education, (b) choosing migrants looking for work, 2) external factors that influence: (a) Parents income, (b) school environmental, (c) community environmental factors.Keywords: Interest, Education Youth, Internal Factors, External Factors
Yesi Yovita
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109542

Abstract:
This research was motivated by the low self-confidence development of children aged 6-7 years in Anak Air, Batipuh Panjang Village, Padang City. It is suspected that the cause of the child's low self-confidence is partly due to the inappropriate application of parenting methods. This study aims to: 1) describe the parenting methods applied by parents to children; 2) describes the self-confidence of children aged 6-7 years; and 3) looking at the relationship between parenting methods and the self-confidence of children aged 6-7 years in Anak Air, Batipuh Panjang Village, Padang City.This research is a correlational quantitative research. The population in this study were children aged 6-7 years and their mothers as many as 50 people with a sample of 75%, namely 38 people with simple random sampling technique. The data technique used a questionnaire and a check for the observation of children's self-confidence development, the data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analysis and formula-data-moment.The results of this study indicate: 1) the parenting methods applied by parents to children aged 6-7 years are still inaccurate and inconsistent; 2) the development of self-confidence of children aged 6-7 years is still low; and 3) there is a significant relationship between parenting methods and the development of self-confidence of children aged 6-7 years in Anak Air, Batipuh Panjang Village, Padang City. Research suggestions are: 1) it is hoped that parents in Anak Air Kelurahan Batipuh Panjang Padang City can pay attention to and apply the application of parenting methods to children so that they can contribute to the development of children's self-confidence as expected; and 2) it is hoped that further researchers can find or examine other variables that affect the development of children's self-confidence. Keywords: self-confidence, parenting methods, family education
Yuli Fitria, Irmawita Irmawita
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109955

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya motivasi warga belajar mengikuti pelatihan membordir di PKBM Surya Kota Padang, hal ini diduga karena ada kaitannya dengan lingkungan belajar peserta mengikuti pelatihan membordir di PKBM Surya Kota Padang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan lingkungan belajar, motivasi warga belajar, dan keterkaitan keduanya. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif yaitu deskriptif korelasional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh warga belajar yang mengikuti pelatihan membordir sebanyak 20 orang dan semua populasi dijadikan sampel, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel adalah quota sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa kuesioner dengan alat pengumpul data berupa kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan rumus persentase dan korelasi Spearman rho. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) lingkungan belajar peserta diklat kurang kondusif, (2) motivasi warga belajar masih rendah, (3) terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara lingkungan belajar dengan motivasi masyarakat. untuk belajar mengikuti pelatihan membordir di PKBM Surya Kota Padang. Disarankan agar lembaga PKBM Surya menyediakan lingkungan belajar yang kondusif agar peserta termotivasi untuk mengikuti pelatihan membordir. (3) Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara lingkungan belajar dengan motivasi belajar masyarakat mengikuti pelatihan membordir di PKBM Surya Kota Padang. Disarankan agar lembaga PKBM Surya menyediakan lingkungan belajar yang kondusif agar peserta termotivasi untuk mengikuti pelatihan membordir. (3) Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara lingkungan belajar dengan motivasi belajar masyarakat mengikuti pelatihan membordir di PKBM Surya Kota Padang. Disarankan agar lembaga PKBM Surya menyediakan lingkungan belajar yang kondusif agar peserta termotivasi untuk mengikuti pelatihan membordir.Kata kunci: lingkungan belajar, motivasi belajar
Mutiara Syafni
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109413

Abstract:
Education has a role, namely to develop all the potential of students, the language skills of a child can be observed through language understanding. The bingo game is an activity that can be used according to a theme or subject. This study aims to determine the effect of bingo on the ability to understand language in children aged 4-5 years in Kampung Jawa 1 Village, Pariaman City.This type quantitative research quasi-experimental method with a prettest and postest design. The population were children aged 4-5 years in the family of the village of Kampung Jawa 1 with 15 populations. The sample of this study took 5 children selected from RT 03, the technique sampling was purposive sampling. Data analysis used paired sample t-test. Based on the results of research before being given action (pretest) the ability to understand children's language is dominated by sufficiently capable catogy, namely (60%), after being given action (posttest) the ability to understand children's language is dominated by capable and very capable catogy, namely (60%) and there is an effect of play. bingo in the ability to understand language in children. Sig 0.009
Mona Monalisa
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109592

Abstract:
The role of parents is very big for the development of their children. Parental care for children affects the personality of the child in adulthood. The lack of development of the character of responsibility for children aged 5-6 years in Korong Sungai Pinang, Nagari Kasang, Batang Anai District, Padang Pariaman Regency is suspected to be one of the causes because in this area many parents of children have a background of getting married at a young age. So that they are not yet mature in educating their children. This study aims to determine the relationship of child care in young married families with the development of the character of responsibility in children aged 5-6 years in Sungai Pinang, Nagari Kasang, Batang Anai District. This research belongs to a quantitative type of correlational research. Parents who are married at a young age who have children aged 5-6 years in Korong Sungai Pinang, Nagari Kasang, Batang Anai District, totaling 26 people, the sample of this study took 19 parents with the sample technique. purposive sampling. Data analysis using Spearman rho test. Based on the results of the research, the description of child care in young married families in Korong Sungai Pinang, Nagari Kasang, Batang Anai District is categorized as less accomplished , the description of the development of the character of responsibility in children aged 5-6 years is categorized as less developed and there is a relationship of childcare in families who marry young with the development of the character of responsibility in children aged 5-6 years in Sungai Pinang, Nagari Kasang, Batang Anai District. (sig 0.029
Nela Gustria
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.109374

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the low learning outcomes of tahfizd participants in the Al-Hasib Banyan Al-Hasib TPQ-TPSQ allegedly due to the lack of management of the learning environment in Al-Hasib Nagari TPQ-TPSQ Lansat Kadap, Rao Selatan District, Pasaman Regency. This study aims to: (1) describe the management of the learning environment, (2) describe the learning outcomes of participants, and (3) see the relationship between the management of the learning environment and the learning outcomes of tahfizd participants at TPQ / TPSQ Al-Hasib in Beringin. This study is classified as correlational quantitative with a population of all TPQ and TPSQ participants consisting of elementary school children in grades V and VI and junior classes I, II, III with 28 people. While the sample was taken as much as 75% of the population, amounting to 21 people with stratified random sampling technique. Data collection techniques using structured interviews and then analyzed using descriptive analysis and the rhank order correlation formula. The results showed that: (1) the management of learning environment in TPQ-TPSQ Al-Hasib was categorized as still not good, (2) the learning outcomes of tahfizd participants in TPQ-TPSQ Al-Hasib Banyan were relatively low, and (3) there was a significant relationship between management of the learning environment with the learning outcomes of tahfizd participants at the TPQ / TPSQ Al-Hasib Banyan Nagari Lansat Kadap Kecamatan Rao Selatan Pasaman RegencyKeywords: environmental management, learning outcomes
Zainal Abidin, Alim Harun Pamungkas
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.110002

Abstract:
The problems faced as a necessity for implementing entrepreneurial development programs are: (1) business management towards a better direction, so as to reduce the risk of business loss due to efficiency; (2) the increasing public interest in shopping using digital platforms (online shopping) demands a more efficient product marketing concept; (3) empowerment of communities around the business location so that it can assist the production and marketing processes and can become an alternative for business activities that support the economy of the surrounding communities. The method used is a qualitative approach as initial data from research which is realized through training activities for students. Ten students who were targeted were the participants of the training activities. The results obtained are: (1) training on the use of digital platforms for business management; (2) training on the use of digital platforms for business promotion; and (3) training for establishment and empowerment of community business groups.
Afif Perdana, Ismaniar Ismaniar
SPEKTRUM: Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah (PLS), Volume 8; doi:10.24036/spektrumpls.v8i3.110037

Abstract:
This research was motivated by the high level of juvenile delinquency in the Mega Permai V Complex, Lubuk Buaya Village, Padang. This can be caused by many factors including the low parental social control. This study aims to see a picture of parental social control, a picture of juvenile delinquency and the relationship between juvenile delinquency in Mega Permai V Complex, Lubuk Buaya Village, Padang. This type of research is descriptive correlational where parental social control is a variable (X) and juvenile delinquency as a variable (Y). The population in this study were 55 people. The sampling technique used was simple random sampling technique as many as 35 people. Data collection techniques used were questionnaires and data collection tools in the form of questionnaires. Meanwhile, the data analysis technique uses the percentage formula and the product moment. The results showed that the description of parental social control to adolescents was still categorized as low, the description of juvenile delinquency was categorized as high and there was a significant relationship between juvenile delinquency in Mega Permai V Complex, Lubuk Buaya Village, Padang.Keywords: Parental social control, juvenile delinquency
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