European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2663-7510 / 2663-7529
Published by: Universe Publishing Group - UniversePG (10.34104)
Total articles ≅ 58
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European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 91-99; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.091099

Abstract:
This study examined the impact of psychiatric nursing placement on student nurses' attitudes toward mental illness. A within group pre-post test quasi-experimental design was employed using 112 fourth year undergraduate nursing students of a Nigerian University undergoing psychiatric nursing posting at a psychiatric hospital, recruited through convenience sampling. The Attitude to Mental Illness Questionnaire (AMIQ) was administered at the beginning and end of the 8 weeks posting. Paired samples t-test analysis showed a significant reduction in the belief that mental illness could damage one’s career, t(111) = -5.44, p<.001; increased comfort about being in presence of a mentally ill colleague at work, t(111) = 6.55, p<.001; increased ease inviting someone with mental health problems to a dinner party, t(111) = 6.11, p<.001, and decreased belief about someone with mental health problems leaving spouse, t(111) = -2.50, p<.001. The results revealed a significant change in the belief that someone with mental health problems could get into trouble with the law, t(111) = -1.43, p<.001. On the influence of gender, the independent samples t-test results showed that there was no difference in the belief of both gender that mental illness could damage one’s career, t(112) = .43, p>.05; feeling comfortable with a mentally ill colleague, t(112) = 1.53, p>.05; feeling comfortable with someone having mental health problems in a dinner party, t(112) = 1.12, p>.05; belief in the likelihood of someone with mental health problems leaving spouse, t(112) = .86, p>.05, and the likelihood of getting into trouble with the law, t(112) = -.84, p>.05. The implication of these findings on nursing education was discussed.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 79-90; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.079090

Abstract:
Every year, millions of children under the age of five deaths for various reasons, and some of these deaths may be avoided if more people were aware of the situation and taken action. Despite the fact that Bangladesh's under-five child mortality rate has decreased significantly over the last decade, and it is still too high to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The major goal of the study was to figure out what risk (socio-economic and demographic) factors influence under-five child mortality in Bangladesh. Nationally representative cross-sectional secondary data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2019, Bangladesh had been used in this study. The outcome variable was the under-five child survival status (alive or dead). Kaplan–Meier log-rank test and Cox Proportional Hazard (PH) model with a 95% confidence interval (CI) were fitted to identify associated risk factors for under-five child mortality. This analysis was performed using STATA version 16. The study showed that among 5112 under-five children, 170 (3.3%) were dead. Cox proportional hazard model revealed that mother's education [secondary (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: (0.32, 1.01), p=0.045), higher (HR: 0.46, 95% CI: (0.23, 0.90), p=0.024)], higher birth order [HR: 1.43, 95% CI: (1.23, 1.80), p=0.008], size of child at birth [HR: 2.30, 95% CI: (1.23, 4.28), p=0.009], taking antenatal care [HR: 0.83, 95% CI: (0.56, 1.24), p= 0.099] had a significant effect on child mortality. Under-five child mortality rate was varied among divisions and highest mortality rate was found in Sylhet [HR: 1.98, 95% CI: (0.91, 4.17), p=0.088]. This study identified potential risk factors for under-five child mortality, which will help policymakers take appropriate steps to reduce child mortality in Bangladesh, such as community-based educational programs for mothers and public health interventions centered on birth.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 70-78; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.070078

Abstract:
Ionizing radiation offers great benefit to people in the hospital through diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to patients but undue radiation may create short- and long-term problems for medical staff & public. The goal of the study is to monitor the real-time radiation inside & outside of the three large hospital campuses in Dhaka city of Bangladesh namely the National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital (NICRH), National Heart Foundation Hospital & Research Institute (NHFH), Kidney Foundation Hospital & Research Institute (KFH) and estimation of radiological risk on medical staff& public. The average real-time radiation dose rate & calculated average twelve-monthly effective doses to medical staff and public arising from the NICRH, NHFH, KFH were found to be1.781 ± 0.310 μSv/h, 1.685 ± 0.307μSv/h, 1.735 ± 0.341μSv/hand 3.111 ± 0.556mSv, 2.952 ± 0.437 mSv, 3.039 ± 0.329 mSv respectively. The excess life-time cancer risk (ELCR) on medical staff & public was estimated based on the twelve-monthly effective dose and varied from 8.972 Χ 10-3 to 18.938 Χ 10-3with average of 12.071 Χ 10-3. The average twelve-monthly effective dose and ELCR on medical staff were lower than those of the permissible limit. Real-time radiation monitoring inside & outside of the large hospital campuses is essential for detecting a malfunction of the radiation generating equipment and incorrect handling of the radioactive substances. The study would assist in minimizing radiological risk to medical staff & public and thereby would ensure the environment in the hospital is free from radioactive contamination.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 64-69; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.064069

Abstract:
Ustilaginales is also known as smut fungi are a vast and diverse group of fungi that cause disease in crops causing huge losses worldwide. They belong to the class Ustilaginomycetes. Several members of this group serve as valuable models for unraveling the fundamental mechanisms controlling important biological processes. Several plant pathogenic species of ustilaginales are known to cause human infections. A brief description is given of the genera that contain species pathogenic to humans. The life cycle of Mycosarcoma (Ustilago) maydis is briefly described. The phenomenon of dimorphism in Mycosarcoma maydis is discussed in comparison to a plant pathogenic fungus, Taphrina deformans. Mycosarcoma maydis was the first plant pathogenic fungus known to cause human infection in a 31-years old corn farmer. There are over twenty species of ustilaginales implicated in human infections. This paper reviews the infections caused by Mycosarcoma (Ustilago) maydis, Psudozyma species, viz. Psuedozyma aphidis, P. antartica, P. parantarctica, and P. thialandica, and Dirkmeia churashimaensis.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 55-63; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.055063

Abstract:
Colorectal cancer incidence has increased significantly in Saudi Arabia in the last few years. Although protocols and guidelines for colorectal screening programs had been established to start at age 45, adherence to screening remains low. This review aims to identify the potential barriers to participating in the screening program among the public aged over forty-five in Saudi Arabia. A significant lack of awareness about colorectal cancer and screening programs had found among Saudi Arabia's public (SA). The acceptance rate significantly increased due to health care provider recommendations. Knowledge about colorectal cancer and screening program and outcome should be raised among the public through campaigns and physicians by training established for primary health care providers regarding screening programs recommendations.
Al Hasibuzzaman
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 51-54; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.051054

Abstract:
The goal of this case study is to find out more about irreversible coma. Further findings on coma will hopefully lead to a better treatment protocol. This study discovered that the body changes during cardiopulmonary arrest. Internal body pathology observation in detail and patient CT/MRI changes by the time the cardiopulmonary arrest happened.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 41-50; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.041050

Abstract:
In this Explanation, we discuss influence of face masks on older people in Dhaka city. In this research were 222 respondents and ages of the participants are 60 plus age. This study established among 100% respondents were 16.7% Businessman, 20. 7% job holder, 22.1% retired person, 24.3% house wife and other occupation were 16.2%. For finding other problems of respondents were 9% has respiratory disease, 36% were hypertension, 5% were low blood pressure, and 16.2% had diabetics. In this research, we discover that physiologic effects with possible to control disease (e.g. Covid-19, air pollution, droplet infection disease, etc.) during wearing masks for prolonged periods of time, including special considerations, such as mask wearing among those who engage in job, another service, activity of daily living, exercise and concerns for individuals with pre-existing chronic diseases (e.g. Breathing difficulties, Irritability, Dizziness). This research here 28% face some problems, including 8.6% breathing difficulties, 4.0% irritability, 5.9% dizziness, 4.5% nausea or vomiting, and 5% other problems during wearing face masks. In hygienic people, a mask didn't seem to reason any detrimental physiological changes, and the probably life-protecting advantages of using face masks appear to outweigh the presented problems.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 24-40; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.024040

Abstract:
Diabetes is a condition in which a person’s body either does not respond to insulin supplied by their pancreas or does not create enough insulin. Diabetics are at a higher chance and risk of acquiring a variety of eye disorders over time. Early identification of eye diseases via an automated method has significant advantages over manual detection thanks to developments in machine learning techniques. Recently, some high research articles on the identification of eye diseases have been published. This paper will present a comprehensive survey of automated eye diseases detection systems which are Strabismus, Glaucoma, and Diabetic Retinopathy from a variety of perspectives, including (1) datasets that are available, (2) techniques of image preprocessing, and (3) deep learning models. The study offers a thorough overview of eye disease detection methods, including cutting-edge field methods, intending to provide vital insight into the research communities, all eye-related healthcare occupational, and diabetic patients.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 18-23; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.018023

Abstract:
Incision and suturing abdominal wall is a common surgical practice and different methods of repairing and applying have aroused great interest among surgeons. This study aims to compare mass closure and layered closure in midline laparotomy incisions. This prospective comparative study was conducted in the surgical ward of Nangarhar University Hospital on 40 patients from June 2020 to June 2021. A and B were assigned to all of the patients randomly. Twenty patients received bulk closure and other twenty underwent multilayer closure. The time of surgery, wound infection, abdominal rupture, and other consequences were all compared across all patients. Patients were followed on Day 2, day 4, day 8, day 12, monthly for 3 months and after 6 months. The rate of wound infection in layered (group B) is higher as compared to mass closure (group A). In general, the wound infection rate in the multilayer closure group was 2 cases (10%) and 1 case (5%) in the mass closure group. In layered closure, event ratio was 10%, while in mass closure it was 5%. In multilayer closure, a buttonhole hernia was detected in one case (5%) and none in mass closure. In layered closure, sinus development was seen in two cases (10%), but not in mass closure. The method of closure by mass to close the midline laparotomy incisions is simple, easy to perform, and safer than Layered closure.
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.08017

Abstract:
This review article aimed to study the effects of a ketogenic diet on obesity-related measures, and lipid profiles. Total 22 articles were included in the review. Anthropometric measures included in the review were total body mass (Wt), fat mass (FM), body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). The lipid profile included in this review was serum cholesterol level, serum HDL, serum LDL, and serum triglycerides (TAG). The shortest intervention in these studies lasted for 4 days, and the longest intervention lasted for 12 months. There was a significant Wt loss in all studies. A significant reduction in BMI, FM, and WC was also observed in many studies. In most studies, variable effects on lipid profile were observed. Serum TC level fell in 10 studies, and serum TAG levels decreased in 13 studies, but this reduction was statistically insignificant in most studies. Serum LDL level fell in 10 studies and increased in 3 studies, and serum HDL levels fell in 7 studies and increased in 6 studies, but these changes were also not statistically significant in most studies. This review article found beneficial effects of ketogenic diet weight loss and lipid profile, but the studies in this review included the dietary intervention of a period≤12 months. Studies for extended periods (at least ≥2 years) should be done to observe the long-term effects of a ketogenic diet.
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