PERSPEKTIF

Journal Information
ISSN : 2085-0328
Published by: Universitas Medan Area (10.31289)
Total articles ≅ 165
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Dimas Kurnianto, Badaruddin Badaruddin, Humaizi Humaizi
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 383-390; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4512

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the sustainability of the ex-PNPM Independent Rural Women's Savings and Loan (SPP) in improving the economy of the Sei Rampah sub-district community. Methodologically, this research uses qualitative methods with a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques are interviews, focused group discussions (FGD), and observation of the processes and results of SPP activities in Sei Rampah sub-district and collect secondary data in the form of literature studies on literature, documents, scientific writings and similar research studies related to the problem research. Data analysis was performed by reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions. The result of this research is that the sustainability of SPP Ex PNPM MPd funds is still continuing and developing very well with significant benefits for improving the economy of the poor. The institution that manages the SPP ex PNPM MPd fund is the BKAD which is reorganized through inter-village deliberations which are determined as joint decisions of the village head. The BKAD institutional status is still ad hoc and has not been transformed into a legal entity. The Ex-PNPM MPD Women's Savings and Loans Program (SPP) has not joined into a business unit within the Joint BUMDesa so that business development has not been maximized and utilization and loans have not been evenly distributed to all poor households.
Febrin Dwi Gloria Tampubolon, Muryanto Amin, Hendra Harahap
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 399-415; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4601

Abstract:
The election organizer is obliged to implement every principle in the election. The online National Counting System (Situng) is one of a series of election organizer activities in fulfilling the principle of openness to the public. Improving the quality of service in the General Election aims to increase public trust in the implementation of elections. According to Nunkoo, the principles of transparency and knowledge must be possessed by activity organizers in an effort to increase public trust. Research with this quantitative method looks at how much influence the online national counting system (situng) information (study of the 2019 Election results) has with a study on the people of Medan City. The findings in this study indicate that the process of transparency and increasing knowledge of the people of Medan City has significantly shaped Public Trust in the 2019 Election. The act of transparency has a bigger effect than increasing knowledge of online counting. Given the large role of transparency in shaping public trust in Medan City, this activity needs to be further enhanced to provide a better understanding to the public. And it does not rule out that online situng can increase public knowledge in the electoral field. Situng online is also expected to be an extension of the General Election Commission (KPU) in increasing public knowledge as a basis for experience in the election.
Martinus Laia, Heri Kusmanto, Warjio Warjio
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 416-423; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4602

Abstract:
In the 2019 simultaneous general elections held throughout Indonesia, the level of community participation in the lolomatua sub-district, Kabuparen South Nias, especially in the legislative elections reached 76% who had exercised their voting rights. This study aims to analyze the influence of money politics and socio-economic status on the level of participation. The theories used to explain the problems in this study are money politics, political exchange, political behavior, rational choice, socioeconomic status and participation. Furthermore, the research method used is a quantitative method with a descriptive approach which intends to explain the causal relationship and the influence between variables through hypothesis testing. The number of samples in this study were 100 respondents with a margin of error (error margin) of 10%. In the 2019 legislative elections, especially in the Lolomatua sub-district, money politics and the level of community participation had a positive influence and had a significant effect and the socio-economic status and level of participation had a positive and significant impact. Furthermore, the magnitude of the influence of money politics and socio-economic status together / simultaneously is 57%, which means that it has a strong influence on the level of public participation in voting.
Sri Rahayu, Arif Nasution, Arifin Saleh
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 424-440; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4603

Abstract:
The electability of women as Members of the Medan City DPRD in the 2019 Election is still not as expected, namely only reaching 12% of the minimum 30% stipulated by law. This study aims to determine what factors influence the electability of women in the Electoral District 3 DPRD Medan City in the 2019 Election. This research uses quantitative methods. The method of determining the sample using the Slovin formula. The sampling method used was proportional stratification random technique (startified proportional random sampling), obtained 100 samples from 192,315 populations. The data collection method is done by distributing questionnaires to respondents. The data analysis method used multiple linear regression using SPSS 25 software. The results showed that the variables of gender, ethnicity and physical appearance had a significant effect on women's electability in the election area 3 DPRD Medan City. Based on the results of multiple linear regression analysis tests and partial tests, the physical appearance variable (physival appearance) became the dominant factor in increasing the electability of women compared to the gender (gender) and ethnicity (ethnicity) variables which were 0.622.
Nurlaina Nurlaina, Muryanto Amin, Warjio Warjio
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 441-449; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4604

Abstract:
This research explains the change in the nomination quota for members of the Provincial DPRD (DPRA) and Regency / City DPRD (DPRK) members for local political parties in the 2019 Election in Aceh Province from a quota of 100 percent to 120 percent based on the number of seats that have been assigned to each electoral district, because the provisions of the LoGA stipulated in the Aceh Qanun are different from the national provisions. The change in the quota cannot be separated from the influence of requests made by DPRA members who are cadres of one of the local political parties. As a political actor at the local level, this request is supported by various motives. To analyze motives, the researchers looked at the reasons local actors asked for changes in nomination quotas. This research is a type of qualitative research by collecting data through interviews, observation and library data, then the data that has been obtained is analyzed by content. Research findings show that actors use an integrative model to get special treatment for local political parties in the 2019 elections, actor actions in achieving preferences, interactions between institutions and instruments or institutional rules, it is found that apart from maintaining the specificity of Aceh, the request for a 120 percent quota for political parties is found. The local background is also motivated by the motive of the interests of actors and their groups, namely becoming incumbent candidates and accommodating many candidates for DPRA and DPRK candidates from the Aceh Party.
Jessica Leofitri
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 505-514; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4743

Abstract:
This study aims to see how the use of information technology, especially social media and online applications, supports the emergence of this business. The research method in this study uses a qualitative approach and uses a phenomenological methodology through in-depth interviews to see the experience of one of the home-based online business entrepreneurs who built their business during the Covid 19 pandemic. The informant in this study was a 32-year-old woman with a bachelor's degree in economics. informants know quite a lot about marketing techniques. The results show that the most important use of social media is to create electronic word of mouth which is the backbone of the success of home-based online business marketing. Age is also a determining factor in operating an online-based business using this information and communication technology. So, it can be concluded that the use of communication information technology is the main key to the creation of online home-based businesses that were born during the Covid 19 pandemic. Social media, online motorcycle taxi applications, e-commerce are very helpful for home-based online businesses to run their business during the Covid pandemic. 19.
Fadlan Minallah, Lusiana Andariani Lubis, Nurman Achmad
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 527-542; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4765

Abstract:
This research aims to determine and analyze to analyze the quality of service at the Office of the One Roof One-Stop Administration System (SAMSAT) Putri Hijau, Medan Utara. To answer the service quality of Motor Vehicle Tax at the SAMSAT Putri Hijau, the researchers used five dimensions of public service quality proposed by Zeithaml et al in Hardiansyah, namely Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness. ), Assurance (Guarantee), and Emphaty (Empathy). This study uses a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques using interviews, observation, and documentation. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the service quality of the Motor Vehicle Tax (PKB) at the SAMSAT Putri Hijau can be assessed from five dimensions, namely Tangibel, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Emphaty, however, there are several indicators. which have not been fulfilled properly, such as regarding the comfort of the place of storage and the existence of discrimination or prioritizing relatives in the motor vehicle tax collection process.
Fadian Nur Aziz, Fathum Mubin, Rizky Juda Putra Hidayat, Asep Nurjaman, Achmad Apriyanto Romadhan, Tri Sulistyaningsih, Yana Syafriyana Hijri
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 616-626; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.4905

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze how ICT can change the mechanism of public service innovation and see the success indicators, with an empirical study on the Among Warga application in Batu City. Basically, ICT is a technology that can help reduce government performance, thus making a demand for the dynamics of public service delivery at the regional level. The method used in this research is a qualitative paragraph with a descriptive model in which the researcher looks for key informants or data sources based on facts in the field, and is supported by literature studies.. Referring to the results of the data that have been processed, the researchers found research results that show that the Among Warga application is an online-based complaint service facility which is shown for the people of Batu City in submitting public complaints such as infrastructure damage, fallen trees and natural disasters. However, the Among Warga application's journey has stopped for only one year since it was created in 2017. Meanwhile, the Batu City government is not ready to take advantage of ICT, this is due to the absence of innovative organizational capacity and transformational leadership. Therefore, in this study the authors would like to provide advice to government organizations in building ICT-based innovation concepts, the government is not a single actor, but requires cooperation with the private sector and participation from the community as an indicator..
Ruslaini Ruslaini, Tanti Sugiharti, Diajeng Herika Hermanu, Wahyu Wulandari, Sahala Harahap
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 656-663; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5003

Abstract:
This research aims to find out how the parenting pattern is conducted by Indonesian women who experience mixed marriage where they marry foreign men and live in their husbands’ countries. The research method used is Qualitative with Phenomenological approach. Using Purposive Sampling Technique, five Indonesian women were gathered as informants where 3 of them live in Europe : The United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Germany while 2 others live in Canada. Data collection was conducted using online questionnaire and semi-structured interviews to be further analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to reveal in detail how participants interpreted their personal and social worlds. The results show that participants conduct Democratic parenting style; a combination of appreciation for the individuality of the children and efforts to shape social values gradually. This parenting pattern was formed by building an agreement with their husbands towards their own religions and Indonesian cultures. The country provision and protection of children aged 18 to have the rights to live separately from their parents has encouraged participants to conduct some particular standards for their children. Additionally, the results show that participants managed to conduct similar parenting style held by their parents.
Andi Elkana Ginting, M. Arif Nasution, Heri Kusmanto
Published: 8 July 2021
PERSPEKTIF, Volume 10, pp 692-709; https://doi.org/10.31289/perspektif.v10i2.5101

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to know and analyze the recruitment process, the impact of the recruitment pattern of the election organizers at the level of the Voting Organizing Group in Medan Selayang District, Medan City on the Integrity of the 2019 Concurrent General Elections. The form of this research is qualitative research with descriptive analysis, to describe and explains in depth the recruitment pattern of election organizers for the Voting Organizing Group (KPPS) which is the spearhead of the implementation of voting and counting of votes in the 2019 Election. The impact of the recruitment pattern of general election organizers at the KPPS level in Medan Selayang District, Medan City on the Integrity of the General Election Concurrent Years 2019, linked by scrutiny, has had a positive impact. Supervision from Bawaslu that has been getting better, the rules and implementing regulations set by the KPU are detailed. Bawaslu already has a very good system. This supervision plays an important role in its implementation to maintain the code of ethics of the organizers, one of which is integrity. The positive impact is evident from the fact that KPPS Medan Selayang is able to carry out its duties properly, following established procedures and regulations, there are no reports of complaints, either from Bawaslu, witnesses from parties / pairs of candidates, or the public. The election activities were carried out in an orderly and conducive manner, according to schedule, and the counting of votes was transparent. KPPS is wise. The public can exercise their voting rights in an orderly and comfortable manner. TPS locations are well prepared. Good approach and communication with local residents.
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