International Journal of Education and Learning

Journal Information
EISSN : 2684-9240
Published by: ASCEE Publications (10.31763)
Total articles ≅ 58
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International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 13-27; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.474

Abstract:
L2 reading instruction has tended to focus on the explicit teaching of reading strategies on the grounds that a strong grasp of reading strategies would lead to better reading comprehension skills. We argue that such teaching practice is very much anchored in the cognitive-psychological based theory of reading that have characterized the field of SLA over the years. In light of this, we seek to present a summary of various theories, research findings and arguments around the nature of reading in SLA. The data were collected through electronic database such as Eric, Google Scholar, Proquest and Wiley Online Library. We discuss three major reading models: bottom-up, top-down, and interactive model, alongside metacogniton theory, extensive and intensive reading as well as reading assessment. We believe that a sound understanding of these cognitive based processes underlying reading activity could serve as the basis for improvement in reading instruction. However, there is an inherent need to consider sociocultural aspects of reading in order to help students sustain reading engagement over an extended period of time toward the formation of reading habit. We conclude the discussion by suggesting that as reading actvity becomes increasingly digitized, more qualitative research studies exploring student’s individual experience are highly recommended, in complimentary to the cognitive-psychological based theory of reading.
Aleksandra Naumoska, , Aleksandra Blazhevska, Marina Stojanovska
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 89-99; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.616

Abstract:
The Nearpod software application was implemented in chemistry teaching, thus keeping in touch with current technology appropriate for its use in the education. This is the first study in our country focusing on the usage of the Nearpod as an e-module-based learning media aimed to increasing students’ motivation in chemistry classes, through their engagement during the lesson and active participation. The total sample consisted of 244 9th grade students and 7 teachers from 7 primary schools. This research was based on data collection by modified SMTSL and IMI questionnaires and individual interviews with students and teachers. The data were analyzed and the mean, standard deviation and Cronbach’ alpha reliability coefficient were calculated, which revealed acceptable internal consistency for all subscales. Data obtained from the APQ-N instrument showed that most of the students found this activity enjoyable and interesting, and felt that it was important for their success and progress, but it also enabled them to achieve better results and improve their attention during the online classes. SMTSL-N questionnaire revealed that the students had medium motivation toward chemistry leaning overall. Independent t-tests results stated that there is no significant difference between male and female students’ mean scores. The results obtained in this study, including the interview data as well, indicated that Nearpod-based activities positively influenced students’ motivation in learning chemistry. Nearpod has a great potential to be applied during the face-to-face teaching as a hybrid model in the future, thus making teaching more interesting and less monotonous.
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 81-88; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.615

Abstract:
In a distance learning environment, the use of appropriate instructional material is an essential element of a successful teaching and learning process. Because of the pandemic, teachers were required to use the available learning resources to ensure learning continuity. In this paper, the main objective is to develop and validate instructional material that would assist teachers in delivering the lessons through a modular learning approach. A descriptive normative survey was utilized to determine the validity of the developed workbook for Research I. The results showed that the workbook met the prescribed requirements regarding adequacy, clarity, objectives, suitability, and usefulness. It was found to be adequate, clear, coherent, attainable, suitable, and useful for teachers and students as they discover learning through research. Thus, the workbook is recommended as instructional material in teaching the subject and promises a potential for a significant contribution to education and learning. Future research may also be explored, focusing on the effectiveness of the material developed
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 28-40; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.517

Abstract:
This study aims to explore students’ perceptions of the implementation of online learning during the pandemic in terms of gender perspective, ownership of social media, and duration of internet access. This research was conducted by a survey involving 87 students (P = 51% and L = 49%) in junior high school. Data were analyzed using Logit Value of Item (LVI) and Wright map combined with Logit Value of Person (LVP). Students’ perceptions were reviewed based on gender, social media ownership, and duration of daily internet access. The results showed that, in general, students have a positive perception of online learning. Based on gender, male and female students have almost the same positive perception of online learning. In terms of ownership of social media accounts, students with one account or two social media accounts have a perception of online learning above the average logit person. Most students who access the internet for more than 5 hours have a perception above the average logit person. Students whose internet access duration is 3-4 hours have a perception above the average logit person. So, gender, social media ownership, and internet access duration of 3-4 hours have positive perceptions of online learning.
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.530

Abstract:
The quality of Indonesian nurses promoted to work abroad is greatly affected by their ability to communicate in medical English. A number of previous studies have explored the effectiveness of using digital storytelling in the foreign language learning process. However, research on the application of this method to improve communication competence in ESP nursing is still very limited. This research aims to test the effectiveness of using the Digital Storytelling (DST) method on nurses’ English communication competence. Using classroom action research design, with 125 nurses’ samples, the study proves that there is a significant effect on nurses' communication skills (grammatical competence, strategic competence, and sociolinguistic competence). In addition, the majority of the students responded positively to the use of this method, particularly in terms of increasing their confidence in communicating in English in general and medical English in particular. The strength and limitations of this method are also discussed in this study.
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 58-64; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.609

Abstract:
The study aimed to examine rural high schoolers’ achievement goal preferences and the potential gender variations in a neglected rural context in Iran. To this end, a sample of 252 high schoolers answered Elliott and Murayama’s (2008) Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised (AGQ-R). Quantitative results indicated the prevalence of mastery approach (MAp) and performance approach (PAp) goals, followed by performance avoidance (PAv) and mastery avoidance (MAv) goals. Further, an examination of gender differences indicated no significant differences between male and female high schoolers in their adoption of MAp, PAp and MAv goals. However, a significant difference was observed between male and female students in their resort to PAv goal. Results may have implications for different individuals in educational settings such as educational authorities, teachers, and counselors as well as researchers.
Yahya Muhammed Bah
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.605

Abstract:
Education is one of the best tools to transform lives and living conditions especially with science and technology. Over the years, governments and families have been trying to ensure children access quality, relevant and affordable education. In the areas of science and technology particularly at tertiary levels, possessing strong mathematical knowledge and skills is a must. However, though the precise number is yet to be documented, children have been woefully failing the subject causing fears and panics in the general population more especially in the parents and government authorities as the future of development seemingly anchored on science and its applications. The fundamental rationale for the systematic literature review is to examine the causes of poor performance in mathematics among senior secondary school students; share knowledge to spark and inspire a process that will usher in appropriate interventions in eradicated the menace. A systematic review of the literatures using information collected from different sources was actuated. Google search engine, google scholar, web of science, scopus database, etc. were used to search for these articles. During the search numerous combinations of words and phrases were used to ensure articles reflect the most recent knowledge and scholarly works. In essence, only peer-reviewed articles published after 2000 were selected except extracts perceived to be of fundamental mileage to the study. However, articles published by staunch international organizations working in education for years and has produced indefatigable knowledge in the field were stealthily appraised. The study revealed that the causes of poor performance in mathematics among senior secondary school students are multifaceted and include causes located in personal status, erroneous beliefs, students, teachers, teaching methods, language competence, teaching and learning materials, parents and family members, schools, policies, society, infrastructures, and government. The poor performance in mathematics among senior secondary school students is negatively impacting their access to tertiary institutions for higher education in order to effectively take part in future national developments and worse of all pushing them to commit crimes as they cannot secure jobs in the highly competitive job market..
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 65-80; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.397

Abstract:
One of the goals of vocational revitalization is the improvement of educators/teachers’ competence. This is considered important as the competence is the main capital for managing learning process, besides knowing the functions and duties as a teacher in the classroom, which can be in the form of the teachers’ performance. However, these two things are not obtained instantly, but a process and several factors have influenced them as well. This study aims to find some factors that can affect competence and performance based on the previous research as well as potential factors that likely influence. By using the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method, seven factors and three potential factors along with their measurement indicators have been proven to influence the competence and the performance. Thus, it can be concluded that to find out the relationship between potential factors such as social media, a religion and a healthy lifestyle on the teachers’ competence and performance, it is necessary to prove the findings in this article.
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 4, pp 41-57; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v4i1.440

Abstract:
The Revolution of Industry 4.0 threatens the existence of the science of Islamic education if the curriculum is not outcomes based. The development of Islamic higher education curriculum allows the creation of new academic subjects which integrates learning, research and service to produce innovative and tested work. The aim of this research is to put forward a curriculum development model or prototype as a strategy to maintain the science of Islamic education learning programs in the era of Industry Revolution 4.0. The research approach is qualitative of the phenomenological type. The setting of the research is the learning program for the Masters in Islamic Education (Magister Pendidikan Agama Islam – MPAI), Faculty of Islam, Ahmad Dahlan University. The choice of this research setting is because the curriculum of this learning program has created new academic subjects which have an outcome-based integrated learning, research and service, as a result on reaching the three year point it has gained full accreditation from the Higher Education National Accreditation Board (Badan Akreditasi Nasional–Perguruan Tinggi – BAN-PT). Respondents in the research are the MPAI academic community which comprise six lecturers including the Chair of the Study Program and Secretariat of the Study Program together with eighty students studying at the masters level. The research results show that the MPAI learning program has created two new academic subjects that is, Islamic Education Studies and Intellectual Property Rights (Hak Kekayaan Intelektual – HKI) together with Neuroscience and Islamic Education Theory. Both new subjects have mobilized research which has produced innovative works obtaining more than sixty intellectual property rights and occupying the first rank in publications in national and international journals in the the Sinta Index 2020 data base. This shows that this learning program is able to maintain a scientific existence in the era of the industry revolution through outcome-based curriculum development.
International Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 3, pp 183-190; https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v3i3.101

Abstract:
Involvement of children with special educational needs in inclusive education at schools of general education in the Republic of Azerbaijan is one of the priority issues of the state. Many reforms in the education system, particularly at schools, need to be carried out to promote inclusive education. This research emphasizes the importance of implementing the student-centered education approach in the general education system to make schools inclusive in the country. As a ground for this, the article, having cited from scientific papers of different researchers, points out that, for example, a student-centered education allows a school to meet the different needs of students and take the specifics of each student into consideration. The level of progress of student-centered learning was assessed in the conducted research through studying teachers’ instructional methods at schools operating in the education system of Azerbaijan. As a result of the survey and focus group discussions conducted with teachers within this research, it was revealed that although teachers understand the positive impact of a student’s learning through student-centered methods, in most classes, they continue teaching lessons in a teacher-centered style due to several school or out-of-school factors. The result is that teacher-centered classes still being conducted at schools are not only the incompetency of teachers, but as a result, it is not possible to achieve the development of student-centered learning by improving only teachers’ skills. Many factors obstruct the change from teacher-centered learning to student-centered learning in the classroom. The identification of school culture and the classification of culture-forming factors are also discussed in this research.
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