JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER
ISSN / EISSN : 23564113 / 25286021
Current Publisher: Universitas Nusa Cendana (10.35508)
Total articles ≅ 29
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 54-68; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2282
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease that is found in some tropical and subtropical regions. This disease is caused by dengue virus and is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. the solution taken in controlling DHF is to break the life cycle of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Vector control is generally carried out using synthetic larvicides, namely abate / temefos, but the use of abate can cause residues, environmental pollution, poisoning and resistance of the eradicated vectors so that natural larvasides from plants are needed namely temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) for vector control. The purpose of this study was to determine whether temulawak rhizome extract was effective or not in killing Aedes aegypti larvae. This research method includes larva collection, identification and maintenance of mosquitoes, determining sample size, making extracts and testing effectiveness. This study used a control and experiment group with 3 repetitions in the minutes to 15, 30, 45, 60 and 1440 (24 Hours). The control group was positive control using abate and negative control using aquades while the eksperiment group used extract of temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) with concentrations of 0.6%, 0.8%, 1%, 1.2% and 1.5%. The results of this study indicate that the temulawak rhizome extract (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) effective as larvicides because at the lowest concentration 0.6% can kill 100% Aedes aegypti larvae.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 69-80; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2292
Controlling Septicemia epizooticae (SE) through vaccination program has been undertaken in Kupang City. However, numbers of fatal cases are still being reported. The purpose of this study is to measure the antibody titer of Bali cattle after SE vaccination, and to determine the effect of age and sex on antibody titers. The 50 serum samples of SE vaccinated Bali cattle were taken from Alak Sub-district (26 samples) and Maulafa Sub-district (24 samples). The selection of sub-districts in Kupang City was taken in a simple random manner. Those serum samples were examined using the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Antibody titers against SE is declared to be protective when the antibody titer is above 88 ELISA Unit (EU). Results indicated that average value of cattle antibody titer after the SE vaccination was able to trigger a protective antibody response (> 70 EU), meanwhile ONE WAY ANOVA analysis results showed that there is no significant effect (P> 0.05) of cattle age towards antibody titers. In the same way, the paired t test results did not indicate a difference in the value of antibody titers against the sex of the Bali cattle.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 1-23; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2241
Pork is one of the most consumption types of meat in the East Nusa Tenggara region.. Moringa leaf are one part of the plant which is known to have antimicrobial compounds.The aimof this research was to determine the influence of Moringa leaf infusion as a natural preservative to the quality of pork.This research is an experimental laboratory research and used a total of 48 samples of thigh pork (Biceps femoris). This research used a completely randomized design with factorial pattern. The first factor was concentration of infusion Moringa leaf consist of 0% (K0), 5% (K1), 10% (K2), and 15% (K3) and the second factor was time of storage consist of 0,6, 12, and 18 hours with 3 replications. The parameters of porkquality that have been examined: color, texture, odor, value in the Eber test, pH value, and total plate count (TPC) value.The results showed that the addition of Moringa leaf infusion change the color and odor. The Eber test shows the K3 group can last up to 18 hours. There was no significant effect of infusion concentration (P> 0.05) on the pH value and there was a very significant effect on the time of storage (P
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 92-101; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2266
Transmissible venereal tumor is a tumor that generally infects male and female genitalia and transmission occurs due to marriage and licking. On August 7th , 2019 the owner came with complaints of fresh blood dripping continuously from the vulva of Unyil, a local dog, female, approximately 3 years old, brown hair color, with a weight of 10.2 kg. After a physical examination in the perineal area, there is a mass like grapes formed in the vagina. Based on the results of physical examination and haematology test, the dog was diagnosed with transmissible venereal tumor. Handling is done in this case by removing the mass such as grapes formed in the vagina through surgery.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 24-33; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2230
Milk is an animal food source that plays a role in human life because it contains various nutritional components. Indonesia’s level of milk consumption is still relatively low. As one of an attempt to increase milk consumption, various kinds of processed milk products with a more modish aroma and form were made. However, not all of the quality of the processed milk products sold can be guaranteed. The aim of this study is to determine the quality of milk samples obtained from milk retails located around the students settlement area of IPB University’s Dramaga and Cilibende campus. The total of retails around campus obtained from the survey were 13, so 39 samples were bought. Milk samples taken were plain milk without an addition of sugar, flavor variants or ice cubes. The results obtained by the average value of density, content of fat, protein, lactose, dry matter, non-fat dry matter and pH of milk samples in Dramaga region are 1.0190 g/mL, 2.66%, 2.02%, 3.03%, 8.18%, 5.52% and 6.89. Milk samples in Cilibende region are 1.026 g/mL, 3.80%, 2.75%, 4.13%, 11.34%, 7.54% and 6.54. Based on pasteurization and sterilization perfectness test, it was discovered that all samples were pasteurized milk, even as much as 30.8% were sterilized milk. From this study, it can be concluded that the ready-to-drink milk sold in retails around the students settlements of IPB University has poor quality because it does not meet the minimum standard requirements of SNI No. 01-3951-1995 about Pasteurized Milk.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 43-53; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.1927
Brucea javanica (L) Merr is a shrub that has various types of secondary metabolites that have pharmacologic effects. Various studies on this plant in Indonesia have been conducted, but research on secondary metabolites that have the potential as herbal medicines from this plant originating from the island of Timor has never been done. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate secondary metabolites found in Brucea javanica (L) Merr which originates from Timor Island. Samples in the form of roots, stems, leaves, seeds, and flowers of plants are sent to the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) to identify these plant species. Plant determination is carried out under the determination procedure in the LIPI ethnobotany laboratory. The plant determination test results showed that the plant samples sent were Brucea javanica (L) Merr. While the phytochemical tests were carried out at the Laboratory of Chemistry at the Faculty of Science and Engineering of the University of Nusa Cendana to identify secondary metabolites from the Brucea javanica (L) Merr plant according to the phytochemical test standards in the Undana Chemistry laboratory. Phytochemical tests show that there are 4 secondary metabolites found in Brucea javanica (L) Merr namely Alkaloids (+), Tannins (+++), Saponins (+), and Triterpenoids (+++) while secondary metabolites such as Flavonoids and Steroids are not contained in this plant.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 34-42; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2229
Nowadays, milk is one of the favorite drinks for Indonesian people. This relates to the awareness of society about healthy food is increasing. At the same time, there are many milk retail that are appearing. The purpose of this study was to detect the presence and level of contamination of Salmonella sp. in processed milk from milk retail around the students settlement area of IPB University. In Indonesia the standard for identifying Salmonella sp. refer to Indonesian National Standard 2897: 2008. This method consists of 5 stages: pre-enrichment, enrichment, selective media planting, confirmation based on biochemical and serological tests. Milk samples in this study came from 14 milk retail in the students settlement area of the IPB University. The milk samples were taken are plain milk (milk that has not added flavor (flavorings), sugar, and ice). The selection of milk retail is taken within a radius of 2 km from the midpoint of the IPB campus in the Dramaga and Cilibende areas. Based on the results of this study, it was found that all milk samples examined showed negative results which means no Salmonella sp. contamination was found. From this study it can be concluded that the quality of processed milk sold in milk retail around the student settlement area of IPB University is good.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 81-91; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2265
Pyometra in dogs is a condition of the accumulation of purulent material in the uterus of female dogs caused by hormonal imbalances resulting in bacterial infections and excess fluid production in the uterus. A female Golden Retriever named Merry, age 4 years old, having her address at Jln. Raya Dharmasaba Denpasar with complaints of a limp dog, anorexia, issued a thick reddish-colored discharge from the genitals and smelly. Based on the results of systematic clinical examination and the results obtained that the temperature of the dog is 38.1 ℃ (normal), pulsus frequency 120x/minute and the frequency of breathing 40x/ minute. At the time of inspection and palpation of the large abdomen, the nipple comes out. In a complete blood test conducted at Anom Animal Clinic showing the results of Leucosytosis (an increase in white blood cells) which indicates the incidence of bacterial infection, the dog is diagnosed with pyometra after being supported also by X-ray examination results showing radiopaque on the abdomen and ultrasound results showing the uterus anechoic. Dogs treated by surgery to remove the ovary and uterus (ovaryohysterectomy) and continued administration of antibiotics and analgesics. On the 9thday after surgery the incision wound had dried, the skin fused well, and was no longer removing the discharge from the genitals.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 7, pp 101-106; doi:10.35508/jkv.v7i2.1980
Tujuan Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui keragaman jenis, pola aktivitas lalat dan hubungannya dikaitkan dengan suhu, musim, serta jenis kelamin. Penelitian di peternakan sapi semi ektensif kelurahan tuatuka Kecamatan Kupang Timur, Kabupaten Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Sampel lalat dikoleksi menggunakan New Zealand 1 trap di peternakan sapi. Perangkap dipasang secara random langsung di lokasi padang penggembalaan, sedangkan di kandang, perangkap ditempatkan pada jarak 3-5 meter dari pagar pembatas kandang. Perangkap dipasang pada jarak kurang lebih 10-15 cm di atas permukaan tanah. Pengumpulan sampel lalat dilakukan dalam interval waktu satu jam sejak pemasangan, yaitu pukul 09;00, 10;00, 11;00, 12;00, 14;00 dan pukul 15;00. Lalat dikumpulkan dan dieuthanasia dengan alkohol 70%, kemudian di identifikasi menurut spesies dengan kunci identifikasi menurut Scott et al (1967) dan Dodge (1967), selanjutnya data dianalisa secara deskriptif.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 7, pp 107-113; doi:10.35508/jkv.v7i2.1981
Piometra adalah gangguan reproduksi yang terjadi pada anjing berusia muda dan sangat umum pada anjing berusia lebih dari 8 tahun. Pada tanggal 14 Februari 2019 seekor anjing Golden Retriever berjenis kelamin betina, berusia 8 tahun bernama Chelsea dibawa pemilik ke tempat Praktik Dokter Hewan Bersama (PDHB) Grace Vet Care. Riwayat kasus anjing Chelsea 1 x beranak pada tahun 2016 dengan kelahiran eutokia/normal, tidak ada riwayat operasi ovariahisterektomi dan gejala klinis berupa discharge berwarna kecoklatan dengan aroma amis menyengat dari vulva, nafsu makan menghilang, muntah, frekuensi pernafasan 92x/menit, frekuensi pulsus/nadi 80 x/menit dan suhu tubuh 38.90C. Pernafasan dengan ritme cepat dan dalam (terengah-engah/panting), palpasi pada kelenjar parotidea kiri mengalami pembengkakan. Auskultasi jantung terdengar cepat dan kuat. Palpasi pada ventrolateral abdomen mengalami distensi tanpa fluktuasi. Hasil pemeriksaan darah menunjukkan terjadinya trombositopenia, neutropenia, limfositosis, azotemia, hiperproteinemia, hiperglobulinemia dengan rasio albumin:globulin normal. Berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan USG transabdominal terlihat pembesaran ukuran uterus dan penurunan echogenitas (anechoic) pada lumen uterus. Berdasarkan riwayat reproduksi dan operasi, observasi klinis, pemeriksaan klinis dan organ reproduksi, hematologi analisis, palpasi abdomen dan diagnosa pencitraan ultrasonografi (USG) anjing Chelsea terdiagnosa piometra terbuka.