JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER
ISSN / EISSN : 2356-4113 / 2528-6021
Published by: Universitas Nusa Cendana (10.35508)
Total articles ≅ 69
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 203-212; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5677
Brown tick, Rhicephalus sanguineus generally known as a very adaptive tick, is widely spread on tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, and infested dogs living on not only rural but urban areas. Synthetic acaricides are the most widely control measures. However, with the development of tick resistance, plant-derived components are highly investigated. The present study aims to investigate the activity of Crecentia cujete Linn. leaves extract on R. sanguineus. Fifty adult R. sanguineus were collected from local dogs and used in this study. Ticks are divided into the control and treatment groups. Aquadest and deltamethrin were sprayed to ticks in the negative and positive control groups, respectively. The three treatment groups were given maja leaves extract of 2.5%, 5%, and 10%. The tick mortality was observed for 12 hours of exposure to the extracts. All extracts exhibited similar lethal effects on R. sanguineus with total mortality (100%) after 4 hours exposure, compared to the standard therapy. The highest extract concentration (10%) reduces ticks faster compare to other concentrations. Thus, this study suggests that strong acaricidal activity and mortality rate was dose-dependent. This finding needs further scientific investigation to prove.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 194-202; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5261
There are plenty of determinants of the increase of death rates in Indonesia such as old age diseases, and poor access to health facilities. The increase in death rates has impacted Indonesians both economically and also their mental health. The purpose of this study is to map the COVID-19 death cases, using an epidemiological point of view. A sample size of 179 deceased persons due to COVID-19. This study was done from June to August 2021 using medical and interview data and was analyzed using a descriptive approach. The results show that Bakunase community health center has the largest death cases with 42 cases, while W.Z. Yohanes Hospital is the hospital with the most death cases at 50 cases. 116 deceased persons were male, and most of them were aged more than 60 years old (n = 90). Diabetes Mellitus was the most common comorbid disease (27%). This study has mapped the death rates of COVID-19 in Kupang and the implications were discussed further within.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 184-193; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.4956
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is an important infectious disease caused by the CSF virus, which belongs to the Pestivirus genus from the family Flaviviridae. This disease has a high fatality rate in swine. Stamping out the disease and vaccinations aimed at forming and strengthening antibodies against CSF are proven to be effective ways of disease control and prevention. Several factors, including age, immune status, health status, nutrition, and the environment, are believed to influence the success of the immunization program. Furthermore, it is assumed that different pig breeds may have impacts on vaccination success. This study aimed to compare antibody responses after CSF vaccination in two different pig breeds, Landrace and local Timor pigs. A total of 26 pigs (13 pigs for each group) was occupied in this study. All of the pigs used in this study had never been vaccinated against CSF. Antibody titers were quantified using an ELISA test, then the data were compared using an independent t-test to assess the difference of antibody responses between Landrace and local Timor pigs. Finally, the study found no significant difference in antibody response between Landrace and local Timor pigs, with a significant value of 0.07 (P > 0.05). Therefore, it is feasible to conclude that breed does not influence antibody response following CSF vaccination.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 177-183; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5477
In early 2020 a high mortality of pigs in Malacca Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province was confirmed as an ASF infection which then spread to all of Timor Island, Flores Island, and Sumba Island. One of the risk factors for the spread of ASF is swill feeding. The purpose of this study was to study the feed management practices of pig farmers during the ASF outbreak and to measure the relationship between feed management practices and the ASF outbreak in Kupang City. The study used a case-control study approach to study feed management practices for pig farmers during the outbreak and their relationship to ASF. A total of 69 farmers who had experienced the incidence of dead and sick pigs were taken as case samples and 21 farmers were randomly selected from around the area as controls. The data in this study were analyzed by descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis was used to measure the relationship between feed management practices and the incidence of ASF. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that swill feeding practice had a significant correlation with the incidence of ASF (P 0.038<0.05) with OR (2.94), while the factor of cooking or not cooking feed before being given to pigs was also significantly correlated with the incidence of ASF (P 0.003<0.05) with OR (0.1). In conclusion, based on epidemiological analysis, the factor of swill feeding practice that is not cooked is highly correlated with the incidence of ASF in Kupang City.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 171-176; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5567
The purpose of this study was to examine the shelf life of lactic acid probiotics from Sumba horse milk in various packages. The study was conducted from August to November 2021. Lactic acid bacteria were cultured from Sumba horse milk, stored in MRS Broth. These lactic acid bacteria were diluted with concentrations of 10%, 20%, and 30%, respectively, and packaged in glass bottles, plastic bottles High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE), and plastic clips/ polypropylene standing pouch. Packaged probiotics were stored at room temperature for 14 days. The results showed that storage using High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and plastic clips was better than glass bottles. The study concluded that a concentration of 30% in plastic bottle High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) packaging was preferred in organoleptic testing
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 148-156; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5553
Chromolaena odorata and Lantana camara plants can be used as natural insecticides to control fly populations. Not only flies as vectors must be controlled but also their larvae are important for depopulation. This study aimed to examine the effect of different plant extracts on the mortality of third instar larvae of Musca domestica. A total of 36 petri dishes were used in this study, each containing 20 third instar larvae. Each extract treatment was divided into concentration levels of 15%, 30%, 45%, and 60%, and the control without extract was given. The extract was given using the feeding assay method. The larval mortality was observed for 24 hours after exposure to the extract. The results showed that concentrations of 15%, 30%, 45% C. odorata had higher mortality rates than L. camara, which was about 6.25,10.75, and 5. The average mortality of larvae by exposure to extracts of C. odorata and L. camara is almost the same value, namely 6,25, and 6 at the 60% concentration level. Both types of extracts studied had a mortality effect on larvae.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 157-163; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5661
Staphylococcus aureus is a normal flora in living things found on the skin and mucous membranes. Staphylococcus aureus can potentially cause infections of the skin and mammary glands. Natural ingredients that have the potential as antibacterial are Kayu Metang Leaves (Lunasia amara blanco) Manggarai people use the leaves to treat diabetes and wounds on the skin. The purpose of this study was to determine the secondary metabolites contained in Kayu Metang leaves and to determine the level of effective concentration as an antibacterial Staphylococcus aureus. This study used four replications and there were three variations of the ethanol extract concentration, namely 5%, 10%, and 20%. Data analysis in this study employed One-Way Anova followed by normality test and homogeneity test with 95% confidence level (a = 0.05). The results revealed that the inhibition zones resulting from concentrations of 5%, 10%, and 20% had different diameter values and had the same average antibacterial strength, namely the strong category because the range of inhibition zones formed from 9.525 mm to 14.65 mm. The result of the one-way Anova test was a significance of p = 0.397. There was no significant difference in each concentration of metang wood leaf extract with a p value> 0.05. The use of metang wood extract had a smaller inhibitory power than the use of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin, but the use of metang wood extract has been shown to inhibit S. aureus bacteria. This study concluded that the leaves of metang wood (Lunasia amara blanco) have been shown to contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and triterpenoids, and antibacterial compounds to the growth of Staphylococcus aureus.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 164-170; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5596
Star fruit leaf (Averrhoa bilimbi) in this study were extracted making use of the maceration method and the solvent was absolute ethanol. This study aims to see the effect on free-range chicken meat due to the administration of wuluh starfruit leaf extract. Histological description of the meat was taken from the chest muscle (M. pectoralis) and thigh muscle (M. femoralis) which had previously been treated with starfruit leaf extract. The analysis was carried out descriptively by looking at the histology of free-range chicken meat and compared with the normal picture. The results indicated there is no effect between the administration of starfruit leaf extract on the histology of native chicken meat. It can be seen that the muscle structure is normal, there are no dimensions and shape-changing of the muscle fibers and connective tissue. Conclusions can be drawn that the antibacterial ability of starfruit leaf, shows no effect on the chest and thigh muscles structure of native chickens.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 142-147; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5021
The aim of this study was to detect blood parasites of stray cats with an MDT staining test. Total samples were 40 blood taken from 4 markets in Surabaya, every market took 10 samples of stray cats. Three (3) cc Blood took from vena cephalica antebrachial anterior or vena saphena. Then blood samples were stained using MDT and checked under microscope 1000 magnification. The result showed 7 positive (17,5%) Anaplasma sp from 40 samples. This study needs advanced diagnosis using PCR, antibody detection (IFA test), ELISA, and western immunoblot assay although blood staining was detected by the agent.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 9, pp 135-141; https://doi.org/10.35508/jkv.v9i3.4820
One of the conventional feed ingredients commonly used as pig feed to reduce ration prices is tamarind seeds. However, tamarind seeds have a hard seed coat texture, therefore liquid feed is fermented by formulating it with other feed ingredients, in order to know whether the liquid feed has economic value or not. The purpose of this research is to examine the price of liquid feed containing different percentages of tamarind seeds and estimate their economic value in the form of total consumption costs and feed cost per gain. The research was using yellow corn, rice bran, soybean meal, meat and bone meal, whole tamarind seeds, and aquades. Liquid feed is formulated according to the needs of the grower phase of pigs. The research treatments were R0: Fermented liquid feed (FLF) containing 0% tamarind seeds, R10: FLF containing 10% tamarind seeds, R20: FLF containing 20% tamarind seeds, and R30: FLF containing 30% tamarind seeds. The variables studied were the price of liquid feed (Rp/kg), total consumption cost (Rp/kg/e), and feed cost per gain (Rp). The data were analyzed descriptively according to the research variables. The results showed that the price of liquid feed, the total cost of consumption, and the cost of the R30 treatment feed were Rp. 6868/kg, Rp. 12,579,711/kg/e, and Rp. 18,177 lower or more economical than treatment R0, R10, and R20. It was concluded that the presentation of the use of tamarind seeds in liquid feed at a level of 30% was more profitable.