JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER
ISSN / EISSN : 2356-4113 / 2528-6021
Current Publisher: Universitas Nusa Cendana (10.35508)
Total articles ≅ 39
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 164-181; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.2516
Moringa oleifera Lamk is a shrub with a height of 7-11 m and thrives from the lowlands to an altitude of 700 m above sea level. Moringa can grow in tropical and subtropical areas on all types of soil and is resistant to dry spells for 6 months. Its high nutritional value, properties and benefits have earned Moringa the nickname Mother's Best friend and the Miracle Tree. In addition, moringa plants also have benefits as antioxidants and antimicrobials so that they can be used as preservatives. This study aims to determine the benefits of adding Moringa oleifera Lamk leaf infusion to the quality of pork minced meat.This research is an experimental laboratory research. The samples used in this study were 48 samples of ground thigh pork (biceps femoris), and this study used a fully randomized design factor pattern.The quality parameters of the meat samples examined are color, the smell, texture, pH, Postma test and Total Plate Count (TPC). The results showed that the addition of moring leaf infusion changed color, aroma an d eczema. The Postma test shows that the K3 group can last up to 6 hours. The TPC value in the K3 group is below the SNI contamination limit for 6 hours.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 202-210; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3056
Sumba ongole (Bos indicus) is one of the Indonesian local cattle breeds that has a high number of carcasses and good adaptability to the dry climate and low humidity on the island of Sumba. Cattle have a forestomach consisting of the rumen, reticulum, and omasum, which functions to ferment and absorb nutrition. This study aims to determine the distribution of acid carbohydrates in the rumen, reticulum, and omasum of sumba ongole cattle. Six samples of the rumen, reticulum, and omasum were collected from East Sumba Slaughter House, fixed in formalin 10 %, processed histologically, and continued with alcian blue (AB) staining. The result showed the various/different intensity of acid carbohydrates in each of the tunica of the rumen, reticulum, and omasum. The distribution is mostly found in the stratum corneum lamina epithelium. The results of this study indicate that the stratum corneum is the layer that is more frequently exposed to food that requires acid carbohydrates in its function to protect the forestomach as well as to lubricate the food to make it easier to digest.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 182-201; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.2942
Beef is one type of meat that is quite popular with almost all Indonesian people, especially in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Storage of beef at room temperature and open space can accelerate the occurrence of decay in meat. This is because the complete nutritional content and high water content in meat can be a good medium for the growth of pathogenic bacteria or spoilage bacteria. One of the efforts that can be done to prevent meat rot is to do a natural preservative method by utilizing plant parts that contain antimicrobial compounds. Moringa leaves are one part of the plant which is known to have antimicrobial compounds. This study aims to determine the effect of Moringa oleifera Lamk leaf extract on the microbiological and organoleptic quality of beef. This research is an experimental laboratory research. A total of 48 thigh beef (Biceps femoris) beef samples were tested in this study using a completely randomized factorial pattern design, namely concentration factors of 0% (K0), 5% (K1), 10% (K2), and 15% (K3) extract Moringa leaf and long storage factor at room temperature are 0 hours, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 18 hours and repeated three times. The parameters tested were color quality, texture, aroma, initial decay test, pH test, and total plate count (TPC) test. The results showed changes in the color, aroma, and texture of the meat. The Eber test shows the K3 group can last up to 18 hours. There was a very significant difference between the concentration of Moringa leaf extract on the length of storage of meat and the pH value of meat (P
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 153-163; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3075
Acalypha indica Linn is a tropical weed, grows annually in East Nusa Tenggara. The weed is member of Euphorbiaceae family, a largest plant family known as medicinal plant. The weed leaves were used by local people in NTT to treat wounds, diseases or myasis on their livestock. This study aim to investigate the secondary metabolites in A. indica L leaves as a scientific proven for its local use. The extract preparation comprises of several steps, i.e collection of fresh leaves, dry and wet sortation. The clean leaves were air dried in a room temperature for about 2 weeks before grounded into powder and subjected to extraction. The extraction method was maceration with ethanol 96% as solvent. The dense extract was evaporated using rotary evaporator and subjected to phytochemical screening. The result shows that ethanol extract of A.indica leaves were tested positive for flavonoid and tannin. Alkaloid, saponins, triterpenes and steroid were tested negative on the extract.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 147-152; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3078
The Culex mosquito is a species that can creates health problems for humans and animals. The handling efforts of the vector is very important to reduce the impact caused by this vector. One of the plants that has the potential as a larvicide is soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.). This study aims to determine the effect of soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) extract on the mortality of Culex sp larvae and LC50 value to killing 50% Culex sp larva. The study was conducted from March to June 2020. This study used 7 treatment groups which 5 groups tested the effectiveness of soursop leaves extract and 2 control groups. The research data was analyzed using the Probit test to determine the LC50. The results showed that soursop leaves extract (Annona muricata L.) was effective in killing Culex sp larvae with LC50 value is 0.736%.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 131-135; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.2951
One of feed preservation method in the form of an airtight silo (anaerobic) is silage. The addition of Lactic Acid Bacteria in rice straw can increase the quality and quantity of silage products. The purpose of this research is to determine whether the lactic acid bacteria isolated from palm sap can be used as a starter in making silage and to determine the level of damage and pH of jermai silage up to day 14. The stages of this method include: making probiotics, making silage with treatment: (P0: EM4; P1: BAL 50ml; P2: BAL 75ml; P3: BAL 100ml; P4: BAL 125ml; P5: BAL 150ml; P6: BAL 175ml). The results showed that lactic acid bacteria from palm sap can be used as a starter in rice straw, at P1 with the addition of 50 ml lactic acid bacteria showed better silage results when compared to other treatments, which was characterized by light brown silage quality ( golden yellow), soft texture, sour smell, 4.54% silage presentation damage and pH 5.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 121-130; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.2326
The adulteration of beef using wild boar meat in the city of Bogor has been a serious concern in the society. Monitoring and surveillance of beef products are needed to ensure the halal of animal products and to prevent the transmission risk of zoonotic diseases from wild boar meat to humans. The purpose of this study was to analyse the data of Dinas Pertanian Kota Bogor related to meat adulteration in 2013-2017. The case study approach was used in this research by conducting a collection of primary and secondary data. The primary data obtained from an indepth interview with the chief of veterinary public health, processing, and marketing of livestock products of Dinas Pertanian Kota Bogor. The secondary data were obtained from monitoring and surveillance report of Dinas Pertanian Kota Bogor in 2013-2017. The results showed that 7.86% (3/33 samples) of beef samples contained wild boar meat during the 2013-2017 period. The adulterated beef was found mainly from the meat kiosks in traditional markets. In conclusion, monitoring and surveillance related to meat adulteration problem is needed to be improved especially in the traditional market.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 111-120; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.2843
There is still lack of bruselosis in beef cattle in Barru District, South Sulawesi. The aim of this study was to analyze data about the temporary distribution of disease by measuring spreading speed, and spatial distribution by mapping risk areas for bruselosis over the past three years. The data of this study was collected using the records from Dinas Peternakan and conducting interviews using structured questionnaires. This research was a descriptive study by measuring the incidence rate and describing the risk map using geographic information system (GIS). The results of this study indicate that, based on the incidence rate, the average of distribution rate of bruselosis in beef cattle in Barru is 5 cases per 10 000 heads/year. This incidence rate always decreases every year. There was no sub-district that classified as high risk. There was one area that classified as medium risk namely sub-district of Mallusetasi. Control measure that have been carried out by goverment were successful to reduce the spread of disease.
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 102-110; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3003
Pig population in East Nusa Tenggara Province in 2019 was recorded at around 2 million pigs. In east Nusa Tenggara around 85% of the households raise at least 1 (one) pig per household. Pig farming industry has its own challenges and resistances, one of the challenge is the threat of infectious diseases such as Hog cholera disease. Hog cholera is a disease caused by virus and has become endemic in most of the area in East Nusa Tenggara with relatively high prevalence. In Kupang City the prevalence of HC in 2018 was recorded at around 20,5%. The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship of pig farmer characteristics with knowledge level, attitude and practice regarding HC controlling and eradication in Kota Raja Sub-distric Kupang City. In this study, data was obtained by questionnaire and interview of pig farmers which was done in Kota Raja Sub-distric from August until October 2018. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistic and KAP studi data was analyzed with path analysis to measure the relationship between observed characteristics and HC controlling practice. The result of this study shows that variable that has the stongest relationship to practice is level of education with path coefficient (r) of -0,438 (P 0,027), followed by attitude with path coefficient (r) of 0,233 (P 0,000), and then followed by knowledge with path coefficient (r) of 0,224 (P 0,008) and the weakest realationship to practice is farmers age with path coefficient (r) of -0,049 (P 0,016).
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER, Volume 8, pp 136-146; doi:10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3074
African Swine Fever (ASF) is a viral disease that attacks pigs and to date has caused many pig deaths in Kupang Regency. ASF is caused by a double-stranded DNA virus from the Asfivirus genus and the Asfarviridae family. This research aims to determine the anatomical pathology of the swine landrace suspect ASF. Organ samples were collected from two male landrace pigs and two female landrace pigs, aged 7 months, from Oeltuah Village, Taebenu District and Tarus Village, Central Kupang District, Kupang Regency, NTT. Clinical examinations were carried out on sick animals that were found during the investigation, then necropsied on the dead animals were carried out and continued with anatomical pathology examinations at the Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Nusa Cendana University. Anatomical pathology examinations are carried out by observing changes in the structure and appearance of the organs. The necropsy results showed sub-cutaneous ecchymosis hemorrhage in the abdomen, limbs and ears, gastric, intestinal and hepatic hemorrhage, hemorrhagic lymphadenitis in mesenteric lymph nodes, hyperemic splenomegaly, pteckie hemorrhage in the renal capsule,, multifocal hemorrhage in the renal medulla and pulmonary lobe. Based on the observation of clinical symptoms and changes in anatomical pathology, it can be concluded that the death of pigs was suspected to be caused by the suspect ASF.