International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology

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ISSN / EISSN : 2249-8958 / 2249-8958
Total articles ≅ 6,760
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N Rohan Sai, T Sudarshan Rao, G. L. Aruna Kumari
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 154-160; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f3080.0810621

Abstract:
One of the essential factors contributing to a plant's growth is identifying and preventing diseases in the early stages. Healthy plants are essential for a rich production. Recent advances in Deep learning - a subset of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are playing a pivotal role in solving image classification problems and can be applied to the agricultural sector for crop surveillance and early anomaly identification. For this research, we used an open-source dataset of leaf images divided into three classes, two of which are the most common disease types found on many crops; the graphical characterizations for the three classes are images of leaves with Powdery Residue, images of leaves with Rusty Spots, and images of Healthy leaves. The primary objective of this research is to present a pre-trained ImageNet network architecture that is well suited for dealing with plant-based data, even when sample sizes collected are limited. We used different convolutional neural network-based architectures such as InceptionV3, MobileNetV2, Xception, VGG16, and VGG19 to classify plant leaf images with visually different representations of each disease. Xception, MobileNetV2, and DenseNet had a considerable advantage over all the performance metrics recorded among the other networks trained.
Pranay Jain, Sanjana Kumari, Shreenivas B
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 38-43; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f2980.0810621

Abstract:
Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more prevalent in the market. In a world where all vehicles are electric, it will be necessary to provide infrastructure on average highways that is similar to the energy consumption of the automobiles on that highway. As a result, a large transition from one type of energy carrier to electrical energy would be required. In comparison to where we are now, this translates into a significant increase in the carrying capacity of the power grid. Electric vehicles are in increasing demand because they have several advantages over gasoline-powered vehicles. On the other hand, limited battery power stations and a lack of infrastructure giving real-time vehicle performance parameters such as battery efficiency, durability, total distance travelled before being totally depleted, and so on should be considered. As a result, an embedded system is being developed in our project to address the aforementioned restrictions. The suggested research demonstrates all of the mathematical calculations of battery characteristics (including but not limited to battery efficiency and percentage durability), which aids in evaluating real-time batter performance. The system was tested and verified in laboratories using acceptable methodologies. In addition, a mobile application for the end-user is being created to provide information on battery parameters as well as the maximum distance it can travel till full discharge.
Mitesh Chanodiya, Manish Potey
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 70-78; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f3024.0810621

Abstract:
Cloud computing facilities have become an increasing rise in demand for presenting computing sources. Various programs like monetary transactions, fitness care systems, video streaming, IoT programs want on-call for provisioning of cloud sources to guarantee timeliness and excessive availability. A shared culture for data interchange has evolved as a result of the fast progress of networking technology. The data security has become a difficult issue as a result of the vast volume of data that is exchanged via the internet. Thus there is a requirement for security to protect data that is transmitted across an insecure connection. In our proposed work, privacy, confidentiality, availability, integrity, and accountability that contribute to the security of information are ensured by cryptographic technique. This paper also describes an exhaustive study on the usage of hybrid algorithms i.e. the combination of Advanced Encryption Standards (AES) and Elliptical Curve Cryptography (ECC) to protect data leakage and protect the privacy of end-users and SHA256 algorithm to ensure data integrity. This type of hybrid encryption will help not only in concentrating software as well as physical attacks but also provide the model to deal with and prevent the application from these types of attacks; thus making the cloud application system more secure. The implemented web application can be used as a defence system for privacy and security in organizations as well as institutions where members of the organization can share the file or confidential data to other team members or colleagues without data leakage thus providing data privacy and security.
Ye-Lim Kang, Tae-Ho Cho
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 148-153; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f3077.0810621

Abstract:
Fine dust refers to harmful substances floating in the air. It is divided into PM 2.5 and PM 10, and has the characteristic that the particles are small enough to be invisible to the naked eye. When fine dust enters a room, it can enter the human body through the bronchi and cause lung or respiratory diseases. To solve the health problems caused by fine dust, research and development about various air purification systems are progressing. In this paper, we introduce a Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)-based Internet of Things (IoT) air purification system. This WSNs-based IoT air purification system refers to a system in which an IoT air purifier and a window are automatically controlled based on fine dust values detected by sensor nodes. Therefore, because it is important to maintain the integrity of the fine dust values, SSL/TLS, an encryption protocol, is applied to this system. However, the existing SSL/TLS has a problem in which, if an attacker attempts a false data injection attack, the symmetric key itself used to encrypt and decrypt the data is stolen, so it cannot be detected. To solve this problem, in this paper we propose a Discrete Event System Specification (DEVS) model based on Data Calibration that verifies whether the fine dust values detected by sensor nodes and an IoT air purifier is within a preset error range. If the fine dust value is not within the preset error range, it is detected as false data, filtered, and not stored in the database. Because this proposed scheme verifies the integrity of the fine dust values, it not only raises the accuracy of collected sensing data, but also prevents abnormal operation of an IoT air purifier and a window in advance. Therefore, the security of the WSNs-based IoT air purification system is improved.
Vijayarani. A
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 66-69; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f2940.0810621

Abstract:
In this analysis, the efficacy of adding coagulants such as Phaseolus lunatus and Phaseolus vulgaris (polymers) to the coagulation process during the treatment of arsenic aqueous solution to extract the arsenic metal was investigated. Experiments were carried out to evaluate the output of Phaseolus lunatus and Phaseolus vulgaris, both individually and in combination with arsenic, using the standard Jar test protocol. P.lunatus and P.vulgaris were given doses ranging from 1 to 3 gm. For P.lunatus and P.vulgaris, the (optimal) removal efficiency for total arsenic in the aqueous solution was obtained at 2gm. With chemical affinity between arsenic and coagulants used in this process, the valence state of arsenic may affect removal efficiency during the chemical coagulation process. pH is discovered to be a significant factor that has a direct or indirect impact on results. By overcoming the isoelectric point, the complex formed by the interaction of the inorganic pollutant and organic coagulant may aid in the removal of arsenic at pH 9 and 8. P.lunatus and P.vulgaris had optimised arsenic initial concentrations of 57.1µg/L and 42.6µg/L, respectively. The coagulation mechanism is more prevalent in water treatment, as shown by the above findings.
M. P. Suryawanshi, Raju Narwade, Karthik Nagrajan
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 174-181; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f3061.0810621

Abstract:
This study aimed to optimise the cost of ground improvement by considering the residual settlement in marshy lands for development of new International airport by applying the appropriate treatment to overcome the issues that meets cost and time. Globally the increasing demands of trading and servicing activities require the development of an International airport in major cities. The Mumbai is one of the biggest commercial destinations of our country also necessitates the development of another airport besides the existing airport in the region. From the past few decades, researches and studies show various ways of ground improvements for the airport area in coastal regions. This study shows the cost optimization of ground improvement work by adopting the end on dumping of locally available blasted rocks instead of ground improvement techniques. This study works on principle that stone is puncturing to the very soft to soft clay and at the same time clay are getting displaced thus, effective thickness of clay is getting reduced. The objectives of this study are to optimize the cost of ground improvement and reduce the residual settlement of airport land in coastal regions. Adopting of end on dumping methods is appropriate in view of cost and feasibility of site than the ground improvement techniques. The cost of end on dumping is Thirty-six percent less than the stone columns technique. It can be concluded that for future ground development projects filling of stones by the end of the dumping method can be considered as the appropriate solution concerning time and cost.
S.C. Wagaj, S.C. Patil
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.e2576.0810621

Abstract:
In this paper it has been demonstrated that a shielded channel made by varying the side gate length in silicon-on-nothing junctionless transistor not only improves the short channel effect but also improve the performance of CMOS circuits of this device. The proposed device shielded channel dual gate stack silicon on nothing junctionless transistor (SCDGSSONJLT) drain induced barrier lowering (DIBL), cut-off frequency and subthreshold slope are improved by 20%, 39% and 20% respectively over the single material gate silicon on insulator junctionless transistor (SMG SOI JLT). The proposed device CMOS inverter fall time Tf (pS) and noise margin improves by 50% and 10% compare to shielded channel silicon on insulator junctionless transistor (SCSOIJLT). It has been observed that circuit simulation of CMOS inverter, NAND and NOR of proposed device. The static power dissipation in the case of proposed SCDGSSONJLT device are reduced by 45%, 81% and 83% respectively over the SMGSOIJLT. Thus, significant improvement in DIBL, cut-off frequency, propagation delay and static power dissipation at low power supply voltage shows that the proposed device is more suitable for low power CMOS circuits.
Shravya Suresh, Sneha Venkatesh, Vidya Shree S, Hemalatha V R, T Vijaya Kumar
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 49-54; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f2992.0810621

Abstract:
The number of abandoned, homeless and poor people have increased drastically in the recent days. Allotting these people to different shelter home is a very difficult task because volunteers in NGO have to do all the work manually and homeless people don’t have valid documentation regarding their Age and Gender. Volunteers usually estimate the person’s Age and Gender on the basis of naked eye estimation but this estimation or prediction sometimes will not be accurate. This problematic situation can be solved by using Deep Learning algorithm like Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). So in our project, we use CNN algorithm to estimate the Age and Gender from the facial image which proves to be a challenging task for a machine due to the high extent of variability, lighting and other supporting conditions. The system proposes building a model which has multiple convolutional layers along with dropout and maxpooling layers in between. The proposed model has been trained on UTKFace dataset and Fairface dataset. The proposed system aims to produce a high accuracy in allotting the right shelter home for people under various Age and Gender. The web application also accepts donations from the users visiting the website who are willing to help the shelter home residents.
Ehab S. Ghith, Mohamed Sallam, Islam S. M. Khalil, Mohamed Serry, Sherif A. Hammad
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 161-173; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f3073.0810621

Abstract:
The process of tuning the PID controller’s parameters is considered to be a difficult task. Several approaches were developed in the past known as conventional methods. One of these methods is the Ziegler and Nichols that relies on accurate mathematical model of the linear system, but if the system is complex the former method fails to compute the parameters of PID controller. To overcome this problem, recently there exist several techniques based on artificial intelligence such as optimization techniques. The optimization techniques does not require any mathematical model and they are considered to be easy to implement on any system even if it complex, can reach optimal solutions on the parameters. In this study, a new approach to control the position of the micro-robotics system proportional - integral - derivative (PID) controller is designed and a recently developed algorithm based on optimization is known as the sparrow search algorithm (SSA). By using the sparrow search algorithm (SSA), the optimal PID controller parameters were obtained by minimizing a new objective function, which consists of the integral square Time multiplied square Error (ISTES) performance index. The effectiveness of the proposed SSA-based controller was verified by comparisons made with the Sine Cosine algorithm (SCA), and Flower pollination algorithm (FPA) controllers in terms of time and frequency response. Each control technique will be applied to the identified model (simulation results) using MATLAB Simulink and the laboratory setup (experimental results) using LABVIEW software. Finally, the SSA showed the highest performance in time and frequency responses.
Pooja S., Mallikarjunaswamy S., Sharmila N.
International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Volume 10, pp 141-147; https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.f2998.0810621

Abstract:
Image deblurring is a challenging illposed problem with widespread applications. Most existing deblurring methods make use of image priors or priors on the PSF to achieve accurate results. The performance of these methods depends on various factors such as the presence of well-lit conditions in the case of dark image priors and in case of statistical image priors the assumption the image follows a certain distribution might not be fully accurate. This holds for statistical priors used on the blur kernel as well. The aim of this paper is to propose a novel image deblurring method which can be readily extended to various applications such that it effectively deblurs the image irrespective of the various factors affecting its capture. A hybrid regularization method is proposed which uses a TV regularization framework with varying sparsity inducing priors. The edges of the image are accurately recovered due to the TV regularization. The sparsity prior is implemented through a dictionary such that varying weights of sparsity is induced based on the different image regions. This helps in smoothing the unwanted artifacts generated due to blur in the uniform regions of the image.
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