Health, sport, rehabilitation

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ISSN / EISSN : 2520-2677 / 2520-2685
Total articles ≅ 109
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Volodymyr Vitomskyi, , , , Svitlana Gavreliuk, , Olena Lazarieva, , , , et al.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 63-77; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.06

Abstract:
Purpose: to analyze the first experience of administering Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for the students (studs) enrolled in the master's degree program majoring in physical therapy at National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport. Material and methods. The survey included 21 examiners (examrs) and 46 studs involved in OSCE administering. The questionnaire consisted of the questions assessing the quality of station equipment, clarity of the exam format, other aspects. Results. All the examrs informed of total clarity of the examination format, but only 13 (61.9%) of them noted a similar level of clarity for the studs. Тhe examrs identified 3 main reasons for unsuccessful attempts to perform a skill/task: insufficient training, new format of checking knowledge/examination, slightly different focus of training. The distribution of answers concerning the clarity of the format of the examination and its tasks provided by the studs did not differ statistically from those provided by the teachers. The vast maj ority of the examrs indicated that the skills were of sufficient difficulty for the purpose of the examination. 5 examrs had significant difficulties assessing skill performance according to the provided form, while 7 of them had slight difficulties and the rest had no difficulties. The majority of the studs noted that the number of stations and equipment was sufficient (no statistical differences were determined between the answers of the studs and the examrs). Conclusions. The survey revealed the need for introducing certain changes in OSCE assessment form, in the educational program, conducting special preparatory classes for studs. The obtained results can be used to improve the development of OSCE in physical therapy in Ukraine.
Olexandra Horodetska, Bogdana Kuts
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 21-30; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.02

Abstract:
Purpose: The purpose of the work is to conduct a comparative analysis of the functional state of students with different types of posture. Material and methods. The study surveyed 222 students (108 boys and 114 girls). The analysis of the obtained data indicates that only 19.4% of boys and 12.3% of girls have a normal posture. Results. Among students with postural disorders, scoliotic (asymmetric) posture is most common (34.3% of boys and 43.8% of girls), less with stooped (22.2% and 23.7%, respectively), less common with round posture (24.1% and 20.2%). Female students have a lower level of biogeometric posture than boys. The functional state of the level of aerobic productivity, girls, regardless of posture, is higher than boys. Among boys, the level of aerobic performance was not rated higher than "below average", and among girls below "excellent" or "good". According to the standards for assessing the functional readiness of people of different ages in Podilsk region, the "average" level of aerobic productivity of women 20-22 years is much higher than established by GL Apanasenko "safe level of health", and the value of 38 ml min-1 kg-1corresponds only "average" level, regardless of posture. It was found that in students with a low level of biogeometric posture profile, the level of aerobic productivity, regardless of gender, is lower than in people with normal posture. Thus, the relationship between the level of biogeometric profile and the level of aerobic productivity, regardless of the type of posture. Conclusions. The functional state of the level of aerobic productivity, girls, regardless of posture, is higher than boys. Among boys, the level of aerobic performance was not rated higher than "below average", and among girls below "excellent" or "good".
Nawazad Hussien Darwesh, ,
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 53-62; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.05

Abstract:
Purpose. This study aims to find an equation for accurately predicting the skills of spike skill beating (straight and diagonal), and the blocking skills about specific physical measures physical and kinetic skills of volleyball players. The skill of spike and skill blocking is one of the basic skills in volleyball, whose performance requires high compatibility and balance between physical measurements and physical skills Material and Methodology. Moreover, monitoring shows that no statistical equation predicts the punch and squeezes talents that hinder the volleyball sector for the age group (14-16). In the youth volleyballers centers in Erbil, the number of players was (75) out of (106) participants (76% of the total population). 25 Players were excluded because they did not complete the test requirements. Results. The manuscript reached the following results: It was possible to identify the values ​​of some physical measurements and physical and motor abilities affecting the level of accuracy test performance of the skill of spike (straight and diagonal). And through the logical analysis of the regression of anthropometric indicators and physical and motor abilities The regression equation for the first indicator was: Ŷ = a + b x The second indicator is: Ŷ = a + b1 x1 + b2 x2 As for that, the compatibility index is the most contributing variable to the accuracy of the performance of the blocking skill, as its contribution rate was for the first indicator: Ŷ = a + b x And the second indicator: Ŷ = a + b1 x1 + b2 x2 Conclusions: were a statistically significant correlation between some physical measurements, physical and motor abilities, and the accuracy of the spike skill and the blocking skill (Straight and diagonal) of the research sample. Regression equations were obtained to predict the accuracy of the hit performance (Straight and diagonal) in terms of physical measurements, physical abilities, and kinetics.
, Ivan Меlnic, Іhor Churpiy, Przemek Bejga, Zbigniew Śliwiński
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 78-89; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.07

Abstract:
Purpose: The aim of the work is to study the osmotic stability and morpho-functional features of peripheral blood erythrocytes of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome depending on the level of exercise tolerance and associated risk factors. groups of factors that may be the cause, so the development of measures to eliminate them is an urgent problem today, which requires the development of effective ways to correct chronic fatigue syndrome. It is known that the peripheral part of erythron actively responds to changes that occur in the whole body after the action of various factors, including those factors that lead to chronic fatigue syndrome. Material and methods of research. The examination was performed on the basis of the Department of Vascular Neurology of the Central Clinical Hospital of Ivano-Frankivsk. The study involved 30 patients aged 55-65 years (mean age 60.6 + 1.2 years), who were divided into 3 groups: 1 gr. included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and a high level of exercise tolerance. The 2nd group included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and the average level of exercise tolerance, the composition of 3 gr. included 10 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome associated cardiovascular pathology (angina pectoris, hypertension) and low exercise tolerance (3 gr.). Results. It is established that chronic fatigue syndrome proceeds in 3 phases and has natural stages of development which are characterized by three groups of etiological factors and the corresponding levels of teletransitivity to physical activity, each of which corresponds to a certain erythrocyte profile and level of osmotic stability of erythrocytes which are offered to use as prognostic and diagnostic characteristics. chronic fatigue syndrome. Conclusions. The study of the quantitative composition of peripheral blood erythrocytes and hemoglobin, as well as their ratio (color index) in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome on the background of low levels of exercise tolerance revealed a decrease in erythrocytes and hemoglobin by 42% and 25%, respectively, indicating the presence of anemic hypoxia. 2. In conditions of chronic fatigue there is a decrease in osmotic resistance of erythrocytes, as evidenced by a decrease in the number of osmotically stable erythrocytes with a gradual decrease in the concentration of NaCl solution (3.0%; 0.5%; 0.46%; 0.3%). 3. In chronic fatigue there is a deterioration of membranes in peripheral blood erythrocytes, as evidenced by a decrease in their osmotic stability and an increase in the number of irreversibly altered forms of РВЕ, as well as a decrease in peripheral blood erythrocytes, which is closely correlated with decreased tolerance to exercise.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.01

Abstract:
Purpose: Young people who study physical education and sport are a priori regarded as having proper body structure and body composition. It is widely presumed that young who study physical education at one of several national universities of physical education (East Sarajevo) could be characterized with proper physique and body composition. Aim of the current study was to assess and analyze the body composition of a male students Physical Education and Sport, University East Sarajevo, by bioelectric impedance analysis and determine the significance of inter correlation coefficients. Material and methods: In study the participants consist 30 male students of Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo, the III year of study (Body Height = 182.20 ± 6.89cm; Body Weight = 80.06 ± 8.80kg; Body Mass Index= 24.03 ± 2.58kg/m²). Results: of the study showed that the body composition is within the healthy (allowed) values recommended for this population of students (Body Fat=10.90kg or 13.62%; Body Muscle= 65.74kg or 82.40%; Body Water = 61.54%; Basal metabolic rate = 2045.07kCal; Daily calorie intake = 8436.56 kCal, etc.). Inter correlation coefficients showed inverse and significantly high correlation (p=0.000) between (inter correlation coefficient Fat-Muscle = -0.945), (inter correlation coefficients Fat-Water = -0.963) while direct correlation was achieved between (inter correlation coefficient Muscle-Water = 0.986). Conclusion: The obtained results of the study defined the appropriate body composition of the students, which is a consequence of their adequate physical activity and well-designed curricula at the home faculty. In the parameters of body composition, students of physical education and sports in East Sarajevo had a higher muscle component and lower values ​​of fat component than other students as a result of their somatotype, way of studying, teaching and extracurricular physical activities.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 42-52; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.04

Abstract:
Purpose: The author tried to examine the water and sand exercise models to maximize athletes’ training ability as exercise media. Material and Methods: This research is experimental research with a “Two Groups Pretest-Posttest” design that includes a pre-test before the subjects are given treatment and a post-test after the treatment. The research populations were twenty male athletes from a basketball club in Yogyakarta, selected using a random sampling technique. All samples were subjected to a pre-test to determine the treatment group, ranked by their pre-test scores, then matched with the A-B-B-A pattern in two groups with ten athletes each. The sampling technique used in this dividing step was ordinal pairing. This research was conducted 18 times in treatment. The instrument used was an agility test using the Lane agility test. The movements for each number are as follows, (1) Sprint, stunt step, (2) Right slide (running with a guard position to the right side), (3) Run backwards, (4) Left slide, (5) Right slide, (6) Sprint, stunt step, pivot, (7) Right slide, (8) Sprint. Results: The research used normality, homogeneity, and hypothesis testing. To test the hypothesis, the researchers used the two types of t-tests, namely paired sample test and the independent sample test. The T-test is a statistical analysis technique that can be used to determine whether there is a significant difference between two sample means or not. The results revealed that the t count was 2,335 with a p significance value of 0.031. Because the t-count was 2.335 and the significance value was <0.05, these results indicated a significant difference. Conclusions: There was a significant difference in the effect of the exercise methods (water exercise and sand exercise) on agility. The sand exercise training method was higher (better) than the water exercise training method on the agility of basketball athletes.
Viktoriia Bohuslavska, , , Volodimir Yakovliv, Tamara Chernyshenko
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 31-41; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.02.03

Abstract:
Purpose: substantiation and development of the structure and content of theoretical training of kayakers and canoeists at the stage of preliminary basic training and determining the effectiveness of classes using traditional and author's (interactive) means of theoretical training of athletes. Material and methods. In the second stage, an experiment was conducted to establish the effectiveness of traditional and interactive means of theoretical training. The study involved trainers-teachers, a total of 82 people. Among the respondents were 41 coaches of the highest category (21 of them - Honored Coach of Ukraine), 19 people - coaches of the first category, 22 people - coaches of the second category. In the second stage, an experiment was conducted to establish the effectiveness of traditional and interactive means of theoretical training. The experiment involved kayakers and canoeists aged 13-16, who were engaged in the stage of preliminary basic training. The total number of athletes was 42 people. Two experimental groups were formed, in the preparation of which different methods and means of theoretical training were used. Comparison of data obtained during the survey of trainers-teachers was tested for the normality of the distribution using the criterion of agreement χ2 Pearson. To determine the reliability of the differences between the indicators of the level of theoretical training of rowers before and after the pedagogical experiment, the criterion of signs (Signtest) was used. Results. Training sessions on the developed program with the use of author's interactive means of theoretical training contributed to a significant (p <0.05) increase in the overall level of theoretical training of rowers at the stage of preliminary basic training by 29.56%. At the same time, training sessions with the use of theoretical training provided by the state curriculum were less effective and contributed to increasing the overall level of theoretical training of young rowers by only 7.2% (p <0.05). Conclusions. Theoretical training is an important component in the system of training kayakers and canoeists. The use of interactive theoretical training tools using the game method (computer games) in the process of theoretical training significantly increases its effectiveness, in contrast to classes that used only traditional tools and methods (study of methodological literature, conversations, demonstration of posters, stands, educational films ). This innovative approach makes the process of theoretical training much more effective by providing a higher level of theoretical training of athletes.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 52-60; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.04.

Abstract:
Purpose: to build measure sports tolerance for football players in sports academies. The current research aimed to promote a technique for measuring the characteristic of tolerance in athletes utilizing the triple grade ladder model. Material and Methods: The researcher employed a descriptive system to describe the phenomena through gathering, categorizing, processing, and analyzing facts and data to draw conclusions and reach conclusions. Community sample for research purposes: Football school players from Iraq’s Kurdistan area were included in the research community. The sample for the research will consist of (251) players from football academies (Koya, Zakho, Erbil, Soleimania, Soran, and Taqtaq), with the sample purposely chosen for the 2020-2021 academic year with the player’s ages ranging from (12-16) years. Results: The final scale of (27) paragraphs may be according to a triple estimate (3-2-1) ranging from the upper total score (81), and the lowest score (27) and the degree of neutrality (54) and all paragraphs were in a positive direction. The scale is characterized by an unmet generality and high stability that can be relied upon to measure and recognize the level of tolerance among players in the region. Conclusion: According to the study’s summary, the researchers discovered that the scale has an unmet universality and high stability, making it acceptable for measuring and evaluating the level of tolerance among youth football players.
R.A. Sureshbalaji, , P. Nivetha
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 85-91; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.07

Abstract:
Purpose: The present study is aimed to observe the differential response of pranayama in reducing high sensitivity C-reactive protein and creatinine kinase levels among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in comparison to control patients. Material and Methods:An intervention study was done by enrolling 100 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were managed by therapeutics. The participants were divided into intervention and non-intervention group with 50 each sample. The intervention was in the form of sequenced yogic practices for 6 weeks. The pre-intervention and post-intervention inflammatory maker levels were estimated along with lung function estimation. Results: The result was analyzed by descriptive statistics. The mean C-reactive protein, serum creatinine kinase value decreased from 9.53 to 7.85mg/L and from 145.01 to 140.57 U/L respectively following 6 weeks of yogic practices intervention. The observed values were found to be statistically significant (p=<0.05). Conclusion: The statistically significant reduction in inflammatory makers, C-reactive protein and creatinine kinase level following 6-week yogic practices in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient suggests including such yogic interventions in the regular management protocols of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.
Health, sport, rehabilitation, Volume 8, pp 28-38; https://doi.org/10.34142/hsr.2022.08.01.02

Abstract:
Purpose: In today's sport, and especially in high-performance sports where volleyball also belongs, continuous monitoring of Body Composition (BC) can significantly regulate the training process, which has a positive effect on the top form of athletes. Aim of the current study was to assess and analyze the body composition of a female volleyball players VC "Jahorina", by Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA). Material and methods: In study the participants consist 18 female volleyball players, the members of the Volleyball Club ''Jahorina'' from Pale, East Sarajevo City (Body height = 173 ± 8.77 cm; Body weight = 66.04 ± 9.09kg; BMI = 22.03 ± 2.19 kg/m², decimal age 19.11 ± 2.63 years old) who competes in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Results: of the study showed that the body composition is within the healthy (allowed) values recommended for this population of volleyball players (Body Fat = 24.82%; Body Fat=11.44kg; Body Water = 53.68%; Body Muscle = 47.09 kg, BMR = 1538.08; DCI = 6435.38, etc.). Conclusion: Compared to the results of other authors, that Jahorina volleyball players do not lag far behind European clubs in terms of weaker BC (BF%, BFkg, BW%, BMkg, BMR, DCI, BMI, etc.). The only place where they are inferior is the body height of the volleyball player (height = 173 ± 8.77 cm), while the relative value of Body weight = 66.04 ± 9.09 kg is evident.
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