Simulacra

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2622-6952 / 2656-8721
Current Publisher: Universitas Trunojoyo Madura (10.21107)
Total articles ≅ 55
Current Coverage
DOAJ
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Latest articles in this journal

Teguh Dwi Putranto, Rahma Sugihartati, Santi Isnaini, Suko Widodo
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 209-222; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7977

Abstract:
This study seeks to explore the fashion styles of Indonesian actors on Instagram from Foucault’s perspective. Appearance is a demand that is not only aimed at women but also for men. Appearance is an important part, especially for men, so that also increases the metrosexual side. The enhancement of men’s appearance in clothing has increased metrosexuality. The metrosexual side has been viewed by society as indicating the waning masculine side of a man. Thus, some people believe that metrosexual men lose their identity entirely because excessive attention to appearance is associated with women identity. The method used in this study was the Krippendorff content analysis carried out on Joe Taslim’s Instagram account Instagram posts from October 2019 to February 2020. Joe Taslim, known as an Indonesian action actor, is a figure with a masculine appearance chosen in this study to represent a masculine men figure but still looks metrosexual. The results of this study indicate that Joe Taslim’s Instagram is used as a medium in creating fantasies about the men body metrosexual, which is run by the capitalist industry to create a masculine impression.
Adreal Denver Monterona
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 153-164; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.8666

Abstract:
Many adolescents in the Philippines are not only getting pregnant under theage of 20 but are also having repeated pregnancies. Several local studies havedetermined the prevalence and the correlates of repeated pregnancies amongFilipino adolescents, but the qualitative contexts in which these pregnanciesare occurring are unclear yet are important for program development. This paper discusses some qualitative data drawn from experiences of youth who have had repeated pregnancies as a result of a qualitative study that employed the phenomenological and the narrative methodological approach. The study made use of data collected through individual in-depthinterviews with adolescents from the province of Pampanga, Philippines who have experienced more than one pregnancy from ages 15 to 19. Overall themes on the experiences of young mothers include positivity amid within the negativity and old connections, new unions. Found to be both a biological and social phenomenon, repeated adolescent pregnancy heightens both personal and social experiences of the young mother while it involves gender, forming and rebuilding of families as well as local context, and as such validates the need for further research.
Maneesh Panakkeel, Aicha El Alaoui
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 197-208; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.8402

Abstract:
This study discusses the reflection of Indian’s Athithi Devo Bhava policy towards Sri Lankan Tamil refugees during the hostility staged in the island since 1983. The enduring Indian practices of tolerance and goodwill resulted in following a benevolent policy towards all those who sought asylum. In ancient India, there were four cultural maxims: (1) Matru Devo Bhava, your mother is like God; (2) Pitru Devo Bhava, your father is like God; (3) Acharya Devo Bhava, your teacher is like God, and (4) Athithi Devo Bhava, your guest is like God. The refugee has considered as an Athithi (guest) to the country and treated them as God. India has accorded asylum to more than 25 million people in spite of the absence of strong refugee laws, but the treatment has been given on an ad hoc basis. The study is descriptive in nature. The information was collected from secondary sources. It underlines that the Indian government has been providing accommodation, food, and security to refugees. Subsequently, the services enjoyed by the Indian citizens are extended to refugees. There is a harmony between Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils in language and culture. Tamils in India and the Indian government has treated the refugee as a guest.
Sunday Itasanmi, Violet Ekpenyong, Solomon Ojedeji
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 237-249; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7912

Abstract:
This study assessed differences in the psychosocial impact of lockdown and life satisfaction among Nigerian working adults during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study was hinged on the social stress theory. Five hundred and eighteen (518) Nigerian working adults participated in the study using a convenience sampling technique. Two sets of questionnaires were the main instruments of data collection and were complemented by in-depth interview. Quantitative data collected were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, while the qualitative data was thematically analyzed. Findings revealed, amongst others, that livelihood activities of working adults in Nigeria were significantly affected by the Covid-19 lockdown. Working adults who lost jobs during Covid-19 lockdown reported a higher psychosocial impact of the lockdown compared to those who stopped working, worked at home and those who worked at the office during the Covid-19 lockdown in the country. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others, that there is a need for concerted efforts by stakeholders in the country to provide enabling environment for working adults to recover and sustainably return to reasonable livelihood from the shocks occasioned by Covid-19 pandemic.
Abiodun Akande, John Adenle
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 123-138; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.8465

Abstract:
This research is a criticism addressing the formal and ergonomic analysis of Covid-19 face-masks at Giwa Adini, Ogunpa market, Ibadan, Nigeria. However, the research doubles as an ‘interrogative’ tool to elicit narratives on the responsiveness of illiterate and semi-literate traders at Giwa Adini on the advent of the coronavirus. Employing the survey technique, 100 randomly selected respondents were interviewed. The result obtained identifies five fabric mask types in the study area, the cup-shaped fabric mask being the most popular because of its adaptability to extant aso ebi culture. Other extemporized masks, reminiscent of traditional egungun masks, were also observed. With regards to the response to Covid-19, 21 respondents consider the coronavirus as falsehood, 23 claim it is God’s affliction, 43 agree to its reality, but query its low epidemiology and only 13 appear informed. The research showcases a variety of perceptions of Nigerians towards Covid-19,confirming the gross ignorance about the disease and their nonchalant attitude towards it.
Lukman Fajariyah
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 165-178; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7371

Abstract:
This paper explored the life of social stratification of the Madurese society and the usage of Bhasa Madhura (Madurese language) by using two theories, namely Talcott Parsons’ structural functionalism theory and stratification theory by Paul B. Horton. The research method used in this research was a qualitative descriptive method. The authors based this research on literature review and empirical data by observation and interviews. Through data analysis, the author uncovered several findings. First, the social stratification styles of the Madurese society in the context of status, class, and occupation was divided into three types, namely the levels of the oreng kenek, pongghaba, and parjaji communities. Second, the social stratification styles from religious context were divided into six types, including keyae, ajji, modin, bindharah, santre, and banne santre. Third, the usage of Bhasa Madhura in the Madurese social stratification was divided into different honorifics, from the highest and most polite honorific to the lowest or impolite honorific. Besides that, the usage of abhasa (enggi bunten) styles and ta’abhasa (enja’-iye) styles also occur in some aspects of Madurese conditional and contextual life. The findings of this study could be used to advise the preservation of Bhasa Madhura in the social stratification realm.
Firtha Ayu Rachmasari, Delmarrich Bilga Ayu Permatasari
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 139-152; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7879

Abstract:
The Luntas, a modern ludruk group from Surabaya, is bringing back ludrukwith a new style. This is an effort and strategy to attract urban communities, especially young people. This study aims to determine whether the strategies and efforts of The Luntas are successful. The researcher explores the audience’s acceptance by using Stuart Hall’s theory of how the message is conveyed (encoding) and the attitude of receiving the message (decoding). The data was collected through in-depth interviews with the founders of The Luntas as the encoder and the audience as the decoder. The process of selecting audiences as informants must meet several criteria: the informant is the audience for the show “Arti Sebuah JAS” performance; age between 15 to 30 years old; has watched The Luntas live performance more aged between 15 and 30 years; have watched The Luntas live performance more than once; have watched other ludruk shows besides The Luntas at least once. Based on these criteria, the researcher found nine informants. The study results found that five informants in accordance with the dominant-hegemonic category agreed with and accepted The Luntas strategy. Meanwhile, four other informants understood the strategy but tended to negotiate.
Anju Nofarof Hasudungan
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 223-236; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7854

Abstract:
This article examines the process of desegregation through panas pela of education at SMPN 4 Salahutu Liang and SMPN 9 Ambon. Panas pela of education is a transformation of pela gandong local wisdom with the aim ofovercoming segregation in schools. Pela gandong is a bond of brotherhoodbetween the people of Maluku, regardless of religion, either Islam or Christian.The implementation of panas pela of education has been started since 2013between SMPN 9 Ambon, whose students are 99% Christian/Catholic and SMPN 4 Salahutu Liang, which are 100% Muslim students. This research method uses qualitative research with a case study approach. Data collection techniques used by observation, participation, literature review, interviews, and documentation. Panas pela of education as a process of desegregation is carried out in the form of joint activities such as sports fairs, scouts, iftar, Christmas, student council activities and teacher exchanges. In addition, the students also performed dances, songs, and poetry without any segregation between them. In the midst of the current strengthening of polarization due to political choices, the panas pela of education is present as a means of social integration and evidence of the existence of harmonization between religious adherents in Indonesia.
Yesi Mekarsari, Mochamad Iqbal Jatmiko
Published: 2 November 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 179-196; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i2.7366

Abstract:
The Lasem batik industry underwent a significant dynamic change after the inauguration of batik as an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO on October 2, 2009. The increasing growth of the batik industry in Lasem turned out to affect the decline in industrial ownership by Chinese-Indonesian business person. Although the Chinese-Indonesian business person served as an initiator in the Lasem batik industry, it does not guarantee their survival against a massive ownership transition. This article explores the changing dynamics of the Lasem batik industry from the perspective of the Chinese-Indonesian business person who still maintains the continuity of their business. Employing a qualitative method and a narrative study approach, this article seeks to deepen the historical narrative about the lives of six Chinese-Indonesian business persons in the Lasem batik industry. The findings show that since post-reformation until now, the ownership of the Lasem batik industry by Chinese-Indonesian business person continues to decline. Therefore, the expansion of the intra-ethnic network, identity hybridization, cultural acculturation, and authentication of batik motifs became the survival strategies of Chinese-Indonesian business persons to be resistant to industrial ownership transitions and survived competing in theLasem batik business.
Salmatian Safiuddin, Dewi Atikah
Published: 19 June 2020
Simulacra, Volume 3, pp 15-26; doi:10.21107/sml.v3i1.7075

Abstract:
Indonesian Old Bicycle Community or Komunitas Sepeda Tua Indonesia (KOSTI) of Surabaya is a subculture consisting of old bicycle lovers in Surabaya. This qualitative study aims to clarify and strengthen the idea of Internet as a resource and media for the development of subcultures, to investigate online and offline activities of KOSTI Surabaya, and to promote further research on the diversity of subcultures like KOSTI Surabaya following the development of generation 4.0 trend. The researchers collected data through in-depth interviews and observation to the community members. The result indicates that KOSTI Surabaya promotes and maintains the local and Indonesian culture through offline and online communication. This present study can support the conceptualization of subculture in the digital era. This community helps young generations to put Indonesian important values and norms into practice through their lifestyle, such as to build a good relationship, kinship, brotherhood, to create a good harmony in life. In addition, this community becomes a media to foster and maintain our local culture. KOSTI Surabaya is the resistance against the modern culture which makes this community as counter culture against foreign culture challenges. Not only the use of a means of transportation but also of the nature of individualist that starts to embrace most of Indonesian people in urban areas.
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