Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2581-8430
Published by: Asian Research Association (10.54392)
Total articles ≅ 127
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Harshdeep Singh Dhanjal, Sharma K.K.N
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 16-21; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2232

Abstract:
Tribal population in India constitutes about 8.6 percent of the country’s total population and there are 705 recognized scheduled tribes in the country out of which 75 are declared Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Tribals reside in the hilly terrains, dense forests in the remote areas perched away from the mainstream depending upon the forests for their routine needs. The interaction of tribal people with nature is intertwined with their indigenous knowledge system, the knowledge which is held by the members of a particular community and evolved through many years of regular experimentation. It is handed down through generations by the mode of cultural transmission. The characteristic feature of indigenous knowledge is that it serves the day to day needs of the tribals and some crises situation of life including health. Health is an inevitable prerequisite is influenced by some common beliefs, practices and customs in any society. Like every culture, tribals as well have their own beliefs and practices with respect to the concept of health, disease and illness. The present study is conducted among tribes of Surguja district of Chhattisgarh and lays emphasis on highlighting the perceptions pertaining to health & illness and beliefs associated with their indigenous knowledge system.
Fazla Fayaz, Irosha Nilaweera, Riyas Cassim, Dulani Samaranayake, Colombo National Cancer Control Programme
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2231

Abstract:
Introduction: Sexual Risk Behaviour (SRB) among undergraduates has emerged as an important public health issue worldwide. Therefore, the study objective is to assess the prevalence of SRB and its associated factors among second-year undergraduates in a lower resource setting. Methods: A descriptive-cross-sectional study was carried out among 1290, second-year undergraduates in Sri Lanka using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. Four universities were randomly selected out of 10 eligible universities. The cluster size was 30 and 43 clusters were allocated proportionate to the total second-year undergraduate population and three faculties selected. University Health Risk Behaviour (UniHRB) Inventory is a self-administered questionnaire (SAQ) developed, translated and validated in a local setting. SRB was assessed using 18 items, and the minimum score obtained was 0 and the maximum possible score was 78. The minimum threshold score for the presence of SRB was 27 based on expert opinion. A SAQ was developed to assess its associated factors. The factors significantly associated with SRB were identified using appropriate significant tests. All the variables significant p £0.05 in the bivariate analysis were checked for possible effect modification with each other for SRB. In logistic regression analysis forward stepwise logistic regression method was used to identify Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI). Results: Overall response-rate for the study was 88.1% (n=1136). Prevalence of SRB was 3.5% (95%CI:2.6%-4.7%) and it was more among females (3.9%, 95%CI: 2.5-5.8%) and undergraduates of the Engineering Faculty (5.3%,95%CI:1.8-12.2%). SRB was significantly associated with risky-substance-use (AOR=5.7; 95%CI:1.7-18.4), undue-risk-behavior (AOR=9.0;95%CI:2.6-30.4), being emotionally abused during childhood (AOR=5.9; 95%CI:1.6-20.9), perpetrating physical bullying (AOR=2.2;95%CI 1.5-3.1), discrimination due to religion (AOR=4.1;95%CI:1.2-14.2) and negatively associated with EI (AOR=0.96;95%CI 0.92-0.99). Conclusions: Co-existence and clustering of HRBs were observed, Higher emotional intelligence was significantly negatively associated with SRB.
Lisheng Li, Yajun Wu, Xia Kang
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 22-31; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2233

Abstract:
Boredom, as a commonly experienced negative, deactivating achievement emotion, is significantly correlated with the key indicators of academic and well-being outcomes. However, compared with enjoyment and anxiety, boredom in the field of English as a foreign language (EFL), especially the mediating mechanism of boredom on academic performance, still remains relatively unexplored. This study aimed to test whether academic engagement mediated the relationship between boredom and academic achievement in the EFL setting. Data were collected from 535 Chinese EFL secondary school students. Structural equation model (SEM) was used to analyze the data. The findings showed that boredom negatively predicted EFL achievement and academic engagement mediated the relation between boredom and EFL achievement. Limitations and implications are discussed.
Sameem Banu M.S, Jilly Philippa P, Jancy Helena S
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 10-22; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2222

Abstract:
COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the education system where all educational institutions from elementary to university level were closed in India and worldwide. However, this pandemic has paved the way for educational institutions to adopt online education. Although university teachers were not ready with a digital platform at the onset of Covid-19, they have embraced digital methods to continue teaching. In this context, this study was conducted to analyze the opportunities and challenges of online education among the higher education teachers who switched to online education during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to analyze the online teaching and learning methods teachers adopt and the challenges they face in higher education while imparting the course online from various disciplines. This study used a survey-based online questionnaire to collect data from 175 higher education teachers. The analysis was carried out using a descriptive statistical method that included simple percentages and means. The study's findings revealed that online teaching and learning have opportunities such as allowing teachers and students to continue their education online using various platforms even during a lockdown, using online interactive education through audio, video and other potential learning platforms. It also revealed the challenges that include technical, academic and financial challenges that influence and affect online teaching during COVID19 lockdown.
Amila Suranga M, Janaki Vidanapathirana
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 23-29; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2223

Abstract:
Psychological distress is more common among the prison population than in the general population. This is due to overcrowding, various forms of violence, lack of privacy, lack of meaningful activity, isolation from social networks, insecurity about future prospects and inadequate health services, especially mental health services, in prisons. A qualitative study was carried out in 2019 among sixteen prison inmates representing all types of prison institutions in Sri Lanka with the aim of identifying coping strategies of psychological distress. Among them, eight prison inmates were having psychological distress. Majority were between 27-56 years of age and were male. The main strategies adopted by the prison inmates were engaging in different activities, positive thinking about the future, discussing matters with others, avoiding the situations leading to distress and engaging in religious activities. Mainly, the prison inmates who are not psychologically distressed had used these strategies compared to the prison inmates with psychological distress. None of the prison inmates had identified the importance of counselling in coping the psychological distress. Prison inmates have not been given training or awareness regarding the concept of psychological distress or regarding the coping strategies of psychological distress within the prison institutions. Therefore, it is important to include awareness sessions and practical sessions on psychological distress and coping strategies to the introductory awareness sessions conducted for the prison inmates at the time of entry to a prison institution.
Harjit Singh, Singapore Merlion Academy, Guo-Hui Xie
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2221

Abstract:
Dementia is a serious form of cognitive impairment that is currently untreatable and can decline rapidly over time. Beginning with mild cognitive impairment, such as memory loss, poor judgment, difficulty in task performance, misplacement of things, disorientation, language problems and loss of initiative, the severity of cognitive loss becomes gradually more apparent. In fact, dementia impacts five key cognitive functions: attention, executive function, memory, language, and processing speed. In this case study of a female Singaporean octogenarian was suspected to suffer from dementia. The authors administered three projective drawing tests – i.e., the Human-Figure Drawing Test for Cognitive Impairment (HFD-CI), the Human-Figure Drawing Test for Dementia Screening (HFDT-DS), and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) – and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in their dementia identification procedure to make an immediate referral to a geriatric psychiatrist for the client’s mental health follow-up.
Nimali Wijegoonewardene, Janaki Vidanapathirana
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 35-46; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2215

Abstract:
Coping strategies are specific methods used in managing the internal and external demands faced by individuals, which are found to be going beyond their resources. This qualitative study aimed to describe the coping strategies adopted by Correctional and Rehabilitation Officers working in Sri Lankan prisons to reduce their stress and subsequent burnout. The study was carried out in 2017 in the Welikada Closed Prison and Badulla Remand Prison. Twenty prison correctional and rehabilitation officers participated in in-depth interviews. Officers with experience of more than two years in the prison setting were included. Both officers with and without burnout were selected based on the findings of a previous component of the study, with one rehabilitation officer and nine correctional officers from each category. A semi-structured in-depth interview guide was used. Thematic analysis was carried out. Both male and female officers between 23 and 55 years participated in the interviews. Some of the common problems leading to stressful situations were increased workload with additional and irrelevant duties expected from them, poor relationships with superiors, colleagues and inmates and poor support and pressure from the superiors. Six themes were extracted from the content discussed during the interviews. These were discussing with others as a means of seeking support, positive thinking, avoidance of the situation, distraction by involving in other activities, deviating the stress to others and trying to remove or reduce the stressor. Some of the participants thought they needed to learn better ways of coping with the occupational stress and burnout. Many of them believed that workshops on stress management need to be included in their continuous training. The high rank prison officials responsible for the welfare of prison officers were informed of the findings following the study, in order for them to make necessary improvements at the institution and policy level.
Sonia B SyGaco
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 26-34; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2214

Abstract:
Nine teenage Filipino-Germans were challenged to learn two languages when they moved to Dumaguete City, Philippines. These German native speakers were born in Germany and migrated to the Philippines with their German fathers and Filipino mothers. In this new environment, they have been exposed to communicating in Cebuano, the dominant language, and develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing English skills in school. The Can-do Scale test of Keijzer (2007) demonstrates their ability to learn a second language, with all responders willing to read, speak, and write in Cebuano and English. Short-term Filipino-Germans (who stayed in the Philippines for less than five years) prefer to listen to German on the radio or television, while long-term respondents (those who lived in the Philippines for more than five years) with dwindling German vocabulary favor listening to Cebuano and English. The study concludes that German respondents have gradually acquired Cebuano and English through time. The long-term migrants have forgotten their first language, as seen in their reading, speaking and writing skills. In contrast, the short-term migrants are still proficient in their first language despite the competition of the other two languages.
Nawaratne S.D, Vidanapathirana H.M.J.P
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2211

Abstract:
Psychoactive drug users are considered a hidden population and sampling community-based drug users are not feasible with probability sampling methods. The aim of the study was to conduct a pilot study to assess the feasibility of the Respondent Driven Sampling method to sample psychoactive drug users in the community. A community-based pilot study was conducted in Kandy District among 180 psychoactive drug users recruited using Respondent Driven Sampling. Formative assessment was conducted before data collection. Six purposely selected seeds were used. An incentive was provided for every respondent. RDS Analyst free software version 0.64 was used to visualize recruitment trees, recruitment waves, conduct recruitment homophily, convergence analysis, frequency distributions of sociodemographic characteristics and drug use patterns. Seven waves were reached to recruit the 180 drug users in five weeks duration. Two of the six seeds were unproductive. The coupon redeem rate was 34%. Hoping to quit drug use was the main reason for participating in the study. Eighty-one per cent found the data collection site easy or somewhat easy to access. The required sample size was able to achieve with respondent-driven sampling within a short duration of time while fulfilling basic assumptions of respondent-driven sampling. Moreover, the data demonstrate recruiting participants across genders, ethnicities, income levels, occupations, as well as drug use patterns. Therefore, it is a feasible and successful method to recruit psychoactive drug users in the community.
Best Ochigbo, Ime Ukim
Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 5, pp 19-25; https://doi.org/10.54392/ajir2213

Abstract:
The recent global pandemic, Covid-19, has crippled the activities of virtually all sectors of the world’s economy, including art. This has resulted in low patronage and, in some cases, a total shutdown of art galleries in the world. Managing an art gallery has, therefore, become a herculean task. This discourse, therefore, takes a look at achieving excellence in art gallery management in a global pandemic. Its objectives are to find ways of achieving excellence in art gallery management in a global pandemic; advance possible ways or means of creating innovative management strategies, and ascertain the role of art management in the visual art sector for effective service delivery. The paper relied on library and internet sources and participant observation research methods. The paper concludes that transparency, resilience, and speed are required to achieve excellence in art gallery management in a global pandemic. It is recommended that Art galleries should evolve by employing online access to doing business alongside traditional methods.
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