Khatulistiwa

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1412-5781 / 2502-8499
Current Publisher: IAIN Pontianak (10.24260)
Total articles ≅ 32
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Latest articles in this journal

Abdurrahman Abdurrahman, Muhammad Abduh
Published: 29 September 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 43-64; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v9i2.1480

Abstract:
Self-concept is the core of individual personality, which plays a role in determining and directing individual behavior. Self-concept cannot be separated from virtuous values that arise from self-identity. This article discusses the philosophy of life and the cultural values of the Banjar people "baiman, bauntung, batuah" which are used to conceptualize themselves. The values obtained from the strong influence of Islamic teachings on the Banjar people. The dominance of Islam in the Banjar community is undoubtedly, in the process of 'becoming a Banjar', many Dayak ethnic groups are 'becoming Banjars when they convert to Islam. In addition to this article discussing one of the unique cultural forms of Banjar people, the culture of the river, in the form of river transportation, pasar terapung, and rumah lanting, has begun to be neglected.
Benny Baskara, Vincamira Tasha F, Ali Akbar Muhammad
Published: 29 September 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 65-75; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v9i2.1478

Abstract:
The nyadran ritual is a ritual that usually conducted by Javanese Muslim to welcome Ramadhan or fasting month in the Islamic calendar. The essential element of the nyadran ritual is visiting the graveyard to clean up the grave and praying for the ancestors buried in the grave. However, in recent development, it seems that change and development are already happened to the nyadran ritual in some of its elements, such as reciting prayer together, parading the offerings to the graveyard, and end up with communal feast. The media construction is also influential, with the coverage of the nyadran ritual in Makam Sewu by various media, such as television, print media, and online media.
Kutbuddin Aibak
Published: 28 September 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 20-42; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v9i2.1481

Abstract:
The sharia economic dispute resolution process in Indonesia has two paths which can be taken by litigants, namely litigation in court and non-litigation. This research was motivated by sharia economic dispute cases handled by Blitar Religious Court which were carried out through a mediation but failed. The failure of this mediation process and the factors behind the failure are important issues to be studied. Consequently, Supreme Court Regulation No. 1/2016 becomes important to be used as the basis of analysis, whether this regulation has been implemented or not. Therefore, this study aims to describe and analyze the implementation of the Supreme Court Regulation Number 1/2016 concerning the procedure of in-court mediation on economy sharia disputes in Blitar Religious Court, along with various obstacles and solutions.
Ahmad Maulidizen, Eka Pratiwi
Published: 10 July 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1339

Abstract:
In terms of methods of discovering Islamic law, experts formulated 3 methods, namely: linguistic interpretation methods, kaukasi methods and theological methods. The mention of the method of discovery of the first type of law as bayani reasoning means that the discussion is more focused on text, in this case the text is Arabic. This method is a method of legal discovery by interpreting or interpreting existing Islamic legal texts, namely the Quran and hadith. Urgency of sharia is based on the understanding of the verses (verses) of the law in the Qur'an and hadith, the process of decomposition, deepening, and formulation of the law based on a collection of sources from the Qur'an and Hadith. Clear Lafaz is a clear explanation its designation of the intended meaning without requiring an outside explanation. Lafaz, whose meaning is clear, there are 2 opinions, the first is the opinion of the jumhur ulama or mutakallimun, explaining that the meaning of Lafaz is divided into three levels, namely Nash, Zahir and Mujmal. While other opinions, namely opinions from the Hanafi. Lafaz which is clear according to hanafiyah there are 4 kinds, namely: zahir, nash, mufassar and muhkam
Teguh Luhuringbudi, Dewi Nita Utami, Halim Purnomo
Published: 1 June 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 5-22; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1700

Abstract:
This paper seeks to highlight the similarities and differences of science, Islam, and the philosophy of science. The discussion of this paper begins with the assignment of definitions of these three topics. The next discussion is the concept of the three such as the three components of science and the four requirements or rules of science; teachings and objectives of Islam; and the two tasks, objects, and benefits of the philosophy of science. The relation between science and philosophy of science is evidenced from the structure of objectivity, the subjectivity of scientists, and the efforts of control or judgment. The relationship between religion and philosophy of science can be seen from the dominance of morality in the ideal imagination as a standard of product, attitude, and activity. Another proof of the relationship between Islam and the philosophy of science is the variant of Islamic epistemology in the form of bayānī, burhānī, and 'irfānī. The relationship between science and religion of Islam is reflected in the appreciation of al-Qur'ān and al-Ḥadīth which is responded by the presence of religious educational institutions primordially.
Ade Jamaruddin, Asmal May
Published: 17 May 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 23-42; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1608

Abstract:
Movement of thought always influences the human condition both positive and negative influences. The emergence of a belief stream begins with a movement that seeks to reconstruct, purify, innovate against conventional and normative teachings in a religion. One of the schools of Islam is Syi'ah. This research is library research, which is descriptive, analytical and comparative. The data analysis used is deductive and descriptive normative. The factor of the differences in Syi'ah's character in Indonesia is not because of the Indonesian culture. However, Syiah level of understanding of the doctrine of the Imamate gave birth to a different typology. The Indonesian cultural factors only color the skin, not to change the view of faith. The difference between the understanding of Shi'a and Sunni, according to him, the trigger of conflict and mutual infidelity is to forgive, cannot be united until the end. If the Sunni forgives Syi'ah, clearly the opposite will happen, one way that must be taken is mutual tolerance. The rationale for the Shiites is to practice it because of the reason they hold to a strong proposition. The view of the Syi'ah towards his understanding is the same as that of the Sunnah expert on his understanding.
Rahat Khan, Nanik Shobikah, Mohammad Abdul Kaium
Published: 17 May 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 62-94; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1693

Abstract:
The impact of globalization is nothing new to the business firms. In the last few decades globalization has changed the business strategies of the companies. The current case study has tried to evaluate the Aetna’s diversity approaches named ‘The Aetna Way’ policy along with its complexity of implementation in people management issues. The report is categorized as follows. The first part of the report has discussed about the background of investigation. The following part has analyzed some closely related literatures related to the context. This past basically narrate the theme of recruitment and retention policy along with talent management process and its significance for the company. The third part of the case has assessed the Aetna’s recruitment and retention policies and then tried to compare the Aetna’s policies with close competitors’ and top performing companies’. This part also evaluates Aetna talent management process and policies and also compare with the competitors. After that in fourth part, the study points some recommendations with justification. The study has recommended the Aetna, to change the traditional recruitment policy and give more concentration on employee retention rate. Technology driven talent management practices should be the time worthy policy of the Aetna. Focusing more on LAMP and MCC frameworks would enhance the effectiveness and efficiency in recruitment, retention, and talent management policies for the Aetna.
Syahbudi Budi, Fachrurrazi Fachrurrazi
Published: 17 May 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 43-61; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1404

Abstract:
The phenomena of Islamic Defence Action (ABI) has been raising two argumentations: Firstly, the strengthening of religious conservatism. Secondly, ABI is better organized by conservative group and Muslim middle class such as Muslim student activist. One of the agenda is propagating ABI’s ideas at various regions in Indonesia which used to campaign a slogan “It’s time for Muslims resurgence”, such as in Solo, Aceh, Medan, Yogyakarta, Palembang and other areas. This article argues that ABI at Islamic student activists becomes plasticity as a religious discourse but instability as a common identity to shape a new Islamic social movement agenda in Pontianak. This research focuses on how to understand the forms of engagement and resistance to ABI in context of strengthening pluralism and religious tolerance in Pontianak.
Prim Masrokan Mutohar, Hikmah Eva Trisnantari
Published: 31 March 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 151-172; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1541

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the implementation of improving character-based learning quality with the full day school system in the era of industrial revolution 4.0 held in elementary schools. Elementary School, as the foundation for education at the next level, must be in good condition, quality, and teach character values. Primary school is the foundation to be able to continue at the next school level. If the foundation is good and quality, students will find it easier to get succeed in carrying out learning in the next school. Quality learning is the key to the success of schools in creating effective schools, high quality, and demanded by the community. This study used a qualitative research approach with a multi-site study design at Al-Gontori Islamic elementary school and Al-Azhar Islamic Primary with a full day school system. The results of the study indicate that learning is carried out by using government curriculum integration with the school curriculum sourced from the teachings of Islam. Active learning is carried out in shaping the knowledge and skills needed by students in the industrial revolution era 4.0, planting morality, implementing character values that are the core values of the school, and forming Islamic culture. This is done so that students have personal and social skills in preparing quality human resources in the future. Learning quality is improved continuously so that students have the competence and character that are by the quality standards set by the school. The full-day school system can familiarize students in applying character values under the guidance and supervision of teachers.
Aries Musnandar
Published: 31 March 2020
Khatulistiwa, Volume 10, pp 132-150; doi:10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1701

Abstract:
The finding result of Alfred Binnet dan Theodore Simon (1905) about IQ (Intelligence Quotient) is perceived by many people as a determined factor of an individual success in various life sectors. Therefore, the emphasizing on academic activities in schools including elementary schools is based on intellect/IQ and hard skills over soft skills. However, IQ and / or intellect approach has not succeeded yet in improving a student’s learning achievement in academic performance results, hard skills, moreover soft skills. This research is aimed to understand deeply on the importance and the need of soft skills development in schools especially elementary school. The study employs qualitative research method with multiple case study design, in which a meaning making activity is underlined as the first objective of interpretive research in understanding social phenomena of education activities. The phenomena of soft skillsoccurs in real-life events andcurrent situation, as well as programs and activities. In this qualitative research method the researcher conducted three main activities such as in-depth interview, observation and to get relevant data collection in order to enrich and complete the previous obtained data. Based on findings, it is known substantively that students’ soft skills will not be developed if the instructional management focuses on academic. Besides, soft skills will enhance significantly students’ academic results, because soft skills will enable and improve students’ potentials to reach the best learning achievement. In Islamic perspective, the quality of soft skills within akhlak-adab domain will be more better if soft skills’ development are referred to a sound heart (qolbun salim). Finally, it is shown in formal finding that the instructional management of students’ soft skills is a must and it is importance to be implemented in education particularly in elementary school.
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