JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-7724 / 2655-7479
Published by: Universitas Surabaya (10.24123)
Total articles ≅ 25
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 119-127; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i02.3066
The present development of technology, mainly with the presence of internet has presented new ways and opportunities in business, namely by electronic commerce (e-commerce). Despite having positive impact, e-commerce also has the potential to cause a negative impact, that is by cyber crime. This research is intended to analyse the possibility of a new cyber crime mode which utilizes cashback promotion in e-marketplace (mainly known as marketplace). The mode used by the perpetrators is to make fictitious transaction in order for the system of marketplace to provide many cashback promos for each transaction made. The perpetrators are allowed to do this mode because they take advantage of the flaw in the system of the marketplace due to the availability of the cashback promo for all of the consumer. The emergence of the possibility of a new cyber crime mode shows the importance of this case to be assessed based on The Law of Republic Indonesia Number 19 of 2016 Concerning Amandment to The Law of Republic Indonesia Number 11 Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions when a transaction is considered as manipulative.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 77-89; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i02.3057
Criminal activities related to the use of the internet (cyber crime) are growing rapidly in Indonesia with various modes. This article aims to analyze one of the cases that has occurred regarding illegal access to fund transfers based on normative juridical methods. The action being studied was access to a mobile bank account using an inactive card to transfer funds. Based on this mode, two violations occurred in 2 (two) laws as well as Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Information and Electronic Transactions and Law Number 3 of 2011 concerning Fund Transfers. The result of this research is that perpetrators with mobile banking account access mode by using an inactive card and transferring funds can fulfill the criminal elements according to the provisions of Article 30 paragraph (3) of Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions, and can subject to criminal penalties according to Article 46 paragraph (3) of Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions, and also fulfills criminal elements according to the criminal provisions of Article 81 of Law Number 3 of 2011 concerning Fund Transfers.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 100-118; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i02.4094
This paper focuses on the similarity of functions between Trademarks and Limited Liability Company Name, namely quality assurance function, which enables both to provide a guarantee on the reputation of goods and/or services offered to the consumer. Such similarity of functions between those two different legal terminology opens a loophole for any party, based on bad faith, to conduct passing off towards a registered trademarks owned by another party through the use of a limited liability company name. This paper shows the urgency of a harmonization and integration between the mechanism of applying for Trademark registration and the submission of the name of a limited liability company in Indonesia. Therefore, this paper will examine and criticize the laws and regulations relating to the two terminology above, inter alia the Law Number 20 of 2016 regarding Trademarks and Geographical Indications and the Government Regulation Number 43 of 2011 regarding Procedures for Filing and Use of Limited Liability Company Name. This paper concludes that the government of the Republic of Indonesia must immediately amend the regulation on the requirements for submitting the name of a limited liability company, by requiring the Directorate General of General Legal Administration to reject the name of a limited liability company that uses a name that has been registered as a brand by another party.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 90-99; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i02.3945
Tax payment compliance has always been a polemic in any country in the world, including in Indonesia. Indonesia applies a taxation system in the form of self-assessment in which taxpayers have full authority in carrying out their tax obligations. On the one hand, this principle is very good for the tax authorities or the Directorate General of Taxes (DGT), because it reduces their administrative costs. With taxpayers calculating, paying, and reporting their own tax obligations, DGT is on the passive side because it is only a matter of waiting for tax deposits and reports. On the other hand this also creates new problems. DGT very much depends on the honesty, willingness and level of understanding of taxpayers of their respective tax rules and obligations. The main problem with this principle is the honesty stage. Humans basically will always try with the least possible sacrifice and will try to get the maximum result or benefit. Meanwhile, tax, however its form, is still an expense that must be borne by the taxpayer. This is what causes taxpayers, to always arise reluctance to pay taxes which in the next stage is trying to find ways to reduce tax payments as small as possible. Meanwhile, the state always expects the income from the tax payments of its citizens to ensure the survival and the implementation of development as a whole. For this reason, a breakthrough is needed so that these differences in interests can reach a good common ground for all parties.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 67-76; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i02.3955
Indonesia is currently undergoing major changes caused by Covid-19. One of the big changes is the increase in medical waste. Article 1 number 1 of Government Regulation No. 101 of 2014 concerning Waste Management of Hazardous and Toxic Materials ("PP No. 101 Of 2014") Covid waste is included in hazardous and toxic materials or B3 because it can harm health even to human safety. In addition to damaging the environment of medical waste used to handle Covid is at great risk of transmitting coronavirus if not managed appropriately. Because of this, this paper aims to control the presence of B3 waste so as not to further spread the virus and damage the environment. The method used is literature studies. The objective can be obtained by managing medical waste by means of reduction, storage, collection, transportation, management, hoarding. Every party that produces B3 waste must manage their waste that is infectious with Covid-19. It is not recommended to be immediately disposed of and can be destroyed first by burning and placed in a special place of infectious waste. It must be done the right management by separating the according with the type of waste. For the parties who still violate existing regulations, can be sanctioned. So that the environment can be protected and break the chain of spread of Covid-19.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2403
Act No. 11 of 1992 about the Pension fund states retirement funds as legal entities that manage and run retirement programs that promise retirement benefits when retired or full duty to participants. As a legal entity of course the pension fund is based on the subject of the law as a human being, which has the right and obligation to do legal action to the other party. Pension funds have a legal entity status and may conduct activities from the date of ratification by the Financial Services Authority. Reviewed from the theory or the terms of the legal entity, the status of the legal entity of the Pension Fund has fulfilled the requirements of the material or formyl in the establishment of pension funds, such as having a separate property from the founders, have a specific goal to Conduct retirement benefits, have their own interests, have a regular organization in the Division of duties and functions between founders, supervisory boards, and managers, and obtain recognition and confirmation from the State authority. While the pension fund as an independent legal entity does not use the form of legal entity such as limited liability company, cooperative, or foundation, because there is a concept in the legal entity that does not conform to the concept of pension funds. Keywords: Legal Subject, Legal Entity, Pension Fund AbstrakUndang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 1992 tentang Dana Pensiun menyebutkan bahwa dana pensiun adalah badan hukum yang mengelola dan menjalankan program pensiun yang menjanjikan manfaat pensiun pada saat telah pensiun atau pensiun kepada pesertanya. Sebagai badan hukum, dana pensiun terletak sebagai subjek hukum layaknya manusia, yang memiliki hak dan kewajiban sehingga dapat melakukan perbuatan hukum kepada pihak lain. Dana pensiun berbadan hukum dan dapat melaksanakan kegiatan sejak tanggal persetujuan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan. Dilihat dari teori dan persyaratan badan hukum, badan hukum dana pensiun telah memenuhi persyaratan baik materiil maupun formil dalam pembentukan dana pensiun, seperti memiliki kekayaan yang terpisah dari pendirinya, mempunyai tujuan khusus dalam menyelenggarakan manfaat pensiun, memiliki kepentingan, menyelenggarakan organisasi dalam pembagian tugas dan fungsi antara pendiri, dewan pengawas, dan pengurus, serta memperoleh pengakuan dan pengesahan dari otoritas negara. Dana pensiun sebagai badan hukum mandiri tidak menggunakan badan hukum seperti Perseroan Terbatas, Koperasi, atau Yayasan, karena terdapat konsep dalam badan hukum yang tidak sesuai dengan konsep dana pensiun. Kata Kunci: Subjek Hukum; Badan Hukum; Dana Pensiun
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 49-66; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2297
The application of impeachment in Indonesia is different from the application of impeachment in another states since there is a system of impeachment of the head of district. As a form of the implementation of district autonomy system there is an existence of executive and legislative branches in the regions. And in line with the authority received by the regional’s institutions there is also an initiative to do a surveillance mechanism for the executive and legislative branches in the regions which reflect the surveillance mechanism for the executive branch in the central government. The existence of this regulation stimulates debates and differentiation of interpretation on at least 3 main problems which are first regarding the interpretation of validity of district’s legislative impeachment authority, Second regarding the working relation between Legislative institution and Legislative institution in districts, and third regarding the responsibility of the incumbency of the head of district and its legal consequences. This problem stimulates debates and differentiation of academic interpretation. Therefore, there are much that can be observed regarding the differentiation of stipulations to the extend of the technical process from the impeachment mechanism as a form of an enforcement to trim down chaos of law (rechtsverwarring). Legal reform is a form of enforcement to revitalize the structure of constitutional system in Indonesia. Hopefully, with that revitalization Hopefully the Nusantara good governance can be achieved and can bring our nation to a better future. Keywords: Impeachment; Governmental Institution; Local Government Abstrak Penerapan impeachment di Indonesia berbeda dengan di negara lain karena terdapat sistem impeachment kepala daerah. Sebagai salah satu bentuk pelaksanaan sistem otonomi daerah, terdapat lembaga eksekutif dan legislatif di daerah. Sejalan dengan kewenangan yang diterima oleh lembaga daerah juga terdapat inisiatif untuk melakukan mekanisme pengawasan terhadap eksekutif dan legislatif di daerah yang mencerminkan mekanisme pengawasan eksekutif di pusat. Adanya Perpres terkait ini memicu perdebatan dan diferensiasi tafsir atas minimal tiga masalah pokok yaitu pertama tentang penafsiran keabsahan kewenangan pemakzulan DPRD, kedua, tentang hubungan kerja antara lembaga legislatif dan lembaga legislatif di daerah, dan ketiga, tentang tanggung jawab. tentang jabatan bupati dan konsekuensi hukumnya. Masalah ini memicu perdebatan dan diferensiasi interpretasi akademis. Oleh karena itu, banyak hal yang dapat dicermati mengenai diferensiasi ketentuan hingga perluasan proses teknis dari mekanisme impeachment sebagai bentuk penegakan untuk meredam kekacauan hukum (rechtsverwarring). Reformasi hukum merupakan salah satu bentuk penegakan hukum untuk merevitalisasi struktur ketatanegaraan di Indonesia. Semoga dengan revitalisasi itu semoga pemerintahan yang baik nusantara bisa tercapai dan bisa membawa bangsa kita menuju masa depan yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci: Pemakzulan; Institusi Pemerintah; Pemerintah Daerah
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 13-23; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2864
This study aims to find out the Analysis of Regional Government Policy in Handling Covid-19 perspectives on State Administrative Law. With qualitative research approaches using normative legal research. Both the central and regional governments reduce the spread of Covid-19 with some handling, especially in the perspective of state administrative law. In this case, an analysis of West Bandung Regency is needed in the handling of Covid-19. This gives an understanding that the regional government in making policy needs to synchronize with the central government, especially in analyzing a policy in accordance with state administrative law. Keywords: Policy Analysis; Covid-19; Administrative Law. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggetahui Analisis Kebijakan Pemerintahan Daerah dalam Penanganan Covid-19 perspektif Hukum Administrasi. Dengan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan menggunakan penelitian hukum normatif. Pemerintah baik pusat maupun daerah menekan angka penyebaran Covid-19 dengan beberapa penanganan terutama dalam perpektif hukum administrasi. Dalam hal ini dibutuhkan analisis kebijakan daerah Kabupaten Bandung Barat dalam penanganan Covid-19. Hal ini memberi pengertian bahwa pemerintah daerah dalam membuat kebijakan perlu adanya sinkronisasi dengan pemerintah pusat terutama dalam menganalisis suatu kebijakan sesuai dengan hukum administrasi negara. Kata Kunci: Analisis Kebijakan; Covid-19; Hukum Administrasi.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 36-48; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2871
This research aims to analyze the form of complaints mechanism by the Committee Against Torture. This research is a study that uses normative legal research by collecting secondary data. Data collection is done using the library study method by collecting legal materials and information in the form of primary, secondary, and tertiary legal materials. In order to get a clear explanation, the data is then arranged systematically and analyzed using descriptive methods. The results of this research indicate that torture is an act carried out by causing pain or suffering. The United Nations General Assembly then established the Convention against Torture which is believed to be able to specifically monitor multilateral instruments for the protection of torture and other inhuman treatment. Furthermore, related to the complaints mechanism regulated by the Anti-Torture Committee that complaints procedures in international law generally refer to a formal legal process whereby a person or group of people submit a complaint to an international legal entity to reveal that their human rights have been violated in a particular case. The Committee has a mandate related to the assessment of complaints filed by participating countries that have recognized the authority of the Committee, individuals and the Committee can conduct fact-finding if it has reliable information about the occurrence of systematic torture in one of the participating countries. Keywords : “Torture”, “Convention Against Torture”, “Committee Against Torture” AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis mekanisme pengaduan yang dilakukan oleh Committee Against Torture. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yuridis normatif yang dilengkapi data sekunder. Metode penelitian menggunakan studi pustaka dengan mengumpulkan bahan hukum dan informasi berupa bahan hukum primer, sekunder, dan tersier. Untuk mendapatkan penjelasan yang jelas, data kemudian disusun secara sistematis dan dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penyiksaan merupakan tindakan yang dilakukan dengan menimbulkan rasa sakit atau penderitaan. Majelis Umum Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa kemudian membentuk Konvensi Menentang Penyiksaan yang diyakini mampu secara khusus memantau instrumen multilateral untuk perlindungan penyiksaan dan perlakuan tidak manusiawi lainnya. Lebih lanjut, terkait mekanisme pengaduan yang diatur oleh Committee Against Torture bahwa prosedur pengaduan dalam hukum internasional pada umumnya mengacu pada proses hukum formil dimana seseorang atau sekelompok orang mengajukan pengaduan ke badan hukum internasional untuk mengungkapkan bahwa hak asasi mereka telah dilanggar dalam kasus tertentu. Komite memiliki mandat terkait dengan penilaian pengaduan yang diajukan oleh negara peserta yang telah mengakui kewenangan Komite, individu dan Komite dapat melakukan pencarian fakta jika memiliki informasi yang dapat dipercaya tentang terjadinya penyiksaan sistematis di salah satu negara peserta. Kata kunci: Penyiksaan; Konvensi Menentang Penyiksaan; Committee Against Torture
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 24-35; https://doi.org/10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2818
This research purposes to observe the development of crimes against children in Indonesia. Firstly, will take a closer look toward the importance of child protection in family, school and the environment from violence and crime. Secondly, will evaluate how far the criminal justice system can give protection toward the children as victims of violence and crime. Thirdly, looking at the state responsibility in giving sanctions through the criminal justice system. The method used in this research is juridical-normative by collecting secondary data related to legislation and materials obtained from books, journals, and other relevant materials. The observation result shown that many children are victims of violence. The victimization is basically everywhere, not only at home, but also at school. Violence in schools is not merely physical violence, but also psychological. The responsibility for protecting, educating, and developing children lies in the environment, family, and school. The function of criminal law to fight crimes against children's rights is a major factor in the success of the juvenile criminal justice system.