JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-7724 / 2655-7479
Current Publisher: University of Surabaya (10.24123)
Total articles ≅ 15
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 36-48; doi:10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2871
This research aims to analyze the form of complaints mechanism by the Committee Against Torture. This research is a study that uses normative legal research by collecting secondary data. Data collection is done using the library study method by collecting legal materials and information in the form of primary, secondary, and tertiary legal materials. In order to get a clear explanation, the data is then arranged systematically and analyzed using descriptive methods. The results of this research indicate that torture is an act carried out by causing pain or suffering. The United Nations General Assembly then established the Convention against Torture which is believed to be able to specifically monitor multilateral instruments for the protection of torture and other inhuman treatment. Furthermore, related to the complaints mechanism regulated by the Anti-Torture Committee that complaints procedures in international law generally refer to a formal legal process whereby a person or group of people submit a complaint to an international legal entity to reveal that their human rights have been violated in a particular case. The Committee has a mandate related to the assessment of complaints filed by participating countries that have recognized the authority of the Committee, individuals and the Committee can conduct fact-finding if it has reliable information about the occurrence of systematic torture in one of the participating countries. Keywords : “Torture”, “Convention Against Torture”, “Committee Against Torture” AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis mekanisme pengaduan yang dilakukan oleh Committee Against Torture. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yuridis normatif yang dilengkapi data sekunder. Metode penelitian menggunakan studi pustaka dengan mengumpulkan bahan hukum dan informasi berupa bahan hukum primer, sekunder, dan tersier. Untuk mendapatkan penjelasan yang jelas, data kemudian disusun secara sistematis dan dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penyiksaan merupakan tindakan yang dilakukan dengan menimbulkan rasa sakit atau penderitaan. Majelis Umum Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa kemudian membentuk Konvensi Menentang Penyiksaan yang diyakini mampu secara khusus memantau instrumen multilateral untuk perlindungan penyiksaan dan perlakuan tidak manusiawi lainnya. Lebih lanjut, terkait mekanisme pengaduan yang diatur oleh Committee Against Torture bahwa prosedur pengaduan dalam hukum internasional pada umumnya mengacu pada proses hukum formil dimana seseorang atau sekelompok orang mengajukan pengaduan ke badan hukum internasional untuk mengungkapkan bahwa hak asasi mereka telah dilanggar dalam kasus tertentu. Komite memiliki mandat terkait dengan penilaian pengaduan yang diajukan oleh negara peserta yang telah mengakui kewenangan Komite, individu dan Komite dapat melakukan pencarian fakta jika memiliki informasi yang dapat dipercaya tentang terjadinya penyiksaan sistematis di salah satu negara peserta. Kata kunci: Penyiksaan; Konvensi Menentang Penyiksaan; Committee Against Torture
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 24-35; doi:10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2818
This research purposes to observe the development of crimes against children in Indonesia. Firstly, will take a closer look toward the importance of child protection in family, school and the environment from violence and crime. Secondly, will evaluate how far the criminal justice system can give protection toward the children as victims of violence and crime. Thirdly, looking at the state responsibility in giving sanctions through the criminal justice system. The method used in this research is juridical-normative by collecting secondary data related to legislation and materials obtained from books, journals, and other relevant materials. The observation result shown that many children are victims of violence. The victimization is basically everywhere, not only at home, but also at school. Violence in schools is not merely physical violence, but also psychological. The responsibility for protecting, educating, and developing children lies in the environment, family, and school. The function of criminal law to fight crimes against children's rights is a major factor in the success of the juvenile criminal justice system.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 13-23; doi:10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2864
This study aims to find out the Analysis of Regional Government Policy in Handling Covid-19 perspectives on State Administrative Law. With qualitative research approaches using normative legal research. Both the central and regional governments reduce the spread of Covid-19 with some handling, especially in the perspective of state administrative law. In this case, an analysis of West Bandung Regency is needed in the handling of Covid-19. This gives an understanding that the regional government in making policy needs to synchronize with the central government, especially in analyzing a policy in accordance with state administrative law. Keywords: Policy Analysis; Covid-19; Administrative Law. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggetahui Analisis Kebijakan Pemerintahan Daerah dalam Penanganan Covid-19 perspektif Hukum Administrasi. Dengan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan menggunakan penelitian hukum normatif. Pemerintah baik pusat maupun daerah menekan angka penyebaran Covid-19 dengan beberapa penanganan terutama dalam perpektif hukum administrasi. Dalam hal ini dibutuhkan analisis kebijakan daerah Kabupaten Bandung Barat dalam penanganan Covid-19. Hal ini memberi pengertian bahwa pemerintah daerah dalam membuat kebijakan perlu adanya sinkronisasi dengan pemerintah pusat terutama dalam menganalisis suatu kebijakan sesuai dengan hukum administrasi negara. Kata Kunci: Analisis Kebijakan; Covid-19; Hukum Administrasi.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 1-12; doi:10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2403
Act No. 11 of 1992 about the Pension fund states retirement funds as legal entities that manage and run retirement programs that promise retirement benefits when retired or full duty to participants. As a legal entity of course the pension fund is based on the subject of the law as a human being, which has the right and obligation to do legal action to the other party. Pension funds have a legal entity status and may conduct activities from the date of ratification by the Financial Services Authority. Reviewed from the theory or the terms of the legal entity, the status of the legal entity of the Pension Fund has fulfilled the requirements of the material or formyl in the establishment of pension funds, such as having a separate property from the founders, have a specific goal to Conduct retirement benefits, have their own interests, have a regular organization in the Division of duties and functions between founders, supervisory boards, and managers, and obtain recognition and confirmation from the State authority. While the pension fund as an independent legal entity does not use the form of legal entity such as limited liability company, cooperative, or foundation, because there is a concept in the legal entity that does not conform to the concept of pension funds. Keywords: Legal Subject, Legal Entity, Pension Fund AbstrakUndang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 1992 tentang Dana Pensiun menyebutkan bahwa dana pensiun adalah badan hukum yang mengelola dan menjalankan program pensiun yang menjanjikan manfaat pensiun pada saat telah pensiun atau pensiun kepada pesertanya. Sebagai badan hukum, dana pensiun terletak sebagai subjek hukum layaknya manusia, yang memiliki hak dan kewajiban sehingga dapat melakukan perbuatan hukum kepada pihak lain. Dana pensiun berbadan hukum dan dapat melaksanakan kegiatan sejak tanggal persetujuan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan. Dilihat dari teori dan persyaratan badan hukum, badan hukum dana pensiun telah memenuhi persyaratan baik materiil maupun formil dalam pembentukan dana pensiun, seperti memiliki kekayaan yang terpisah dari pendirinya, mempunyai tujuan khusus dalam menyelenggarakan manfaat pensiun, memiliki kepentingan, menyelenggarakan organisasi dalam pembagian tugas dan fungsi antara pendiri, dewan pengawas, dan pengurus, serta memperoleh pengakuan dan pengesahan dari otoritas negara. Dana pensiun sebagai badan hukum mandiri tidak menggunakan badan hukum seperti Perseroan Terbatas, Koperasi, atau Yayasan, karena terdapat konsep dalam badan hukum yang tidak sesuai dengan konsep dana pensiun. Kata Kunci: Subjek Hukum; Badan Hukum; Dana Pensiun
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 23, pp 49-66; doi:10.24123/yustika.v23i01.2297
The application of impeachment in Indonesia is different from the application of impeachment in another states since there is a system of impeachment of the head of district. As a form of the implementation of district autonomy system there is an existence of executive and legislative branches in the regions. And in line with the authority received by the regional’s institutions there is also an initiative to do a surveillance mechanism for the executive and legislative branches in the regions which reflect the surveillance mechanism for the executive branch in the central government. The existence of this regulation stimulates debates and differentiation of interpretation on at least 3 main problems which are first regarding the interpretation of validity of district’s legislative impeachment authority, Second regarding the working relation between Legislative institution and Legislative institution in districts, and third regarding the responsibility of the incumbency of the head of district and its legal consequences. This problem stimulates debates and differentiation of academic interpretation. Therefore, there are much that can be observed regarding the differentiation of stipulations to the extend of the technical process from the impeachment mechanism as a form of an enforcement to trim down chaos of law (rechtsverwarring). Legal reform is a form of enforcement to revitalize the structure of constitutional system in Indonesia. Hopefully, with that revitalization Hopefully the Nusantara good governance can be achieved and can bring our nation to a better future. Keywords: Impeachment; Governmental Institution; Local Government Abstrak Penerapan impeachment di Indonesia berbeda dengan di negara lain karena terdapat sistem impeachment kepala daerah. Sebagai salah satu bentuk pelaksanaan sistem otonomi daerah, terdapat lembaga eksekutif dan legislatif di daerah. Sejalan dengan kewenangan yang diterima oleh lembaga daerah juga terdapat inisiatif untuk melakukan mekanisme pengawasan terhadap eksekutif dan legislatif di daerah yang mencerminkan mekanisme pengawasan eksekutif di pusat. Adanya Perpres terkait ini memicu perdebatan dan diferensiasi tafsir atas minimal tiga masalah pokok yaitu pertama tentang penafsiran keabsahan kewenangan pemakzulan DPRD, kedua, tentang hubungan kerja antara lembaga legislatif dan lembaga legislatif di daerah, dan ketiga, tentang tanggung jawab. tentang jabatan bupati dan konsekuensi hukumnya. Masalah ini memicu perdebatan dan diferensiasi interpretasi akademis. Oleh karena itu, banyak hal yang dapat dicermati mengenai diferensiasi ketentuan hingga perluasan proses teknis dari mekanisme impeachment sebagai bentuk penegakan untuk meredam kekacauan hukum (rechtsverwarring). Reformasi hukum merupakan salah satu bentuk penegakan hukum untuk merevitalisasi struktur ketatanegaraan di Indonesia. Semoga dengan revitalisasi itu semoga pemerintahan yang baik nusantara bisa tercapai dan bisa membawa bangsa kita menuju masa depan yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci: Pemakzulan; Institusi Pemerintah; Pemerintah Daerah
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 22, pp 109-117; doi:10.24123/yustika.v22i02.2564
This article riviews Trademark cases about extension of the PRADA brand owned by PRADA S.A. and re-registration of THE RICH PRADA brand based on Trademark Law No. 15 of 2001 which is now changed to Law No. 20 of 2016 of Trademark. Therefore, there is a Directorate General of IPR that carries out its duties and functions in the process of trademark registration and others. The case discussed in this article is regarding PRADA brand owned by PRADA S.A. who registered their brand in class 43 in 2007, but until 2017 PRADA S.A. absolutely not produce in class number 43. And an extension in 2018, and re-registration of THE RICH PRADA mark in indication of bad faith, the research method used in this article is normative juridical research that is research conducted with literature study, which refers to legal materials both primary and secondary legal materials related to this article. The results of the article shows that if there are registered trademarks that register trademarks in the brand class but not used at all, it can still be extended as long as they do not exceed the grace period and in the registration of the mark, it should be in good faith.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 22, pp 84-93; doi:10.24123/yustika.v22i02.2406
The increasement of human needs in society goes hand in hand with the development of technology. To meet these needs, there must be interaction between people which sometimes has the potential to cause disputes. That’s why a contract is needed. The existence of a contract guarantees legal certainty regarding protection of the rights of the parties and also the obligations that they must fulfill. There are several stages of contract formation which consist of pre-contract and agreement between the parties. According to the system in the Book III of Indonesia’s Code of Civil Law, consensus is the base for the formation of contract that means once the agreement has reached between the parties then a contract is formed. Indonesia’s Code of Civil Law doesn’t yet regulate pre-contract stages of contract formation, even though these stages are equally important. The regulation of pre-contract stages are usually set in the common law system, but along with the times, the regulation of pre-contract stages should also be regulated in the civil law system. As a comparison, Het Nieuw Burgerlijke Wetboek (New Civil Code of Netherlands) has already regulated that pre-contract stages, although the Netherlands is a country that implements civil law system. The pre-contract stages are very important to be regulated in Indonesia because there are many potential pre-contractual issues. This paper aims to formulate the outline of what needs to be regulated in the pre-contract regulations. Keywords : Interaction, Contract, Formation, Civil Code
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 22, pp 94-108; doi:10.24123/yustika.v22i02.2501
Article 44 paragraphs (4) and (5) of Law no. 5 of 1999 regulates that for business actors who do not carry out the KPPU's decisions that have permanent legal force (BHT), KPPU can hand over these business actors to investigators. The provision is unclear, that is, it is not written / stated explicitly, including the categories of acts that can be subject to / threatened with principal or additional crimes as in Articles 48 and 49 of Law No. 5 of 1999. The lack of clarity is related to the issue of formulasi policy which is one of the strategic policies in realizing more rational laws and becomes a guideline for the next functionalization stages, namely the application and execution stages. Formulation of criminal offenses in Article 48 paragraphs (1) and (2) of Law no. 5 of 1999 is interpreted as a wesenschaw offense, which is said to have fulfilled the elements of a criminal offense not only because the act is in accordance with the formulation of a criminal offense but the act is also intended by the legislators, that the business actor and or other party may be convicted if do not carry out what becomes their obligation as in the KPPU Decision which has BHT. Obligations to carry out the business and other parties mentioned, namely carrying out administrative sanctions / actions imposed by KPPU for violating the administration of Law No. 5 of 1999. That also signifies criminal conviction in Article 48 paragraphs (1) and (2) of Law no. 5 of 1999 is ultimum remidium.
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 22, pp 74-83; doi:10.24123/yustika.v22i02.2388
Problems related to the resultant electoral system and the government system are the focus of the discussion in this study. Types of electoral systems, as well as types of governmental systems are discussed to be able to be a study of the use of electoral systems and government systems. The purpose of discussing this problem is to analyze the electoral system and the government system that are compatible with the implementation of democracy in Indonesia. This research is discussed through normative analysis, and through qualitative methods. The results of the qualitative normative analysis can be seen as follows: First, the results of the analysis show that there is a resultant between the electoral system towards the implementation of democracy in Indonesia as seen from the theory of the people's unity and the representative system. The consultant becomes strong if the general election system used is a purely open proportional electoral system, namely the voter as the supreme sovereignty constitution, can know with certainty who the candidate is and will help determine who is the people's representative. Second, there is a result between the government system and the implementation of democracy, the theory of popular sovereignty and the system of representation. Parliamentary and presidential government systems have their own weak points and strengths. However, the presidential system applied in democratic countries in Indonesia is better, because it tends to be more stable in its accountability. Placing the highest sovereignty as the only party that accepts the responsibility of those who have been elected to the executive and parliamentary institutions. The concept developed is a system of political representation, not as a system of partisan representation . Keywords: Resultan, District System, Proporsional System, Presidensiil, Parlementary
JURNAL YUSTIKA: MEDIA HUKUM DAN KEADILAN, Volume 22, pp 64-73; doi:10.24123/yustika.v22i02.2028
This article aims to examine the truth of the possession of shabu-shabu Narcotics found in NS's helmets which allegedly mastered the Narcotics so it must be proven through the process of proof according to applicable formal law. Research in this paper uses a normative juridical research method, namely research that is examined using primary legal material consisting of legislation, jurisprudence. In addition to being studied using primary legal materials, this study was also conducted using secondary legal materials consisting of doctrines, principles, and scienti"c writings that can be found in various literature that are closely related to primary law relating to answering problems in this research.