Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam
ISSN / EISSN : 2549-3809 / 2549-4198
Current Publisher: IAIN Bukittinggi (10.30983)
Total articles ≅ 36
Latest articles in this journal
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.3000
The problems examined in this paper are: How is the material content of the exoneration clause in the lease standard agreement that causes losses for consumers of PT. Dipo Star Finance branch of Padang and how the judges consider in deciding the principal case of leasing based on Decision Number 4/Pdt.G/2017/PN.Pdg. In this study, the method used is normative juridical which is descriptive where the datas are sourced from primary and secondary data obtained based on the study of documents analyzed qualitatively. From this research, it can be concluded that at the time of making the finance lease agreement there is a will of disability regarding article 29 of the lease agreement and is an exoneration clause that is very detrimental to the consumer. Lesse does not know that collateral for other agreements is a guarantee of the object of the agreement that has paid off. Based on the judgment of the judge and the statement from the witness of the agreement law, article 29 of the lease agreement binds both parties based on the principle of pacta sunt servanda, but no statement or word is found which confirms that the guarantee for the agreement that has ended is a guarantee against other agreements, so that the guarantee becomes multi-interpretation. Article provisions relating to agreement one with other agreements in the agreement is very detrimental to consumers and contrary to article 10 letter (c) of Law Number 8 of 1999 concerning Consumer Protection.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2608
Answer the needs and interests of the community of legal certainty, as stated in the agreements, agreements and agreements made by the parties in the form of authentic deeds. The making of an authentic deed as a perfect proof and no further evidence is needed to strengthen the arguments in a legal case. Authentic deed consists of minuta deed and a copy of the deed. Minutes of deed are kept by a Notary who is part of the Notary protocol which must be kept and maintained by the notary because it is a state archive. Article 1 number 8 of the UUJN states that "Authentic Deed that is kept as a notary protocol is minuta deed, that is, the original deed which includes the signatures of the registrants, witnesses, and Notary that are kept as part of the notary protocol. Notary recipient of other notary protocols obliged to save this deed is not responsible for the contents of the deed of the notary protocol that it receives. The notary is obliged directly to the Notary protocol. The death of a Notary Public, in addition to leaving problems regarding work pending, of course, will also leave other problems related to the Notary protocol. Notary recipient of the Notary protocol is not the deed maker of the Notary protocol submitted to him. The notary recipient of the protocol can provide services to the client or the public by issuing a grosse deed, a copy of the deed and a citation of the deed of minuta deed which is part of the Notary protocol that has been submitted to him.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2688
In the routine inspection of the Padang Notary Regional Supervisory Council in 2019, according to his authority in Article 70 letter b UUJN 5 (five) findings of violations were found in the routine inspection of the Notary protocol where there was a violation in the form of incomplete signature of the notary deed. The formulation of this research is why in practice there was a giving of a copy of an act by a notary whose minutes of the deed had not been signed entirely and how the legal consequences of granting a copy of the deed by a notary whose minutes of the act had not been approved in full. This research is analytical descriptive research. Notary Deed has perfect proof of strength in a civil lawsuit, but if it violates specific provisions, the value of the evidence will be degraded to the strength of evidence as a deed under the hand. A notary who is proven to have made a mistake resulting in the act he made only has the power of proof as a deed under the side or even the deed is null and void by law, it will cause harm to the parties.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2331
As happened to the Notary Eli SatriaPilo, S.H, Mkn, who was appointed as the Notary who made the Deed of Relinquishment of Land Rights in the Land Acquisition activities for the Construction of Campus III of the State Islamic Institute (IAIN) of Padang which was located in Sungai Bangek District, Padang in 2010. The method used was descriptive, in which describing the applicable legislation associated with legal theory in the facts and realities about the Notary’s Responsibility in Making Deed of Land Acquisition for the construction of Campus III of IAIN Padang in Sungai Bangek. This study used a Normative Juridical approach, in which researching by using and processing secondary data or literature related to the study. The data collected were in the form of primary data obtained from the District Court of Padang, secondary data obtained from secondary legal materials and primary legal materials. Based on the study, it was found that the role of Notary Eli Satria Pilo, in the land acquisition of campus III IAIN was proven to have misused the authority resulting in violation of the Notary Ethics Code and was responsible for accepting termination disrespectfully. Furthermore, he was also shown to be committing a Criminal Corruption made based on the Deed of Relinquishment of Land Rights in the land acquisition for the construction of Campus III of IAIN Padang, so that the State incurred losses of Rp. 1.946.701.050 (one billion nine hundred forty-six million seven hundred one thousand and fifty rupiahs). And he was responsible for receiving and carrying out the sentence that had been handed down by the District Court of Padang, a prison sentence of 4 (four) years, and paying a fine of Rp. 200.000.000 (two hundred million rupiahs).
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2396
The promulgation of the Marriage Law is as a tool of social engineering or an instrument to regulate the community and as a guideline for the community to carry out a marriage. So those friendships that are carried out are not based on or violate religious law contained in the Marriage Law deemed invalid, one of which is interfaith marriages. The diversity of Indonesian society has been regulated by several provisions and diverse institutions, moreover related to the requirements of marriage. The occurrence of social facts in the form of violation of the regulations of marriage in the way of interfaith marriages according to the Sociological jurisprudence school is the result of proper gradation, morals which have been the basis for the formation of law. If ethics or morals become evil, it will result in bad behavior, both the behavior of individuals, groups and state officials.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2332
Credit implementation cannot be separated from the agreement and binds the guarantee that given by the debtor. The binding guarantee is carried out by underhand and carried out with notarial deed and PPAT deed. The binding of loan agreements by creditors is inseparable from the rights and obligations of the parties and legal protection of the parties. The problem is about legal standing, forms of protection and problem solving from the implementation of loan agreements. The research methodology used is an empirical juridical approach. The results of this study indicate that the creditor position in the binding agreement that made by underhand becomes weak because the creditor does not get the preference rights if the debtor is default. The implementation of an underhand loan agreement must be carried out perfectly, binding to the notarial deed must be in accordance with UUJN and binding to insurance. Completion of loan agreements with notification, rescue and restructuring of loans with restructuring, composition of loans with litigation and non-litigation, elimination of loans. Advice to Swamitra Minang Alam Sentosa, binding of loan agreements must be carried out with authentic deeds in accordance with UUJN by shared costs, and the insurance accordance with the loan term.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2692
Each Land Office has a different policy in accepting return registration of certificates based on PPJB, some accept and some reject. Based on this description, the author is interested in discussing this thesis with the title "Registration of Transfer of Land Rights Based on the Binding Deed of Purchase Agreement at the National Land Agency Office in Padang City." The problem is, How is the Process of Making a Sale and Purchase Binding Agreement (PPJB) for Registration of Land Rights In Kota Padang, How Is Legal Strength Against Proof of Binding of Contract of Purchase (PPJB) In the Process of Registration of Transfer of Land Rights at the National Land Agency Office in Padang City, What Is the Process for Registration of Transfer of Land Rights in the Deed Phase of the Binding Agreement of Purchase (PPJB) in Padang City National Land Agency Office. The writing of this thesis uses empirical juridical methods that determine the field in court with the legal aspects or regulations that apply with respect to the object of research. Copyright and implementation of the Registration of Transfer of Land Rights Based on the Binding Deed of Purchase Agreement at the Office of the National Land Agency in Padang City has not been fully implemented properly or it has not been effective.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 5; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v5i1.2110
In order to offer a transformative discourse Abdullah Ahmad An-Na'im build a method he called with the evolution of Shari'ah (abrogated). According to him the method can respond to contemporary issues at this time. Because he assumed that abrogating is one of the principal methods and has a wide and high complexity in theology and fiqh (jurisprudence) of Islam. He tries to deconstruct abrogated method and also some methods of ijtihad that had been considered settled by the classical scholar. Abdullah Ahmad An-Na'im radically have done repeated studies against the epistimologi Islamic law as well as the mereformulasi return and customize it with the standard of human rights as well as international law as a benchmark. The method developed by Abdullah Ahmad An-Na'im, he stated three important things that need to be done to realize the abrogating. Text, values of humanity, and logic. He also overestimated human rights, so that a text (paragraph) may be enforced in accordance with human rights. In order to answer the legal issues of contemporary Islam.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 4; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v4i2.1437
Income Tax (PPh) is one of several types of tax, which is one of the primary sources of state revenue for development, which aims to improve the welfare and prosperity of the people. Income Tax (PPh) is regulated in Government Regulation number 34 of 2016. Where in each transfer of rights carried out by the taxpayer will be subject to Income Tax, but there is a transfer of rights excluded from the imposition and collection of Income Tax as stipulated in the Director-General of Taxes Regulation Number 30 / PJ / 2009, namely the removal of reasons due to inheritance and grants to blood families in a straight line. From this income tax collection, it is necessary to know some problems that arise. The issues, namely First, how is the imposition of Income Tax on inheritance and grants in the transfer of rights to land and buildings in the City of Padang. Second, is the Constraint in imposing income tax on estate and concessions in the removal of rights to land and buildings in the City of Padang. The research method used is an empirical juridical approach, and this research is descriptive-analytical as well as collecting data in the form of document studies and field research. Based on the results of the study, it was found that: The imposition of income tax on inheritance and grants in the transfer of rights to land and buildings in Padang city can be excluded from tax collection by submitting an income tax certificate for inheritance and donations between blood families in a straight line. Constraints in imposing Income Tax on estate and awards in the transfer of rights to land and or buildings in the city of Padang, are still taxpayers who have an NPWP but do not report their annual SPT and there are taxpayers who are not registered at the Tax Office and do not have NPWP, which causes the SKB application to be rejected or not granted.
Al Hurriyah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Volume 4; doi:10.30983/alhurriyah.v4i2.1571
Development Law Theory refers to the life view (way of life) of Indonesian society based on the principle of Pancasila which encourages kinship then to norms, principles, institutions and rules. Updating laws is part of and at the same time implements punishment. Islamic Judicial Law, specifically concerning Role Law, stoning law for adulterers, as well as qishash, often gets a sharp spotlight from Non-Islamic societies such as Orientalists, as well as research, principles, legal laws and others required in the substance of the Criminal Code, actually regulated and applied in Islamic Law. On the other hand Islamic law in transition is not as rigid as imagined by Orientalists, but is instead flexible and can be used as a source of renewal of the National Criminal Law.