Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences
EISSN : 2538-919X
Published by: Mokslinės Leidybos Deimantas (Diamond Scientific Publication) (10.33422)
Total articles ≅ 86
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 28 September 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 18-25; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i3.786
This qualitative study aims to understand the food memory and food identity of a group who emigrated from Turkey to North Carolina for education or for work 30-40 years ago. For this purpose, one-to-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 persons, 12 women and 2 men living in North Carolina using the Zoom application. In the interviews, participants said that they are connected to their roots with their homeland’s food, that is Turkish food. They had not given up on cooking and eating Turkish dishes. The memories they described are so to say proving food memory and food identity concepts which are searched in migration studies. These are sub-topics of food anthropology. Also, they have a real effort to serve Turkish food to their non-Turkish friends, neighbours and this effort seems to be an attempt to show their identity with their food. Besides, it can also be said that they were influenced by other cuisines and experienced a cultural diffusion.
Published: 25 September 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i3.785
Learning a new language is not simply memorizing grammar rules. It is a much deeper process of “being” in that speech. Identity and belonging can be strong motivators to learn and practice a new language, but they can be detrimental in certain cases. When perceiving discrimination as an immigrant, one might move away from the local language, as a reaction to feeling unwelcomed in that environment. A stronger connection to the identity as an “immigrant” may arise and, in some cases, it can even hinder language acquisition. In this article, we will explore the connections between perceiving xenophobic experiences as an immigrant and the impact it can have on the motivation to learn the local language.
Published: 24 September 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i3.841
This paper evaluates the validity of the foundational ethical conception of Justice and its contesting contradictory conception, Utilitarianism in framing the institutional structure of a nation. Thereby the paper asserts the importance of Justice and certain virtues to a nation’s rise and fall and observes greatest impediment of Justice in the idea of Utilitarianism. While Utilitarianism advances its own conception of Justice, based on critical-theoretical approach the article advances three-fold arguments in order to reprove Utilitarianism of its claim. Utilitarianism is not a viable form of Justice since the theory represents a form of egoism, is structurally inconsistent to sound ethical doctrine, and because it has dissolved the end and means dichotomy.
Published: 20 September 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 26-31; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i3.761
Up to date myths are regarded as universal and enduring for their depicting human’s understanding and knowledge. It presents clues and intimations to Man’s origins of belief and life. Harry Potter, a series of storytelling written by J.K. Rolling, is a metaphoric presentation of myths and cultural background behind each one of them. This study investigates and explores how J.K. Rolling involves in origins of cultural textually while sharing mythological ideas in modern literature as a creative way to give new senses to each of them. With its unique demonstration, Harry Potter places an outstanding position in giving myth a new dimension and ties ancient with present via a new style of mythmaking in modern literature. The study conducts an analytic explanation of the importance of mythmaking to literature in general and specifically in Harry Potter. The findings that the study arrives at are that myths are true replications of cultures and societies, and Rolling's stories make new connection with the depth of human superficiality as well as it renders the possibility to revive mythological mentality in modern era.
Published: 20 September 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 32-46; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i3.776
The Oduduwa secessionist agitators are a group of social actors with the resolution of seceding Nigeria. Meanwhile, in spite of their reminder that Nigeria’s nationhood is still highly contested, there appears to be very little or no linguistic research on discourses produced by this emerging group of activists. Therefore, this study analyses the Oduduwa agitators’ tweets to uncover their prevailing ideologies and highlight their strategies for representing themselves and those they oppose. An analytical and qualitative research design is used to interpret the data selected. From the corpus of 10,000 tweets on Oduduwa secessionist agitators, a few tweets are purposively selected and analysed in this study. With insights from van Dijk’s model of Critical Discourse Analysis, findings reveal that Oduduwa secessionists’ Twitter posts (tweets) are protest discourses, with positive ‘we’ in-group representations and negative ‘they’ out-group constructions imprinted on them. The agitators apply linguistic strategies such as code-switching, foregrounding and hashtags to express their solidarity as well as establish social interaction. The study concludes that Oduduwa secessionist agitators’ tweets are effectively used to describe the identities of the actors, express their arguments and demands, enunciate their activities and goals, and offer information updates to the agitators and supporters.
Published: 25 June 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 9-17; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i2.792
The concept of disability has often been chained to that of animality as humanness is regarded as inherently marked by independence and rationality, the lack of which in animate beings is randomly associated with animality. The animality/humanity dualism, championed by anthropocentrism and ableism, not only affects the identity of humans with special needs by grouping them as Others but also disregards the agency of animals/nonhumans and nature by denying human dependency on and similarities with more-than-human entities. This research in its exploration of the connection between disability and ambiguous identity will focus upon the dynamics of the animality/humanity dualism in the context of an industrial disaster and ensuing disability as represented in Indra Sinha’s Animal’s People (2007). By understanding animality/humanity binary through the lens of local/global spatial distinction, the article scrutinises the way the animal/human ambiguous sense of place of the protagonist is mediated by his spatial relations. Building on both critical disability scholarship on animalisation of disabled humans and bioregional exploration of local/global spatial boundaries, the research, therefore, contends that the impact of environmental disasters on certain human groups creates a local (deformed humans as animals)/global (elite humans) spatial binary. The resolvability of such binaries, as the research further argues, is coterminous with developing a local bioregion, which is both connected to and dissociated from global/international places and is built upon humans–nonhumans/animals/nature interrelations that allow an agentic and inclusive human–nonhuman sense of belonging in the region.
Published: 20 June 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 36-41; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i2.862
Race has been a prominent discourse in the contemporary world and academic discipline since the last few decades as it determines a variety of moral problems. In response to this discussion, race tends to emphasise a couple of philosophical aspects in favour of concepts and categories. The concept of race forms a debate in reality whilst racial taxonomy gives a physical system of division such as black, white, Asian, Native American, and so forth. Correspondingly, there have been remarkable problematic issues with regards to biological realism, antirealism or eliminativism alongside social constructivism. In addition, the particular term, race, predominantly embodies a pair of notions: it is a biological position, demarcated by observable physical characteristics in terms of certain ancestry and geographical territory - it is a historical moral perspective, which is construed by ancient societies. Therefore, by employing qualitative mode of enquiry, I attempt this research to defend the thesis that race is not real, and it could be an upshot of social constructivism. Then, I look forward to illuminating a few substantial findings: the central claims of antirealism or eliminativism, a critique of social constructivism along with a brief analysis of political and cultural constructionism. Notwithstanding these limited outcomes, this research suggests that further studies need to be carried out in order to explore the unreal nature of race.
Published: 20 June 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 18-35; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i2.783
The article aims at analyzing of the contemporary political discourse modality that has acquired specific characteristic features of highly emotional utterances based on deliberate or unintended violation of political etiquette principles recently. The article’s generalized theorizing is illustrated by a sample of case study of invectives in political discourse. This analysis aims at distinguishing “agonal” signs (a deliberate use of invectives in speech) and pragmatic borrowings (inadvertent use of invectives) in their functioning, their pragma-semantic characteristics and discursive markers, which helps us in identification of both types of political discourse linguistic items. This research represents an integrative approach combining the Critical Discourse Analysis, the Political Discourse Semiotics Theory, the Role Theory, the Communication Theory, and others, in order to discover the actual reasons and consequences of these changes in the society in general, and in political discourse in particular.
Published: 20 June 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 36-46; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i2.791
In this paper, Unit Heterogeneity and the Degree of system differentiation are considered as the independent variables to explain the differential characteristics of the international structure, which lead to a differentiated interaction mode between hegemon and other rising powers. Then the paper further argues that globalization and nuclear deterrence lead to dynamic changes in system differentiation, and the heterogeneity between rising power and hegemonic power in geographical objectives, strategic culture, ideology, and polity are the conditions that hegemon must refer to when positioning the nature of rising power and interacting with rising power. However, the logic of power distribution is implied in the degree of system differentiation, and the author finds that in the process of globalization promoted by the hegemon if the relative power of rising powers becomes unconstrained, the hegemon will slow down globalization and suppress rising powers instead. The degree of urgency relates not only to power distribution but also to unit heterogeneity. Therefore, the paper distinguished four patterns in terms of great powers’ competition: duopoly competition in orderly anarchy status, alliance management in rigid hierarchy status, the dual-track embedded competition in loose hierarchy status, and quasi-perfect competition in chaotic anarchy status. In the end, the article verified the common modes of great power interaction, which are reflected in the competition between the U.S. and the USSR, differing interests between hegemon and allies inside the hegemon alliance, and U.S.-China competition.
Published: 20 April 2022
Journal of Advanced Research in Social Sciences, Volume 5, pp 18-34; https://doi.org/10.33422/jarss.v5i1.583
Sexuality is a development milestone in one’s life cycle, and each generation has its own struggles with it. It becomes more complex when the biological forces that accompany it initiate the sexual maturation process. The youth are very prone to risky sexual behaviour at this stage due to their perceptions of personal invulnerability, that leaves many exposed to HIV/AIDS infection, early pregnancies and abortion incidences. The unmet need for contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa has left the youth exposed to the aforementioned vices, making this a matter of great public health concern. Through a qualitative approach, this article examines the social meaning that the youth bestowed on two contraceptives (condom and the E-pill) and assesses how these meanings influence their sexual behaviour. The study concludes that there is need for policy makers to understand youth perceptions towards various contraceptive methods if effective campaign on reproductive health is to be realised.