Journal of Applied Business and Economics

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1499-691X / 1499-691X
Published by: North American Business Press (10.33423)
Total articles ≅ 558
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Justin O. Holman, Allie Hacherl
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4658

Abstract:
A new partition of geographic regions in the Eastern US, based on environmental variables rather than political borders, is introduced as an alternative approach to aggregation of consumer demand data. The classification exercise described in this paper led to the definition of twelve distinct geographic regions representing the same area as seventeen corresponding Western States in Holman (2020). The same exercise is repeated here to define twelve distinct regions representing the same area as thirty-one corresponding Eastern States and the District of Columbia. The purpose of this classification exercise in both cases is to create Consumer Ecoregions (CERs) that, in comparison to the partition of states, demonstrate significantly less variability in terms of population, economic output, and land area while better representing unique climates and landscapes. This serves the broader goal of developing a partition for the entire conterminous United States which can be used to analyze business and economic data through a geographic lens that provides a more concise view of distinct regions.
Emrah Beşe, H. Swint Friday
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4649

Abstract:
In this study, the relationship between economic growth and emissions from coal consumption per capita is analyzed in India for the period 1960 to 2019. Although coal constitutes 70% of energy needs of India currently, India has been investing significantly in renewable energy to make clean energy meet half of its needs in the near future. This study does not confirm relationship between emissions and economic growth in the long-run in per capita terms. Total consumption terms may be analyzed in the future studies since this study does not analyze the total consumption terms because the model does not satisfy the stability requirements. For per capita analysis, the result is inverted N relationship between emissions and economic growth. Although the coefficients are insignificant, inverted N relationship between economic growth and emissions shows that there may be unsustainability in economic activities due to economic policies in India. Future studies may analyze different periods with different methodologies in India for the relationship between coal consumption and economic growth.
Gabriel Justo Saucedo-Arteaga
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4652

Abstract:
The interstice is a space where three or more states, or municipalities, converge, with low: accessibility, development and natural resources; social conflicts and instability. Interstices with conflicts can be identified: bordering, agrarian, socio-environmental; armed groups, drug trafficking and in indigenous regions, among others. This concept has been constructed based on macro ethnographic studies (participant observation) in regions of the Estado de Mexico and la sierra Tarahumara; previous investigations and news of local conflicts. It uses the official cartography, about: social backwardness, poverty, marginalization, indigenous population, human development and criminality. The interstices have economic and geographical conditions, but the political will and responsibility is unavoidable. They seem to be "no man's land" or empty spaces of power, because they do not represent an economic or political interest for the State; on the contrary, they do facilitate the development of capital and factual power groups that evade corrupt laws or regulations and put the population at risk.
John Cooper
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4654

Abstract:
This paper examines the role of tax on firm value of closely held businesses. Using sales transactions of closely held business organizations as a proxy for firm value, the double tax system applicable to C corporations versus the single level of tax on passthrough businesses is expected to result in lower firm value for passthrough entities than comparable C corporations. This theoretical assumption is based on increased pricing flexibility available for firms facing a single level of tax over that of entities subject to double taxation. A dataset of nearly 30,000 closely held business sales was evaluated to find that passthrough entities are associated with lower firm value than comparable C corporations. This finding is important since prior research has produced conflicting results. This study contributes to the literature by examining a more comprehensive dataset, including all forms of passthrough entities, and improving the methodology used in earlier studies.
Nelson Alejandro Osorio Rauld, Venus Reyes Palacios
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4685

Abstract:
The institutional response to the social outbreak of 18/O in Chile was the National Referendum for a new Constitution, which had an overwhelming result in favor of approving the constitutional change. However, within the minority group that voted against the change, there is part of the large Chilean business community. This article seeks to show the foundations of the main business leaders of two employers' organizations in Chile: the National Society of Agriculture and the Sociedad de Fomento Fabril, who rejected the idea of a new Constitution years before the social outbreak, as a result of the Constitutional Process promoted between 2015 and 2016 by the government of former President Michelle Bachelet. From 40 interviews with members of the business elite, it is concluded that uncertainty, fear and aversion support this conservative stance with a complex base, marked by its institutional trust and fear of the creation of a new political order. The analysis is interesting, because possibly the magnitude of the social outbreak and its consequences, managed to change the public positioning of some business leaders.
Petra Barthelmess, Albena Björck, Emanuel Gysin, Jeremy Dela Cruz
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4689

Abstract:
With disruptions reshaping the global economy, companies need to find a way to embrace constant change. Recently, “becoming Agile” has been the motto of organizational change. However, more than half of all organizations have at least one agile transformation project fail, often due to an unsuitable organizational culture. This research provides a framework to assesses organizational culture’s readiness for Agile, by integrating existing models in the areas of change management, organizational, and Agile culture which may help companies to identify possible deficiencies in the organizational culture that can then be targeted prior to the Agile transformation.
Kevin Chi Keung Li, Agol Wai Ming Ho, Arnold Hing Chuen Poon
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4688

Abstract:
This paper examines the influence of and relationship between independent non-executive directors (INEDs) and the performance of firms listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (SEHK). Many previous studies argue that INEDs can improve corporate governance and firm performance. However, research in this area is ongoing in different countries and stock exchanges and has produced inconsistent conclusions. The results of this study should help in reviewing the suitability of the current INED standards and whether they can be applied to different firm segments in Hong Kong. The paper aims to help policymakers/regulators determine whether further revision of the current INED policy is necessary. The results can be further investigated and applied to other emerging markets/regions worldwide and may be particularly suitable for regions with many family-controlled and state-owned enterprises.
Ana Carolina Cordeiro, Luciano Losekann
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4650

Abstract:
Electric vehicles (EV) are emerging as less polluting alternatives to internal combustion engine vehicles (ICE). Within the context of the climate change, electric vehicles (EV) become an option for the decarbonization of the transport sector. This paper evaluates the economic attractiveness of a battery electric vehicle (BEV) and a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) compared to an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICE) in Brazil. Considering the specific characteristics of the Brazilian market, such as the welldeveloped biofuels sector and the preference for vehicles with low acquisition value, EV adoption tends to be slower in Brazil. In addition, we emphasize the importance of incentive policies to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles (EV) in Brazil, considering the different profiles of potential EV adopters.
Junhan Yu, Weiqiu Yu
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4646

Abstract:
This paper explores the relationship between birth rates and housing prices in China. The empirical literature suggested mixed results in terms of relationships between housing prices and birth rates. Using a panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2002 to 2018, we estimated both static and dynamic panel models and found that there was a negative relationship between housing prices and birth rates in China from 2002 and 2018 from our dynamic model but a positive relationship from the static models. We provide some possible explanations for these findings and conclude with some policy recommendations for increasing birth rates in China.
Cretson L. Dalmadge
Journal of Applied Business and Economics, Volume 23; https://doi.org/10.33423/jabe.v23i6.4656

Abstract:
This paper utilizes structural equation modelling to analyse the regional impacts of disaster on economic growth. The analysis is conducted at the global level, and repeated for the nations that constitute Europe, Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Caribbean and Central America. The findings support a relationship between disasters and variations in economic growth. The output of the analysis suggests that disasters account for eleven percent of the variations in GDP globally. When assessed individually, Europe and the Caribbean and Central America have adjusted R2 of 0.243 and 0.244, while Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa had impacts of 0.09 and 0.10, respectively.
Back to Top Top