Substantive Justice International Journal of Law

Journal Information
EISSN : 2599-0462
Current Publisher: Universitas Muslim Indonesia (10.33096)
Total articles ≅ 25
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Putri Triari Dwijayanthi, Ni Ketut Supasti Dharmawan
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 167-179; doi:10.33096/substantivejustice.v3i2.90

Abstract:
Tie-dye is known as a method of dyeing which results in a design on the fabric by which the fabric is collected and tied tightly with fibres, rope, or yarn, then dyed or coloured. The cloth is then processed into clothes, masks, and other accessories which can now be easily found in several online shops. This paper aims to identify, analyze, and elaborate on the legal protection of tie-dye motifs based on Indonesia Law Number 28 the Year 2014 concerning Copyright and the responsibilities of influencers who promote tie-dyed motif products. This is normative legal research with a statutory approach and a conceptual approach. The technique of tracing legal materials uses document study techniques and the analysis of studies uses qualitative analysis. The study shows that the tie-dye motif has been protected under Copyright law both nationally and internationally. Tie-dye motif as a form of continues to be developed with a high economic value has received clear protection under Indonesia Law Number 28 of 2014 concerning Copyright. The clear arrangement of tie-dyes is becoming increasingly important, especially when tie-dyes are used commercially. Regarding the Announcement of a copyrighted work, such as tie-dye products, the element of the uniqueness of form and originality are important points in copyright protection, so it is only natural for an influencer not to allow the sale and/or duplication of goods resulting from infringement of copyright and/or Related Right as regulated in Indonesia Copyright Law.
Muhammad Kamal
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 180-195; doi:10.33096/substantivejustice.v3i2.89

Abstract:
This research aims to identify and understand the position of legal protection for workers with a system of fixed-term employment contracts in the aspects of work relations, protection, and wages based on Employment laws and regulations. This research uses an empirical normative research method which combines the normative legal approach with empirical research. The results of this study indicate that there are still many companies in Makassar City that do not implement statutory regulations, especially regarding workers 'rights, for example, workers' status based on fixed time or a Non-Specified term employment contract and wages that are not in accordance with the city's minimum standard. As for the conditions of the workers, based on the analysis result from the prescriptive aspect, there were 95 or 47.50% of 200 workers starting a cooperative relationship without making a written agreement. Furthermore, there are as many as 55 or 27.50% of 200 workers assess that in their work activities, they do not get rights, there are also as many as 110 or 55.00% of 200 workers do not know what the form of worker rights is. Furthermore, there were as many as 140 or 70.00% of the 200 workers who received compensation that did not match the minimum wage in 3 (three) companies in Makassar City. These problems can be resolved appropriately if Law no. 13 of 2003 is properly implemented by Labor Inspectors and Specialist Labor Inspectors as the person in charge based on Minister of Manpower Regulation (Permenaker) No. 33 of 2016.
Moh. Fadhil
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 125-146; doi:10.33096/substantivejustice.v3i2.75

Abstract:
Systems regarding the legal remedy of communication interception can be found in several regulations. However, those systems are not supported by horizontal harmonization since each regulation governs the mechanism differently, so there is a disparity among interception regulation. This paper analyzes the harmonization of wiretapping regulations in Indonesia from a law enforcement perspective with an inventory of regulations governing the current mechanism of interception. The results concluded that first, the disparity in intercepting authority of communication interception practice regulated by several institutions in the same form of crime eradication authority must be reformulated to restore overlapping regulations. Secondly, the interception regulation as a coercive force that derogates the right to privacy must contain detailed provisions in terms of a permit request and the wiretapping authority. The permit application must contain the purpose of the request for wiretapping permission descriptively. Moreover, these provisions must explicitly regulate legal subjects that are authorized to conduct wiretapping practice in the form of clear mechanisms and coordination with the direct superiors and court supervision regulating the interception procedure as well as the cooperation between law enforcement officials and telecommunications service providers. Third, prospectively interception regulations can be assessed from the political will of the legislators. The decision of the Constitutional Court No. 5/PUU-VIII/2010 mandates the need for horizontal harmonization of interception regulations in the form of the Interception Bill, which is also included in the 2019 National Legislation Program.
Ayup Suran Ningsih
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 109-124; doi:10.33096/substantivejustice.v3i2.73

Abstract:
In fulfilling everyday needs, certainly needing equipment and supporting equipment in practice. However, due to limited capital, the background of the birth of legal entities from the government to the private sector offered a program to lend money which was then used for capital. In the process, this loan is often called a credit agreement in which the minimum requirement is a guarantee that will later be used as a collateral object. The guarantee acts as an addition (accesoir) to the main agreement which is to convince the creditor of the assets of the debtor and their ability to make payments later. Because not everyone has sufficient assets to make a loan, a guarantee institution arises that provides a loan program without using collateral. In connection with the development of technology, a new program was born, namely peer to peer lending based on financial technology. Ease in requirements and track record written in a system is the attraction of this type of loan, but because it is regulated by the system, there can be a mismatch of what is promised.
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 1-14; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.50

Abstract:
The main role of an advocate is to help clients get a fair legal process. This role gives birth to high expectations of advocates so that clients give full confidence to advocates to represent their interests. But in practice, it is not uncommon for advocates to abuse the trust given by their clients. As recorded in the 2019 PERADI annual report which shows that advocates reported by their clients to the PERADI Honorary Board are increasing. Avocados do have immunity rights as regulated in Article 16 of Law No. 18 of 2003 concerning Advocates jo. the decision of the Constitutional Court through decision No. 26 / PUU-XI / 2013. But of course, advocates cannot always protect their immune rights, especially if advocates violate the law and harm the interests of their clients. This study aims to analyze the legal responsibilities of lawyers who violate the law while carrying out their profession and are bound in a legal services contract. This research is normative legal research. The approach used in this research is the conceptual approach, the legislation approach, and the case approach. This research concludes that even though law violations were carried out by lawyers while carrying out their profession and based on a contract, advocates remain responsible, both civil and criminal. While the right to immunity can only be used as a basis for legal protection when advocates in good faith in defending the interests of their clients.
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 15-35; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.52

Abstract:
The article attempts to critically compare juvenile justice reforms in both jurisdictions of Bangladesh and Malaysia. It explores legal reforms in line with the international standards to ensure the effective juvenile justice system as well as child well-being in the respective legal systems. The juvenile justice practice of Bangladesh and Malaysia are a testament that diverse juvenile laws, norms and systems exist. After ratification of UNCRC, significant progress has been achieved in both countries. Malaysia adopted mechanisms for rehabilitation in terms of job-based education and alternatives measures by the Child Act 2001. Child-oriented justice and alternative measures have started with the commencement of Children Act 2013 in Bangladesh. For both countries, there is a need for establishing a child-friendly justice system, which would ensure sustainable juvenile justice.
, I Ketut Tjukup, Dewa Gede Pradya Yustiawan
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 36-55; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.51

Abstract:
The emergence of competition makes companies do various things to maintain their existence and the stability of companies in the world of economy. One of the ways the company survives in the agreement is to make an acquisition. In addition to generating profits for the company that acquires the acquiring company, acquiring can also balance employment including termination of employment that is detrimental to workers. The subject matter of this research is protection for workers carried out with the approval and how to solve the problems requested by companies that carry out procurement actions. This research is normative legal research, which is assisted by field research with interview techniques. The agreement used was approval on the invitation (statute approach), conceptual agreement (conceptual approach) and case approach (case approach). Data is collected by literature study, by reading references that are used such as invitation rules, books, journals, which are related to the debate raised, then analyzed by description analysis techniques. Regarding the results obtained in Indonesia's positive law legal protection for workers resulting from acquisitions by companies still relies on the Labor Act, there is no sense of justice for workers when there are terminations due to the acquisition. Termination of employment is resolved by legal action in the form of non-litigation and legal litigation under the Settlement of Industrial Relations Disputes Act. This research is important because the labor law is far from the concept of the Pancasila legal rule in which the Pancasila legal rules always uphold public welfare and social justice in the protection of workers, workers in Indonesia are still underestimated and do not have enough space to protect.
Sandhy Handika, Muhammad Ibnu Fajar Rahim, Rudi Pradisetia Sudirdja
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 74-93; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.67

Abstract:
The Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic that has plagued the world has changed the mindset, how to behave and how to act, not only in social interaction but also has influenced the law enforcement system. Development in Information Technology (IT) has found a teleconference system as a means of conducting virtual courts as a reaction to social or physical distancing movements which is one way to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Although in practice the use of a virtual court in a trial is considered capable of preventing the spread of viruses, the use of a virtual court must keep be based on applicable laws and regulations. This paper is a normative legal research with legislation approach, case approach, comparative legal approach, and conceptual approach to legal material collected through literature study and then analyzed using grammatical, systematic, and extensive interpretation methods. Based on the results of the study, several countries such as the United Kingdom, China, Australia (New South Wales) and America (New York) and Indonesia (although limited to the examination of witnesses) have applied virtual courts in the justice system. Implementation of the trial using the virtual court method by teleconference did not violate the provisions of the trial set out in the Criminal Procedure Code (KUHAP). According to the Draft Law KUHAP has accommodated the trial using the virtual court method as an embodiment of legal principles in the judiciary that is carried out quickly, simply, and at a low cost. The use of virtual court is not the first or primary choice in examining criminal cases in Indonesia, in abnormal emergency conditions due to the COVID-19 pandemic as it is today, an examination by the virtual court method is a solution so that the criminal justice system continues to run without reducing the efforts to prevent the spread of the virus. Trials using virtual court facilities continue to accommodate the human rights of victims, witnesses and defendants through their virtual presence so that a fair trial continues in the courtroom.
Sihnomo Abu Hilmy
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 56-73; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.32

Abstract:
Agriculture has an important role in providing food for the community. The Increasing of open world trade, especially in food products, causes prices of domestic food products to be affected by the situation and conditions of international food prices. To protect farmers, the Law Number 19 of 2013 concerning Protection and Empowerment of Farmers has been enacted. In the implementation of the law, especially Article 30 Paragraph (1), received many complaints from Indonesian trading partners, such as the United States and New Zealand who stated that these rules were inconsistent with the GATT provisions. The research method in writing this journal is a normative juridical approach method. In summary, the conclusions from the results of the first discussion, the protection of farmers in addressing world trade is regulated in Article 30 Paragraph (1) of the article aimed at protecting farmers as food producers from loss of price risk due to uncontrolled import of agricultural commodities. Second, Responding to the DS 477-478 WTO ruling it is necessary to revise Article 30 Paragraph (1) because it is contrary to the principle of quantitative restrictive prohibition. Changes to the article should still be used as an instrument to protect farmers as food producers by harmonizing the provisions contained in the WTO
, Putu Edgar Tanaya, Bagus Hermanto
Substantive Justice International Journal of Law, Volume 3, pp 94-108; doi:10.33096/sjijl.v3i1.69

Abstract:
This paper specifically examines the concept of law in a sociological study to find out how the law develops and how the law implemented or enforced as a unity in the legal system. This paper-based on the normative juridical method, using legal materials collected and analyzed using qualitative methods. The results show that the sociological of law studies as part of the activities of drafting legal products and the preparation of legal products is not just a juridical process. The processes of transformation from social desires into laws and regulations both in political and sociological contexts do not only occur during the formation of a regulation, continue and continually correct the legal products that produced. Law enforcement related to the sociology of law that observes the reality of how the law is working on different social structures, this scientific approach is expected to not only provide advice related to the development of legal science alone, but also must be applied, but unfortunately in the development of this science itself is not able to develop dynamically because observations that are not equally displayed in providing input to the development of legal protection in Indonesia.
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