Southern Journal of Canadian Studies

Journal Information
EISSN : 2562-4563
Published by: Carleton University, MacOdrum Library (10.22215)
Total articles ≅ 1
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Scott Piroth
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 7, pp 19-31; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v7i0.312

Abstract:
In this article, I discuss what American students think about Canada before and after taking a Canadian Studies course. I reflect on what I am trying to convey when I teach Canadian Studies courses regarding how Canada differs from the United States and why it is important for Americans to study Canada. The article reports results from a survey of students who have taken Introduction to Canadian Studies in past semesters. These results are discussed in the broader contexts of what American students think about Canada and how taking the course influences these views.
Brian Thomas
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 6, pp 48-71; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v6i1.315

Abstract:
Most discussions of group--‐differentiated disadvantage seek to explain its covert and overt nature through the experiences of dominant groups and their relations to subordinate groups. This is a vertical approach to social injustice. Instead of taking this approach, I take a horizontal approach that seeks to determine whether there are logics that produce disadvantage that are invisible to the vertical understandings of socially constructed group--‐ differentiated disadvantage. To this end, I critically consider the relationships between disadvantaged groups by reflecting on the experiences of Black Canadians and Canadian Aboriginals. Their experiences reveal the underbelly of Canadian multiculturalism and of discourses of membership and belonging. I explore the ways in which these groups have potentially complex and conflicting modes of injustice that elicit potentially conflicting and complex prescriptions. Recognizing this has the potential to facilitate a finer--‐grained sensitivity to the description and potential amelioration of group--‐differentiated disadvantage and to problematize discourses of membership and belonging in their instantiation in current Canadian practices, norms, and governing arrangements.
Richard Nimijean
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 6, pp 1-1; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v6i1.317

James P. Allan, Richard Vengroff
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 6, pp 2-20; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v6i1.313

Abstract:
Since the 1990s, provincial elections in Québec have signaled an incremental change in Québec’s party system. These changes are manifested in increasing voter dealignment and volatility in party support. In this article we find that these trends largely continued in both the election of 2012, which produced a minority government and in the 2014 election that resulted in a majority government. Taking a longer--‐term perspective, we examine changes in public opinion, party identification, electoral volatility, and voting behavior in Québec Provincial elections since 1998. The implications for future government formation and the potential impact on policy are examined.
Colin D. Pearce
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 6, pp 21-47; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v6i1.314

Abstract:
This article seeks to go some way toward shedding light on a certain dimension of Canadian intellectual history, specifically that dimension wherein the changing theoretical approaches to the phenomenon of Canadian political culture is the core subject matter. Canadian political culture will be defined here as that collation of ideas, principles, thoughts and opinions which foster the establishment and continuation of a set of political structures and institutions which are liberal democratic at their foundations. With this as a guiding definition the article examines the “paradigm shifts” in the study of English Canadian political culture that have taken place from the days of “The Makers of Canada,” through the ascendancy of the “Fragment Thesis,” to the more contemporary postmodernism of the “Liberal Order Framework.” The foundational assumption of the article is that debate and discussion about the Canadian experience in such fields as political philosophy, intellectual history, party ideology, constitutional structure, legislative procedure, executive power, judicial authority and local governance will tend to be shaped by the historiographical paradigm which has been most successful in making itself the accepted “orthodoxy” in the academic and intellectual circles of the period.
Martha Donkor
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v5i1.297

Abstract:
Much of the recent research on immigrant women in Canada has been focused on women from Asia perhaps due to the relatively large number of immigrants who have arrived in Canada in the past two decades from that part of the world. But it is also a fact that a significant minority of immigrants, including women, have come from the African Diaspora and made Canada their home. These African women have influenced and have in turn been influenced by Canadian culture. Yet there is relative dearth of information about them as women and as immigrants. The relative dearth of information about African immigrant women skews our understanding of the Black experience in Canada. This article fills a gap in the literature by examining the dynamics of gender roles and expectations in Ghanaian immigrant families.
Sharon Morgan Beckford
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v5i1.294

Abstract:
The narratives of black writers of Caribbean descent living in Canada provide a useful perspective on blacks and belonging in Canada. Their stories elevate the history and legacy of the Domestic Worker Program which from the 1950s brought young black women from the British Caribbean to Canada.1 This program began in an era when Canada's immigration policies severely restricted Caribbean people from migrating to and settling in Canada. These early immigrants were the forerunners of later streams of black immigrants from around the world. In my reading of a selection of fiction by Austin Clarke, Dionne Brand, Cecil Foster, and David Chariandy, I argue that their narratives show that while immigration policies may have changed, the social positioning and inequalities imposed on the domestics still explain the social roles and positioning of blacks in Canada. These writers speculate whether, historically, the narrative of the black female in Canada is always to be imagined as a domestic.
Daniel McNeil
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v5i1.287

Abstract:
Robin Winks's The Blacks in Canada (1971) is advertised as the only historical survey that covers all aspects of the Black experience in Canada, from the introductioon of slavery in 1628 to the first wave of Caribbean immigration in the 1950s and 1960s. However, its depiction of African Canadians as inauthentic Blacks and aberrant Canadians has been critiqued by intellectuals such as George Elliott Clarke. This paper draws on material from the Robin Winks archives at Yale University in order to substantiate Clarke's charges against the small-l liberal, American bias of Winks's account. In doing so, it contends that Clarke can be read as one of 'Frantz Fanon's children', i.e. one of the 'honest intellectuals' born circa 1952 (the first publication of Fanon's Peau noire, masques blancs) and 1961 (the original publication of Fanon's ties Damn
Melanie Knight
Southern Journal of Canadian Studies, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.22215/sjcs.v5i1.293

Abstract:
The Black presence in Canada is most commonly described as a homogeneous foreign presence that emerged during the 1960s. In this paper, I explore how Afro-Caribbean women entrepreneurs in creative industries deploy a counter-discourse against hegemonic racist white discourses of blackness in Canada. The counter-narrative they deploy, that I call For Us by Us discourse, challenges the official national story of Blacks in Canada. Black women rearticulate, through their business activities, a Canadian blackness that is defined by them. This articulation is described in both local, as rooted in Canada and global, Black diaspora, ways. The notion of the Black diaspora allows for great malleability and fluidity of notions of identity and belonging. This powerful political counter-discourse can, however, also be exclusionary when it too homogenizes identity. This counter-discourse, however contested, is made possible through entrepreneurship. Participation in this status of work is very strategic, in that, it allows for the creation of political spaces, aimed at developing community, that are often denied to Blacks.
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