DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya

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ISSN / EISSN : 2615-725X / 2615-8655
Total articles ≅ 44
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Rudi Hartono
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 221-228; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.48

Abstract:
Indonesian subjects have different levels of difficulty so there needs to be variations in learning, so students do not get bored. To implement the objectives of the Indonesian language subject, Indonesian language learning in the 2013 curriculum is presented using a text-based approach. In addition, the use of instructional media in the learning process will reduce student dependence on teachers. The implementation of learning media aims to (1) how is the application of learning media macromedia flash in improving student learning creativity in Indonesian language lessons; (2) how is the application of macromedia flash learning media in improving student learning outcomes in Indonesian language lessons; and (3) how is the effectiveness of macromedia flash learning media in increasing creativity and student learning outcomes in Indonesian language lessons. The subjects of this study were students of class XII at SMK Negeri 1 Kaliorang. This type of research is included in the Classroom Action Research (CAR) whose steps are as follows (1) planning, (2) implementation; (3) observation, and (4) reflection. Retrieval of research data through observation, written tests, and questionnaires with research instruments in the form of (1) observation sheets, (2) test questions, and (3) questionnaire sheet. After conducting research Application of audio-visual learning media can improve student learning outcomes in class XII SMK Negeri 1 Kaliorang, the learning outcomes are evidenced by an increase in test results at the end of each cycle. Improved learning outcomes seen from mastery learning in the first cycle that is 53.33% and 83.33% in the second cycle.
Nurhana
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 211-220; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.63

Abstract:
The purposes of this research included: (1) developing teaching materials for writing short story using paraphrasing technique, (2) implementing learning to write short story using paraphrasing technique, (3) describing the feasibility of teaching materials for writing short story using paraphrasing technique. This research uses the research method of developing Willis's reflective, recursive, design, and development (R2D2) models. The method used is to produce a product and test the feasibility of the product in the form of teaching materials to write short stories with paraphrasing techniques in class XI MAN 2 Samarinda students. The results of the development of teaching materials for short story writing with paraphrasing techniques were validated by content/content experts who gave an average score of 92.04% and validation of teaching material experts obtained an average score of 95%. From the validation results the experts obtained an average score of 93.52% with a very good category. Thus, the teaching material produced is very suitable for use by students of class XI. Furthermore, implementing learning to write short stories with paraphrase techniques through planning assessments conducted by observer 1 who gave an average score of 80% and observer 2 gave an average score of 93.33%. The implementation of learning was given an average score of 81.73% by observer 1 and observer 2 giving an average score of 86.08%. From the average score given by observers 1 and 2 states learning takes place very well. The feasibility of teaching materials for short story writing with paraphrase techniques can be seen from the results of small group pretest trials with an average value of 67.8 and 86.7 posttests and field trials with an average value of 73.75 and posttests with an average value 88.18% with a very decent category.
Maya Rahmawati, Sidik Indra Nugraha
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 197-210; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.43

Abstract:
This study examines what strategies are most likely to be used by students when translating as well as the equivalence level of the translated texts. It aims to find out the appropriate reading strategy when translating. This study uses a qualitative paradigm because it seeks to explain a phenomenon about the choice of reading strategies used by students and the equivalence equivalence level of the translated texts. This research produces descriptive data in the form of patterns of reading strategy when students translate two different kinds of texts. In this study, data collection was carried out in two ways, namely questionnaires and translating test. Questionnaire was used to obtain data about the reading strategies chosen by students when translating. The questionnaire used is a closed type in the form of multiple choice. Each item has a different value. From the results of the analysis presented, it can be seen that most students still show a tendency to use bottom-up strategies in the process of translating. In addition, it can be seen that the choice of reading strategy can influence the results of translation. Some translations produced by students who tend to use bottom-up strategies in the translation process are not context-specific and still seem hard to read and unnatural. While around 80% of translations resulting from top-down strategies are considered acceptable because they are in accordance with the rules of the target language and sentence context. In addition, this research can also show that relying solely on one reading strategy can potentially produce erroneous translations.
Yeyen Yuniar, Nur Azizah, Cintya Nurika Irma
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 189-196; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.32

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the language errors contained in the job application letter of SMK Al-Huda Bumiayu students. The method used in this research is descriptive method.This study uses data triangulation aimed to test the validity of the data. The analysis technique in this study uses three ways namely data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. Error writing job application letter written by Al-Huda Bumiayu Vocational School student Language errors found were (1) errors in writing prepositions, (2) errors in writing standard words, (3) errors in italics, and (4) mistakes in capital letters.
Muhammad Reza
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 179-188; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.45

Abstract:
Learning method, especially at fabel writing is less less variative; as a result, learning process cannot explore students’ writing skill. Therefore, the writer found that it needs to do the synectics learning method development in writing skill learning. This research purpose is to develop the synectics method development in writing learning process. This research uses research and Development (R&D) method, which is stated by Brog and Gall that it consists of ten steps of source development, which in this research, is VII grade students of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Balikpapan. Data collection is done by doing the questionnaire, observing, interviewing and documenting. This learning method development is declared very feasible by three validators; material expert validator, media expert validator and learning pratitioner. Based on test result, the synectics model can imrpove the students’ score through the test process. The observation result of the learning activity is done by observer I and II and is declared very good.
Emi Asmida
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 163-178; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.38

Abstract:
This research aims to reveal the overlapping conflicts in Eka Kurniawan’s Lekaki Harimau by applying Gerard Genette’s narrative theory. Conflicts in this research were affected by narrative structure in this text, however, this research focused on analyzing dominant narrative elements found in this novel, such as order, frequency, focalization, and voice. Qualitative method is used in this research by applying in-depth reading (close reading) to expose any conflicts acquired in dominant narrative elements. The results of this study indicate that the central conflict in this story is a murder conflict which was carried out by others conflicts. This conflict originated from the overlapping conflicts experienced by the main character and the other member of his family, those are: (1) domestic violence, (2) emotional affection, and (3) hatred conflict which involved acts of revenge. By discovering the finding from the analysis of overlapping conflicts, it revealed a criticism of the social condition in society about shaping the behavior of an individual which could be influenced by the smallest institutional system in the society called ‘family’. In another sense, the family has an important role in forming attitudes and behavior toward each individual.
Gigih Yudha Pratama
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 149-162; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.58

Abstract:
The purpose of this study (1) to test the development of poetry writing teaching materials planning with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII word giving techniques in junior high school; (2) test the feasibility of the design of poetry writing teaching materials with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII word grammar techniques; and (3) testing the effectiveness of developing poetry writing teaching materials with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII word syllabic techniques. This development research refers to the 10 stages of Borg & Gall which are simplified into 3 stages, namely information gathering, product manufacturing planning, and product development. The results showed that the development of planning poetry writing teaching materials with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII word syllabary techniques has 14 important parts. The average score of assessment and validation by media experts, material experts, and Indonesian language teachers was obtained 4.43, this value means teaching poetry writing material with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII word giving techniques is very suitable to be used as an independent teaching material for students Class VIII Middle School. The results of the trial evaluation and validation of each aspect obtained an average score of 4.58, this value means the teaching material of writing poetry with a combination of demonstration models and class VIII wordbearing techniques is very effective according to the responses of students of class VIII SMP.
Norma Atika Sari
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 125-138; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.34

Abstract:
This study focused on the analysis of irregularities featured form in the novel Kiat Sukses Hancur Lebur by Martin Suryajaya. The research variables were forms of lexical, grammatical, paragraph, discourse, plot, and forms of narrative delivery. This research was a qualitative descriptive study and data collection was conducted by reading and note taking techniques. The results found that many deviations such as selection of odd words, the formation of incoherent sentences and paragraphs, the discourse that presents a critique of capitalism and postmodernism through symbols, as well as the emergence of unusual forms of novel structures namely footnotes, charts, diagrams, schematics, paintings, drawings, line types, pictures, photographs, tables, balance sheets, formulas, maps and bibliography. These deviations show the author’s unique style and novelty in the form of aesthetic absurdity in the treasury of contemporary Indonesian literature.
Meliyanti Sihotang, Shafruddin Tadjuddin, Sri Harini Ekowati
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 139-148; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.36

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the cultural translation errors in aspect of gender and racial discrimination in movies subtitles The Help and Hidden Figures. This study used a qualitative approach and content analysis method by Krippendorff (2004). This qualitative study was in descriptive qualitative approach. While content analysis use was conversational analysis. Conversation in both movies subtitles were used as data of the study especially the conversation which was the part of gender and racial discrimination. The finding of this study was in form of cultural translation errors in conversation that contained gender and racial discrimination. The result showed, there were four kinds of cultural translation errors in aspect of gender and racial discrimination in movies subtitles The Help and Hidden Figures. They were (1) word choices translation errors; (2) number translation errors; (3) translation errors in cultural material; and (4) translation errors in comprehended SL in the text. All the errors found influeced information and message that delivered to the viewers.
Siti Halijah
DIGLOSIA : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 115-124; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i2.25

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to produce teaching materials that can enhance the creativity of the learning process, increase development and improve the quality of the application of the development of cooperative models of the type of Round Table with audio media in improving the learning outcomes of writing the description of class X high school students. This research is a research development or Research & Development (R&D). Research and Development is a research method used to produce certain products and test the effectiveness of these products. The results of the study can be concluded from the analysis of teaching material scores by material expert teachers and media expert teachers obtained an average score of 4.74 or 94.74% of the maximum average score of 5.00 with a very good collection. The application of the development of teaching materials in the excellent category is 29 or 90.62% of the students' attention to the material delivered and student activity is included in the excellent category of 30 or 93.75% of students. The quality of the application of the development of cooperative learning model teaching materials of the round table type in learning 100% with very good assessment and the results of post-test analysis of 96.87% indicate whether the learning tools used have practical qualities and the learning devices developed have effective qualities according with student completeness of more than 75%.
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