Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya

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ISSN / EISSN : 2615-725X / 2615-8655
Total articles ≅ 54
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Lupita Sari Pitra Wardani, Atiqa Sabardila
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 341-350; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.61

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the method in the debate of “school literacy culture” conducted by postgraduate students of the Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta in language skills learning. The data of this study are words and sentences in the orthographic transcriptional results of the “school literacy culture” debate. The data source is the result of a debate from a graduate student at the Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta under the title “culture of school literacy”. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive approach. Data collection used the record method and continued with the note taking technique. Data analysis used the referential equivalent method and was strengthened by the intralingual method. The results of this study are the method of analysis in the discussion begins with an interesting opening, then the statement delivered by the debate participants in accordance with the debate theme, the debate participants' thinking lines are clear and coherent, the priority scale has been fulfilled, the time allocation is appropriate, and the closing submission has been cover the whole idea. The conclusion from this research is that the debate has been going well but there are still parties who dominate
Aisyah Nur Fadhilah, Laili Etika Rahmawati
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 317-330; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.64

Abstract:
This study aims to identify the content of local wisdom in the student reading books published by the Ministry of Education and Culture. This type of research is a qualitative descriptive study. The object of research is the content of local wisdom in the student reading books published by the Ministry of Education and Culture entitled “Kenara Anak Suku Gayo” and “Kain Kulit Kayu Dei”. The data from this study are student reading books published by the Ministry of Education and Culture which contain local wisdom. The data source in this research is an archive or document in the form of a student reading book published by the Ministry of Education and Culture which contains local wisdom. The data collection technique uses the technique of listening and note taking, the researcher first reads the reading book “Kenara Anak Suku Gayo” and “Kain Kulit Kayu Dei” published by the Ministry of Education and Culture to carefully determine the local wisdom content, then record thoroughly and analyze the reading into the wisdom content. local. Data analysis techniques using flow analysis. The results showed that the reading book “Kenara Anak Suku Gayo” contained five contents of local wisdom including: (1) culture, (2) norms, (3) ethics, (4) beliefs, and (5) customs. While the reading book “Kain Kulit Kayu Dei” there are only three contents of local wisdom including: (1) culture, (2) beliefs, and (3) customs.
Erlan Aditya Ardiansyah
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 331-340; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.69

Abstract:
Semantic change is a language phenomenon which may be found in a society. A kind of semantic change which which is remarkable to be examined is semantic narrowing. A positive meaning namely amelioration may be discovered through semantic narrowing. In addition, semantic narrowing in English is frequently discovered i nouns. Therefore, factors which can stimulate the process are necessary to be elaborated. Aim of the study was to examine nouns’ ameliorative semantic narrowing in English. Methods applied in the study were descriptive synchronic-diachronic methods. The methods were used to describe portrayal relating to the condition in past and present. Data in the study were six nouns which were collected from the video clips relayed on the television programs. Semantic narrowing found in the study were caused by several factors: (a), meaning change due to environmental change (b) meaning change due to language users’ response, and (c) meaning change due to association. The results showed that semantic narrowing has a correlation with homonymy and polysemy. Therefore, meaning change may have related or non-related meaning from the previous meaning. Longer period of the process and the society agreement have become challanges which should be realized due to acceptance of the new meaning.
Pilipus Wai Lawet, Yuliana Setyaningsih
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 305-316; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.103

Abstract:
Consistency is very essential in writing editorial rubrics because it shows commitments of the author and his institution. Author and media institution who have high commitments in writing editorial argumentation can increase the level of readers' confidence toward the content of editorials. This research is intended to optimize the consistency of the construction of argument by commitment in Bisnis Indonesia editorials. Data collection methods used were documentation and interview methods. The research data were in the form of editorial texts containing arguments. The data analysis method used was the qualitative data analysis. Besides, the content analysis method was also applied. The research result showed that there were inconsistencies of arguments by commitment used in the editorials. The inconsistencies occured because a deep understanding of the concept of argument by commitment in writing editorials has not been understood well by editorial writers. Therefore, the steps of optimizing the consistency of argument by commitment must be done as follows: (1) understanding the concept of argument by commitment, (2) designing an argument by commitment scheme, and (3) asking critical questions.
Luise Nenis Putri Mega Marta, Mursalim, Bibit Suhatmady
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 243-252; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.60

Abstract:
The learning process using teaching materials is an effective way for teachers to deliver material to students. This study's teaching materials' development aims to produce teaching materials for writing news texts on eighth-grade junior high school students. The developed teaching material validity is seen from developing, implementing and measuring the effectiveness of the teaching material. The research method used is the Borg and Gall's Research and Development. Data collection techniques used were questionnaires and observations. Data analysis uses descriptive qualitative analysis and descriptive statistical analysis. The process of developing the materials was based on experts' validation of the materials, the language, and the product's graphic. The material experts' validation result showed a value of 77.5% and 92.5% in the very feasible category. The linguists' validation results showed a value of 72% and 92% in the very feasible category. The graphic experts showed a value of 78% and 92.8% included in the very feasible category. In this study, the product trial subjects were students of class VIII of junior high school and were carried out with small class trials and field trials. Through a small group and field test results, the effectiveness of teaching materials from assessing student responses was the average value of 3.23 (82.8%) on average value or good category. Student learning outcomes show an overall grade point average of 83.8 (100%). This shows that the quality of student learning based on teaching materials in writing news is very good. From the data obtained, the developed teaching materials are suitable for use.
Afdal, Hani Subakti, Febriyanti Sigalingging
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 253-262; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.71

Abstract:
This study aims to look at the effect of an active learning strategy type giving questions and getting answers to Indonesian primary school students' learning outcomes. This study uses an experimental research method in which there are treatments for the control class and the experimental class. The final results of the study showed the results of the analysis of the influence of active learning strategies type giving a question and getting an answer to the results of Indonesian language learning of third-grade students at SDN 002 Sungai Pinang, Samarinda City in the affective domain had an average affective assessment in the good predicate. This can be seen from the results of the hypothesis test thitung is 1.208 with ttable is 2.006 so that it can be written tcount ttable (10,175> 1,67). Based on the description, it can be concluded that there is an influence of active learning strategy type giving a question and getting an answer to Indonesian students' learning outcomes in the cognitive realm of class III in SDN 002 Sungai Pinang Samarinda City in 2019/2020. Hence, it shows that the hypothesis is accepted.
Anindya Kusuma Wardani, Maria Benga Geleuk
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 229-242; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.52

Abstract:
Marriage is a sacred, religious, and has long-term purposes activity. Marriage is assumed as making a legal relationship between a couple within opposite sex. Rather than being a simple activity, marriage is a complex activity which has various aims that are teaching and taking care children, working together with the couple, and other happiness purposes. However, this picture of marriage seems missing in the work of Eka Kurniawan in the book of Perempuan Patah Hati yang Kembali Menemukan Cinta Melalui Mimpi. Through this book, the readers can see the opposite condition of marriage compared to marriage’s stereotypes within the society. It also shows there are gender inequality practices throughout the story. Using Critical Feminism theory and descriptive-qualitative method, this research purpose is to analyze three short stories by Eka Kurniawan entitle (1) Gincu ini Merah, Sayang, (2) Cerita Batu, and (3) Pelajaran Memeliharan Burung Beo, to find how gender inequality depicted and the portrait of marriage which in the short stories. These three short stories show similar problem in a marriage which resulted in divorce. Through the process, this study found two main portraits of marriage in the works of Eka Kurniawan, that are (1) in marriage there are gender inequality practices which makes women suffer in various areas. (2) The relationship between male and female characters shows an unhealthy relationship in which women always suffers. Both result shows that marriage is not always about happiness, but its face has been changed due to unhealthy relationship. In all unhealthy marriage, woman always captures as the victims which legitimizing woman position as a submissive in a relationship even in the modern society.
Kiftian Hady Prasetya, Hani Subakti, Hety Diana Septika
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 295-304; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.77

Abstract:
The focus of the problem in this study is motivated by the phenomenon of the development of the times and the rapid flow of globalization making the Dayak ethnic in Samarinda City specifically, becoming an ethnic minority so language retention needs to be made in multilingual minority language communities. The language that is the focus of research is Dayak Kenyah Language. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of preservation of Dayak Kenyah Language in Samarinda City. This research uses descriptive qualitative method with a sociolinguistic approach. The research data were written text (conversational transcripts) from the data source of the Dayak Kenyah ethnic community in Samarinda City. Data collection techniques using the stages of observation, Simak Free Engage Involved (SBLC) techniques, and interviews. Research instruments in the form of devices, stationery, notebooks, and indicators of language maintenance. The results of the study found that there were efforts made by the Dayak Kenyah community in Samarinda City as a manifestation of the language of the Dayak Kenyah region. The research findings are: (1) family factors, (2) social factors, (3) communication intensity factors, (4) activity factors, and (5) desire factors in language retention. The conclusion in this study focuses more on the care and contribution of various layers of ethnic Dayak Kenyah communities, especially in Samarinda, towards the regional languages ​​they have.
U'um Qomariyah
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 277-294; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.74

Abstract:
The preparation and development of the lesson plan is a hallmark of teacher professionalism. To support the learning process, teachers must arrange lesson plans according to standards. The preparation of the RPP standards must pay attention to the core components of the RPP, one of which consists of learning objectives. For this reason, an RPP evaluation is needed to determine the quality of the learning being done. Based on this, this article aims to evaluate the learning objectives in the CSP literary learning. The method used in this research is descriptive evaluative. Evaluation of learning objectives is based on the classification (grouping) of learning objectives into the learning domain, the suitability of the main steps (sequences) needed to achieve the objectives, and the completeness of the learning objectives component. The results show that the formulation of learning objectives in the three lesson plans analyzed did not fully meet the ideal learning objectives. The evaluation is expected to provide input and follow up efforts for improvement and decision making.
Nivia Putri Ratna Juwita, Atiqa Sabardila, Markhamah
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 3, pp 263-276; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.80

Abstract:
This study aims to identify and describe the prior text used as a reference text in writing the title Program Kreatifitas Mahasiswa 5 in the Field of Funding for the 2018 Fiscal Year. This research belongs to qualitative descriptive research that is naturalistic in nature. The data source used in this study is in the form of Program Kreatifitas Mahasiswa Title 5 Fields funded in 2018. The data generated in the form of words and sentences contained in the data source is Title Program Kreatifitas Mahasiswa 5 in Funding Budget Year 2018. Data analysis methods in the form of translational matching methods, abductive inference methods, and the referential equivalent method. Test the validity of the data using theory triangulation. The results of the study found the writing of Program Kreatifitas Mahasiswa Title 5 in Funding for the Fiscal Year 2018 is a transformation or adaptation text that utilizes several names of characters, including: (1) the names of public figures; (2) the name of the hero; (3) the name of an animated or fictional character; and (4) the name of the artist. The findings in this study indicate that the name of the artist as a reference text has a high appeal to attract readers.
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