Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2615-725X / 2615-8655
Current Publisher: Universitas Mulawarman (10.30872)
Total articles ≅ 74
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DOAJ
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Ida Bagus Gede Aric Surya Lesmana, Wening Udasmoro, Arifah Arum Candra Hayuningsih
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 65-78; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.124

Abstract:
This research aims to portray the social categories such as social class and gender that construct the oppression experienced by women in the drama script Les Bonnes written by Jean Genet. This contestation appears as a result of an interaction between three main characters in the drama: Claire and Solange, as maids and Madame as their employer. Madame is a rich woman who treats them badly because of their social background as poor women. As a result of her treatment, Claire and Solange aim to kill their employer as the way out to be free from Madame’s oppression. They create an assassination simulation to obtain their objective. To analyze this problem, this research uses the concept of habitus, capital, and arena from the theory of cultural production of Pierre Bourdieu. The method used in this article is a textual analysis method. The material objects are the drama script, Les Bonnes. The corpus data is taken from the words, sentences, and paragraphs containing the expression correlated with the contestations of power. The data is then analyzed using the lenses from the concept of habitus and cultural arena by Pierre Bourdieu. The finding shows that the habitus forms a constant and repetitive interaction among the subjects. It is influenced by the subjects’ position based on the social capital they possess. The position is characterized by two classes: the dominant and the worker that contribute to the form of contestations in Les Bonnes.
Galuh Dilah, Azizatuz Zahro'
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 37-48; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.89

Abstract:
This study is intended to describe the intelligence of emotional, that the main character has in the novel entitled “Assalamualaikum Beijing” by Asma Nadia. This study used qualitative approach with the study of literary psychology. The qualitative approach using the study of literary psychology is chosen because this study is meant to describe the phenomena in form of words and language regarding the mental aspects of the main character. A type and method of this study were using document study and content analysis. This study belonged to the document study because the researcher was reviewing the written document in the form of a novel entitled “Assalamualaikum Beijing” by Asma Nadia. The data analysis is done by presenting the data, interpreting the data, and drawing the conclution. The results of this study showed that the emotional intelligence of the Muslim women in the novel covered (1) the ability of managing the emotions, (2) the ability of motivating herself, and (3) the ability of building relationship. The ability to manage emotions in the form of the ability to control impulses and overcome anxiety and sadness. The ability to motivate themselves in the form of a character's desire to succeed and take advantage of other situations, obstacles, and self-problems as motivation. The ability to build relationships is demonstrated through the interaction of characters in creating close relationships, maintaining relationships, building comfort and moving others.
Yohanes Sehandi, Alexander Bala
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 23-36; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.88

Abstract:
This article explores the poet John Dami Mukese's creative process in creating his poetry. John Dami Mukese is an Indonesian poet born in Flores, a Catholic priest who wrote about 250 poems. This study uses an expressive approach, which is an approach that emphasizes the study of literary authors. The method used is the codification method, which is the observation method by tracing the colophon in each poem. Colophons are notes at the end of a text that informs the author's place, time, and name. The analysis used is a qualitative analysis by describing the poet's creative process in creating his poetic works. The study results show that the creative process of poet John Dami Mukese began at the age of 27 years, namely, in 1977. The first three years (1977-1979) were the beginning of his creative process by finding the correct pronunciation by his personality, educational background, and profession. Over the next four years (1980-1984) was the peak period of creativity and productivity of poet John Dami Mukese in creating his poetry. From 1985 until the end of 2017, it was an anticlimax in the creative process. The poems of John Dami Mukese with religious themes based on social problems show a very deep sensitivity to the social reality that is taking place in Flores society.
Ahmad Abdullah Rosyid
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 49-64; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.86

Abstract:
This research uses a novel from two different countries, namely England and France, entitled Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens and Nobody's Boy by Hector Malot. Even though they were written in different countries and periods, both novels seem to be related to one another. This research utilizes the theory of intertextuality as a reference for understanding the relationship between the two novels. The social conflict theory from Karl Marx is also used to support the analysis. The method used is descriptive qualitative data sources from the two selected novels. Data collection techniques are based on things related to social conflict relationships in the novel, data collected in the form of words, phrases, and sentences from dialogue and narration. Then, data validation is done by selecting the most dominant data for intertextual analysis. Data analysis is then done by comparing the two texts as the relationship of hypogram and transformation. The results obtained are a link between the two novels in the form of interrelation between the structure of the story, which includes the background, characters and characterizations, and social conflict in the form of social disparity between the bourgeois and proletarian classes. The text of Nobody's Boy is a transformation from Oliver Twist, which gives a description and emphasis on social inequalities that occur even in years that differ greatly between the two so that from these results, it can be concluded that the two novels have an intertextual relationship in terms of influence.
Ketut Santi Indriani
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 115-126; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.130

Abstract:
This study aims to identify the categories of motivation and appropriate stimulants for the RSD Mangusada staffs in learning English. This research is a qualitative research with method of collecting data using questionnaire distributed to 50 staff of RSD Mangusada from various divisions. The questionnaire contains closed questions that are filled out using Likert’s scale. The data in this study were analyzed descriptive-qualitatively by describing the categories of motivation in learning English. The results of the data analysis show that there are five categories of single dominant motivation and three categories of combined dominant motivation possessed by the staff of Mangusada Badung Hospital in learning English, those are intrinsic dominant motivation category, extrinsic dominant, integrative dominant, instrumental dominant, amotivation dominant, intrinsic- integrative dominant, intrinsic-instrumental dominant and extrinsic-instrumental dominant. Based on the results of the data analysis, it can be concluded that the main factor which encourages Mangusada Hospital staffs to learn English is only limited to the desire to fulfill practical needs, such as the desire to get a better job and/or to get a higher income. The desire to fulfill this practical need arises both from within the learners and from the environment. Thus, if RSD Mangusada needs to improve the English competence of all its staff in order to improve services, pragmatic stimulants is needed in order to get an optimal result.
Charlina, Elvrin Septyanti, Tria Putri Mustika
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 101-114; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.105

Abstract:
This study explores the need for teaching materials to write descriptive texts based on local wisdom through the Fishbone strategy. The method used is ex post facto with Miles & Huberman analysis techniques and data collection techniques through questionnaires. The results of the material analysis, the average value was 3.57 with 71% with three indicators (1) analysis of learning strategy needs on the material averaged 3.52 to 70%, (2) analysis of the need for completeness of teaching materials 3.59 with 71%, and (3) analysis of the need for language rules on the material the average value is 3.69 with 73%. Then for the teaching material analysis, the average value is 3.40 with 68% with four indicators (1) analysis of the needs of learning strategies in teaching material with an average value of 3.10 with 62%, (2) analysis of the need for availability of teaching material with an average value of 3.41 with 68%, (3) analysis of the need for language principles in teaching material the average value is 3.55 with 71%, and (4) analysis of needs for evaluation of teaching material is 3.53 to 70%. It is categorized as useful but needs to be redeveloped through a fishbone strategy for maximum results to achieve an excellent category in teaching material innovation.
Tania Intan, Vincentia Tri Handayani, Ferli Hasanah
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 1-12; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.82

Abstract:
Textbooks have a very important function in education because they facilitate the teaching and learning process for teachers and learners. Teaching material is considered good if it contains educational content that facilitates learners learning actively and independently. This research was conducted to evaluate the use of Cosmopolite 1 textbooks in learning French in the French Literature Study Program at Padjadjaran University. The study was conducted using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, and data were collected in January 2020 through filling out questionnaires and literature studies, for later review descriptively. The lecturer respondents consisted of three people who supported Basic French, while the student respondents consisted of thirty people who were chosen based on the lecturers' recommendations. The evaluation results showed that the Cosmopolite 1 was rated positively by the lecturer and student respondents. Besides, the book fulfils the criteria of self-instructional, self-contained, stand-alone, adaptive, and user friendly. The recommendation made from this research is that an evaluation should always be carried out on all elements of learning, including textbooks.
Linda Apriati, Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman, Mohammad Ilyas
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 13-22; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.73

Abstract:
This study aims to develop thematic teaching materials based on interactive multimedia to improve students' listening skills. This study used the research and development model of Borg and Gall (1983). The multimedia-based thematic teaching materials developed were validated by linguists, media experts and graphic experts. The stages of testing teaching materials consist of small group trials and field trials. The validation of material experts was 87.5%; the results of the validation of linguists were 82.5%; the results of the validation of graphic experts were 87.5%. Based on data and student response questionnaires, learning multimedia-based teaching materials can attract students' interest. Student learning outcomes show a positive status. Thus, the product that can be developed is useful in the learning of fourth-grade elementary school students.
Trian Ramadhan Nuryadin, Tajudin Nur
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 91-100; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.72

Abstract:
This research is a cognitive semantic analysis and uses descriptive qualitative methods. The problems discussed in this study are the types of conceptual metaphors, namely (1) structural metaphors, (2) orientational metaphors, (3) metaphors. The theory used is the conceptual metaphor from Lakoff & Johnson (2003) as the main theory and the image scheme from Cruse & Croft (2004) theory. The data is taken from the Gontor magazine with the theme of "rihlah" (traveling). Based on the analysis conducted, 11 conceptual metaphor data were found, with the following details: seven structural metaphors are the concepts of the meaning of decoration, protection, limb, the taste of food, expenditure, nature, and fame; one orientational metaphor with the concept of the meaning of quality; and three ontological metaphors with the concept of well-known meaning, heredity, and quality of goods. The image schemes found were one power/control scheme, two existence/process schemes, two identity/conformity schemes, and six existence/object schemes.
Holifatul Hasanah, Sony Sukmawan
Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, Volume 4, pp 79-90; doi:10.30872/diglosia.v4i1.102

Abstract:
This research aims to reveal the representation of multiculturalism about the complexity of the Tengger tradition. This study used a qualitative approach to the design of ethnography. The data of this research are in the form of folkloristic expressions manifested in utterances or symbolic behavior. Sources of data in this study were native speakers of Tengger. Data were collected using observation and interviews. The data obtained were then analyzed through three stages: data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. The research findings show that multiculturalism can be represented in various Tengger tradition. Some of them are present in karo celebration performance that contains traditions of gantenan cecelukan, andon mangan, and nyandaran. Instead of these traditions, the tolerance value is also indicated in sayan tradition, such as sayan hajatan, sayan of farming, sayan of building a house, and sayan of building a place of worship. The multicultural Tengger community recognizes the concept of desakalapatra, a different custom in every Tengger region. However, by the existence of traditional support, these differences were able to be managed well. The Tengger people became more open-minded in understanding and accepting any differences between them through multiculturalism and tolerance of desakalapatra value. The solid religious tolerance in the Tengger tradition is also affected in bonding the harmony. As a result, Tengger people are always unity both culture and tradition, though they believe diversity subsistence around them.
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