Journal of Languages and Language Teaching

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23380810 / 26211378
Current Publisher: Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Mataram (10.33394)
Total articles ≅ 87
Current Coverage

Latest articles in this journal

Umi Rachmawati
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 213-221; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2537

This study was a need analysis study as a part of the research and development of instructional materials for English for Business (EFB) at Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang. This study was aimed at finding the students’ needs on their EFB course in terms of their personal characteristics, English proficiency assumption, learning motivation, and personal interest in their learning English. This study was conducted in a qualitative study that involved the nature of the qualitative study in nature. The findings of the study indicated that (1) the students’ were adolescents that were ready and conscious to get the lesson, (2) the students felt that they did not have good English mastery, (3) the students’ motivation in learning individually was not as high as learning in groups though they realized that they needed to master the target language, and (4) the students’ preferred to have more topics on Islamic values and functions in English and teacher’s roles are planner, information provider, and resource developer.
Dumaris E Silalahi
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 193-201; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2542

English lesson plan is a set of learning plans contains essential guidance for the teacher referring to English teaching material. Successful teaching is not determined by the learners’ achievement but also teaching process, which is prepared well by the teacher. It is the proof of teaching as transferring the knowledge. Referring to this case, this research was intended to find out the extent of the English lesson plan implementation by the teacher candidates of English department students as the learner of English as a foreign language. The implementation was observed engaging 65 students who were attending a microteaching class which was one of education compulsory and requirement subject at FKIP of HKBP Nommensen University. Quantitative research design was used to find out the extent of implementation English Lesson plan of the subject. The research found the level of the implementation at 15,19% at level of high, 27,69 % of moderate, 25,00% at low, and 32,11 of poor. It indicates that the English lesson plan implementation by the teacher candidates as the sample in this research was still low.
Topan Rahmatul Iman
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 170-182; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2466

Language transfer means the application of knowledge and understanding of a source language on a target language. Dissimilarities between the source language and the target language could result in a negative transfer. This essay aims to investigate the interference of Indonesian language on English second language writing regarding the order of noun phrase constituents, number marking, and verb tenses. The results presented in this essay were based on three elicitation tasks that were answered by 20 Indonesian students who studied English at a senior high school in Sumbawa Regency, Indonesia. Their ages were between 15 to 18 years old. The participants were given a test that consisted of three elicitation tasks focusing on sentence writing. The results showed that the negative transfer was still found in the students’ writing. However, the students may make mistakes since they had a lack of knowledge, or because they were unable to apply what they knew in their writing.
Nurliana Nurliana
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 108-119; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2276

In an oral presentation of a second language, higher education students commonly face some problems in communication. To overcome these problems, communication strategies are necessary to be employed. In the speaking class of the Dayak Ngaju language course, especially in oral presentation in History of Islamic Civilization Study Program at IAIN Palangka Raya, the students employed communication strategies to overcome the problems in communication. However, most of the students tended to employ certain types of communication strategies in the oral presentation of the Dayak Ngaju language. Furthermore, there were no research reports which had been published regarding the types of communication strategies employed by the students of Dayak Ngaju language as a second language. Thus this study was intended to describe the types of communication strategies employed by the fifth-semester students of History of Islamic Civilization Study Program at IAIN Palangka Raya in oral presentation of Dayak Ngaju language. A descriptive qualitative design was employed in this study. Observation sheets, video recordings, field-notes, and interview guides are the instruments employed in this study. The results of this study showed that the students employed four of five types of communication strategies based on Celce-Murcia’s taxonomy, namely achievement or compensatory strategies, stalling or time-gaining strategies, self-monitoring strategies, and interactional strategies. The most frequent type employed was an achievement or compensatory strategies. Moreover, the most frequent subtype was code-switching.
S Haryadi Haryadi, Aprianoto Aprianoto
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 202-212; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2551

This study aimed to find out whether the integration of the English Pronunciation app in pronunciation class at Mandalika University of Education (UNDIKMA) can increase students’ participation and self-learning. This study made use of quasi-qualitative design. Forty-eight first-year English department students from two groups of learning involved in this research, aged between 19 to 21. Each group, group A and group B, comprised of 24 students. Both groups received instruction using the English pronunciation app. Data was collected using class observation and interviews. In conducting observation, the observer chose to take the role of participant-observer in that the researcher immersed with the students during the observation activities. One volunteer assistant was employed to work with the researcher. It was intended to increase the accuracy of the data collected. In regard to the interview process, the researcher used individual and group interviews where one interviewer/researcher interviews a group of students. The result of the study indicates that the integration of the English Pronunciation app in teaching pronunciation increased the students’ participation (engagement, attitude, and conduct). In addition, the app brought a positive effect to the establishment of independent learning to a significant number of students.
Silvester Goridus Sukur
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 183-192; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2521

This research aims to uncover the impact of disregarding the formulaic competence in designing electronic English textbooks for SMA students in Indonesia. This research belongs to qualitative content analysis one, conducted by using content analysis research method in Indonesia from 2018 to 2019. NVivo 12 Plus was applied to manage and analyze the data that had been stored in this qualitative research software. The data were obtained from three SMA English textbooks for SMA students nationwide as the data sources. The aforesaid textbooks are Bahasa Inggris X by Widiati, U. et al., Bahasa Inggris XI by Bashir, M.; and Bahasa Inggris XII by Widiati, U. et al., all of which were issued by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture in 2017 and 2018 respectively. One of the techniques applied to achieve the trustworthiness of this study was by using Kappa statistic reliability test in NVivo 12 Plus, the result of which gained the value of reliability agreement level of data > 0.75, which means that it was in excellent category. The research result demonstrated that the three chosen SMA English textbooks lacked the topics for the students to promote their formulaic competence. The impact of this point made the students unable to learn such formulaic-competence-related materials. This case would make them find it hard to improve their communicative competence and reading comprehension skill. Therefore, it is suggested that, for the future revised edition, the writers of the textbooks for SMA students all around Indonesia develop the content of the textbooks comprehensively including the materials for formulaic competence. Keywords: textbook, formulaic competence, communicative competence
Nerim Nerim
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 128-138; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2284

The aim of this research was to examine the directed reading thinking activity (DRTA) strategy on students’ reading skills. This research was classified as experimental research applying a quasi-experimental design. This study involved 60 students of second-grade students of SMPN 1 Jonggat. The students were divided into two groups, the experimental and control groups. The experimental group was subjected to DRTA strategy, while the control group was treated using the conventional learning strategy. The data were obtained by using a reading test. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The data were calculated using SPSS 19.0 for Windows. The descriptive statistic was aimed at finding out the students’ mean score, mode, median, and standard deviation. Hence, the inferential statistic was used to test the research hypothesis using the independent sample t-test. The results of the research showed that the DRTA strategy in teaching reading had a more positive effect than the conventional learning strategy. It was proven that the students’ mean score in the experimental class (78.80) was higher than those in the control group (73.73). In addition, the score of 2-tailed (0.032) was lower than the sig. level 0.05. Therefore, the hypothesis was accepted. It means that the directed reading thinking (DRTA) strategy had a significant effect on students’ reading comprehension.
Riana Br. Sianipar, Dewi Sartika Sianturi, Sintia Anastasia Situmorang, Perius Gulo, Erikson Saragih
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 120-127; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2280

This study was aimed at investigating the extent to which recount texts in two selected English textbooks meet the recount text criteria and to find out the similarities and differences of the recount texts between the two selected English textbooks. This study employed a descriptive qualitative method. The data in this study were four forms of recount texts taken from the two selected textbooks. Data analysis was done through analyzing, displaying, reducing, and drawing a conclusion. The data of this study include the generic structure, social objectives, and linguistic elements. The results of the analysis showed findings as follows: (1) four forms of the recount texts in the English textbooks have met the generic structure criteria, namely orientation, event, and reorientation; (2) one of the four recount texts fulfilled social goals; and (3) the four recount texts fulfilled the linguistic element. In short, the recount texts in English textbooks were similar to in terms of linguistic elements and type of process, while differences were found in terms of social goals and generic structure.
Sopian Saori
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 162-169; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2483

The research was aimed at finding out the impact of using mind mapping toward students’ reading comprehension. This study was classified as a quasi experimental research design using two intact classes as an experimental and control group. The experimental group was treated using mind-mapping technique, while the control group was subjected to conventional learning technique. The sample of this study was the first year students of Nabi’ Nubu’ Islamic Senior High School. The instrument of this study employed reading test for students in both groups. The reading tests were distributed in the pre-test and post-test. The data analysis used descriptive and inferential statistic. The data were met the normal and homogeneous data. The result of the study showed that the mean scores of the experimental group (71.76) was higher than the control group (60.24) after treatment was given. Thus, the use of mind mapping has a significant effect towards students’ reading comprehension. It indicated that the technique can be an alternative technique to teach reading comprehension.
Danul Aristiawan
Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Volume 8, pp 139-152; doi:10.33394/jollt.v8i2.2279

The aim of the research was to analyze the courage and modesty as the attributes of moral value in The Old Man And The Sea. This research was descriptive qualitative research. The data were words, phrases, sentences or fragments from the first until the last chapters. The result of this research were: (1)Santiago’s being determined, being hard-working and perseverance, and optimistic of what he did (2)The attribute of being modest or modesty was displayed in various characteristics of Santiago. Some characteristics of Santiago were being unselfish, care, respect, loving, feeling lonely, sympathetic, and even feeling of regretful after killing a fish. The attribute of being modest was displayed by showing that the old man behaves as if he were the father of the young boy Manolin. In terms of being religious, the old man displayed the characteristic of being grateful to God when he realized that God had made the fish not as intelligent as human. This, in the old man’s view, made it possible that human could kill the fish. In such a feeling, he also imagined if only the fish were as intelligent as human. This novel revealed the Courage and Modesty in details.
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