Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky

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ISSN / EISSN : 2414-5076 / 2617-6688
Total articles ≅ 205
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KaMala Yunis
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 7-12; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-1

Abstract:
As for the qualitative definition of the theoretical structure of the concept of algorithm, obtained by building a system of its study on the basis of component analysis in the article, it should be completed by studying the types of algorithmic processes. Three common types of such processes (linear, branching and recursive) play a slightly different role here. The first two types are somewhat simple, as we tried to show in Example 1, it would be natural to use them in the study of the components of the algorithm. Recursive processes can be applied to the play of already separated concepts. There are plenty of examples in various sections of Algebra, such as the "sequences" section, in particular. Finding the approximate value of an expression using the Heron formula can be a good example of recursive processes. The purpose of the research is to develop a methodological system that identifies opportunities to improve the quality of integrated mathematics teaching in V-IX grades and connect it with computer technology as well as identifies ways to apply it in the learning process. Textbooks often show the performance of a particular action on a few specific examples. We come across different situations here. Sometimes the rule is stated after the solution of the work, and sometimes the work is considered after the expression of the rule. The third case is possible, there is no definition of the rule in the textbook, but specific examples of the application of the formed algorithm are considered. This is quite common in school textbooks, especially when considering complex algorithms. In such cases, it is accepted to call the solutions of the studies as examples. The sample solution must meet certain requirements. Let's separate some of them from the point of view of the formed algorithm: the most characteristic cases of the considered type of problem should be considered; numerical data should be selected in such a way that the necessary calculations can be performed orally in order to draw students' attention to the sequence of elementary operations that make up the steps of the formed algorithm. If the problem-solving example meets these requirements, then the type of problem assigned to it can be considered as an algorithm for solving the problem. If, depending on the initial data, there are several fundamentally different cases of problem solving, it is necessary to consider examples of problem solving for each such case.
Alexandra Gerkerova, Iryna Lukyanchenko, Tetiana Yeremenko
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 43-51; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-6

Abstract:
In today’s conditions of globalization, social transformations, and digitalisation of modern society the research becomes topical. Any modern social and professional sphere requires fluency in English. Effective oral and written communication requires intensification of university students’ educational activity via internal motivation development. Digital technologies, which are an integral part of modern youth’s life, were chosen as a means of internal motivation formation. The purpose of the study was to determine the role of digital technologies as a means of internal motives formation in training future English language and literature teachers. The data were collected with the help of the following methods: pilot training,, content analysis of digital tools for teaching English, surveys (questionnaires and research interviews) and scientific (pedagogical) observation. The study theoretically substantiates and experimentally confirms the effectiveness of the proposed digital technologies, the use of which promotes the development of internal motives at university students in the process of learning English. Tasks that involved the active use of messengers and selected digital tools were developed. Such messengers as WhatsApp, Viber, Telegram, Facebook and digital tools for learning English as Duolingo, Quizlet, Learnenglish Podcast, Speak – practice your English, Lingualeo were selected. As a result of the research it is proved that the use of digital technologies in both extracurricular and extracurricular work has a positive effect on the formation of university students’ internal motives that helps to improve their academic achievements in learning English at special faculty.
Luka Basanets, Tetiana Maslova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-2

Abstract:
Article addresses the theoretical meaning of artistic conventionality. Its fundamental role in painting is undeniable and is to be not only familiarised with, but also studied thoroughly. The mastering of a complex and voluminous morphology of artistic conventionality alongside the lack of literature sources concerning its features in the visual arts, in particular in painting, which is the main object of our attention, are laborious parts of this process. The article: a) proposes the introduction of three steps in the study of conventionality at the initial stages of training with a detailed description of the general provisions on artistic conventionality, in order to ensure a conflict-free process of mastering a complex body of knowledge in the future; b) provides selection of the information from its total amount concerning the artistic conventionality in fine arts, emphasising its presence in painting. The article realises the intention to supplement the information on artistic conventionality with the analysis of the class and genre indicators of painting. The systematic study of artistic conventionality is becoming a factual way enabling us to enrich the level of professional literacy of students - future teachers and practising artists.
Lyudmila Bogaichuk, Zinaida Borysiuk
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 34-42; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-5

Abstract:
The article presents some aspects of teaching and training future specialists in the sphere of decorative and applied arts alongside some issues devoted to the development of their opinion that modern artistic textiles are innovative means of decorative and applied arts and play a significant role in the development of creative competence of textile artists. The need to rethink the history of textiles in Ukraine and analyse the problems of its current artistic and industrial state, especially in the Southern regions, has been grounded. It has been proved that the role of artistic textiles, together with carpet weaving and batik, in the socio-cultural and economic development of Ukraine’s artistic space remains relevant today. Special attention is given to the genetic basis for using Ukrainian textiles (the spiritual component of the ornamental carpet) through the symbolism of which representatives of all segments of the population tried to identify with Ukraine, this basis being an integral component in the development process of the professional competence of future specialists in the sphere of decorative and applied arts. It has been substantiated that one cannot forget the ancient traditions of textile art; it is necessary to revive them in original modern forms, to promote the development of experimental tendencies, to work creatively with textiles while teaching the course "Decorative and Applied Arts", to show how promising it is in its artistic and cultural essence, to provide an analysis of the exhibition activity as a guarantee for the development of creative search, a stimulator to the creative activity of a future specialist in decorative and applied arts. The purpose of the article is to identify the interrelations and interactions of folk and professional art; to outline the role of profession-centred art education in the development of artistic textiles in Ukraine; to analyse experimental tendencies and concepts of Ukraine’s modern professional textiles. The conclusions state that the language and style of the Ukrainian textile art has always depended on traditions and national sources, as well as on the latest trends in Western European Art. The analysis of the existing methodological approaches to teaching future specialists in decorative and applied arts, aimed at searching for new methods of improving the quality of education, and developing their professional competence enables us to assess the idea of innovative learning, teaching and assessment in a new way. An important condition for successful training of future professionals in the sphere of decorative and applied arts is the development of their creative competence, which includes the ability to emotionally perceive the environment, to creatively transform it, the awareness of the culture of peoples and nations in different periods of society development, to master universal human values, including creative values, providing creative self-realisation and self-development.
Evgeny Zapadnyuk, Boris Sorvirov, Alexander Baranov
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 23-26; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-3

Abstract:
In the theoretical block of the article, the directions of application by countries of specific features of one country in the educational space of another are viewed through the prism of an agreed educational policy, complementarity of national educational systems, synchronization of actions achieved on the basis of regulation by supranational institutions. The article adapted foreign experience, including new trends in the field of education: decentralization and democratization of management, modification of educational programs and standards, the creation of non-state educational institutions, updating of the regulatory framework and the financial and economic mechanism in the field of education. Cooperation between the EAEU member states in the field of education was considered as a mechanism for the most effective development and solution of global problems. International academic mobility is analysed as one of the most important co-sponsoring processes for the internationalization of higher education and the integration of universities into the world educational space. The practical block is devoted to the problems of the formation and evolution of the educational services market in the conditions of innovative development of Russia and Belarus as members of the Eurasian Economic Union. The peculiarities of integration of education systems of Russia and Belarus in the market of educational services of the EAEU are considered. Factors leading to integration of member countries at the level of individual educational institutions are being investigated. Trends of gradual development of national educational systems of their state framework and emergence of foundations of unified educational space of the Eurasian Economic Union are analyzed. Trends are highlighted that hinder the development of the export of educational services of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Iryna Darmanska, Oleh Sukhovirskyi
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 52-59; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-7

Abstract:
Today, Ukraine is on the verge of implementing reform changes aimed at improving the functioning of educational institutions, educational environment, working and learning conditions, etc. To this end, public authorities have adopted a number of legal documents that provide for the content and basic conceptual framework for the implementation of European integration standards. Every higher education institution must implicitly respond to these changes, as its mission should be to improve conditions within and outside the educational environment in relation to all participants of the educational process. In fulfilling its unique mission, each institution of higher education should have its own strategic vision for the development of the entire institution and individual specialties, which takes into account the individual peculiarities and needs of students and research-teaching staff. In order to form the current competences of the graduate of the relevant specialty, the higher education institution must constantly review the objectives and program learning outcomes, which will further affect the competitiveness of the student in the labour market. Each specialty must be in constant motion, development, systemic improvement. Particular attention in this process should be paid to the specialty 011 Educational, Pedagogical Sciences, as their graduates are future teachers of higher education institutions, which in the near future will influence the development processes of the future professionals in various fields. Therefore, the objective of the article is to highlight the optimal conditions that should be created by a higher education institution in the system of training of master’s degree students. To achieve it, theoretical (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalisation) and practical (questionnaire, observation, conversation) methods have been used. In order to make the research objective and determine the needs of students, we conducted a survey, which showed not only the interest of students in the processes of development of the educational institution, but also allowed us to identify those factors that are the most appropriate for students in improving the quality of educational services. Taking into account the needs of students, we have proposed organisational and pedagogical conditions, the introduction of which will improve the quality of training of master’s degree students majoring in 011 Educational, Pedagogical Sciences.
Mykhailo Yatsura, Anna Gamarnyk, Andriy Bezhenar, Olga Tadeush, Darya Yemelyanova
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-8

Abstract:
The relevance of the study is explained by the need to increase the level of teaching Physics, to identify and develop creative abilities of both schoolchildren and students, future teachers of Physics. The preparation for Olympiads and their holding helps to raise interest in Physics. The analysis of scientific sources shows that, despite the interest of scientists in the problem of organising and improving the preparation of students for the Physics Olympiads, this problem needs further study. In particular, the pedagogical conditions for preparing students for the Physics Olympiads have not been identified; effective methods, forms and means of teaching, possibilities of information and communication technologies aimed at training students for the Physics Olympiads have not been sufficiently studied, which is especially relevant in distance training. The purpose of the study is to identify and implement pedagogical conditions for training students majoring in Secondary Education (Physics) at Ushynsky University, to develop skills in solving school Olympiad problems. In accordance with the set goal, pedagogical conditions for preparing future Physics teachers to solve school Olympiad problems have been identified and introduced into the educational process, namely: creation of interactive interaction between teachers and students in the process of solving Olympiad problems; use of modern Internet technologies, distance learning methods in the educational environment as an important factor in intensifying independent work in the process of profession-oriented training in solving school Olympiad problems. According to students, the introduction of certain pedagogical conditions contributed to increasing the level of profession-oriented training aimed at future teachers of Physics, the development of these skills: the ability to interest students in Physics; create an atmosphere of emotional enthusiasm in teaching Physics; teach basic algorithms and approaches to solving non-standard problems; to teach non-standard thinking and initiative not only in solving physical problems, but also in solving life situations; to increase the level of knowledge of English in a professional direction.
Lеsiа Kаrnаukh
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 27-33; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-4

Abstract:
Thе rеlеvаncе of thе rеsеаrch is stipulаtеd by thе fаct thаt gеndеr sociаlisаtion is аn importаnt componеnt of gеnеrаl sociаlisаtion of thе pеrsonаlity, а spеcific procеss of sociаl diffеrеntiаtion bеtwееn sеxеs undеr thе influеncе of thе еducаtionаl procеss, culturе, sociеty trаditions. Thе purposе of thе rеsеаrch is to аnаlysе thе thеorеticаl foundаtions of pеrson’s gеndеr dеvеlopmеnt аnd to substаntiаtе thе mеthodology of rеsеаrch rеlаtеd to gеndеr sociаlisаtion of sеnior prеschoolеrs. Gеnеrаl tеndеnciеs of psychologicаl-аnd-pеdаgogicаl rеsеаrch in thе fiеld of gеndеr problеmаtics using thе mеthods of systеm-аnd-structurаl аnаlysis, compаrison, gеnеrаlisаtion, systеmаtisаtion of pеdаgogicаl, psychologicаl sciеntific sourcеs hаvе bееn rеvеаlеd in thе аrticlе. Thе kеy dеfinitions of thе rеsеаrch: "gеndеr", "gеndеr idеntificаtion", "gеndеr rolе", "gеndеr sociаlisаtion" hаvе bееn аnаlysеd within thе contеnt of thе аrticlе; thе spеcifics of thе procеss of gеndеr dеvеlopmеnt of sеnior prеschoolеrs undеr conditions of intеrаction of prеschool еducаtionаl еstаblishmеnts аnd fаmily hаs bееn clаrifiеd. Thе diаgnosеd mеthodology which dеtеrminеd thе lеvеls аnd corrеsponding critеriа chаrаctеrising complеtеnеss of sеnior prе-schoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion (cognitivе, еmotionаl, vаluе-oriеntеd аnd bеhаviourаl) bаsеd on thе thеorеticаl аnаlysis of psychologicаl-аnd-pеdаgogicаl litеrаturе hаs bееn substаntiаtеd. Еаch critеrion includеd а group of quаlitаtivе indicаtors thаt rеvеаlеd thе contеnt аnd chаrаctеrisеd thе lеvеls of complеtеnеss of sеnior prеschoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion. Thе usеd diаgnosеd mеthodology mаdе it possiblе to diffеrеntiаtе thе complеtеnеss lеvеls of childrеn’s gеndеr sociаlisаtion rаnging sаtisfаctory, mеdium аnd low. Thе rеsults of thе rеsеаrch аllowеd chаrаctеrising complеtеnеss of sеnior prеschoolеrs’ gеndеr sociаlisаtion аs а rеsult of mаstеring idеаs аbout morаl norms of gеndеr rеlаtions in sociеty, еmotionаl аnd vаluе-oriеntеd аttitudеs to thеm аlongsidе thе lеаrning of thе modеls of fеmininе аnd mаsculinе bеhаviour implеmеntеd in communicаtion procеss. Thе problеm undеr rеsеаrch opеns prospеcts for substаntiаtion аnd аpprobаtion of thе mеthodology аnd pеdаgogicаl conditions for еffеctivе implеmеntаtion of gеndеr sociаlisаtion of sеnior prеschoolеrs аt а formаtivе rеsеаrch stаgе.
Tetyana Hordienko, Larysa Dubrovska, Valery Dubrovsky
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 68-74; https://doi.org/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-2-9

Abstract:
The article clarifies the content of the concepts "person with special educational needs", describes the features of the organization of education in an inclusive classroom in mathematics lessons; identified special educational needs of primary school children with disabilities on the basis of a secondary school, explored effective ways of inclusive work in mathematics lessons in modern primary school. Innovative technologies of multilevel support of participants of educational process are offered: technology of adaptation of the child to a new educational level; teacher support technology; technology to help the child in the learning process; family interaction technology; technology of personality education. The following methods of inclusive learning in mathematics lessons in primary school are described: supportive learning, parallel learning, alternative learning, learning in small groups, alternate learning, team learning. Innovative technologies are considered, which realize the complex multilevel character of support of participants of pedagogical process and by means of which support of participants of educational process at lessons of mathematics is carried out: technology of adaptation of the child to new educational level; teacher support technology; technology to help the child in the learning process; family interaction technology; technology of personality education. The aspects that belong to the category of methodological and educational requirements and which must be performed by the teacher in mathematics lessons in an inclusive classroom are indicated: the topic of the lesson should correspond to long-term planning; pedagogical communication should have clearly defined goals, adaptation of the structure of the mathematics lesson. Options for solving the problem of planning a math lesson and creating a lesson outline in an inclusive classroom, focusing on children with special educational needs. Planning a math lesson in an inclusive classroom should include both general education tasks to meet the educational needs within the state standard and correctional and developmental tasks.
Yemelyanova Yemelyanova, Tadeush Tadeush, Anna Gamarnyk, Mykhailo Yatsura,
Scientific bulletin of South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Volume 2021, pp 82-89; https://doi.org/10.24195/10.24195/2617-6688-2021-1-11

Abstract:
At the moment, the creation of methodological support for academic disciplines is an urgent problem of organizing the educational process in higher education institutions. As you know, the methodological support for the study of an academic discipline consists of four independent methodological documents: the program of the academic discipline, the working program of the academic discipline, the syllabus and the electronic educational and methodological complex of the discipline. The purpose of the study is a comparative analysis of these documents to determine their role in the organization of the educational process. The program of the academic discipline is the main normative document that determines the place and significance of the discipline in the implementation of the educational and professional training of the student, its content, the amount of knowledge, skills and abilities determined by the relevant competencies, as well as the sequence and organizational forms of studying the academic discipline. It is developed by one of the highly educated teachers of the department, discussed at a meeting of the department and approved by it, after which it becomes a working methodological document of the department. Based on a comparative analysis of the structure and content of the program, work program, syllabus and educational-methodological complex of the discipline, which are the main components of educational and methodological support for the study of the discipline, it has been established that all components of the work program in one form or another are repeated in the syllabus and educational-methodological complex discipline. At the same time, in contrast to the work program of the discipline, in the last two methodological components, these components have a large semantic content that is necessary in the educational work of students. In addition, the information contained in the syllabus and the educational-methodical complex of the discipline, the student can use at any time, since these documents are contained in electronic form on the websites of libraries of higher educational institutions and departments, which own the discipline, and the work program of the discipline is stored in paper form at the department and students' access to it is limited. The conducted comparative analysis leads to the conclusion that the work program of the academic discipline is not a necessary link in the methodological support of the discipline study.
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