LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23112433 / 24122475
Current Publisher: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (10.28925)
Total articles ≅ 20
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LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475

Ihoshev Kyrylo
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1318

Abstract:In this study, the author examines the concept of “simple life” in the work “Walden; or Life in the Woods” by H. D. Thoreau in the context of transcendental philosophy. The article gives a brief overview of R. Emerson’s works on transcendentalism (which were the foundations of Thoreau’s own philosophical and aesthetic views) and the work of S. Alexander on the philosophy of “simple life” by H. Thoreau. It is determined that one of the main concepts of transcendentalism is “self-reliance”. As a result of the study, it was determined that H. Thoreau’s “simple life” is a practical realization of the “self-reliance” concept and is based on the principles of the “economics of sufficiency”. These are the following principles: selfsufficiency, self-discipline (limiting our own material needs) and the abstinence from excessive (surplus) labor. According to H. Thoreau, people work overmuch because they do not recognize the true value of things. Their toil is unending as they strive for ever greater luxuries which they do not need. Thoreau thought that his fellow-citizen accept the consumerist style of life not because they like it, but because they think that they don’t have a choice. In his book “Walden; Or Life in the Woods” he tried to show them that the other way (in fact, as many ways as they would like) exists and it is possible for anyone to pursue it with success.
Iryna Rybalka
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1322

Abstract:The author of the article offers an analysis of male images in the works of the famous British writer B. Erskine’s short stories published in the collection of story “Encounters». The analysed fiction texts have not been translated into Ukrainian yet. The study presents the attempt to use the gender research techniques to study literary problems. Using the classification of the male social patterns of behavior worked out by N. Zhadanova, we analyse the collection of stories “Encounters” and single six types of male images: “Knight-aristocrat”, “Gentleman”, “Mate”, “Romantic”, “Son”, “Father”. These types of masculine images are neither positive nor negative, they always combine both traits this adds some more realism. The male image of the type “Gentleman” prevails in the above-mentioned collection, the fact can be explained by the national and cultural traditions of the society, described in the stories. The vector of this study is promising in the multistudy researches, that recently become popular in humanitarian scientific practice.
Kaya Semih
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1319

Abstract:The article analyses the chronotope of the novel by Orhan Pamuk Silent House through the prism of identity problem. The purpose of the article is to establish a connection of this problem to the peculiarities of the interpretation of the chronotope (which is a result of analysis of the opposites capital-country and East-West. The urban issue of the Silent House grounds on the eschatological paradigm and the cyclic concept of the world, the concept of eternal return; this attests a postmodernist understanding of the categories of time and space. Hence, the composition of the novel is a peculiar spatial and temporal mosaic and narrative polyphony. In the temporal space of the Silent House the spatial (home and provincial town) and temporal (past and present) images, motive of travel (real and metaphysical in the form of memories), of the travelers acquire the semantics of existential metamorphosis that lead to moral and spiritual initiation. And the closed space of the novel — the house of Mrs. Fatma and the provincial Turkish town — appears as a special topos-gerontope, the main principle of which is a freezing of the time. In this way Pamuk realizes typical for his works problems of relations between the West and the East and self-identification.
Halyna Vypasniak
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends pp 95-99; doi:10.28925/2412-2745.2016.2019.1315

Abstract:The paper analyses the symbolic features of spaces of Serhiy Zhadan’s prose. The main attention is paid to the novel “Voroshylovhrad” and the name of the city that doesn’t exist on the geographic maps anymore. Most spaces, such as a petrol station or abandoned airfield, could be defined as non-places (the term of M. Auge). For M. Auge it’s a type of space that shows the hybridity of our life. It’s basically the transit places. That is why there are no emotions connected with those non-places: no special stories, no narrative, that could create the place itself. The analysed novel by Serhiy Zhadan assures that even those places that weren’t noticed by most people and were treated by them as non-places, were really precious for others because of their personal memories and their past time, spent there. The paper also analyses the special features of the novel according M. Auge’s term the “anthropologic place”. It’s a place that represents an identity of native group that used to live there and shows the power of a connection between the place and its inhabitants. It’s also a place, where they can feel themselves and make their own rules. Those things make places like the petrol station, worth to be defended from intrusions.
Halyna Vypasniak
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1315

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Nazar Malaniy
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1320

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Valerii Bren
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends pp 70-75; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1311

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Svetlana Stezhko
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends pp 51-55; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.138

Abstract:The article analyses propaganda plays which create a broad basis for further consolidation in the mass consciousness of ideological concepts , mythologues, and behavioral stereotypes, wholly corresponding to the so-called social order of power and society. One of the most powerful ideological plots and cliches in plays-agitation is the conceptial plot contrasting «past — future» («old world / order / custom — a new world / order / custom»). The plot lines of the propaganda play, in fact, «appropriate» folklore subjects and fragments of the national historical narrative and rewrite them in accordance with the class-social ideology of the era. Theatricalization of history, as well as theatricalization of life, is carried out using ideological cliches, but based on historical stories. In the vast majority of cases, it is not about the use of plot conflicts from the biographies of historical figures, but on the contrary — about the rebirth of the plot schemes of folk historical songs, ballads, legends, and translations. The plot lines of the propaganda plays “take credit” for folk stories and fragments of the national historical narrative and transcribe it according to the class-social ideological settings of the era. This makes it possible to create a common historical memory. Due to this memory the national heroic pathos of the Ukrainian past is replaced by the images and metaphors of the class struggle of the proletariat and the peasantry. This image is wholly opposite to the national-patriotic, partly the existential-philosophical conception of the past, created in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the dramatic works of Liudmyla Starytska- Cherniakhivska, Spyrydon Cherkasenko, Hnat Hotkevych, Mykhailo Hrushevskyi, Bohdan Lepky, Ivan Nechui-Levytskyi and other Ukrainian writers. National pride motive is replaced by the idea of “Soviet patriotism”, in order for “Ukrainians could celebrate their past, as long as it complemented, but did not combat with Russian imperial history” as S. Yekelchik notes.
Elizabeth Vasyliuk
LITERARY PROCESS: methodology, names, trends pp 81-87; doi:10.28925/2412-2475.2019.1313

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