ISSN / EISSN : 24139610 / 26632365
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 12
Latest articles in this journal
Development Management, Volume 5, pp 23-34; doi:10.21511/dm.5(1).2019.03
Abstract:Until recently, the statistical approach was the main technique in solving the prediction problem. In the framework of static models, the tasks of forecasting, the identification of hidden periodicity in data, analysis of dependencies, risk assessment in decision making, and others are solved. The general disadvantage of statistical models is the complexity of choosing the type of the model and selecting its parameters. Computing intelligence methods, among which artificial neural networks should be considered at first, can serve as alternative to statistical methods. The ability of the neural network to comprehensively process information follows from their ability to generalize and isolate hidden dependencies between input and output data. Significant advantage of neural networks is that they are capable of learning and generalizing the accumulated knowledge. The article proposes a method of neural networks training in solving the problem of prediction of the time series. Most of the predictive tasks of the time series are characterized by high levels of nonlinearity and non-stationary, noisiness, irregular trends, jumps, abnormal emissions. In these conditions, rigid statistical assumptions about the properties of the time series often limit the possibilities of classical forecasting methods. The alternative methods to statistical methods can be the methods of computational intelligence, which include artificial neural networks. The simulation results confirmed that the proposed method of training the neural network can significantly improve the prediction accuracy of the time series.
Development Management, Volume 5, pp 35-50; doi:10.21511/dm.5(1).2019.04
Abstract:The paper proposes an approach to optimizing the functional structure of the business processes of a service IT company based on the business process management system as an active self-organized, viable system that takes into account the peculiarities of the information technology industry development. This allows to optimize the structure of business processes through adequate positioning and formal description of the whole set of complex hierarchical interconnections with the aim of transition from hierarchical to functional structure of enterprise’s business processes taking into consideration the relationships between elements. The designed business process management system is considered as a set of strategic, tactical and operational business processes that are interrelated within a single strategic goal. The graph of the functional tasks of the investigated service IT company is formed, which reflects the incidence and closeness of the links between business processes. The model of optimization of the functional structure of business processes is proposed based on the algorithm, which involves minimizing the total connections of the subsets of the vertices of the functional graph, with the help of which the optimal restructured system of business processes was constructed, which increases the efficiency of management of the investigated service IT company. The advantages and disadvantages of the restructured functional structure of the service IT company’s business processes were analyzed. It is determined that the restructuring of the business process system will be effective only with changes in the enterprise processes management based on appropriate management strategies.
Development Management, Volume 5, pp 15-22; doi:10.21511/dm.5(1).2019.02
Abstract:The current situation at Ukrainian enterprises is characterized by fail to meet the requirements of socially responsible nature, which is one of the economic crisis factors (lack of trust between employer and employees, transparency in conducting business processes and low level of responsibility resulted in economic disequilibrium). Therefore, a company must apply the social responsibility principles in strategic planning. The success of any enterprise depends largely on the quality and quantity of human resources. A significant competitive advantage that the company has over its competitors is the quality of talented and qualified professionals, which the company was able to attract to work. In order for recruitment to be more effective, it is necessary to apply methods of evaluating candidates that will allow to give a comprehensive conclusion about the quality and compliance with the requirements for an employee in a particular position. The issue of hiring highly qualified personnel is more relevant than ever before in Ukraine, especially in the conditions of developing social responsibility of business. The article deals with the social responsibility of enterprises, the features of socially responsible hiring of personnel and the expediency of its practical use. The main elements of socially responsible recruitment of personnel are analyzed, social responsibility directions are developed in personnel management, and elements for developing the strategy for socially responsible hiring are proposed.
Development Management, Volume 5, pp 1-14; doi:10.21511/dm.5(1).2019.01
Abstract:Non-state pension funds play an important role in the development of the economy. The development of the system of non-state pension provision, which includes non-state pension funds, complies with the main aspects of the Ukraine – 2020 Sustainable Development Strategy. The importance of selecting investment areas for non-state pension funds results in the need to further explore and find ways to improve the investment process. The purpose of the article is to develop theoretical and methodological aspects of investing assets of non-state pension funds in bonds. The study object is the investment activity of non-state pension funds. The following methods are used: vertical and horizontal analysis, SWOT analysis, regression analysis, graphical and tabular methods. It is determined that effective investment of non-state pension funds’ assets provides an increase in the value of assets, which in turn enables participants of non-state pension funds to enhance the quality of life. Involving non-state pension funds in the stock market and their interaction with other entities in this market are illustrated by the investment in bonds example. The market of bonds in Ukraine for 2013-2017 has been analyzed and the tendency towards development has been determined. The possibilities and threats of investment of non-state pension funds’ assets in bonds are substantiated. The approach to determining the impact of factors on the government bond yields, in particular, bonds of domestic state loans and bonds of enterprises has been further developed. This approach, unlike the existing ones, provides for the use of regression analysis and takes into account changes in the environment according to factors (consumer price index and household income for government bonds, the number of enterprises and the discount rate of the National Bank of Ukraine for bonds of enterprises). That is of practical importance and will make it possible to improve the investment strategy of non-state pension fund assets in bonds.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 88-97; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.08
Abstract:The article presents comprehensive approach to ensuring the effective formation of the information process of industrial enterprise management. It is proposed to use scenario planning technology, which will allow considering the activity of an enterprise and its information processes in the context of several development scenarios. The paper substantiates the theoretical and methodological provisions for determining the factors ensuring the effectiveness of the formation of the information process of managing an industrial enterprise. The factors determining the effectiveness of the formation of the information process of managing an industrial enterprise are determined on the basis of the principal component method, which allows to determine the most informative indicators for further analysis and formation of the information array of the management process. It has been proved that regardless of the scenario of the development of an enterprise, the list of factors ensuring the effectiveness of the formation of information processes for managing an industrial enterprise (using the engineering industry as an example) remains unchanged, but depending on the development scenario, the priorities of the company’s management change.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 73-87; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.07
Abstract:The features of financial support for reproduction of fixed assets of agrarian enterprises are considered in the article. These include quantitative and qualitative differences in the basic assets of agrarian enterprises, seasonal production, long payback period of capital investments, the reproduction in agricultural enterprises of a significant part of fixed assets in kind, unsustainable financial condition of enterprises and lack of collateral for obtaining long-term loans, undervalued value of fixed assets, no accrual of depreciation on land. For the agricultural enterprises of Ukraine, a cognitive model of the situation "Fixed Assets" was developed, which allows us to investigate factors that determine the possibilities of expanding their reproduction in the light of unstable conditions of functioning. On the basis of cognitive modeling, studies of a possible scenario for the transformation of this system in accordance with the purpose of management have been carried out and modeling the dynamics of the levers of directing the management influences depending on the chosen behavior. It is established that the most significant factors influencing changes in the system of fixed assets are: net profit received by enterprises of the agrarian sector of Ukraine, state support of agricultural producers, foreign investments in agriculture and financing of fixed assets on the basis of leasing. Based on a correlation-regression analysis based on the estimation of stable cause-and-effect relationships, establishing quantitative relations between random variables of the investigated process, conditional forecasts of changes in the size of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises are constructed.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 64-72; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.06
Abstract:The article deals with the technological aspects of the mechanism of formation of local budgets in Ukraine, which is an important tool for state policy, the development of administrative and territorial units, and ensuring an adequate level of living standards. On the basis of the analysis carried out by the authors, it was revealed that the mechanism of formation of local budgets does not correspond to the current trends, therefore the components of legislative and regulatory support are systematized and the potential of their use for the changes of the existing mechanism is revealed. The technological aspects of the formation of local budgets are considered, namely, the composition of local budgets is determined, and at the expense of which the local budget is formed by the legislative base. The features of the mechanism of formation of local budgets and the main organizational and technological procedures for its development are determined. The authors highlighted the main shortcomings of the existing mechanism for the formation of local budgets, namely, the absence of a procedure for forming the income and expenditure part of local budgets. It is determined that local budgets of Ukraine are more dependent on intergovernmental transfers than local budgets of EU countries, the volume of transfers and their share in the organization of local budget revenues is constantly increasing. In this work, the authors proposed measures to eliminate the problems of the formation of local budgets.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 26-39; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.03
Abstract:The article analyzes construction of crypto-code designs (CCDs) on the basis of asymmetric Mac-Alice and Niederreiter crypto-code systems on elliptical (EC) and modified elliptic codes (MEC), which, in the conditions of post-quantum cryptography, allow to provide a guaranteed level of crypto stability, to counteract the modern Attacks and attack by V. Sidelnikov on the theoretical code schemes of McAlias and Niederreiter. Schemes of hybrid crypto-code designs constraction the lossy codes are addressed. Methods of constructing mechanisms of confidentiality and integrity of banking information resources under hybrid threats to security components (information security, cybersecurity, information security) are proposed. Using of a lossy code is suggested to this end. Lossy Code allow you to increase the speed of code changes by reducing the power of the field when causing damage to open text and reducing the amount of data transferred by causing harm to the cipher text. The methods of constructing unprofitable codes and approaches for use in hybrid KKK of McAlias and Niederreiter on modified elliptic codes are considered. Practical algorithms for the use of the MV2 mechanism in McAlias’ CCD and Niederreiter’s modified elliptic codes are proposed, which allows the implementation of the CCD hybrid scheme. The comparative results of the study of stability and power capacity with respect to their practical use in automated banking systems are presented.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 40-51; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.04
Abstract:The article proposes a tool for managing money laundering risk based on the definition of the level of coherence of financial companies and credit unions, the application of which will contribute to introduction of a risk-based approach to anti-money laundering, terrorist financing and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. It was revealed that among the investigated during 2010-2017 financial corporations and credit unions there are financial conglomerates. This confirms the existence of close ties between them. Associated financial companies and credit unions may form or join networks that can be used for possible money laundering. It was established that the share of connected credit unions and financial companies corresponds to the principle of Pareto – 20:80. The proposed methodological support allowed selecting a large number of independent credit unions and financial companies. This will help to prevent the impact of the risk of connected individuals on the high ability of the borrower to fulfill their loan obligations and not to be involved in processes for money laundering using networks. Meanwhile, dedicated joint financial institutions belong to a high-risk group for controlling their financial operations to prevent the legalization of proceeds from crime.
Development Management, Volume 4, pp 52-63; doi:10.21511/dm.4(4).2018.05
Abstract:In the context of growing requirements for the reliability of information and a reduction in the time of data delivery, the urgent task is the development of simple and effective means of control as a process of transmission of information and equipment in distributed systems. The problem of diagnosing the efficiency of distributed systems in data exchange networks with packet switching is considered in the paper. The proposed approach to the synthesis of data control devices is most effective in verifying the transmission of a multitude of packet messages over a datagram channel in time division mode and can be used in digital test device diagnostic systems as an initialization analyzer. The practical implementation of the proposed approach allows you to create devices that have achieved a significant reduction in hardware costs and simplify the technical implementation of signature analyzers. In this case, it is not necessary to store the input information, which provides the possibility of using different characteristic of polynomials, by automatically generating this information in the device. Parallel processing of message packets or diagnostic information allows to increase the speed of analyzers, with reception of signatures that equal the signature of a single-channel analyzer. Examples of synthesis of multichannel signature analyzers that are capable of high-speed data reliably process information, localize errors in the information input sequence and determine the number of the false packet in the message or the device from the group of verifiable devices are given.