AD ALTA: 12/02-XXIX.
ISSN / EISSN : 1804-7890 / 2464-6733
Published by: MAGNANIMITAS (10.33543)
Total articles ≅ 75
Latest articles in this journal
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 152-159; https://doi.org/10.33543/120229152159
The article aims to identify possible directions for improving the management of budgetary flows from excise taxation in Ukraine to implementing the state's fiscal and socio-economic tasks through tax revenues. Using the method of analysis of hierarchies, a choice was made of an option for a possible adjustment of excise tax rates on alcoholic products, tobacco products, or the introduction of an excise tax on soft drinks and food products with high sugar content. The method used allowed taking into account the conditions of military aggression on the part of Russia, under which the modern financial system of Ukraine operates. The results obtained by the hierarchy analysis method contribute to balanced decisions in the process of budget flows, and their accounting in the excise taxation system ensures the choice of a reasonable level, tax rates, and the introduction of new types of taxes. The results of assessing the volume of revenues and excise tax based on the results of the implementation of the Consolidated Budget of Ukraine, the State Budget of Ukraine, and the share of excise tax in the budgets of some European countries, in particular, France and Germany, allowed identifying the problems and directions for a balanced and uniform movement of budget revenue streams from excise taxation. The implementation of these steps is associated with the improvement of the management of the movement of budgetary flows from excise taxation in order to eliminate obstacles to the development of the business of manufacturers of excisable goods.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 85-93; https://doi.org/10.33543/12018593
Taking the intertwining of culture and cognition in a holistic nature of phraseologisms as a starting point, we investigate 400 units in Australian English from cognitive and pragmatic perspectives. It is argued that phraseologisms are formed on certain cognitive models that schematically represent real-world situations and shape the inner form of the expressions. The objectives of the study are to find out these models, explain how they configure the image component motivating the idiomatic meaning and pragmatic value of phraseologisms. The findings indicate that the flexibility of metonymy- and metaphor-based models allows a diversity of the inner forms which motivate idiomatic meanings and provide pragmatic efficiency of phraseologisms.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 94-97; https://doi.org/10.33543/12019497
The article presents some results of research . It deals with identifying the participation degree of military professionals in educational activities and identifying decisive motivational factors and barriers affecting participation in educational activities. The article is also aimed at analysing the influence of selected characteristics of age and the economic status of individuals. The analysis results show that no significant distinction in the representation of individual motives between the age groups has been proved. Statistically significant differences have been shown in the frequencies of responses expressing the evaluation of the significance of selected barriers by respondents with higher and lower military ranks.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 32-37; https://doi.org/10.33543/12013237
Commuting to and from work can be stressful, tedious and unenjoyable. Previous research has demonstrated the positive/negative relationship between duration of commuting and life satisfaction. Relying on secondary data, the present study applies a quantitative research approach to examine the data. The quantitative results obtained indicate that there is a positive correlation between the indicators of 1-9 minutes and 45-59 minutes of commuting and happiness. This implies that a higher degree of workforce commuting in those periods leads to a higher degree of happiness. Secondly, in some cases employees spend more time commuting than the number of paid vacation days. In seven (Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Finland, Portugal, Cyprus and Iceland) of the surveyed countries, the commute is shorter than employees’ permitted annual time off. According to the data, the duration of commuting time can affect our state of happiness. Furthermore, the findings demonstrate that employees spend more time commuting than the number of paid vacation days. The time and stress that appear with a long commute have a big influence when it depends whether the employee prefers free time (shorter commute) or money. Happiness may be influenced by different transportation modes. Clearly, the advantage of lessening this burden makes employees happier. Overall, the study indicates that duration of commuting (short or long) can contribute to being happy, but happiness will only be maintained if the commute is shorter than employees’ permitted annual time off.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 45-50; https://doi.org/10.33543/12014550
Diversity of the workforce encourages innovation. In order to maintain the workforce, it is necessary to adapt the company's training with regard to the needs of individual employees. Organisations that understand the relationships between diversity, inclusion and education have the potential to set up a culture of lifelong learning and thus improve quality of life for their employees. Diversity can strengthen work involvement, improve the organisational climate, promote inclusion, and contribute to increased productivity and the quality of life of employees. We researched the question of diversity by questionnaire; an online survey was conducted at the Slovak Labour and Welfare Administration, investigating the dimensions of diversity, inclusion, quality of life, and education. We identified the subjective perception of the dimensions of education, diversity and inclusion by employees in relation to the criteria of quality of life, job positions or time spent working in the institution. Our results showed that education has an impact on the self-esteem of the respondent's personal and professional life, and that the quality of personal and professional life is influenced by the position and length of time spent in the organisation.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.33543/1201106109
The primary goal of this contribution is to present our research survey, which focuses on uncovering factors influencing the inclusion or non-integration of innovative methods into the teaching of literary education at lower-secondary schools. We view innovative methods as approaches to teaching that target texts and are built on didactic textual interpretation. At the same time they join together the three basic elements of experiential literary education, i.e. reading, creativity and teaching. The presented research survey builds on the results of research that dealt with the constitution of a separate subject-didactics of literature in a conceptual sense, including those which centred findings on the integration of innovative teaching methods into teaching and educational practice at various stages of education. The research tool used in the presented qualitative research will be interviews with randomly chosen respondents. The interviews will be recorded and subsequently transcribed. They will be evaluated using grounded theory according to Strauss and Corbin.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 151-156; https://doi.org/10.33543/1201151156
The presented article deals with the current state of inclusion at universities in Slovakia. It describes the situation at the selected university in terms of support and help provided for students with specific needs. It also explains the role of the Support Centre for Students with Specific Needs, focusing on specifying the problems and difficulties of these students. University support centres are one of the tools for more effective implementation of inclusion in the environment of higher education institutions. At the same time authors of the presented article outline possibilities for improving the current situation with concrete recommendations to the practice.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 193-200; https://doi.org/10.33543/1201193200
The article deals with two factors that affect the process of cross-cultural adaptation of foreigners in the Czech Republic in opposite directions: cultural intelligence (CQ) and ethnocentrism (ETN). Three hypotheses were tested: 1) cultural intelligence and its subdimensions (metacognitive, cognitive, motivational, behavioral) are positively related to intercultural adaptation, 2) ethnocentrism affects adaptation negatively, 3) the positive relationship between CQ and adaptation is weakened by ethnocentrism. The first two hypotheses were confirmed using a PLS-SEM statistical technique on a sample of 84 Chinese students studying at several Czech universities, and the third was rejected. In addition, the latent CQ construct was validated as a hierarchical component model. Means for easier adaptation of students/workers during a long-term stay in a culturally foreign environment are briefly also discussed.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 81-84; https://doi.org/10.33543/12018184
Intellectual virtues are very important abilities of a future teacher. They play a major role in cultivating character and stimulating the critical thinking of the student. The intellectual virtue of rationality (trust in reason) is required for a person to develop a network of interconnected virtues – intellectual and moral, in which critical and moral thinking is integrated at the same time. The aim of the study is to identify how students of teaching perceive their own level of development of intellectual virtues. To discover the opinions of respondents, we used R. W. Paul’s scheme of affective strategies (1992), which we integrated with specific intellectual virtues. The research was carried out by n = 241 students of teaching at Prešov University in Prešov. It was the available sample. Due to the fact that the issue of intellectual virtues had so far been studied in Slovakia only in theory, we bring descriptive research and analysis of primary data. The results of the research indicate a lack of training for future teachers in this regard. We consider the absence of such research and, consequently, the absence of the development of the necessary skills in this regard to be the main reason.
Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Volume 12, pp 7-16; https://doi.org/10.33543/1201716
This study seeks analysing Twitter social network role in promoting positive behaviour during COVID-19 crisis and exploring the relationship between them. It targets identifying Twitter positive behaviour level differences through variables of gender, age, marital status, residence status, administrative region, and Twitter using size. An online questionnaire was used on a validity-and-stability verified sample of (586) individual Twitter users in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Sample members approved Twitter users’ positive behaviour during COVID-19 crisis. They agreed that the positive behaviour level was medium with a Twitter effect of (19.4%). There were both a positive, medium-strong correlation between Twitter daily use and a statistically significant correlation between one - session Twitter using and positive behaviour promotion. However, there were statistically significant differences in positive behaviour promotion when using Twitter between social status favouring singles, residence status favouring residents, age favouring those under 21, administrative region favouring the southern region, usage period favouring network daily and two days - users, and browsing time favouring much Twitter users .The study recommends conducting studies on positive social behaviour and its dimensions to broadly generalise results. Studies on the Internet of behaviour and artificial intelligence are needed to analyse the positive behaviour expected by social networks users to enhance opportunities. It also stressed children and adolescents’ digital social education to prepare community members for effective online participation, the activation of public and private services-providing agencies Twitter accounts, interacting positively with users' questions and responses, and substituting fixed stereotypes by interesting interactive patterns.