Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 16930339 / 25798634
Current Publisher: Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (10.32491)
Total articles ≅ 100
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I Nyoman Yoga Parawangsa, M. Fadjar Rahardjo, Charles P. H. Simanjuntak
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 81-92; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.512

Abstract:
Eco-biological information of green swordtail in Tamblingan Lake is unknown. This research aimed to reveal sex ratio, gonadosomatic index, viviparity, spawning time and location of green swordtail in Tamblingan Lake. Fish was collected by gill nets with a mesh size of 0.5 and 1.0 cm in five sampling stations from January to June 2019. Total length and body weight of all fish samples were measured then dissected to observe the level of gonad maturity and viviparity in female fish. A total of 373 green swordtail with total length ranged and body weight ranged from 30.4-69.2 mm and 0.7935 – 7.6612 g, respectively. The results showed that males outnumberd of females in all sampling periods. Gonadosomatic index of male and female ranged from 0.159-1.239 and 0.204-13.592, respectively. The mature individuals were captured in all sampling stations and observation times. This species has a good reproductive potential with viviparity ranges between 6-54 juveniles.
Dara Sarasita, Agung Yunanto, Defri Yona
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 1-12; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.508

Abstract:
Plastic wastes in marine environment will be degraded for long period of time to become microplastics. The small size of microplastics could be ingested by marine species which has lead to harmful impacts not only to the marine species but also to human. This research aimed to investigate microplastics ingestion in four commercial fishes in the Bali Strait, namely largehead hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus), Indian scad (Decapterus ruselli), Bali sardinella (Sardinella lemuru), and Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta). Thirty fish samples from each species of fishes were obtained from the fishermen. Microplastics contents were identified visually using microscope from the gastrointestinal tracks of the fish and polymer of microplastics were identified using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) test. The results showed that three types of microplastics (fiber, film and fragment) were found in the four species of fishes with different total abundances. The highest abundance was found in Bali sardine (7.03±0.49 particle individual-1), followed by Indian mackerel (5.03±0.50 particle individual-1), Indian scad (4.23±0.38 particle individual-1) and largehead hairtail (3.83±0.50 particle individual-1). FTIR test showed that polymer types of microplastic found were polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyamide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), dan polyethylene (PE).
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.514

Rina Hirnawati, Dedi Jusadi, Jullie Ekasari, Muhammad Agus Suprayudi
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 59-72; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.492

Abstract:
Botia or clown loach is the one of fishes was originated from Indonesia and as an ornamental fish commodity in the global market. Clown loach both nature and cultured have some problems when reared in aquaria that is the decrease of color quality. An innovation technology to improve color quality through diet formulates is needed. The aims of this research were to increase the color quality using astaxanthin in diet and to find out the role of astaxanthin as antioxidant in clown loach. The study consists of four treatments of astaxanthin dosages in the diet with isoprotein and isoenergy, namely 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg kg-1 with four replications. The fish juveniles with size of 3.44±0.51 cm and 0.56±0.02 g of weight with density of one fish per littre were used. The test diet was given three times a day during 60 days. The results showed that there were no significant differences antioxidant activity such as superoxide dismutase enzymes and malondialdehyde. However, there was a significant effect (P
Muh Herjayanto, Mas Bayu Syamsunarno, Nugroho Agung Prasetyo, Annisa Misykah Mauliddina, Lukman Anugrah Agung, Esa Rama Widiyawan, Novita Rahmayanti, Novitasari Irianingrum, Etin Nurkhotimah, Abdul Gani, et al.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 93-103; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.513

Abstract:
Wild Oryzias javanicus from Tunda Island has potential as a native Indonesian aquatic ornamental fish and a model for research in the laboratory. The preliminary stage for raising wild fish is transporting from nature to the aquacul-ture environment. Generally, to minimize fish stress during transport in a closed system, anesthetics are added to the transport media. Furthermore, good adaptation in the aquaculture environment will lead to the process of reproduction as the ultimate goal of domestication of wild fish. The research objective is to analyze the transportation of closed systems and the rearing of O. javanicus post-transportation from Tunda Island. Research observations were carried out on behavior, survival, the number of eggs, and male: female sex ratio. Transport using an additional anesthetic treatment of 0.4 mL L-1 and without anesthesia, with fish density of 16 L-1. Anesthesia used is the commercial product Ocean Free® Special Arowana Stabilizer. Transportation is carried out for 11 hours. After that, rearing post-transportation is carried out for 16 days. The results showed that the transportation of O. javanicus can use a closed system without the addition of anesthesia with a density of 16 L-1 for 11 hours. In post-transport maintenance, fish begin active swimming on day 5, swim in groups continuously on day 6, start responding to natural food on day 3 and artificial feed on day 7, and produce a final survival of 91.67%. During maintenance, O. javanicus produces 104 eggs, 0.94 ± 0.06 mm in diameter and has an attaching filaments and a non-attaching filaments in the chorion. Oryzias javanicus is an egg depositor that can spawn with a 1: 1 and 1: 2 sex ratio.
Ahmad Teduh, Dinar Tri Soelistyowati, Odang Carman, Harton Arfah
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 47-58; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.510

Abstract:
The objectives of this research was to evaluate the inheritance of albino slayer phenotype in brushmouth (Hypostomus plecostomus, Linn 1758) through the crosses and reproduction performance. The crossing scheme consisted of reciprocal crosses between albino slayer and albino non slayer (SN, NS) and between albino slayer (SS), each spawning in pairs (1:1) with three replications and twice spawning. The fish used in this study were brushmouth fish (Hypostomus sp.) albino Slayer males 9.07 ± 0.5 cm, albino slayer females 8.96 ± 0.4 cm, albino non slayer males 8.87 ± 0.17 cm, and albino non slayer female 8.86 ± 0.16 cm. Slayer phenotype category was identified based on the caudal length fin with 4.43 ± 0.64 cm. Parameters determined included the phenotype distribution of albino slayer, total number of eggs, fertilization rate, hatching rate and survival rate. The results showed that all crossing schemes produced four phenotypes classes including normal slayer, normal non slayer, albino slayer and albino non slayer. The slayer phenotype of albino brushmouth was highest percentage (75%) in crossing with male albino slayer (SN, SS) and highest number of eggs, while the reciprocal crossing with female albino slayer (NS) produced albino slayer 55% and lower egg count. The ratio of tail fin length to body length in albino slayer phenotype was lower than normal phenotype of broom fish. The fertilization and hatching rates were not significantly different in all crosses; however the number of eggs decreased in the second spawning. The similar phenotype cross between albino slayer phenotypes (SS) resulted the best average of survival rate (92%).
Selvia Oktaviyani, Wanwan Kurniawan, Fahmi Fahmi
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 23-46; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.509

Abstract:
Muncar is one of the shark production centers in Java, where the fishing ground in Bali Strait and its surrounding area. Routine data collection was carried out from May 2018 to April 2019 at the Brak Fish Market and the Muncar Coastal Fishing Port (PPP), Banyuwangi to determine the species composition and size distribution of sharks and rays caught in Bali Strait and its surrounding area. Data collection was done by census and almost of all individuals were identified to species level and and measured. During the study, 3.551 individuals of sharks and rays were landed in this port, consisting of 75 species from 25 families (48 species of sharks, one species of ghost shark and 26 rays species). The most common types of sharks belong to Carcharhinidae and for the rays was Dasyatidae. Among these, thirteen species were listed in Appendix II CITES, i.e. Carcharhinus falciformis, Alopias pelagicus, A. superciliosus, Isurus oxyrhinchus, I. paucus, Sphyrna lewini, S. zygaena, Mobula mobular, M. tarapacana, M. thrustoni, Glaucostegus typus, Rhynchobatus australiae and Rhyna ancylostoma. Most of sharks and rays caught were juvenile to adolescent and at immature or maturing stages.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.515

Alfis Syahril, Odang Carman, Dinar Tri Soelistyowati
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 13-22; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.454

Abstract:
Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) has a relatively slow growth, so the operational cost of production is high and incomparable with the selling price, thus makes the cultivation of striped catfish is inefficient. Genetic quality improvement through polyploidization is to produce sterile triploid fish (3n) that can overcome this problem. The provision of triploid fish is more efficient through tetraploidization. Tetraploidization in striped catfish using cold shock treatment has never been done before. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum tetra-ploidization condition using cold shock with temperature and different age of zygote in striped catfish. A completely randomized factorial design with two treatments i.e. three level of temperatures (8oC, 12°C, 16oC ) and two different ages of zygote (29 and 31 minutes after fertilisation-maf) and three replications was used. In addition, a control without applying temperature shock treatment was performed, Soaking process was conducted for 30 minutes. Tetraploid identification was done by calculating the maximum total of nucleoli per cell that was confirmed by calculating the total of chromosome. The results showed that the degree of hatching rate and abnormalities has a significantly different effect (P
Kunto Wibowo, Miftahul Huda, Rachmad Sholeh Wicaksono, Monica Bataona, Teguh Peristiwady
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 73-80; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i1.511

Abstract:
The Indo-West Pacific species of rare deep-sea threetooth puffer fish, Triodon macropterus Lesson 1931 was recorded on the basis of two voucher specimens from southern coasts of Lembeh Island, North Sulawesi, Molucca Sea and Solor Island, Sawu Sea and a photograph of fresh individual after captured from Sawu Sea. In Indonesia waters, the species has previously been known only from Banda Sea, thus the specimens and a photograph in this study represent the first records of T. macropterus from Molucca Sea and Sawu Sea.
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