Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-0339 / 2579-8634
Current Publisher: Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (10.32491)
Total articles ≅ 115
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 205-216; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.528
The purpose of study was to obtain the best combination of natural cryoprotectant (honey solution) and synthetic cryoprotectant (methanol) on the quality of spermatozoa Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker 1852, after freezing at -80 ℃ for 48 hours. The combination of 10% methanol with various concentrations of honey solution (0%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.7% and 0.9%) was tested in this study. Ringer's solution was used as an extender. The diluted sperm was then equilibrated for 25 minutes at 4 ℃, then frozen at -80 ℃ for 48 hours. The sperm was then thawed at 40 ℃ for 13 seconds. Viability, motility and percentage of fertilization were evaluated. The results of the analysis of variance showed that the combination of 10% methanol with several concentrations of honey solution had a significant effect (P 0.05). The combination of 0.1% honey solution and 10% methanol showed the highest percentage of both motility (89.4 ± 5.45%), viability (85.75 ± 4.79%), and the percentage of fertilization (98.55 ± 1.69%). %). The conclusion of this study is that 0.1% honey solution combined with 10% methanol in Ringer's solution is the best cryoprotectant for C. macracanthus spermatozoa stored at -80 ℃ for 48 hours
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 217-233; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.529
Bonylip barb (Osteochilus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842) that belongs to the Cyprinidae family is one of the native freshwater fishes in Indonesian waters. Currently, status of this species in Benanga Reservoir, East Kalimantan is in over-exploited. Fish resources management, therefore, is needed to maintained fish stock in the reservoir based on fish reproductive biology aspects. The purpose of this study was to analyze some aspects of the reproductive biology including sex-ratio, gonad maturity, length at first gonad maturity, spawning season, fecundity, and spawning patterns as basic information for its management. Fish collection was carried out monthly on the third week from January to May 2019 at three stations. The fish samples were captured by using experimental gill nets with mesh size of 1; 1.5; 2; and 3 inches. A total of 278 bonylip barb was caught, consist of 92 males and 186 females. Sex ratio of male and female in the gonad mature stage was 1: 2.4. The average length at first gonad maturity in male and female were 136.08 mm and 137.38 mm, respectively. Peak of spawning occurs during the rainy season in May, with more than 90% of fish in mature stage with GSI in male and female were 6.88%, 13.16% respectively. Total fecundity ranged from 7312-22923 eggs individual-1 and egg diameter ranged from 0.6-1.94 mm. According to distribution of egg diameter, bonylip barb was categoried as a total spawner. Some management strategies that can be carried out are using fishing gears with mesh size above 2 inches, limiting fishing activities in the peak of the spawning season, prohibiting fishing gear using electric shocker and protection the reservoir from erosion.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 235-249; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.530
Information related to osteology plays a vital role in support ecomorphology and phylogenetic relationship analysis in fish. This study aimed to describe the comparative morphology of the vertebral column between Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) and Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842). Samples of Tor tambroides and Tor tambra were obtained from fish traders in the Tangse River area of Pidie Regency and Sampoinet River area, Aceh Jaya Regency, Aceh Province. Vertebral column preparation consists of five steps: muscles and scales separation, immersion in a formaldehyde solution, drying, morphometric measurements, photographing and image editing, and identification of terminology. The results showed that there are morphological differences between Tor tambroides and Tor tambra vertebral column, particularly in the axial vertebrae, posterior vertebrae caudales, and urostylus regions. The pleural costae of Tor tambroides have a posterior curve with the left and right sides interlocking. The lateral Tor tambroides process tends to curve posteriorly, while the Tor tambra tends to round up parallel to the dorsal costae. Tor tambroides tend to have stronger ligaments marked by the absence of a foramen between the hypural. Morphometrically, Tor tambroides tend to have higher centrum ratios (length, width, and height), neural spine, haemalis spine, and costae compared to Tor tambra. The significant difference in morphometric results in observed the axial vertebrae and the posterior vertebrae caudales region. Further research related to the correlation of vertebral column morphology with the environmental condition of these fish is still necessary.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 263-270; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.532
Lagusia micracanthus is one of endemic freshwater fish in Sulawesi. It also has been locally consumed. The purpose of this research was to analyze length-weight relationship and condition factors of L. micracanthus in rivers of the Maros Watershed, South Sulawesi Province . The study was conducted in three rivers, namely Pattunuang River, Bantimurung River and Pucak River. The sampling was conducted monthly from May 2018 to April 2019. Fish samples were collected by an electric shocker (12 V and 9 A). A total of 1850 individual fishes with samples ranging from 31.58-127.79 mm in total length and 0.76-31.07 g in weight. The length-weight relationship was W = 0.00009L2.6241 (r = 0.95) in Pattunuang River, W = 0.0001L2.5237 (r = 0.94) in Bantimurung River, and W = 0.0001L2.4953 (r = 0.92) in Pucak River. The slope (b) values of L. micracanthus obtained a negative allometric growth pattern (b
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 271-280; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.533
Although recirculation is a cultivation system that has been tried in various commodities, but the effectiveness of this system to the growth and survival of catfish juvenile has not been done. This study aims to determine the effective-ness of recirculation system on growth performance and survival rate of catfish juvenile (Pangasianodon hypophthal-mus). The research was conducted from 11 October to 30 November 2019 at hatchery unit Department of Fisheries Extension, Jakarta Technical University of Fisheries. This study used experimental method with 3 treatments, namely Control (K: 100% Bioball + Bacillus sp.), Treatment 1 (P1: 50% Bioball + 25% zeolite + 25% resin + Bacillus sp.) and Treatment 2 (P2: Bioball 25 % + zeolit 50% + resin 25% + Bacteria Bacillus sp.). The catfish used in this study was measured 0.08 + 0.02 g. Ind.-1. The fish were kept in a concrete tub of 100 cm x 150 cm x 70 cm with water volume of 750 liters tub-1. Stocking density of fish was 5 fish liters-1. Fish juveniles were fed with commercial feed with a dose of 3% of fish biomass with frequency of 3 times a day-1. Observation fish growth and water sampling for monitoring of the abundance of nitrogen-decomposing bacteria and water quality were carried out every 15 days. The results showed that the highest growth weight of catfish seedlings was found in treatment P1 (0.447±0.142b) compared with K (0.377±0.047a) and P2 (0.363±0.057a) treatment. The values of survival rate for K, P1 and P2 treatments were 51±8, 54±4 and 52±8, respectively. This result implies that no significant difference in the survival rates in all treatments.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 281-295; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.534
The color quality of Sumatra barb that cultivated by the farmers are not as good as the fish that collected from the wild. One of the causes is the unsuitable environment for maintaining and breeding Sumatran barb. This research aims to compare color quality of Sumatra barb Puntigrus tetrazona by exposure the different light spectrums on maintenance media. The experiment was completely randomize design with six treatments and three replications consisted of K (control), R (room light), M (red light spectrum), H (green light spectrum), B (blue light spectrum) and P (white light spectrum). The method used to measure Sumatra barb color quality using Photoshop CS 5 software and chromatophore cell calculations. The results of color quality analysis after 28 showed that the (M) treatment had the highest percentage of color quality was 48.81 ± 1.57% for orange color and 32.26 ± 0.07% for black color. The highest number of chromatophore cells was in M treatment with 147 ± 3.7 cells mm-². The red light spectrum (M) treatment showed the best physiological response and improvement of color quality and the glucose level was 23.00 ± 1.00 mg dL−1. The best color quality of the Sumatra barb is produced by exposure to the red light spectrum (M).
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 297-306; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.535
The production of catfish in aquaculture is still limited by the low supply of good quality seeds. One solution that can be done to overcome this problem is by the application of biofloc technology with microalgae addition. This study aims to evaluate the performance of digestive system, growth and robustness of the African catfish larvae maintained with biofloc technology and the addition of Chlorella sp. This research applied a completely randomized experimental design consisted of three treatments and triplicates, i.e larvae maintained with regular water exchange as the control (K), larvae maintained biofloc system (BF) and larvae reared with biofloc treatment and Chlorella sp. addition (BFC) with a rearing period of 15 days. Length growth, specific growth rate, condition factor, the activity of protease, amylase and lipase were not significantly different between treatments (P>0.05). The villi length in fish maintained in BF treatmen (136μm), was higher than those of BFC (121μm) and K treatments (105μm). The particle size of floc in BF and BFC were 0.44±0.025 and BFC 0.79±0.048 mm, respectively. The survival of catfish larvae in the BFC treatment was (51 ± 0,32)b, which was significantly higher (P
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 251-261; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.531
Bonylip barb (Osteochilus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842) is an indigenous fish which is the main target of fishermen in lake Rawa Pening. This study aims to determine the biological parameters including length-weight relationship, con-dition factor, and sex ratio of bonylip barb in lake Rawa Pening, Semarang Regency. Fish sampling was conducted biweekly from October 2019 to March 2020, caught using bamboo blinds operated by local fishermen. Data collected consisted of total length, individual weight, and sex. Data on the length-weight relationship and condition factors were analyzed descriptively, while the sex ratio was analyzed with the chi-square test (χ2). The results showed that female bonylip barb was obtained as many as 392 individuals with a length-range between 10.0-26.0 cm and a weight range between 14.5-264.1 g. The male counted 255 individuals with a length range of 10.2-22.4 cm and a weight range of 15.0-160.9 g. The growth pattern was allometric negative. The equation of the length-weight relationship of female was W = 0.0186 L 2.9096 (R² = 0.9527), and the male was W = 0.0151 L 2.9689 (R² = 0.9386). The value of the average condition factor of females was 1.05, and the males was 1.02. The condition factor in females was in excellent condition (> 1.05), and males were in good condition (0.95-1.05). The overall sex ratio of male and female was 1:1.54. It means that females population was significantly higher than males.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 105-115; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i2.518
The objective of this research was to evaluate the supplementation of turmeric in the diet on antioxidant status and growth performance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in zero water exchange condition. This study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Each treatment consisted of feed supplementation turmeric at dosage of 0; 2.5; 5 or 7.5 g kg-1 diet. One hundred catfish juvenile (5.95±0.05 g) were stocked in intermediate bulk container (IBC) tank (1×1×1 m3) and rearing in zero water exchange condition for 60 days. Catfish were fed at satiation twice a day, in the morning and evening. The results showed that an increase in antioxidant content in catfish fed with the addition of turmeric, which simultaneously also reduced the percentage of liver damage. The parameters of liver damage can be seen from several parameters i.e. pale liver, droplet fat and fat content in the addition of turmeric treatment is lower than without the addition of turmeric. However, catfish fed with the addition of turmeric did not show significant results in terms of growth performances.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 189-203; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i2.524
Pirik (Lagusia micracanthus Bleeker, 1860) is one of endemic fishes in Sulawesi. Morphometric and meristic information of Pirik population in various habitats are unknown. The present study aimed to determine the morphometric and meristic variation of Pirik in Maros and Wallanae Cenrana watersheds. Sampling collection was carried out monthly from May 2018 to April 2019 in the Maros watershed, namely Pattunuang River (M1), Bantimurung River (M2), Pucak River (M3); and in Wallanae Cenrana watershed particularly in Camba River (W1), Sanrego River (W2), and Ompo River (W3). Morphometric measurements consisted of 31 characters and meristic measurements consisted of 10 characters. Morphometric data was standardized by dividing all morphometric characters by standard length (SL). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and discriminant analysis (Discriminant Function Analysis) were applied for data analysis. The results showed that the Pirik taken from rivers in the Maros and Wallanae Cenrana watershed are two different population groups. There are 12 distinguishing morphometric features for Pirik of the Maros and Wallanae Cenrana watershed, i.e. TL (total length), SL (standard length), BDdSA (body depth-dorsal fin origin), HL (head length), Jlup (upper-jaw length), PAfL (pre-anal fin length), ABL (Anal fin base length), PelRL (pelvic ray length), AFRL (anal fin ray length), CPL (caudal peduncle length), CLLup (upper caudal lobe length) and CLLmid (mid-caudal length). There is no significant difference of meristic characters of Pirik obtained from the Maros and Wallanae Cenraa watersheds.