Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-0339 / 2579-8634
Current Publisher: Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (10.32491)
Total articles ≅ 120
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 23-38; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.549
Red tilapia is a one of the economically important fish species. In order to increase growth and feed efficiency, feed restriction strategies can be carried out. This study aims to determine the effect of periodic (weekly) restriction of feed on compensatory growth and physiological responses of red tilapia during the enlargement phase. The activity was carried out at the Fish Breeding Research Center for 4 months. The research method used a completely randomized design (CRD) 4 treatments with 3 replications, namely control (fish were fed daily), 1 (1 fasting day a week), 2 (2 fasting days a week), and 3 (3 fasting days a week). Fish rearing was conducted on the concrete tub measuring 2 x 1 x 0.8 m3 with a stocking density of 10 fish m-2. During the maintenance period of 120 days the fish were fed satiation twice a day. The results showed significant differences (P 0.05), which was at normal values. Restriction of feed to 1 day a week showed partial compensatory growth with better feed efficiency than fish fed daily.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 61-73; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.552
Channa striata or striped snakehead is one of species from family Channidae that widely distributed from India, Southern China to Southeast Asia including Indonesia. It is a commercially important freshwater fish because of its taste and health benefits. High demand of this species trigger many efforts to increase its production, one of them is genetic monitoring. This study used complete Cytochrome b gene sequence of mtDNA for determining genetic variation in wild population of C. striata. C. striata samples (n=31) from two different locations in Indonesia were amplified and analyzed using MEGA ver 7.0. Sequences of 1140 bp complete cyt b gene revealed the presence of 2 haplotypes with 1137 bp conserved sites and 3 bp variable sites (0,26%). Overlapping haplotype was observed in samples from Bekasi, however there were only one haplotype in samples from South Borneo. Interspecies genetic were analysed with species from Genebank and showed that C. striata from Indonesia has close genetic relationships with C. striata from Borneo-Indonesia (MN057164.1) with genetic distance 0%. This study also revealed that C. striata from Indonesia were phylogenetically distinct with C. striata from China with 9,2%K2P genetic distance. Complete cyt b gene has been proven for assessing phylogenetic relationships and population diversity of C. striata in Indonesia.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 11-22; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.548
This study aims to determine the effect of the dose of fermented rice bran using Lactobacillus sp. on growth performance and enzyme activity in tilapia. This research was conducted in Sidenreng Rappang Regency. The test animal used was tilapia larvae measuring 1.17 g. The maintenance container is a tarp pool with a size of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m filled with fresh water as much as 85 L. The study was designed using a completely randomized design consisting of four treatments and three replications, thus there were 12 experimental units. The treatment was determined based on the dose of fermented rice bran using Lactobacillus sp. which differ, namely 0, 10, 15 and 20%. The test feed was given to tilapia larvae, which were stocked with 20 fish per container for 60 days of rearing. The specific growth rate data of tilapia were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and enzyme activity was analysed descriptively based on the viability of tilapia. The results showed that tilapia fed with 20% fermented rice bran had a significant effect on the specific growth rate, protease and amylase enzyme activity. The optimal dosage of fermented rice bran using Lactobacillus sp. is 15-20%.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 49-60; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.551
DNA barcoding based on partial Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (COI) gene in the mitochondrial has widely used in species identification and biodiversity studies. COI gene application is expected to obtain genetic characteristic, genetic variations and phylogeny of giant featherback. The aim of this research was to analyze genetic diversity of giant featherback Chitala lopis in Lampung and Kalimantan. To analyse genetic distance, Kimura two parameter (K2P) model was performed where to determine nucleotide variation & polymorphism and also reconstructed of phylogenetic tree was used MEGA 7.0 software. Total nine individuals were obtained from three populations, i.e. Lampung, West Kalimantan and South Kalimantan. The results showed that giant featherback has 689 bp conserve, 18 bp variation, 13 bp parsimony-informative, and 2 bp singleton sites from 707 bp COI partial gene. The average within-species, in-group, and out-group based on K2P distances were 1.24%, 1.43% & 1.58% (AP008922.1; KM213054.1), and 13.00% respectively. The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) was obtaining from 13 SNP sites. West Kalimantan samples have two SNP (471 and 528 site). The South Kalimantan samples showed more specific nucleotides with nine SNP (120, 129, 144, 201, 306, 324, 474, 615 and 644). Based on genetic distance, the biggest difference was in the South Kalimantan sample (1.58%) compared with Lampung and West Kalimantan. The results of the K2P neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree reconstruction show that the South Kalimantan samples are in a different group. The West Kalimantan sample shows that it is closely related to the Lampung.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 1-10; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.547
Parasitic disease in aquaculture brings a great challenge to fish production. Appropriate control measure and treatment can be carried out if farmers are equipped with sufficient information on the existence of infection and its consequences on fish health. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of endoparasites in the intestine of Nile tilapia (Oreochrois niloticus) and any histological changes associated with the infection. Forty fishes were collected using purposive sampling technique at two location of aquaculture ponds in Janti village from September to December 2019. Each sampling size consisted of 10% of the total fish population in the pond. Identification of parasites was performed based on their morphology according to the standard method. Three genera of nematodes were found from fishes cultured at aquaculture ponds from local farmers, but not from that of PBIAT (Hatchery and Freshwater Fish Aquaculture). The endoparasites were identified as Cichlidogyrus sp., Acanthocephalus sp., and Ceratomyxa sp. with prevalence of 25% and intensity of 1.2%. Histological sections of the intestine of fish infected with these parasites showed alteration in the mucosa layers, such as edema and extension of the mucosa. Information on the presence of endoparasites and its effect on nile tilapia culture is important for fish farmers because it can be used as reference to control fish parasites effectively.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 21, pp 39-48; doi:10.32491/jii.v21i1.550
Fisheries management or conservation requires information on length-weight relationship (LWR) for the fishing regulation and biomass estimation. This study aims to assess LWR estimation using two methods, regular and Bayesian hierarchical approached for big-eye Scad (Selar crumenophthalmus). Samples of big eye Scad were collected at several fish landings around Ambon Island from March to August 2020. Length-weight relationship measurement to obtain the parameters of W = a*Lb was tested using generalized linear model and t-test. The parameter b for monthly sampling was not significantly different (F = 0.77, df = 70, P = 0.89) and showed isometric growth b=3 (t = -1.13, df = 4, P = 0.32). Regular measurement resulted parameter log10(a) = -1.99 (±SD = 1.06) dan b = 3.06 (±SD = 0.084). Bayesian method produced parameter log10(a) = -2.07 (±SD = 0.2365) dan parameter b = 3.21 (±SD = 0.1497). Weight measurement from HB approach was significantly higher than the regular method (t = 1.65; df = 405; P <0.0001), and might produce over-estimated of weight from length data. Discrepancy of these methods was overcome by combining all information of LWR to obtain the best estimation on LWR parameters.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 251-261; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.531
Bonylip barb (Osteochilus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842) is an indigenous fish which is the main target of fishermen in lake Rawa Pening. This study aims to determine the biological parameters including length-weight relationship, con-dition factor, and sex ratio of bonylip barb in lake Rawa Pening, Semarang Regency. Fish sampling was conducted biweekly from October 2019 to March 2020, caught using bamboo blinds operated by local fishermen. Data collected consisted of total length, individual weight, and sex. Data on the length-weight relationship and condition factors were analyzed descriptively, while the sex ratio was analyzed with the chi-square test (χ2). The results showed that female bonylip barb was obtained as many as 392 individuals with a length-range between 10.0-26.0 cm and a weight range between 14.5-264.1 g. The male counted 255 individuals with a length range of 10.2-22.4 cm and a weight range of 15.0-160.9 g. The growth pattern was allometric negative. The equation of the length-weight relationship of female was W = 0.0186 L 2.9096 (R² = 0.9527), and the male was W = 0.0151 L 2.9689 (R² = 0.9386). The value of the average condition factor of females was 1.05, and the males was 1.02. The condition factor in females was in excellent condition (> 1.05), and males were in good condition (0.95-1.05). The overall sex ratio of male and female was 1:1.54. It means that females population was significantly higher than males.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 205-216; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.528
The purpose of study was to obtain the best combination of natural cryoprotectant (honey solution) and synthetic cryoprotectant (methanol) on the quality of spermatozoa Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker 1852, after freezing at -80 ℃ for 48 hours. The combination of 10% methanol with various concentrations of honey solution (0%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.7% and 0.9%) was tested in this study. Ringer's solution was used as an extender. The diluted sperm was then equilibrated for 25 minutes at 4 ℃, then frozen at -80 ℃ for 48 hours. The sperm was then thawed at 40 ℃ for 13 seconds. Viability, motility and percentage of fertilization were evaluated. The results of the analysis of variance showed that the combination of 10% methanol with several concentrations of honey solution had a significant effect (P 0.05). The combination of 0.1% honey solution and 10% methanol showed the highest percentage of both motility (89.4 ± 5.45%), viability (85.75 ± 4.79%), and the percentage of fertilization (98.55 ± 1.69%). %). The conclusion of this study is that 0.1% honey solution combined with 10% methanol in Ringer's solution is the best cryoprotectant for C. macracanthus spermatozoa stored at -80 ℃ for 48 hours
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 217-233; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.529
Bonylip barb (Osteochilus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842) that belongs to the Cyprinidae family is one of the native freshwater fishes in Indonesian waters. Currently, status of this species in Benanga Reservoir, East Kalimantan is in over-exploited. Fish resources management, therefore, is needed to maintained fish stock in the reservoir based on fish reproductive biology aspects. The purpose of this study was to analyze some aspects of the reproductive biology including sex-ratio, gonad maturity, length at first gonad maturity, spawning season, fecundity, and spawning patterns as basic information for its management. Fish collection was carried out monthly on the third week from January to May 2019 at three stations. The fish samples were captured by using experimental gill nets with mesh size of 1; 1.5; 2; and 3 inches. A total of 278 bonylip barb was caught, consist of 92 males and 186 females. Sex ratio of male and female in the gonad mature stage was 1: 2.4. The average length at first gonad maturity in male and female were 136.08 mm and 137.38 mm, respectively. Peak of spawning occurs during the rainy season in May, with more than 90% of fish in mature stage with GSI in male and female were 6.88%, 13.16% respectively. Total fecundity ranged from 7312-22923 eggs individual-1 and egg diameter ranged from 0.6-1.94 mm. According to distribution of egg diameter, bonylip barb was categoried as a total spawner. Some management strategies that can be carried out are using fishing gears with mesh size above 2 inches, limiting fishing activities in the peak of the spawning season, prohibiting fishing gear using electric shocker and protection the reservoir from erosion.
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, Volume 20, pp 235-249; doi:10.32491/jii.v20i3.530
Information related to osteology plays a vital role in support ecomorphology and phylogenetic relationship analysis in fish. This study aimed to describe the comparative morphology of the vertebral column between Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) and Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842). Samples of Tor tambroides and Tor tambra were obtained from fish traders in the Tangse River area of Pidie Regency and Sampoinet River area, Aceh Jaya Regency, Aceh Province. Vertebral column preparation consists of five steps: muscles and scales separation, immersion in a formaldehyde solution, drying, morphometric measurements, photographing and image editing, and identification of terminology. The results showed that there are morphological differences between Tor tambroides and Tor tambra vertebral column, particularly in the axial vertebrae, posterior vertebrae caudales, and urostylus regions. The pleural costae of Tor tambroides have a posterior curve with the left and right sides interlocking. The lateral Tor tambroides process tends to curve posteriorly, while the Tor tambra tends to round up parallel to the dorsal costae. Tor tambroides tend to have stronger ligaments marked by the absence of a foramen between the hypural. Morphometrically, Tor tambroides tend to have higher centrum ratios (length, width, and height), neural spine, haemalis spine, and costae compared to Tor tambra. The significant difference in morphometric results in observed the axial vertebrae and the posterior vertebrae caudales region. Further research related to the correlation of vertebral column morphology with the environmental condition of these fish is still necessary.