Jurnal Planoearth

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ISSN / EISSN : 2502-5031 / 2615-4226
Published by: Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram (10.31764)
Total articles ≅ 45
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Kama Suta, Ekky Irawanto, Holifia Vania Rahmawati, Baiq Harly Widayanti
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 20-24; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.2178

Abstract:
Bencana gempa bumi yang terjadi di berbagai macam kerusakan dan salah satu wilayah yang paling memiliki dampak besar adalah Kabupaten Lombok Utara. Kecamatan Tanjung merupakan salah satu kecampatan yang paling terdampak di Lombok Utara dimana 85% ba Pemerintah daerah dan pusat beserta beberapa lembaga sosial lainnya saling bekerjasama untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tempat tinggal masyarakat agar mereka cepat kembali memiliki hunian tempat tinggal yang layak. Sehingga tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat tingkat efektivitas dari model bangunan rumah yang direkomendasikan oleh pemerintah yaitu Rumah Instan Sehat Sederhana Kayu (RIKA). Metode penel menggunakan 6 variabel dan 14 pertanyaan. Hasil dari penelitian tersebut adalah Risha memiliki nilai efektifitas 3,16, Rika memiliki nilai efektifitas 2,97 dan Riko memiliki nilai 2,99. Dari ketiga model rumah ters masyarakat model Risha memiliki tingkat efektifitas yang paling baik diantara ketiga model rumah yang dibiayai oleh pemerintah namun masih masuk dalam kategori cukup efektif. Sama halnya dengan Rika dan Riko masuk dalam kategori nilai cukup efektif menurut pendapat masyarakat. The earthquake that occurred on the island of Lombok has caused various types of damage and one of the areas that has the greatest impact is North Lombok Regency. Tanjung Subdistrict is one of the most affected sub-districts in North Lombok Regency where 85% of its residential buildings are leveled with land.Regional and central governments along with several other social institutions work together to solve community housing problems so that they quickly return to having decent dwellings. So the purpose of this study is to look at the effectiveness of the house building models recommended by the government, namely Simple Healthy Instant Houses (RISHA), Convetional Instant Houses (RIKO) and Wood Instant Houses (RIKA). The research method uses linkert analysis using 6 variables and 14 questions. The results of the study are that Risha has an effectiveness value of 3.16, Rika has an effectiveness alue of 2.97 and Rico has a value of 2.99. Of the three house models, the community opinion of the Risha model shows the best level of effectiveness among the three models of houses that are funded by the government but still fall into the fairly effective category. Similarly, Rika and Riko fall into the value category quite effectively in the opinion of the community.
Adhitya Pratama, Sany Roychansyah, Yori Hergawati
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 25-34; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1652

Abstract:
Meningkatnya kebutuhan akan tempat tinggal dan terbatasnya lahan pusat kota menggeser pembangunan perumahan ke pinggiran kota. Wilayah pinggiran kota Kendari yakni Kecamatan Baruga, mengalami perkembangan perumahan yang begitu signifikan dan sporadis. Perkembangan perumahan memicu dampak dari segi sosial, konomi, dan lingkungan terhadap masyarakat lokal di sekitar perumahan yang sudah bermukim sebelum adanya perumahan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengambarkan proses perkembangan perumahan pada Kecamatan Baruga, sekaligus mengkaji dampak perkembangan perumahan tersebut terhadap masyarakat di sekitar perumahan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian campuran (mix method) yaitu penelitian yang menggambungkan antara pedekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Temuan penelitian ini adalah perkembangan perumahan pada Kecamatan Baruga dari aspek ekonomi dan lingkungan tidak memberik dampak positif terhadap masyarakat di sekitar perumahan. Namun dalam aspek sosial perkembangan perumahan berdampak positif terhadap masyarakat di sekitar perumahan. Dari sebelas indikator yang diteliti terkait dampak perkembangan perumahan terhadap kondisi sosial, ekonomi dan lingkungan masyarakat sekitar perumahan. Hanya terdapat empat indikator yang berdampak positif terhadap masyarakat sekitar perumahan, yakni peningkatan kegiatan sosial, peningkatan hubungan sosial, peningkatan kualitas hidup sosial, peningkatan ketersediaan lampu jalan dan peningkatan pelayanan persampahan. Sedangkan enam indikator lainnya tidak berdampak signifikan lebih baik terhadap masyarakat sekitar perumahan yakni peningkatan pendapatan, peningkatan peluang pekerjaan, perubahan mata pencaharian, peningkatan pemamfaatan perumahan sebagai tempat usaha, peningkatan kondisi jalan, dan peningkatan kondisi drainse. The increasing need for housing and limited land in urban center shifts housing development to the suburbs. The suburb of Kendari, Baruga District, experienced significant and sporadic housing developments. The development of housing triggers social, economic, and environmental impacts on local communities around housing that had settled before housing developed there. This research aims to describe the process of housing development in the Baruga District, as well as assess the impact of housing development on the community around the housing. The method used in this study uses a mixed method research approach, which is a research that combines qualitative and quantitative approaches. The findings of this study are the development of housing in Baruga Subdistrict from the economic and environmental aspects does not have a positive impact on the community around housing development. But in the social aspects of housing evelopment has a positive impact on the community around housing development. Eleven indicators examined related to the impact of housing development on social, economic and environmental conditions of the community around housing. There are only four indicators that have a positive impact on the community around housing development, which are increasing social activities, improving social relations, improving the quality of social life, increasing the availability of street lights and improving waste services. While the other six indicators did not significantly impact the community around housing development, which are increased income, increased employment opportunities, changes in livelihoods, increased use of housing as a place of business, improved road conditions, and improved drainage conditions.
Linda Dwi Rohmadiani
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 52-56; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1267

Abstract:
Daerah rentan banjir adalah daerah yang berpotensi tinggi untuk terlanda banjir. Tingkat kerentanan banjir dapat ditentukan berdasarkan curah hujan, kelerengan lahan, struktur tanah dan penggunaan atau tutupan lahan. Wilayah Gresik Selatan merupakan daerah periphery Kota Surabaya tertutama untuk bidang perumahan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis tingkat kerentanan banjir berdasarkan tingkat urban sprawl dengan menggunakan metode skoring, overlay dan crastabulation. Metode pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui survei instansi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa wilayah Gresik Selatan 56,6% sangat rentan terhadap banjir yang terdiri atas 3,3% urban sprawl rendah, 36,1% urban sprawl sedang dan 17,2% urban sprawl tinggi. Urban sprawl di wilayah Gresik Selatan tidak bisa dicegah tetapi pemerintah perlu antisipasi dampaknya terhadap lingkungan, lalu lintas, sosial dan ekonomi. Flood prone areas are areas with high potential for flooding. Flood susceptibility can be determined based on rainfall, slope, soil structure and land use or cover. South Gresik Region is the periphery of Surabaya City especially in the housing sector. The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of flood vulnerability based on the level of urban sprawl by using scoring, overlay and crastabulation methods. The method of data collection is done through agency surveys. The results showed that 56.6% of South Gresik area was very vulnerable to flooding which consisted of 3.3% low urban sprawl, 36.1% medium urban sprawl and 17.2% high urban sprawl. Urban sprawl in the South Gresik region cannot be prevented but the government needs to anticipate its impact on the environment, traffic, social and economy.
Zulfan Asri Ramdani
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 1-6; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1639

Abstract:
Pariwisata saat ini menjelma menjadi suatu industri yang secara aktif dipromosikan menjadi mesin penggerak ekonomi. Kawasan ekonomi khusus (KEK) merupakan salah satu pengembangan pariwisata yang dilakukan pemerintah untuk menggerakkan ekonomi masyarakat Salah satu kawasan ekonomi khusus yang berkaitan dengan pengembangan pariwisata adalah kawasan ekonomi khusus Mandalika yang berlokasi di kabupaten Lombok Tengah, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji mengenai institutional setting pengembangan Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus Mandalika untuk melihat cakupannya dan dampaknya untuk kawasan tersebut. Kategori yang akan dibahas pada penelitian ini adalah spasial dan pariwisata. Pendekatan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemerintah kabupaten Lombok Tengah sebagai aktor pengembangan Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus Mandalika yang berperan paling besar dibandingkan level pemerintah yang lainnya. Hal ini bisa terlihat pada institutional setting aspek spasial. Rencana Induk Pengembangan Pariwisata Daerah Kabupaten Lombok Tengah memberikan penjelasan secara detail mengenai pembagian kawasan pariwisata menjadi kawasan pengembangan utara, kawasan pengembangan tengah, dan kawasan pengembangan selatan. Sedangkan peraturan lain yang menyangkut Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus Mandalika hanya membahas mengenai delineasi dan batas-batasnya saja. Tourism is currently transformed into an industry that is actively promoted to be an economic engine. Special economic zones (KEK) is one of the tourism development carried out by the government to drive the community's economy. One of the special economic zones related to tourism development is the Mandalika special economic zone located in Central Lombok regency, West Nusa Tenggara. This study aims to examine the institutional setting for developing the Mandalika Special Economic Zone to see its scope and impact on the region. The categories that will be discussed in this study are spatial and tourism. The approach taken in this research is a qualitative approach with data collection techniques carried out through interviews and observations. The results showed that the Central Lombok district government as an actor in the development of the Mandalika Special Economic Zone played the most role compared to other levels of government. This can be seen in the institutional setting of spatial aspects. Central Lombok Regional Tourism Development Master Plan provides a detailed explanation of the division of tourism areas into northern development areas, central development areas, and southern development areas. While other regulations concerning the Mandalika Special Economic Zone only discuss delineation and its boundaries.
Ardiyanto Maksimilianus Gai
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 45-51; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.2153

Abstract:
Permasalahan sosial, ekonomi dan ekologi pada kawasan pesisir merupakan permasalahan penting yang terikat satu sama lain. Profil perikanan pada Dinas Pertanian Kota Surabaya menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kesejahteraan nelayan dan akses sumber daya manusia di kawasan pesisir rendah.Selain itu, kondisi pesisir semakin menurun akibat adanya perubahan iklim.Konsep pendekatan mengenai penghidupan yang berkelanjutan (sustainable livelihood) merupakan salah satu bentuk metode yang dapat mengatasi permasalahan di wilayah pesisir. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif, dengan subjek penelitian masyarakat nelayan pesisir di Kota Surabaya.Variabel yang digunakan adalah modal sosial, modal alam, modal fisik, modal manusia dan modal finansial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor modal manusia memiliki peranan paling penting dalam rangka meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat nelayan. Sehingga diperlukan konsep dan langkah pemberdayaan sesuai dengan masing-masing variabel terkait penghidupan berkelanjutan (sustainable livelihood). Social, economic, and ecological problems in coastal areas are important issues that are bound to one another. The Fisheries profile at Dinas Pertanian Kota Surabaya shows that the level of fishermen's welfare and access to human resources in the coastal area are low. Besides, coastal conditions are declining due to climate change. The concept of an approach to sustainable livelihood is one method that can overcome problems in coastal areas. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach with coastal fishing communities in Surabaya City as research subjects. The variables used are social capital, natural capital, physical capital, human capital, and financial capital. The results show that the human capital factor has the most important role to improve the welfare of the fishing community. Therefore, the empowerment concepts and steps are needed in accordance with each variable related to a sustainable livelihood.
Fatirahma Mustafa, Agam Marsoyo
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 35-44; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1653

Abstract:
Reforestasi merupakan upaya yang dilakukan untuk memperbaiki kondisi tutupan hutan. Tahun 2000, tutupan hutan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) hanya 17,42% dari luas wilayah DIY yang mencakup tutupan hutan negara dan hutan hak. Tahun 2016, tutupan hutan DIY telah mencapai 31,63% dari luas wilayah DIY. Keberhasilan reforestasi terjadi dalam waktu 16 tahun. Stakeholder yang terlibat memiliki peranan atas keberhasilan reforestasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan tipologi peran stakeholder. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian induktif kualitatif dengan strategi studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 5 (lima) tipologi peran stakeholder yaitu sebagai pembuat kebijakan, perencana, fasilitator, pelaksana, dan peneliti. Reforestation is a kind of method in order to improve the condition of forest cover. In 2000, the total forest cover area in Yogyakarta Province is 17,42% of the total area of Yogyakarta Province which includes state forest cover and private forest. In 2016, the total of forest cover area in Yogyakarta Province is 31,63% of the total area of Yogyakarta Province. Stakeholders involved in various forms of involvement have a role in the success of reforestation. This study aims to find out the typology of the stakeholder role. The research method was using an inductive qualitative research method with a case study strategy. The results showed that typology roles of stakeholders areas policy creator, planner, facilitator, implementer, and researcher.
Andito Sidiq Swastomo, Doddy Aditya Iskandar
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 7-13; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1631

Abstract:
Pencapaian target SDG's penyediaan akses air minum bagi seluruh masyarakat membutuhkan usaha dan kerja keras dari pemerintah. Beberapa program pembangunan infrastruktur air minum telah diluncurkan oleh pemerintah guna memenuhi kebutuhan layanan dasar bagi masyarakat khususnya pada wilayah perdesaan. Namun dalam perkembangan pasa konstruksi, SPAM Desa terbangun mengalami perkembangan yang berbeda-beda. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keberlanjutan sistem penyediaan air minum pedesaan berbasis masyarakat dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberlanjutan sistem tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode studi kasus. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah multikasus olistik dengan dua desa penelitian yaitu Desa Piji dan Desa Gintungan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem penyediaan air minum pedesaan dengan pendekatan berbasis masyarakat mempunyai keberlanjutan yang berbeda-beda. Desa dengan keberlanjutan pada aspek sosial, keuangan, lingkungan dan kelembagaan mempunyai tingkat keberlanjutan yang sangat baik sedangkan desa dengan keberlanjutan hanya pada salah satu aspek saja mempunyai tingkat keberlanjutan yang rendah. Hal ini terlihat pada sistem penyediaan air minum di Desa Piji yang mengalami keberlanjutan sebaliknya pada Desa Gintungan tidak terjadi keberlanjutan. Keberlanjutan SPAM Desa sangat dipengaruhi oleh modal sosial dan modal manusia yang dimiliki. Pada kedua desa penelitian, faktor modal sosial yang mempengaruhi berupa jaringan hubungan sosial yang kuat, kepercayaan, dan norma aturan, sedangkan faktor modal manusia yang berpengaruh berupa motivasi, komitmen, efektivitas tim kerja dan kepemimpinan. Achieving the SDG's target of providing access to water for all communities requires effort and hard work from the government. Several water supply infrastructure development programs have been launched by the government to meet basic service needs for the community, especially in rural areas. However, in the development phase of construction, the SPAM Desa was developed experiencing different developments. This study aims to determine the sustainability of the community-based rural water supply system and the factors that influence the sustainability of the system. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method. The research design used was an olistic multicase with two research villages namely Piji Village and Gintungan Village. The results showed that the rural water supply system with a community-based approach has a different sustainability. Villages with sustainability in social, financial, environmental and institutional aspects have a very good level of sustainability while villages with sustainability in only one aspect have a low level of sustainability. This can be seen in the water supply system in Piji Village which experiences sustainability whereas in Gintungan Village there is no sustainability. Sustainability of SPAM Desa is strongly influenced by social capital and human capital they have. In the two research villages, social capital influencing factors are in the form of a strong social relations network, trust and rule norms, while influential human capital factors are motivation, commitment, work team effectiveness and leadership.
Baiq Siti Noer Azima, Ardi Yuniarman, Sri Apriani Puji Lestari
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 5, pp 14-19; doi:10.31764/jpe.v5i1.1873

Abstract:
Koridor Jalan Pejanggik sebagai salah satu koridor utama di Kota Mataram, aktifitas utamanya sangat dipengaruhi oleh kegiatan komersial baik perdagangan formal maupun informal. Sektor perdagangan informal selain memberi dampak secara positif dan dampak negatif bagi kawasan tersebut. Pedagang Kaki Lima menempati pedestrian hingga bahu jalan yang mengakibatkan peralihan ruang aktifitas pejalan kaki ke bahu jalan ditambah kurangnya lahan parkir yang memadai, memberikan dampak berupa kurangnya sirkulasi pada kendaraan yang melewatinya. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui pola aktivitas dan pola penyebaran pedagang kaki lima serta strategi penataan pedagang kaki lima berdasarkan pola aktivitas dan pola penyebarannya. Metode analisis yang digunakan berupa deskriptif kualitatif berdasarkan hasil wawancara, observasi, studi pustaka dan dokumentasi serta menggunakan rumus SWOT dalam menentukan strategi penataannya. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa setiap aktivitas pedagang kaki lima dipengaruhi oleh hubungan langsung atau tidak langsung dengan aktivitas formal di koridor jalan tersebut serta aktivitas ini dipengaruhi oleh waktu berdagangnya. Adapun pola penyebarannya cenderung linier mengikuti pola jalan. Strategi penataan koridor dilakukan dengan mengatur pola parkir, jenis, waktu dan desain sarana usaha pedagang kaki lima. Dalam perencanaan tata ruang Kota Mataram, perlu mengakomodir ruang aktivitas PKL nya, tidak hanya merencanakan lokasi penempatan PKL. Pejanggik Road Corridor as one of the main corridors in Mataram City, Its main activities are heavily influenced by formal such as informal commercial and trade activities. The informal trade sector in addition to positively impacts and negative impacts on the region.Street vendors occupy a pedestrian walk to the shoulder leading to a pedestrian space shifting to the street plus a lack of adequate parking space, impacting the lack of circulation in vehicles passing through them. The purpose of this research is to know the patterns of activity and patterns of spread of street vendors and the arrangement strategies of street vendors based on activity patterns and spread patterns. The method of analysis used is a qualitative descriptive based on the results of interviews, observations, library studies and documentation as well as using the SWOT formula in determining the strategy of the arrangement. The results of the analysis show that every street merchant activity is influenced by a direct or indirect relationship with formal activity in the corridor and this activity is influenced by its trading time. As for the spread pattern it tends to linear following the road pattern. The corridor Setup strategy is done by arranging the parking pattern, type, time and design of the street Hawker Business. In the spatial planning of the City of Mataram, it is necessary to accommodate the space of its street vendors activities, not only to plan the location of the street vendors placement.
, Eddy Imam Santoso
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 4, pp 102-110; doi:10.31764/jpe.v4i2.1118

Abstract:
Gresik Regency is an industrial area which is also one of the famous tourist destinations in East Java with a variety of tourism potentials, namely natural tourism, cultural tourism and religious tourism. Religious tourism is spread across several regions in Gresik and is developed to increase regional income. These religious tourism objects include guardian tourism and some Islamic religious tourism. Tourism Sunan Giri and Maulana Malik Ibrahim are two religious tourism objects that are visited by many tourists and become an icon of Gresik City as the Tourism City of Wali. Surowiti Hill Tourism is one of the attractions in Gresik which consists of religious tourism objects consisting of Islamic tombs and religious leaders, and cave-shaped nature tourism. However, in its development, Bukit Surowiti Tourism, which is in contact with Bukit Jamur Tourism and Dalegan Beach Tourism, has not been optimally managed and promoted. This study aims to determine the potential of Surowiti Hill Tourism and then formulate a strategy for developing religious tourism.This research uses exploratory research methods with SWOT analysis techniques. Explorative research is carried out by searching and gathering information to formulate a hypothesis. Research factors and factors that are related to other factors are natural potential and ancestral heritage are Islamic leaders and tombs, as well as the emergence of well-known religious tourism such as Wali Sunan Giri and Maulana Malik Ibrahim Tourism, nature tourism such as Bukit Jamur Tourism and Dalegan Beach Tourism in Gresik , factors of weakness from weather demands, water supply and inadequate accessibility, and safety factors, the lack of community and government support, as well as the increasing industrial development in Gresik. Furthermore, the factors that are expected to be a reference and contribution to local governments in formulating strategies for developing religious tourism in Surowiti Hill.
Ida Soewarni, Novia Sari, Endratno Budi Santosa, Ardiyanto Maksimilianus Gai
Jurnal Planoearth, Volume 4, pp 52-57; doi:10.31764/jpe.v4i2.874

Abstract:
Abstrak: Pariwisata merupakan sektor yang mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat dengan cepat dalam penyediaan lapangan kerja dan peningkatan penghasilan. Desa Tulungrejo di Kota Wisata Batu, yang merupakan salah satu desa dengan beberapa destinasi wisata yang potensial meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat.. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak perkembangan pariwisata terhadap ekonomi masyarakat di Desa Tulungrejo. Metode analisa menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif, yaitu dengan analisis distribusi frekuensi dan analisis regresi linear berganda untuk mengetahui perkembangan pariwisata, kondisi ekonomi, dan dampak perkembangan pariwisata terhadap kondisi ekonomi masyarakat. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perkembangan pariwisata di Desa Tulungrejo semakin tahunnya meningkat. Hal ini mempengaruhi pendapatan masyarakat, memiliki pengaruh yang sangat signifikan 95,5% terhadap perekonomi masyarakat di Desa Tulungrejo, hal ini menyatakan bahwa semakin tinggi tingkat wisatawan yang datang ke tempat wisata, maka semakin meningkat pula pendapatan masyarakat, yang dihitung menggunakan metode regresi linier berganda. Tourism is a sector which is able to rapidly increase the community economic growth in providing employment and increasing income. Desa Tulungrejo in Kota Wisata Batu (Batu Tourism City), which is one of the villages with several potential tourism destination to increase the community economic growth. This research aims to determine the impact of tourism development on the community economic condition in Desa Tulungrejo. Descriptive quantitative method was employed to analyze the data using frequency distribution analysis and multiple linear regression analysis to determine the development of tourism, economic conditions, and the impact of the tourism development on the community economic condition. Based on the research results, it was shown that the tourism development in Desa Tulungrejo is increasing annually. This affects the community income which has a very significant influence of 95.5% on the community economic condition in Desa Tulungrejo. In addition, the results of multiple linear regression calculation show that the higher the number of tourists coming to tourist destinations, the higher the income of the community.
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