Journal of Business Administration Research

Journal Information
EISSN : 2630-5194
Published by: Bilingual Publishing Co. (10.30564)
Total articles ≅ 67
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Tung-Shan Liao, Thi Ngọc Duy Trần, Thi Thuy Dung Pham
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3088

Abstract:
This study aims at providing explanations for how MNCs (multinational companies) proceed with their manipulation of resources and competencies in the entry process to a foreign market. To an increasing extent, such processes perform as a staging process of resource leverage. This study identifies three stages, using the multiple case study incorporating grounded theory: the initial stage, the adaptive intensification stage, and the advantage persistence stage. In the initial stage, an MNC’s entry decision tends to be based on the resource replication mode of resource leverage; the resource exploitation mode of resource leverage is used mainly in the adaptive intensification stage, and the resource exploration mode is used in the advantage persistence stage. This study suggests that these resource leverage modes incorporating their microfoundations can be viewed as a set of potential measurements for examining MNCs' dynamic capabilities in the entry process to a new host market.
Adyasha Suvadarshini, Bidhu Bhusan Mishra
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i3.3193

Abstract:
The following paper attempts to understand if income determines the buying decision-making styles of consumers in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha, a state located on eastern India. A total of 103 respondents of Bhubaneswar were chosen by using the Mall intercept method. The samples were classified into three groups based on their average annual family income such as High Income, Middle Income and Low Income groups. Exploratory Factor Analysis was carried to identify the decisionmaking styles. ANOVA was employed to compare the shopping styles of these three income sub-groups. Results indicate that differences in consumer shopping styles exist among the income sub-groups. Findings of the study can be used by marketers for segmentation, targeting and positioning of retail shoppers which may facilitate them to compete efficiently. It is recommended that different income sub-groups should be viewed as distinct consumer segments and strategies should be formulated to cater each segment effectively.
Do Hai Hung
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2938

Abstract:
In recent year, the issues of sustainable development in general and enterprise's sustainable development have always been given special attention by government management agency, including small and medium-size industrial enterprises. The study conducted a survey of 316 industrial SMEs in three regions of the North, Central and South of Vietnam with the main survey subjects being managers in enterprises. The main purpose of the study is to assess the impact of the goverment support policies compared to other factors developed in the research model affecting the sustainable development of small and medium-sized industrial enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam. In this research, the authors employed exploratory factor analysis to identify 4 factors affecting the sustainable development of SMEs. The research results show that the government support policies have an important role but not strongly influence human resource factors, financial factor and social responsibility (SR) policies of enterprises in their sustainable development for industrial SMEs in Vietnam.
Oladejo Abiodun Oyebamiji
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2903

Abstract:
The study determined the effect of ownership structure on earnings quality of listed financial firms in Nigeria. The study employed secondary data. The study population comprised all the 16 listed financial firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select top 10 banks whose shares are consistently traded on the stock market. Data for ownership structure and earnings quality were sourced from the audited financial statements of the selected firms and the Nigerian Stock Exchange Factbook over a period of 10 years (2009-2018). Collected data were analyzed using pooled ordinary least square, fixed effect and random effect estimation techniques. The result from the study showed that institutional ownership (t=4.3, p˂0.05) had a positive and statistically significant relationship with earnings quality while ownership concentration (t=- 2.5, p˂0.05) had a negative and significant relationship with earnings quality. The study recommended that the institutional ownership which shows a positive relationship with earnings quality enables improved earnings of the sampled listed banks. More institutional participation should be allowed in the Nigerian listed banks as it was proved that they have the power to monitor the affairs of managers as this will have a positive impact on earnings. Concentration ownership gives mangers incentives to manage earnings to achieve short term opportunistic interest; therefore it should not be encouraged.
YongMei Hou, Qian Yi
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.3072

Abstract:
Objective: to explore college students' understanding and satisfaction of internet accidental injury insurance, and to analyse the factors influencing college students' awareness and satisfaction of internet accidental injury insurance. Methods: 836 college students in Guangdong Province were selected by stratified ramdon sampling. They were investigated with the self-designed questionnaire "College Students' Cognition of Internet Accidental Injury Insurance (CSCIAII)". Results: 29.67%, 52.18%, 10.13% and 8.02% of the college students didn't know, knew a little, knew relatively well and knew very well about internet accidental injury insurance, respectively. 55%, 16. 82%, 47. 73%, 11. 82% and 14. 09% of the college students satisfied with, , respectively. Conclusion: College Students' awareness of insurance is weak, and they do not pay enough attention to accidental injury insurance. The percentage of college students who are very satisfied with the internet accidental injury insurance, think the internet accidental injury insurance basically meets their own needs, think it is acceptable but needs to be improved, do not agree with and are not satisfied with it at all are 9.55%, 16.82%, 47.73%, 11.82% and 14.09%, respectively. The design, publicity and sale strategies of internet insurance products may be important factors affecting college students' understanding and satisfaction with internet accidental injury insurance.
Qaisar Iqbal
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2803

Abstract:
Organizations are facing challenges to cope with gender equity in the presence of a diverse workforce. The present study investigates the moderating impact of Islamic work ethics on the organizational justice-gender equity relationship. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to employees working in a large private university in a State of Qatar. This study collected data from 250 employees with 66.12% response rate. The present study employed structural equation modelling to analyse data in SmartPLS 3.0 and SPSS version 24. Empirical findings revealed the significant relationship of distributive justice and interactional justice with gender equity. Procedural justice did not relate to gender equity. Furthermore, Islamic work ethics also moderated the relationship of interactional justice with gender equity. Limitations and implications have been added at the end of paper. This study is first in its nature revealing the conditional factor of Islamic work ethics on the organizational justice-gender equity relationship.
Jiayi Song
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2887

Abstract:
This paper discusses and critically reviews the causes and consequences of global standardization and local adaptation of marketing strategies. The scope of the literature review is in the fields of international marketing, international trade, and corporate strategic management. It also aims to emphasize finding gaps after reading the literature. Even though the studies scope is extensive, this paper limits the reach: firstly, it introduces the standardization and local adaptation, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of both by researchers. At the same time, untangle the relationship between international marketing strategy and marketing mix. Secondly, it is divided into macro and micro to collate and analyze the leading factors affecting international strategy. So that realise the cross-market fit of global marketing tactic. Finally, focus on the KPI. The indicators of financial return were selected as the review from the factors representing the intuitive development level of the company. The goal was to concentrate on the mutual feedback and adjustment between the standardization/adaptation and performance of multinational companies. Among them, the diversities between developed and emerging markets are interspersed in each link. As this difference is a trend that scholars have begun to notice in recent years. Although many existed bibliographies are revolved around particular multinational companies or regions to assessment, this paper will focus on the impact of practical research article review and evaluation. It would not involve in specific corporate and country.
Keren Sun
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2763

Abstract:
This paper uses Qian’s level-standard economy approach to analyze the losses and gains of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era. Analysis found that: level-standard economy’s sectors are the losers during the process of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era; and super level-standard economy’s sectors are the winners during the process of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era. The erosion of the level-standard economy has great harm and impact on related parties, so that the USA emerges the movement of populist backlash against globalization. This paper proposes 4 measures to solve this dilemma, i.e., to impose higher tax rates on the winners of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era, to subsidize more to the losers of American globalization in the Neoliberal Era, to moderately relocate manufacturing and other industries back to the U.S., and to further strengthen transnational cooperation.
Tung-Shan Liao, Thi Thuy Dung Pham, Juin-Cherng Lu
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.2635

Abstract:
The paper's purpose is to examine the role of knowledge and learning as a dynamic capability that leads to competitive advantage in family firms. It further conceptually develops a model showing the relationship between intellectual capital, firm performance, and dynamic capabilities in family firms. Using past case studies related to the subject, this study highlights the importance of knowledge accumulation, integration, codification, and the preservation of socioemotional wealth as dynamic capabilities that allow a family firm to sense and seize business opportunities that transform the business to a competitive advantage. Findings from the case applications reveal that family businesses benefit from the accumulation of knowledge through expertise, skills, and employment of non-family members and having family involvement as strategic important assets that lead to increased value in family firms’ performance.
Yunxia Su
Journal of Business Administration Research, Volume 4; doi:10.30564/jbar.v4i2.3012

Abstract:
This study takes the cognitive-affective system theory of personality as the whole logic, integrates resource preservation theory and cooperation and competition theory to investigate the influence mechanism of Career Plateau on knowledge workers' knowledge hiding. The results show that career plateau (including its three dimensions:hierarchical plateau, work content plateau and inclusive plateau) has a significant positive impact on status anxiety and knowledge hiding of knowledge workers, and status anxiety plays a complete mediating effect between career plateau (including hierarchical plateau, work content plateau and inclusive plateau) and knowledge hiding of knowledge workers. Cooperative goal dependence positively moderates the relationship between hierarchical plateau and status anxiety, and negatively regulates the relationship between work content plateau and status anxiety. In addition, cooperative goal dependence positively moderates the indirect effect of hierarchical plateau on the knowledge workers' knowledge hiding through status anxiety, and negatively moderates the indirect effect of work content plateau on the knowledge workers' knowledge hiding through status anxiety. The results of this paper provide theoretical support and management enlightenment for further exploring the mechanism of career plateau and knowledge hiding in Chinese enterprises.
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