Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2657-0068 / 2622-3279
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 54
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S.Pt. Arsyadi Ali, R Artika, R Misrianti, E Elviriadi, M M Poniran
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 30-35; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.30-35

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the increase of dry matter production and Nutrient changes of Indigofera zollingeriana cultivated in Sapric peat soils with harvest age of 2, 3 and 4 months after pruning. Indigofera foliage was obtained from the existing plot of approximately 3 years old that grown in the experimental field of the UARDS Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences of UIN Suska Riau. The research design of randomized block design (RBD) was apllied consisting of 3 age treatments with 4 group. Each treatment, consisted of indigofera biomass harvested at 2 months old (2M), 3 months old (3M) and 4 months old (4M). The results showed that postponing harvest from 2 months to 4 months significantly (p<0.05) increased dry matter production of 71.97 g to 437.62 g and significantly (p<0.05) decreased crude protein (CP) content from 27.45% to 21.23%. Meanwhile, crude fibre (CF), extract ether (EE), ash and nitrogen free extract (NFE) contents were not influence by postponing harvest from 2 to 4 months. The respective ranges of CF, EE, ash and NFE content of I. zollingeriana were CF: 15.50%-16.50%, EE: 2.11%-2.85%, ash: 7.55%-8.31% and NFE: 46.39%-51.15%. It can be concluded that the dry matter production of I. zollingeriana that grown on Sapric peat soils were significantly influenced by harvest age. Key words: legume, maturity, nutritive value, peatland
Azib Ernawati -, Luki Abdullah, Idat Galih Permana
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 49-58; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.49-58

Abstract:
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the mineral contents of I. zollingeriana growing with different planting densities. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with three different planting densities (8,000 plants per ha, 13,333 plants per ha, and 20,000 plants per ha) and 3 replication. Plant biomass was analyzed for macro and micro mineral contents as well as Ca:P ratio. The results showed that increased planting densities significantly increased (p<0.05) P, Cu, and Cr contents, but decreased Ca and Na contents had no significant effect on Mg, K, Mn, Zn and Fe contents. Furthermore, the increased planting densities significantly decreased (p<0.05) uptakes of Ca, K, Mn, and Fe by the plants, but increased (p<0.05) the uptakes of Cu and Cr. Meanwhile, the uptakes of P, K, Na, and Zn were not affected by planting densities. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the planting density of I. zollingeriana should be maintained in 8,000 plants ha-1 to maintain the content and uptake of mineral in forage crops. Key words: defoliation periods, Indigofera zollingeriana, macrominerals, micro minerals, planting density
Tera Fit Rayani, Yuni Resti, Ratih Kemala Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 36-41; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.36-41

Abstract:
This experiment was aimed to compare varieties and harvest time of green hydroponic fodder based on it’s quantity and quality. Green fodder is made from corn kernels, mung beans and unhulled rice. Green fodder was grown by mart hydroponics sensors and Arduino systems for controlling the water irrigation system and environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity. Quantity of green hydroponic fodder (corn, mung bean and unhulled rice) based on the biomass production. Quality of green hydroponic fodder based on nutrient content of the forage biomass (dry matter, crude protein, ash, ether extract, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract). Experimental design for fodder productivity was a completely randomized design with 3 x 3 factorial, i.e seed varieties (corn, mung bean and unhulled rice) and harvesting age of the green hydroponic fodder (7, 14 and 21 d). The results showed that total biomass was affected significantly (p<0.05) by harvesting age. Total biomass was increased with longer harvesting age of fodder. Corn green fodder and unhulled rice green fodder produce larger biomass than mung bean green fodder (p<0.05). The nutrient content of greenfodder were higher compared to the seeds. its quality and quantity, the best harvesting age of corn and unhulled rice green fodder was 14 days. Therefore smart hydroponic fodder can be an alternative to provide good quality fodder and land preservative. Key words: feed, hydroponic, green fodder
Desima Natalia Harianja, P D M H Karti, I Prihantoro
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 59-65; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.59-65

Abstract:
Alfalfa in dry stress conditions cannot grow optimally. Drought inhibits growth and reduces alfalfa production in many cultivation systems. Plants breeding with gamma-ray irradiation and in vitro selection using PEG found somaclonal variants adapted to grow well in drought conditions. This study aims to determine the type of mutation with the best morphology in dry stress conditions. Alfalfa mutants resulting from gamma irradiation were sub-cultured in vitro. Alfalfa mutants cultured in PEG medium, according to treatments. This experiment used completely randomized factorial design with 2 factors, namely the gamma-ray irradiation doses (0 Gy, 100 Gy, 200 Gy, 300 Gy, 400 and 500 Gy), and PEG concentrations (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% ). The variables observed were viability, plant height, number of leaves, wet weight, medium shrinkage, leaf wilting, and leaf color. The results showed that the gamma-irradiated mutant had a better (p<0.05) morphology than the control (0 Gy) in the face of dry stress conditions. Combination of 500 Gy and 20% PEG concentration resulted the best type of mutant. Key words: alfalfa, in vitro, gamma rays, PEG
Yanuar Achadri, Evert Yulianes Hosang, Procula Rudlof Matitaputty, Christofel John Benhard Sendow
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 42-48; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.2.42-48

Abstract:
Corn waste agricultural by-product that can be used for animal feed at Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) has a longer dry climate than the rainy ones, caused difficulties in terms of feeding. Farmers utilize corn waste as feed resource. This study was carried out to determine the potential corn waste and evaluate the potential capacities of livestock from corn waste as animal feed. The data was obtained from farmer group, collected during December 2019 to April 2020 in Oeteta Village, Kupang Timur - NTT. The data of corn waste material production included corn straw (stalks and leaves), corn cob, and corn husk in 7 hectares area. Data were collected by using the survey with simple random sampling for estimation of carrying capacity value. The results showed that the fresh corn waste production on the land area of 7 hectares in the Oeteta village were fresh corn straw (451,101 kg year-1), corn cob (65,225.58 kg year-1), corn husk (10,870.86 kg year-1), and total 527,197.44 kg year-1 of corn waste production. Utilization of corn waste as feed stock with the use of 30% in the ration generated a carrying capacity of 352 cattle and 2,464 goats respectively, have a carrying capacity 352 head of beef cattle and 2,464 head of goats, whereas if the use was 40% in the ration, the carrying capacity was 264 cattle and 1,851 goats. It could be concluded that the feed from corn waste available in Oeteta Village, Kupang Regency, NTT, which is 7 ha of area have sufficient carrying capacity for livestock. Key words: carrying capacity, corn waste, Oeteta Nusa Tenggara Timur
S Khothijah, Edi Erwan, E Irawati
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 19-23; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.1.19-23

Abstract:
Cashew leaves (Anacardium occidentale Linn) is a plant that can be used as a natural antibiotic because it contains flavonoids, tannins, anacardiol acid, elagic acid, phenol compounds, cardol, and methyl cardol. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of giving several levels of consumption of cashew leaf extract in drinking water on the performance of broilers including ration consumption, drinking water consumption, body weight gain, and ration conversion. This study used 80 doc broilers which were divided randomly based on a completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments given were P0 (0% cashew leaf extract as a control), P1 (5% cashew leaf extract in 1 L of water), P2 (10% cashew leaf extract in 1 L of water), P3 (15% cashew leaf extract in 1 L of water) and P4 (20% cashew leaf extract in 1 L of water). The variables observed were ration consumption, drinking water consumption, body weight gain and broiler ratio conversion. The results showed that inclusion of cashew leaf extract up to 20% in drinking water had a significant effect (p<0.05) on drinking water consumption, but no significant effect on ration consumption, body weight gain, and ration conversion. It was concluded that giving cashew leaf extract in drinking water up to 20% had no effect on the broiler performance, in terms of ration consumption, body weight gain and ration conversion. Key words: broiler chicken, cashew leaf extract, ration consumption, drinking water consumption, body weight gain, ratio conversion
Eko Heru Dumadi, Luki Abdullah, Heri Sukria
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 6-13; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.1.6-13

Abstract:
Study on the data of forage quality was conducted to determine the quality of napier grass forage with different growth and morfological type. In Indonesia, there are two types of napier grass, namely the tall and short type. The data used in this study were of proximate and van soest analysis of tall-type napier grass forage Pennisetum purpureum Schum and short-type napier grass, cultivar Mott dwarf, which were obtained from the Bekasi Feed Quality and Certification Center and data obtained from journals. The results of the study showed that dry matter content of short-type napier grass was higher than those of tall-type napier grass (23% vs 20%), while fiber fractions such as crude fiber, NDF and ADF of short-type napier grass were lower than those of tall-type napier grass 32% vs 29%, 70% vs 65%, 43% vs 39%, respectively. It is therefore relative forage quality (RFQ) of short-type napier grass was higher than those of tall-type napier grass (68 vs 57). It is concluded that related to dry matter and fiber fraction value, the quality of short-type napier grass (cv. Mott) is better than those of tall-type napier grass. Key words: cultivar Mott, Pennisetum purpureum, relative forage quality (RFQ), short-type napier grass, tall-type napier grass
W U Cahyani, A Darmawan, Dwi Margi Suci
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 24-29; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.1.24-29

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation of Garcinia xanthochymus extract in drinking water on the quail meat and eggs quality (fat content, protein content) and malondialdehyde (MDA) on egg yolk. This study used female quails (132 tails) aged 42 days, which were kept for 6 weeks, and then divided into four groups treatments of drinking water, and 3 replications each treatment. The method used was a Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with P0 (control), P1 (pH 4), P2 (pH 3), P3 (pH 2). The variables observed were moisture content, crude fat content and crude protein content in quail meat and eggs but MDA only on yolk eggs. The results showed a significantly decreased (p<0.05) effect of Garcinia xanthochymus extract supplementation in drinking water on MDA levels of yolk quail eggs. However it had no significant effect on moisture content, crude fat content, and crude protein content in yolk quail eggs . The treatments had significantly increased crude protein in meat. It was concluded that giving extract of Garcinia Xanthochymus extract (kandis acid) at pH 2 in drinking water decreased the MDA content of quail egg yolks. Key words: antioxidant, Garcinia Xanthochymus, chemical compound of meat and egg, egg yolk MDA
Mardiah Rahmadani, W Hermana, Nahrowi Nahrowi
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.1.1-5

Abstract:
Cassava has the potential use to replace corn as an energy source in poultry feed.However, the level of substitution is not optimal because of the difference ratio ofamylose and amylopectin in maize and cassava. This study aimed to examine the effectof cassava flour with addition of isoamylase as a corn substitute in the ration on theperformance of broilers. The material used in this study was 150 male day-old chickenbroiler which were randomly divided into 3 treatments and 5 replications. Thetreatments were P0: 50% corn in the ration (control); P1: Substitution of 50% of cornby cassava flour; P2: Substitution of 50% of corn by cassava flour which contained0.14% isoamylase. The variables measured were feed intake, body weight, weight gain,feed conversion ratio, income over feed and chick cost and mortality rate. Data from thecomplete randomized design were analyzed using Analysis of Variance, the significantresults between the treatments were obtained by Duncan Multiple Range Test. Theresults showed that the substitution of corn by cassava flour without and with 0.14%isoamylase was not significantly affect final body weight, body weight gain, feed intakeand feed conversion ratio. The most profitable Income over feed cost obtained was thetreatment of P2 that is Rp 6,543.50. It can be concluded that the corn substitution bycassava flour without and with addition of 0.14% isoamylase was able to produce thesame performance as broiler chickens fed with corn in the ration for five weeks of thestudy. Key words: broiler, isoamylase, cassava flour, performance
A K Agustina A K Agustina, D Evvyernie, Rika Zahera, I G Permana, Toto Toharmat, S Suryahadi, D Despal
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 18, pp 89-94; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.18.3.89-94

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to compare alternative inoculant source for in vitro rumen fermentation. In the first experiment, inoculant from fistulated cattle kept in LIPI and IPB (Fis1 and Fis2) and inoculant from Bogor municipality abattoir and IPB abattoir (Abo1 and Abo2) were tested for their pH, total bacterial count, and protozoal number using a complete block design with four replications. In the second experiment, the effect of the inoculant sources was tested on cornmeal (F1), soybean oil meal (F2), Napier grass (F3), and dairy cattle complete ration (F4) fermentability and digestibility including pH, VFA, NH3, IVDMD and IVOMD parameters. The results showed an unsignificant different protozoal number among inoculant sources. The pH of Fis2 rumen liquor was significantly lower (p
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