Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2657-0068 / 2622-3279
Published by: Journal of Consumer Sciences (10.29244)
Total articles ≅ 66
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Nindi Yulia, I Prihantoro, P D M H Karti
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 19-24; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.19-24

Abstract:
Colchicine is a chemical that induced mutation in plants through doubling of plant chromosomes so that polyploid plants are produced which have a larger size than diploid plants. This study aimed to determine the optimal level and soaking time of colchicine to increase the productivity of stylo plants. This study used a Completely Randomized Factorial Design (CRD) with two factors and six replications. Factor A is a the colchicine level of 0 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm, 75 ppm and 100 ppm. Factor B is the soaking time of 12 hours, 24 hours and 36 hours. The variables observed were vertical height, stem diameter, leaflets length, leaflets width and number of trifoliate leaves. The results showed that the colchicine at a level of 25 ppm with soaking time of 12 hours had a significant effect (p<0.05) on the increase in plant vertical height, stem diameter, and leaf width by 75.62 cm, 3.08 mm and 0.90 cm, respectively. The number of trifoliate leaves from the colchicine treatment and the length of the leaflets were not significantly different. The conclusion of this research is colchicine level of 25 ppm and soaking time of 12 hours can increase plant vertical height, stem diameter and leaf width on stylo plants aged 14 WAP (Weeks After Planting). Key words: colchicine level, productivity, soaking time, stylo
A Choiriyah, W Hermana, Dwi Margi Suci
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 38-43; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.38-43

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the consumption of feed ingredients (forage, rice bran and commercial rations) in adult local turkeys using free choice feeding. A total of seven adult male turkeys were used in this study, fed with forage (Musa paradisiaca, Ipomea spp, and Indigofera sp leaves), rice brand and commercial ration. Five kinds of feed ingredients were placed in different feeders in each turkey cage. The fresh cut forage was prepared into small pieces of 1-2 cm. Each feed ingredient was analyzed for nutrient content (moisture content, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, NFE (Nitrogen Free Extract), ash and gross energy). The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the most palatability forage by adult native turkeys was ipomea spp, indigofera spp and Musa paradisiaca leaves respectively. The commercial ration was the most preferred feed ingredient of all the feed ingredients tested and was followed by rice bran. Adult local turkeys consumed fresh forage was 62 % and total rice bran and commercial feeds was 38%, resp. Consumption of dry matter forage was 17.59% and total rice bran and commercial rations was 82.41%. It can be concluded that turkey feed can consist of forage, rice bran and commercial ration. Key words: free choice feeding,Indigofera sp, Ipomea sp, Musa paradisiaca, native turkey, rice bran
Rima Shidqiyya Hidayati Martin, E B Laconi, A Jayanegara
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 30-37; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.30-37

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to analyze the active compound of Garcinia mangostana (GME) and Andrographis paniculata (APE) extracts and the effectiveness of these extracts against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) which had contaminated corn. The experimental design of this study was a completely randomized factorial design. Factor A was the addition of extract, A0=without addition, A1=addition of 0.08% GME, A2=addition of 0.16% GME, A3=addition of 0.08% APE, A4=addition of 0.16% APE. Factor B was the incubation period, B1=day 0, B2=day-2, B3=day-4. The research variables were extract yield, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity, corn moisture content and gross energy, AFB1 content, production and percentage of inhibition of AFB1. The data obtained were analyzed for variance and Duncan’s test. The results showed that GME and APE had yields of 16.68% and 5.49%, total phenolic content of 125.28 and 12.62 mg GAE g extract-1 and antioxidant activity of 29.82 and >200 ppm respectively. The addition of extract to each treatment during incubation significantly interacted with AFB1 production. However, the gross energy in each treatment was only affected by the incubation time, while the moisture content increased on the second day to 13.29%. It can be concluded that the addition of 0.16% GME could inhibit the production of AFB1 which was higher than the addition of other extracts during incubation. Key words: aflatoxin B1, Andrographis paniculata, corn, Garcinia mangostana
Isnaini Dafri, Nahrowi, A Jayanegara
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 25-29; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.25-29

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to prepare moderate protein diet and evaluate its quality to increase maggot productivity. This research was conducted from the egg stage to the pre-pupae stage. One gram of larval eggs was used for each replication. The substrates used were fruit waste, household waste, and concentrate diet. This study used a completely randomized design with 2 treatments and 6 replications. Treatments were P0 (control feed of fruit waste and household waste) and P1 (moderate protein treatment feed). Control feed and moderate protein treatment were given as much as 13 kg during maintenance. The variables measured were dry matter consumption (grams), maggot weight (grams), pre-pupae percentage, substrate reduction (%), FCR, bioconversion (%), and WRI (Waste Reduction Index). Data were analyzed using paired sample T test. The results showed that BSF larvae receiving moderate protein treatment were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to control feed for substrate consumption parameters, substrate reduction, and WRI. The conclusion from this research is the quality of feed with moderate protein content of 18,30 % which was prepared using a crude protein and energy balance approach was better than feed based on papaya fruit waste and household waste seen from the aspect of increasing substrat reduction, improving performance, prepupa metamorphosis, and increasing bioconversion of BSF larvae. Key words: bioconversion, larvae BSF, maggot, performance, waste
Aulia Nurul Saputri, Dewi Apri Astuti, Dilla Mareistia Fassah
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 14-18; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.14-18

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to evaluate the nutrient digestibility of late pregnancy local ewes treated with flushing ration and different feeding frequency. Twelve local ewes in the late pregnancy phase (BW 49.96 ± 9.67 kg) were divided on a Randomized Block Design with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were P1 (without flushing), P2 (flushing at the before and after mating), P3 (flushing at the before and after mating, and middle of pregnancy), and P4 (flushing at the before and after mating, middle, and late of pregnancy). Flushing concentrate containing 2% coconut oil and 5% lemuru fish oil. The variables observed were nutrient consumption and nutrient digestibility. The data were analyzed by using ANOVA, the data with significant differences in the treatment effects were further tested using Duncan Test. The result showed that the treatments significantly affected (p<0.01) consumption of crude fat. Giving the flushing ration at the before and after mating, and mid pregnancy significantly increased (p<0.05) digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, and N-free extract. It can be concluded that the feeding frequency of flushing affects the consumption and digestibility of local sheep at the late stages of pregnancy. Giving flushing ration at the before and after mating, and middle of pregnancy showed the best digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, and N-free extract. Key words: flushing, lemuru fish oil, local ewes, nutrient digestibility
Cindy Hardianti Nufus, I Prihantoro, P D M H Karti
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 7-13; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.7-13

Abstract:
Desmanthus virgatus has high potential as a source of animal feed and has the opportunity to develop as forage crops in saline areas. This study aimed to obtain information on the tolerance level of D.virgatus to salinity stress at different levels using tissue culture techniques. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 25 replications. The treatments were P0 (NaCl 0 ppm), P1 (NaCl 2500 ppm), P2 (NaCl 5000 ppm), P3 (NaCl 7500 ppm), and P4 (NaCl 10000 ppm). The variables observed were plant height, number of compound leaves, number of leaf twigs, leaf color, leaf loss, and plant viability. The results showed that the addition of NaCl with a level of more than 2500 ppm had a significant (p<0.05) effect on plant height, number of compound leaves, number of leaf twigs, and leaf color, but had no significant effect on leaf loss and plant viability. It is concluded D.virgatus had a tolerance level of salinity stress up to 2500 ppm.
Emiralda Prastiwi Gamasari, Iwan Prihantoro, Muhammad Ridla
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 20, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.1.1-6

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi efektivitas pemberian level dosis fungi mikoriza arbuskula (FMA) terhadap hasil produksi tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.) sebagai hijauan pakan. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada Bulan Mei sampai dengan Bulan Agustus 2021 di persawahan Desa Badal, Kecamatan Ngadiluwih, Kabupaten Kediri, Jawa Timur. Pengukuran pertumbuhan tanaman dilakukan pada 1-11 MST dan pemanenan dilakukan pada umur 82 HST. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan perlakuan level dosis FMA per tanaman yaitu 0 g (P0), 10 g (P10), 20 g (P20). Dosis pupuk yang digunakan mengikuti petani setempat. Data dianalisis menggunakan program SAS OnDemand Academics. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) pada infeksi FMA, tinggi tanaman, diameter dan ruas batang, luas daun, serta nisbah tanaman. Perlakuan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) pada jumlah spora FMA, jumlah daun, dan biomassa tanaman. Jumlah spora P10 dan P20 lebih tinggi dari P0 tetapi infeksi FMA dari ketiga perlakuan adalah sama karena terdapat FMA indigenous. Jumlah daun dan biomassa tanaman P0 dan P10 cenderung sama, sedangkan hasil tanaman P20 yang paling rendah. Simpulan yang didapatkan adalah dosis FMA 10 g/tanaman menghasilkan produksi hijauan tanaman jagung yang sama dengan tanpa FMA, tetapi dosis FMA 20 g/tanaman menghasilkan produksi hijauan tanaman jagung paling rendah
Radian Syafiyullah, N R Kumalasari, L Abdullah
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 85-89; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.3.85-89

Abstract:
This study was aimed to analyze the fertilizer dosage and harvest age in Ciherang rice varieties to increase the rice straw production and quality. This study used a block randomized design with 3 x 4 blocks divided based on harvest age H1 = 114 days, H2 = 118 days and H3 = 122 days. The treatment was fertilizer dose level which consists of 4 levels, namely: P0 (control) = Urea 55 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g, P1= Urea 63,25 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g, P2= Urea 71,50 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g dan P3= Urea 79,75 g+SP-36 5 g+KCl 6 g. The variables observed were straw production, grain production, filled grain production, empty grain production, crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) and Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results showed that P3 was significantly (p< 0.05) the highest among fertilizer dose level treatments on the straw production (27.63 tons ha-1), filled grain production (5.52 tons ha-1), and reduced empty grain (0.15 tons ha-1). The Quality of rice straw were CP 7.49%, CF 20.35%, ADF 55.03 %). While at harvest age, H1 was significantly (p< 0.05) the highest among harvest ages treatments on the variables of straw production 28.18%, empty grain production 0.21 tons ha-1) and NDF 69.11%. It can be concluded that the best fertilizer dosage was an addition of urea by 45% with harvesting age of 114 days. Key words: fertilizer, harvest age, production, quality, rice straw
Rini Anggriani, P D M H Karti, I Prihantoro
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 90-94; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.3.90-94

Abstract:
Forage is the main source of feed for ruminants. Forage consists of two types, namely grass and legumes. Leguminosa is a type of forage as a source of protein. One type of legume that is well known by breeders in Indonesia is lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala cv. Tarramba). This study was aimed to produce candidate mutants of lamtoro drought resistant to acid stress conditions. The experiment in this study used an unbalanced completely randomized design with 6 treatments of 740 different replications based on different sources of lamtoro plant mutants at different levels (P0: 0 n= 89, P1: 100 gy n= 82, P2: 200 gy n= 153, P3:300 gy n=120, P4: 400 gy n= 244, P5: 500 gy n= 52). Variables observed included plant height, number of stalks, leaf loss and stem diameter. The results showed that lamtoro plants irradiated with gamma rays at a level of 200 gy-500 gy were significantly higher than 100 gy irradiation at 10 and 12 days watering, but the diameter of the plants was larger at 100 gy irradiation. It can be watering intervals of 10 days and 12 days on the parameters of height and stem diameter showed that gamma rays irradiation of 400 gy resulted in dry-resistant lamtoro mutant candidates under acid stress condition. Key words: gamma rays, lamtoro mutant, watering interval
A Najam, L Abdullah, Panca Dewi Manu Hara Karti, S Hoeman
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Volume 19, pp 78-84; https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.19.3.78-84

Abstract:
Sorghum bicolor var. Samurai 2 can be used as raw material in silage production for ruminant feed. The problem encountered is the difficulty of obtaining certified seeds for commercial sorghum production. So that is necessary to do this research to investigate potential sorghum seed production and its quality of Sorghum bicolor var. Samurai 2. The study was conducted at University Research Station-Jonggol Animal Education and Research Unit, Bogor Agricultural University. The experimental design used was a randomized block design with 4 treatments and 5 replicates. Five individual plants were taken to measure the variables at each treatment set. The treatments consisted of different harvesting times, namely P95 (harvested 95 days after planting), P100, P105 and P110. The variables observed were dry weight of shelled seeds, seed weight per panicle, weight of panicle stalk, panicle weight, seed production per ha, seed moisture content, seed viability test, and shoot biomass production per ha. The results showed that seed production per ha, panicle dry matter weight, fresh seed moisture content, panicle stalk dry weight was not significantly different. Dry weight of shelled seeds, dry weight of seeds per panicle, panicle dry weight, seed viability, weight of biomass per ha were significantly different (p<0.05). The potential for the production of shelled seeds, dry matter of seeds per panicle was the best in the P105 and P110, the viability of the seeds in the P105 and shoot biomass production per ha in the P105. The potential for shelled seed production (4038 kg ha-1), seed dry weight per panicle (54.87 g panicle-1), seed viability (92.8%) and the best biomass production (55.88 tons ha-1) were in treatment P105. Key words: seed production, shoot biomass, Sorghum bicolor, viability
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