EnviroScienteae

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1978-8096 / 2302-3708
Total articles ≅ 192
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Irwan Irwan, Rusdin Tahir, Mohammad Liga Suryadana, Nurul Aldha Mauliddina Siregar, Fahriza Junizar, Aping Firman Juliansyah
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 397-407; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9682

Abstract:
Bandung is one of the best tourist destinations in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. Bandung has its own charm as a tourist spot with a variety of tourist attractions ranging from natural, culinary, heritage and cultural tourism. Tourism supports 40% of Bandung City's Regional Revenue and one of the tourist areas is Punclut. At first Punclut area was a green hills. Since the 1990s, there have been many travelers go to Punclut just to exercise in the morning. Now, there were more and more travelers with varied purposes, like for having meals or just hang out. Slowly, more and more commercial buildings were built in this area. Most of the designation is for restaurants. This conditions of course has an impact on the ecology of the area. Therefore, the authors conducted a study to determine an environmental sustainability in the Punclut area through the perceptions of tourists who have come to Punclut. The research was conducted using a qualitative method by conducting literature studies and distributing digital questionnaires through the Google Docs application. The results showed that environmental sustainability in the Punclut area was perceived by tourists who had visited there as "moderate" with a "good" tendency.
Beny Harjadi, Inkorena G. S. Sukartono, Etty Hesthiati
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 358-365; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9677

Abstract:
Watersheds (DAS), which are river basins flowing in one outlet and limited by hills and mountains, often occur in land degradation or erosion. Erosion that occurs is said to be safe if it does not exceed the tolerable erosion or erosion tolerance limits or often called T-values. With regard to problems on sloping land in a watershed, the purpose of this study is to calculate the value of T-values or erosion tolerance limits. Calculation of T-values using the Hammer method (1981), namely by observing the factors of soil depth and effective depth of roots, and resources life of 300 or 400 years. T-value results are classified into 4 classes, namely (tons/ha/year) : (1) very low ( 50). The research location in the Tulis watershed is 12,750 ha in DTW (Reservoir Catchment Area) Mrica Banjarnegara. From the calculation of the T-value obtained results: very low 0.03% (3.8 ha), low 2.46% (313.7 ha), high 49.31% (6,287 ha), and very high 48.2% (6,145.5 ha).
Deddy Dharmaji, Suhaili Asmawi, Yunandar Yunandar, Rio Rizky Kurniawan
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 366-372; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9678

Abstract:
Periphyton group are biota communities that be able adapt and grow well in lentic waters. Their habits are adhere to a permanent location. Aquatic vegetation in Bangkau can influenced the periphyton abundance and diversity as natural food in the food chain. The purpose of this study was to analyzed abundance and diversity of Periphyton from different aquatic vegetation. The research was conducted in three stations by purposive sampling. The method used was quantitative explored. The data that has been taken were epiphythic periphyton samples. Periphyton sampling procedures, preservation, and analysis were carried out based on Indonesian National Standard methods. Bangkau’s peatland had the highest abundance of phytoplankton-periphyton (9982 sel/liter) in inlet, but low at middle station (778 sel/liter). Zooplankton-periphyton (553 sel/liter) in middle station was the highest abundance whereas in outlet station (153 sel/liter) was the lowest. Bacillariophyceae had predominant and always attendanced Oscillatoria, Closterium, Planktonella, Diatom, meanwhile zooplankton-periphyton dominated Ciliophora in all stations and sampling. Diversity index of phytoplankton-periphyton in inlet station (1,55) was the highest and in inlet (0,77) was the lowest. Zooplankton-periphyton in middle (1,76) and outlet (0,94) was different based on Shannon wiener’s Index. The abundance index of Bangkau were mesotrophic categorized for phytoplankton-periphyton and oligotrophic for zooplankton-periphyton. Due to the low level of species diversity (H’≤ 3) showed moderate stability and for the water quality conditions was moderate polluted.
Firlianty Firlianty, Uras Tantulo
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 432-438; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9755

Abstract:
The aquatic resources in Central Kalimantan are very abundant, especially fisheries products. The nutritional content of the fisheries product has still not been well optimized. In this pandemic period, fisheries resources have important role to increase human body immunity. Albumin in to man snakehead is very potential for nutrient fulfilment as albumin source and can increase immunity and health. Toman fish extract at optimum temperature can yield albumin extract needed for nutrient fulfilment at affordable price. The objective of the study is to determine optimum temperature that yield the extract of the highest albumin content. This study was an experimental employing Complete Randomized Design. Results showed that the highest albumin content was recorded at 50oc in the water bath for 25 min. with mean of 8.20g/dl and protein content of 9.24.
Hanny Maria Caesarina, Dienny Redha Rahmani
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 373-381; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9679

Abstract:
Banjarmasin is dominated with the combination of land and river, which resulted many riverside areas in the city. These areas are functioned as settlements area, as well as commercial and public areas as the focus of the city’s development and the local’s daily activities. However, the rapid development in Banjarmasin still giving less attention to the development of green open spaces, despite the local connection with the river. Therefore, this research aimed to identify the local perception of green open space in the riverside areas of Banjarmasin through descriptive qualitative analysis. Questionnaires and observations in five study areas were done to obtain the local perception. The results show that the highest local perception index is for the social aspects for 87,2 points and the lowest local perception index is the spatial planning aspects for 42,6 points. Banjarmasin needs to focus more on the spatial planning of green open spaces in riverside areas and enhancing the opportunity for locals to participate in any spatial planning process (participatory planning).
Raziv Rahman, Emmy Sri Mahreda, Basir Basir, Bdaruddin Badaruddin
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 439-445; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9756

Abstract:
Biopore infiltration hole are hole made for run-off flow which if allowed to cause erosion and can remove the topsoil, causing soil fertility to be reduced. The use of biopori infiltration holes can be maximized by adding organic matters into the hope that in addition to absorbing water it can increase soil fertility. The liquid waste of tofu and meranti litter is an organic matters are used in this study, by adding organic matters to the biopori hole. This study aims to look at the effect of providing organic matters in the biopore hole derived from tofu and litter liquid waste on the value of pH, C-Organic, and post-mining CEC. This study was an experimental study in the field using a completely randomized design of one factor, namely organic matters with six levels, namely without organic matters and using 25 g, 50 g, 75 g, and 100 gr organic matters given to the biopori hole in incubation for one month later Soil samples taken were analyzed for pH, C-organic, and CEC. The results showed that the treatment only affected the soil's pH value. Organic material provided in the biopori hole is thought to have not completely decomposed, causing the soil around the biopori infiltration hole to remain acidic. The acidity of the soil is due to the gases produced during the decomposition process. Changes in soil pH ranged from 4.36 to 4.65 by administering 75g of organic matters from tofu liquid waste and meranti litter. This research is useful in post-mining land reclamation in increasing soil fertility, with the improvement of soil chemical properties such as pH will slowly improve the physical and biological properties of the soil so that it can be used as cultivation land.
Sari Marlina, Bambang Supriyono Lautt, Aswin Usup, Revi Sunaryati
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 423-431; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9684

Abstract:
Forest and land fires are a source of air pollution in Pulang Pisau District. This incident has caused various impacts on women's lives, one of which is a decrease in the level of health. The research objective was to determine the impact of forest and land fires on women's health and the role of women in dealing with forest and land fires. This research was conducted in Pulang Pisau District, Central Kalimantan Province. Sources of data used are primary and secondary data collection. Data analysis in this research was conducted descriptively. Based on the results of the study, it shows an increase in the number of ispa cases followed by the intensity level of the number of forest and land fire incidents. One of the beneficiaries of the forest and land fire incidents are women, children and the elderly. The role and involvement of women so far is only to help prepare foodstuffs and participate in extinguishing fires when forest and land fires occur, but there is still a lack of women's involvement in making prevention and socialization efforts related to the impact of forest and land fires.
Priyaji Agung Pambudi
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 408-423; doi:10.20527/es.v16i2.9683

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic was outbreak since January 2020 has now spread out to 213 countries, infected 29,227,348 people and 929,263 deaths. In Indonesia, 221,523 people were infected and 8,841 of them died. Neither the vaccine nor the cure has been found, but the researchers recommend that people consume various types of rhizome plants, moringa, guava, and others as prevention. The opportunity for the Indonesian people to increase their sovereignty in facing the COVID-19 pandemic is very overt because it has a geographical advantage as a tropical country traversed by the equator and fertile soil. This study aims to determine the use of backyards and its importance in promote family health amid the COVID-19 outbreak. This research was conducted in Pacitan Regency, East Java, from March 16 to April 17, 2020 through a qualitative approach with a combined method of questionnaires (162 people), in-depth interviews (18 people), and desk study. The findings showed that 95.06% of respondents agreed that the backyard was an environmental asset, 100% agreed that the backyard could be used to fulfill the needs of vegetables and toga. As 78.4% of respondents have planted vegetables and toga in their backyards and 64.2% feel calmer in facing the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of availability of the need for vegetables and traditional herbal ingredients. This is stated as an ease of concocting traditional herbal medicine and fulfilling kitchen needs for 86.42% of respondents and 57.41% assessed that their families do not depend on market uncertainty because the pattern of backyard use is carried out by growing vegetables and toga plants. The backyard as an environmental asset can promote the realization of food sovereignty (non-rice) and family health if it is managed properly, both flat and vertically.
Afirus Febian, Danang Biyatmoko, Arief R. M. Akbar, Emmy Lilimantik
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 351-357; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9676

Abstract:
The development of plantations is currently accompanied by environmental issues arising from the waste from the palm oil industry. The utilization of waste to be of economic value is necessary to reduce negative impacts on the environment and create an environmentally friendly industry. Thus, it can reduce production costs, increase income, and not burden the environment. The purpose of this research is to analyze the environmental economic value of the utilization of liquid waste and tankos solid waste. This research method uses observation, interview, documentation, and economic valuation techniques. The results of the calculation of changes in the productivity of waste utilization as a reduction in the use of urea fertilizer, RP fertilizer, MOP fertilizer, and kieserite fertilizer provide an economic value of sludge liquid waste of IDR 46,644,326.72 and tankos solid waste of IDR 1,784,059,650.00. The results of the study conclude that the use of sludge liquid waste and tankos solid waste carried out by the company in 2017 with an applied area of 3,443.16 hectares was able to provide an environmental economic value of Rp. 1,830,703,967.72.
Laila Rismawati, Bambang Joko Priatmadi, Achmad Syamsu Hidayat, Eko Rini Indrayatie
EnviroScienteae, Volume 16, pp 389-396; doi:10.20527/es.v16i3.9681

Abstract:
Many studies showed that rivers in Indonesia had been polluted. This is due to the large number of human activities, both from industrial, domestic, and agricultural waste. Kampung Sasirangan is one of the settlements located on the bank of Martapura River. The existence of industrial activities from sasirangan waste water and the large number of people deficating and throwing the garbage in the river causes water pollution. Good perceptions and good behavior is expected to increase community participation in river conservation. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions and behavior of the community regarding pollution that occurs in the Martapura River and to determine alternative strategies to control water pollution of Martapura River. Data was collected by questionnaires, observation, and interviews. The sample of respondents in this study used Slovin formula, amounted 100 respondents. This research use descriptive qualitative anaylisis. The results of this study show that most respondents have a poor perception of water pollution. Therefore, a strategy is needed that can make positive perceptions so that community behavior cares about environmental sustainability, that is education, wastewater treatmant plan, legislation, monitoring, and encouragement of public figure
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