MEDISAINS

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 16937309 / 26212366
Total articles ≅ 39
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DOAJ
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Qurota A'yun, Mukhoirotin Mukhoirotin
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.5432

Abstract:Background: The dysmenorrhea prevalence is still reported high in the world. Several previous studies discovered that deep breathing relaxation effectively reduced dysmenorrhea. Other studies presented the combination of early mobilization and spiritual relaxation could reduce the level of client pain postoperative appendectomy, however the effectiveness of spiritual relaxation techniques to reduce dysmenorrhea is not yet tested.Objective: to determine the effect of spiritual relaxation to reduce dysmenorrhea.Method: The research design used was Quasi Experiment with the pretest-posttest Control Group Design approach. The populations were female students who experienced menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea) and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variable in this study was dysmenorrhea. The sampling technique was simple ramdom sampling consisted of 44 respondents. The calculation instrument was NRS (Numeric Rating Scale) and data were analyzed through statistical test of Paired T-Test and Independent T-Test.Results: After spiritual relaxation treatment, the intensity of menstrual pain reduced significantly from 6.05 - 1.77, it proved that there was an effect of spiritual relaxation on dysmenorrhea with a significant value (ρ) of 0.000 (p ≤ 0.05). There were significant differences in the intensity of menstrual pain in the intervention and control groups (1.77 ± 1,109 vs 5.63 ± 0.445; p> 0.05).Conclusion: Spiritual relaxation effectively reduces dysmenorrhea
Haryanto Haryanto, Tisa Gusmiah, Lestari Makmuriana, Wuriani Wuriani
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.6039

Abstract:Background: Indonesia is a tropical country with lots of potential-therapy resource plants, including those for wound care like honey, sea cucumber, black seed and aloe vera. There are other complementaries used by oral such as Radix Rehmanniae Preparata, Panix Ginseng and Gypsum Florosum.Case presentation: This study case reported the effectiveness of complementary herbs by topical and oral for two patients with diabetic foot given on the wound area.Conclusion: The result revealed that mix herbs (radix rhamanniae, panax ginseng and gypsum florosum) by oral and topical (natural honey, black seed and sea cucumber) could heal diabetic foot ulcers.
Agus Santosa
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.6396

Abstract:Pain management must be done systematically according to the type of pain and its severity level in order to obtain optimal results. Therefore it is necessary to have an expert in pain management, who is equipped with a variety of pain management knowledge. In Indonesia there is no specific profession or license to become a pain management specialist. In this article the author tries to explain what is pain management specialist from various references abroad.
Rani Setiyaningsih, Evi Dwi Utami, Agus Santosa
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.6352

Abstract:Background: Symptoms experienced hemorrhoid sufferers are feeling pain in the anus, especially in sitting position. It is necessary to innovate special underwear which can reduce pressure on the anus and the pain experienced by the patientObjective: the study aimed to create and analyze special underwear for hemorrhoid sufferers which increased comfort and reduce the intensity of pain.Methods: This research imitated Research and Development (R&D. It consisted of 3 stages; stage I (literature study), stage II (product development) and stage III (product experiment).Result: The literature study in stage I obtained materials used to create special underwear for hemorrhoid sufferers by Cotton Combed 30s of 100% premium cotton and foam as a cushion. In the second phase of the research, designs and shapes were obtained. The results of product experiment in the third phase of the study discovered that respondents felt more comfortable by the special underwear than ordinary underwear and it was very effective in reducing pain.Conclusion: The innovation of hemorrhoid underwear is effective to increase comfort and reduce pain intensity in hemorrhoid sufferers.
Habid Al Hasbi, Nur Chayati, Sri Nabawiyah Nurul Makiyah
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.5823

Abstract:Background: Hemodialysis is a kidney replacement therapy, but it has many complications identified, one of them is pain. Thus, we need non-pharmacological interventions that can be done by nurses, among them is progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), which is economically-efficient and no side effects.Objective: To determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on pain in hemodialysis patients.Methods: This is a quasi experimental design of time series design. The number of samples was 100 patients taken by simple random sampling. Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) was given every day for 4 weeks. Research instrument applied was Brief Pain Inventory. The data analysis employed independent t-test.Results: There was a decrease in pain level from week to week after the intervention, from the scale of 6 (moderate pain) to scale 3 (mild pain). There was a difference in the level of pain between the intervention group and the control group p
Esri Rusminingsih, Nur Wulan Agustina, Dyah Ayu Nawang Wulan
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i3.5856

Abstract:Background: The aging process results in changes in the musculoskeletal system causing a decrease in function of joints, loss of elasticity and limited mobility. This condition also causes joint pain, especially in the joints supporting the body weight, namely the knee. The previous studies discussed the method of reducing pain using a contras bath which was implemented by soaking parts of the body that experience pain alternately with hot and cold water, this was difficult to apply if the pain occurs in the upper body. Modifications in contrast baths using compresses to the knee joint have never been implemented before.Objective: This study aimed to figure out the effect of the contras bath method using compresses to reduce knee joint pain in the elderly.Method: The design of this study was pre-experimental with one group of pretest-posttest. The sample used was 16 elderly who were selected by random sampling at Posyandu (a center for pre- and postnatal health care and information for elderly) in village of Sawit Gantiwarno, Klaten. Contrast bath is applied by giving compresses of warm and cold water alternately with a ratio of three minutes: one minute per-day during 20 minutes, for a week. Pain measurement is performed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) instrument.Result: The mean of knee pain before giving a contrast bath was 5.44, whereas after a contrast bath was 3.50. Bivariate analysis used Wilcoxon, it showed p value
Dita Ayu Mayasari, Prihartini Widiyanti, Djony Izak Rudyardjo
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i2.5259

Abstract:Background: Cardiovascular disease as the first silent killer in the world is related to atherosclerosis plaque. Coronary artery bypass grafting as a gold standard for severe atherosclerosis needs alternative materials to replace the narrowed artery due to plaque. PLLA is one of the biodegradable polymers which is suitable for the vascular graft, but some of its weaknesses should be addressed.Objective: The aim of this research is to improve PLLA characteristics for a vascular graft candidate by using collagen and chitosan.Methods: This study was an experimental study that consisted of two steps, preparation of hollow fiber and evaluation of its characteristic. This research evaluated the effect of chitosan concentration against cytotoxicity and hemocompatibility using MTT assay and hemolytic test.Results: The result showed that chitosan could improve the biological characteristics of hollow fiber PLLA-collagen, non-toxic, and non-hemolytic.Conclusions: There is a good effect on the biological characteristics of PLLA-Collagen hollow fiber by adding chitosan on the surface of PLLA-Collagen hollow fiber.
Mariah Ulfah, Dwi Novitasari, Murniati Murniati
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i2.5150

Abstract:Background: Perineum Pain risks a lack of rest time which will affect the reduction in milk production and can interfere with the process of uterine contractions which further risks the occurrence of subinvolution. Previous studies have only examined pelvic floor muscle exercises, however, they have not been combined with abdominal exercise. The combination of abdominal muscle exercises can increase the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle performance so that it will improve blood circulation and make muscles relaxed and inhibit the increase in lactic acid due to muscle spasms and ischemic tissue that makes pain.Objective: To find out the benefits of a combination of Pelvic Floor Muscle and Abdominal Muscle Exercises to Reduce Perineum Pain in Postpartum MothersMethods: This is a pre-experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample used was 16 people with random techniques. Statistical analysis was done by Wilcoxon while pain measurement was done by VAS instrument.Results: The results showed the mean of the pain before doing the exercise was 3.94 and the mean of the pain after doing exercise was 1.62. From statistical test results by Wilcoxon test, it obtained a significance value of 0.003 (p
Ragil Setiyabudi
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i2.5656

Abstract:Stunting still becomes a problem for Indonesian today. There are many risk factors which cause stunting, whether in short and long term effect. It can be overcome by a national nutrition awareness movement which involves multiple sectors which addresses to pregnant/childbirth women, toddlers, school-age children, teenagers and young adults and family empowerment.
Linda Yanti
MEDISAINS, Volume 17; doi:10.30595/medisains.v17i2.5249

Abstract:Introduction: Pseudocyesis is a condition in which a woman presents various signs and symptoms of pregnancy such as menstruation, nausea, vomiting, enlargement of the womb, weight gain, and other pregnancy symptoms. Furthermore, urine test may notice false positive result.Case presentation: It was illustrated with unusual case of pseudocyesis to a 44 year old woman reported fetal loss at the age of six months of pregnancy to a health worker in Lampung province.Conclusion: Pseudocyesis symptoms are just common pregnancy, but actually it is a false pregnancy.