Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi
ISSN / EISSN : 2089-6492 / 2089-9734
Published by: Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi (10.14228)
Total articles ≅ 183
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.316
Summary: Apert syndrome is a type 1 acrocephalosyndactyly, a rare syndrome characterized by the presence of multiple craniosynostoses, dysmorphic facial manifestations, and syndactyly of hand and feet. It affects 1:100.00 of birth and the second most common of syndromic craniosynostosis. Molecular genetic tests that identify the heterozygous pathogenic variant in FGFR2 genes - identical with Apert syndrome cost too high to be applicable in developing countries. Therefore, the diagnosis of Apert syndrome should be suspected from the clinical findings. Three cases from the Community of Indonesian Apert Warrior Group were collected. These series were based on medical and surgical records. We obtained the patient characteristic from the phenotypic manifestations only. We present cases of 6-years-old male, 2-years-old female, and 3-years-old female, respectively, with similar anatomical findings, such as skull shape abnormality, midface hypoplasia, intraoral disfigurement, and hands and feet deformities that resemble Apert Syndrome. Our series presents similar Apert syndrome characteristics, such as typical craniofacial dysmorphic with symmetrical syndactyly of both upper and lower extremities. These clinical findings are essential to establish an initial diagnostic of Apert Syndrome.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 38-46; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.320
Introduction: As a major facial aesthetic unit, the nose is one of the significant features in cleft lip and palate repair. The use of a naso-alveolar molding (NAM) device was known to help narrow the cleft gap and improve nasal aesthetics. This study aims to evaluate post-operative nasal morphology in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients who had used presurgical NAM, particularly in an established craniofacial centre in one of developing countries. Methods: A cohort retrospective study was conducted at Cleft Craniofacial Centre, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Indonesia, comparing the nasal symmetry in unilateral cleft lip patients with and without prior application of NAM (NAM and control group), twelve months following primary cheiloplasty. Differences between the cleft and normal side were assessed using standard basilar view photographs based on five points nasal measurements. Results: A total of twelve patients were enrolled, six with a history of NAM application and six without (control). Overall nasal measurements confirmed a lower mean of differences in the NAM group compared to the control, showing statistically significant results in nostril height, nasal dome height, and columellar height (p <0.05). Conclusion: This study provides an insight that cleft lip patients with a history of NAM application had superior nasal symmetry compared to patients without presurgical NAM application 1-year post-cheiloplasty. Presurgical NAM application is recommended for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 10-14; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.313
Summary: An increasing amount of evidence from clinical and experimental studies suggests that biopsies, thought to assist with definitive diagnoses, may aggravate tumor progression. We present a case of fast-growing giant verrucous squamous cell carcinoma, observed two weeks following biopsy. A 38-year-old man presented with a nose tumor that recurred two weeks after a biopsy and debridement to remove a lesion that was thought to be an abscess. Wide excision was performed on the tumor, frozen sectioned; the defect was reconstructed with a two-step forehead flap. The rapid tumor growth observed in this case raises the question of whether biopsies or other interventions may accelerate the growth of malignant tumors. Verrucous squamous cell carcinoma is slow-growing with a predilection for oral and nasal mucosa and rarely metastasizes. The patient presented here is an unusual case, with a tumor rapidly growing within fifteen days. A two-staged paramedian forehead flap is the workhorse of nasal reconstruction. Even though the benefit of doing biopsies overall outweighs the potential side effects, further research is required to determine whether biopsies affect the progression of the tumor. Early differential diagnosis is also crucial, as it may affect the patient's plan of treatment and prognosis. Giant tumors on the facial area may cause a functional and cosmetic disturbance. A two-step forehead flap produces a satisfactory cosmetic appearance for the patient one-year post-procedure.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 48-57; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.321
Introduction: The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has taken almost all countries worldwide. This situation has compromised the safety and health of all medical workers, including microsurgeons. Given that there have been various articles published about the recommendations in microsurgical reconstruction during the COVID-19 pandemic, We felt compelled to compile all relevant studies about the microsurgical reconstruction in the COVID-19 pandemic setting, describe the various actions from different perspectives, as well as providing suggestions based on evidence-based medicine. Method: We did a systematic literature search using electronic databases such as PubMed, Embase, Medline, Wiley, and Cochrane using keywords reconstruction, Microsurgery, coronavirus, and COVID-19. All included studies were critically appraised and reviewed. Results: Nine relevant articles were included for the final review, four of them were qualitative studies, and 5 were guidelines. Studies look at various surgeon's experiences from different healthcare systems during the COVID-19 pandemic. The focuses of the included studies are also diverse from head and neck surgery, breast surgery, limb surgery, and general Reconstructive Microsurgery. Conclusion: Microsurgical reconstruction is not suggested to perform during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is indicated only if necessary after a rigorous review by the multi-disciplinary team. A full PPE, including a Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) system, fit-tested N95 respirator masks, face shield, and tight-fitting eye protection goggles, are recommended in performing the surgeries.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 58-67; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.322
Introduction: Pedicled flaps from infrahyoid, pectoralis major, and trapezius were commonly used for partial tongue reconstruction. Not until a free radial forearm flap was introduced. The flap is recommended for patients with tongue defects ≤ 50% because of its thinness, pliability, and long pedicle. This systematic review explores the functional and cosmetic outcomes of pedicled flaps from the neck region for patients who underwent partial tongue resection or hemiglossectomy. Method: A systematic literature searching was performed on PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane. Keywords included were pedicled flap, neck flap, partial tongue resection, hemiglossectomy, and partial neck surgery. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to the search results. Relevant studies were assessed for their methodological quality using appropriate instruments. Results: Four hundred and twenty-four articles were obtained from the initial literature search. The authors finally gathered 11 full-text articles comparing the pedicled neck flaps with free flaps for partial tongue resection reconstructions. Pedicled neck flaps, such as submental, infrahyoid, sternocleidomastoid, and supraclavicular artery island flap, are clinically relevant for hemiglossectomy reconstruction with comparable functional and aesthetic outcomes. Conclusion: Regional flaps would be a preferred technique in more difficult patients such as those with advanced age, poor nutrition, or multiple medical issues as they are not always acceptable surgical candidates for potentially prolonged microsurgery.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 15-20; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.309
Introduction: Early tangential excision (TE) and split-thickness skin graft (STSG) have increased the outcome in burn patients treated at specialized burn centers. This study was conducted to compare the length of stay (LOS) in burn patients undergoing early TE & STSG and delayed TE & STSG. Method: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study including 42 patients with varied burn degrees, and TBSA admitted to Jakarta Islamic Hospital Cempaka Putih (JIHCP) Burn Unit. Patients were assigned to two study groups, the early TE & STSG group including 32 patients and the delayed TE & STSG group including 10 patients. All data were collected from the medical record and compared between two study groups. Result: The mean of LOS in a group with early TE & STSG was shorter (9.81±6.41 days) than LOS in the delayed TE & STSG group (15.80±5.67 days). The data of LOS between these groups were compared using an independent T-test. The LOS in the early TE & STSG group was significantly shorter than the delayed TE & STSG group (p=0.012). Conclusion: In patients with burn injuries, early TE & STSG is associated with a shorter length of stay than the delayed TE & STSG. Our study indicates that early excision within five days after burn injury is optimal to reduce the length of stay in burn patients.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 6-9; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.312
Summary: Cleft lip and palate are the most widely recognized craniofacial congenital malformation. The buccal fat pad (BFP) can be utilized to close lateral fistulas at the time of palatoplasty due to its rich blood supply and simple accessibility. The aim is to report on the use of BFP as a pedicled flap in cleft palate surgery and to discuss promising results for this reconstructive concept. The case subject was a five-year-old male born with cleft lip and palate; the cleft lip was operated on 4 months old. The patient was operated on using Bardach's two flap palatoplasty techniques, and for the closure of the lateral lining defect, the BFP was used as a pedicled flap. After the surgery, no abnormality was found, including infection, graft loss, palatal fistulas, or cheek depression. All wounds were fully epithelialized. In palatoplasty, BFP is a safe and reliable method with a fast healing benefit.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 25-29; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.310
Introduction: Burn TBSA estimation is essential to administer fluid resuscitation. There are some methods, including Rule of 9 and Lund-Browder Chart. This study aims to identify the difference in TBSA estimation in Emergency Room & Burn Unit. Method: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in design. The Inclusion criteria are patients admitted to the Jakarta Islamic Hospital Cempaka Putih (JIHCP) burn unit between April 2015-September 2018, acute patients who have complete demographic data, complete TBSA estimation in the emergency room (ER) and burn unit (BU). Exclusion criteria are patients who do not have complete demographical data and incomplete TBSA estimation between the emergency room and burn unit. The estimation of TBSA in the emergency room is done by General Practitioner, while in the burn unit is done by Plastic Surgeon. Result: Of all 160 patients admitted, 142 patients are eligible in the inclusion criteria. Most of it was adult males with an average of 28.3 years old, suffering a grade II burn injury caused by scald. There is a higher mean of TBSA estimation in the Emergency room with 15.83 (SD 12.21) compared to the Burn Unit with 12.92 (SD 12.00). The maximum TBSA overestimation in ER reaches 24% TBSA than BU, while the minimum is 0.5%. The Maximum TBSA underestimation in ER reaches 20% TBSA than BU, while the minimum underestimation is also 0.5%. On average, ER overestimates about 6.7% TBSA and underestimates about 2.8% TBSA compared to BU. Conclusion: The emergency room tends to overestimate the TBSA, with an almost 3% difference in mean (p<0.05). There is an occurrence of a maximum 24% TBSA overestimation while averaging 6.7% TBSA.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 21-24; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.314
Summary: Severe burn patients experience pronounced metabolic changes that caused hyperglycemia. Other existing metabolic conditions such as diabetes mellitus may worsen this condition. Early, adequate, and personalized nutrition therapy may result in better glycemic control and prognosis.A 44-year-old male with severe burn injury involving 27,5% total body surface area (TBSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was given early and diabetes-specific nutrition therapy to meet the recommended energy and protein needs. Lower carbohydrate contents and higher mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) were components of diabetes-specific nutrition therapy. Desirable blood glucose levels, a positive trend of albumin levels, and reduced inflammatory markers were achieved while being given this nutrition therapy. Sepsis was not diagnosed in this patient. The patient was discharged from the hospital after an improvement in clinical condition. Hyperglycemia commonly occurs in critically ill patients, especially with pre-existing T2DM. The provision of prompt and personalized nutrition therapy will improve clinical outcomes.
Jurnal Plastik Rekonstruksi, Volume 8, pp 30-37; https://doi.org/10.14228/jprjournal.v8i1.319
Introduction: Reconstruction of sacral and ischial pressure injury offers great challenges due to its high complication and recurrence rate. Providing durable tissue coverage with minimal donor site morbidity is paramount while ensuring fast operative time for the patients who often possess multiple comorbidities. This study aims to present cases of sacral and ischial pressure injury reconstruction using a keystone flap. Method: A retrospective study was performed by reviewing data from fifteen patients with a sacral and ischial pressure injury who underwent reconstruction using various types of keystone flaps in our center between 2019 and 2020. Results: The patients’ age ranged from 10 to 83 years old (average, 40.5 years old). The average wound dimensions were 9.4 ± 3.1 cm x 6.5 ± 2.7 cm and the mean area of the defects was 52.3 ± 35.7 cm2, with the largest defect was 15 x 12 cm (141.3 cm2). Mean operative time was 140 ± 24.5 minutes with nine wounds were reconstructed using type IV keystone flap (60%) and six patients using type IIA (40%). Postoperative complications occurred in three patients (20%). Other patients resulted in uneventful complete healing. Conclusion: The keystone flap is reliable, simple, has a fast technique, and minimal donor site morbidity to cover the defects of sacral and ischial pressure injury. Performing thorough debridement, choosing the right type of keystone flap, elevating the flap adequately to allow mobilization, preserving perforator “hotspots”, and suturing of the flap without tension are keys to achieve satisfactory results.