IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2355-2158 / 2654-4148
Published by: Brawijaya University (10.21776)
Total articles ≅ 152
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Cahaya Dwi Dzullia, Subagya Subagya, Mohammad Anwar
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 487-496; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.15

Abstract:
This study aims to find out the influence of self management techniques in reducing blindism behavior owned by visually impaired students in class VIII at SLB-A YKAB Surakarta. This research is a quantitative research using experimental research design with a single subject or Single Subject Research (SSR). The subjects of this study were visually impaired students of class VIII at SLB-A YKAB Surakarta. The data collection techniques that used in this study were the observation of participants and non-participants. Data analysis techniques used are visual analysis techniques in conditions and visual analysis between conditions. The results of experiments in the baseline phase were conducted as many as four sessions, obtained blindism frequency data in students as many as 20, 19, 21 and 21 times. This shows that the trend of the blindism behavior of educated participants was increased with a stability level of 100%, so that intervention was needed. The intervention phase was carried out in eight sessions and data on the frequency of blindism on students were 16, 12, 11, 11, 10, 9, 9 and 9 times. Referring to the data, it can be seen that the trend of decline and the level of stability of the data obtained was 87.5%. So that it can be concluded that self management techniques can reduce blindism behavior for visually impaired students in class VIII at SLB-A YKAB Surakarta.
Weni Winarti, Imas Diana Aprilia
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 523-529; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.18

Abstract:
This research was conducted at SMK Garut Regency on Deaf children who have difficulties in making decisions about careers at school and post-school careers. The decision to choose student majors is currently based on the strong will of parents, besides that teacher are less able to provide alternatives to the choice of majors they are interested in and are not based on the results of the assessment of talents and interests. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to see the obstacles of students in achieving career maturity based on the results of the needs analysis. This study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The participants of this study were Deaf children that had an impact on language skills and cognitive abilities in interpreting information, other subjects were classroom teachers, subject teachers, and special education teachers closest to the student's environment. Data collection techniques used observation, interviews, and documentation studies, and data analysis techniques used data triangulation. The results of this study indicate that the obstacles for students in making career decisions are caused by the impact of their deafness so that they are hampered by expressive and receptive communication skills that do not support them to ask questions so that they only get information from outside and find it difficult to interpret the information they get. The encouragement and prestige of parents and friends are other obstacles in determining student decisions that are not following their interests and talents. Another obstacle is that teachers have not specifically assessed the interest in talent for student careers before entering school to date. Based on these findings, a solution to determine the level of career maturity of students at this time requires an assessment of interests and talents which can then be used by teachers or parents in making transition programs in which focus is on developing soft skills for children in terms of making appropriate career decisions.
Kelechi Uchemadu Lazarus
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 455-466; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.12

Abstract:
Efficient skills in reading comprehension enable secondary school students to make meaningful and remarkable advancements in their studies. However, many students with learning disabilities struggle with reading comprehension and consequently obtain low grades in their academic pursuits. This paper pointed out that improvement in reading comprehension and academic achievement among secondary school students with learning disabilities is possible through engaging the students in collaborative learning activities within reading comprehension context. The paper therefore highlighted the principles that guide collaborative classrooms and the benefits of student collaboration in reading comprehension context. Evidence-based interventions that emphasize collaboration such as cooperative learning, peer tutoring, reciprocal teaching, collaborative strategic reading, and directed reading-thinking activity were discussed. Recommendations were made which include that teachers should ensure that they infuse collaboration into reading comprehension lessons of students with learning disabilities by making use of a variety of teaching strategies that stress collaboration, assigning roles to group members and ensuring that group members adhere to the laid down rules for the groups.
Arozi Setiawan, Munawir Yusuf, Gunarhadi Gunarhadi
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 441-453; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.11

Abstract:
This paper aims to know the entrepreneurship interest on the disabilities and the impacts of this entrepreneurship values intervention on their entrepreneur interest. Data is collected from standardized questionnaire of entrepreneurship interest including attention, interest, desire, decision and action with reliability level of 0.892. Data is analyzed on the normality, then using paired samples t-test to know the impacts of provided treatment. Results of this study show that (1) the intervention of entrepreneurship values can improve entrepreneur interest on the disabilities in Surakarta; (2) before treatment, the level of entrepreneur interest on the disabilities is in medium-to-low level with the percentage of 86.99%; (3) the level of entrepreneur interest after treatment is improving to percentage of 82.05%.
Yuli Afmi Ropita Sari, Rini Lestari, Neneng Maya Komalasari
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 361-366; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.09

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the existence of communication problems in children with Down syndrome. Communication problems on the subject are related to the use of language in their environment. The data obtained from the subject's parents, teachers and tutors experienced problems in expressing their own desires. The purpose of this study is to help subjects communicate with their environment. Communication uses tools that are made based on the needs and abilities of the current subject. The tool created is called "Wofal". This tool is in the form of modified images with an attractive shape and easy to use subjects. The first stage of using the tool introduces the images that the subject will use in communicating. Second, the subject was asked to stick to his wishes and choose an image. The picture consists of the subjects' daily activities at home and at school. After intervention to the subject, the results were obtained. According to teachers, parents and tutors, this tool makes it easier for subjects to communicate. Usually teachers, tutors and parents do not understand what the subject wants. After this tool the crying behavior of the subject became less. So, this tool makes it easier for subjects to communicate in their environment.
Rossi Iskandar, Asep Supena
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 331-345; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.03

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to find out how parents play in training the speech of deaf children. The research method used is qualitative with library research, namely a series of studies related to library data collection methods, or research objects whose research objects are excavated through various library information (books, encyclopedias, scientific journals, newspapers, magazines, and documents). The results showed that parents have tried to train their children by getting used to talking continuously during learning from home using props and motivating the child to learn. Parents and teachers work together and consult on how to practice speech. The development of sound and rhythm perception communication is a program that is carried out to train the ability of deaf children. But at the time of the covid-19 pandemic parents became special companions as well as teachers while at home to train their children to speak the language daily in addition to being helped through listening aids guided by their teachers.
Aldjon Nixon Dapa, Tiersa Undap, Henny B.A. Kiriweno
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 367-373; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.05

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of drill methods in increasing the ability to tie shoelaces to autistic children. The type of research method used in this study is single subject research (SSR), with A-B-A research design. this research was conducted at the SLB Paulus Tomohon. The subjects in this study were autistic students who sat in class X. The results showed that subjects could not follow instructions along baseline A1 in 5 times, baseline B as many as 15 times, and baselin A2 as much as 5 times, Analysis of data at baseline (A1) long conditions 5 sessions with mean level 0, 0% presentation stability. Furthermore, in the intervention stage (B) the condition is 15 sessions long with mean level 6.46 and stability percentage 33%. The baseline stage (A2) with the condition of 5 sessions and mean level 10, the percentage of stability is 100%, with the existing data, it can be concluded that the drill method can improve the ability to tie shoelaces to autistic children in class X at the SLB Paulus Tomohon.
Wylen Djap, Angaripeni Mustikasiwi, Oki Hermawati, Dadang Irawan, Erwin Santosa
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 425-439; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.10

Abstract:
A single mother has to face quite complicated conditions, especially for children with special needs during the Covid-19 pandemic. Many activities have changed due to large-scale social restrictions in Jakarta and its surroundings, including studying and teaching. All educational activities are conducted online. Single mothers have to consider fulfilling their children’s needs while dealing with their children doing online school. This qualitative research uses a phenomenological study of four single mothers as participants with special needs children aged 15-22 years who struggle to raise them. This study shows that mothers have strong resilience because they adapt to conditions and need support from family, friends, and the environment.
Anif Fatma Chawa, Moch Hisyam Putra, Dano Purba
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 467-480; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.13

Abstract:
This article seeks to understand the empowerment issues of persons with disabilities. Various development programs have been implemented to reduce stigma, prejudice and stereotypes that impede persons with disabilities from having greater access to education, employment or the labor markets and public services. However, research findings showed that many interventions and strategies to address disability issues focus more on individual or medical models. As a consequence, public stigma and social exclusion of persons with disabilities continue to occur, preventing them from participating in various activities in the society including in the tourism sector. The purpose of this study is to identify social reasons that lead to exclusion and lack of empowerment, as well as to establish programs at the community level to increase the engagements of persons with disabilities in tourist attractions and tourist destinations in Malang. The result of the study shows that the insufficient skills and knowledge of the community members of Desa Kalisanga (nicknamed Kampung Cempluk) in communicating and interacting with persons with disabilities cause the lack of awareness in regard to disability issues. Using macro perspective, this study exhibits community-based approach which requires participation of community members in the planning and organizing an inclusive arts and music festival in Kampung Cempluk. The community was successfully provided various accessibility facilities needed by persons with disabilities to participate, both attending and performing at the festival. This study shows that community-based approach could be employed as a model or strategy to empower persons with disabilities by providing them with equal opportunities to participate in tourist attractions or other activities in the society and wider access to tourist destinations and other public facilities.
Priti Joshi
IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, Volume 8, pp 375-386; https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2021.008.02.6

Abstract:
The study explored the experiences of 49 mothers of children with disabilities through interviews at home. The children were in the age group of 5-13 years, and were studying in mainstream schools. The families resided in New Delhi, the capital of India. They were from the middle socio-economic status and followed Hinduism. The mothers described a wide range of difficulties ranging from financial, emotional to interpersonal in raising their children. However, 21 mothers among them stood out from the rest. Their narratives were optimistic and had positive perceptions. They gave positive meanings to their lives and to the child’s situation despite challenges and even though the larger system viewed them negatively. The paper highlights themes that emerged as part of the journey of mothers in developing a more optimistic view of their child’s situation and their own self as a person. The research has implications for family interventions.
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