Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2655-2965 / 2655-4526
Published by: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 45
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Syahilla Amami, Roza Yulida, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 58-68; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.419

Abstract:
Peatland fire is a condition where peatland is hit by fire, causing damage that causes economic and environmental losses. One of the efforts to prevent peatland fires is through social capital. The purpose of this study was to find out the programs carried out by the government with the Fire Care Community (MPA) in peatland management and to analyze the social capital of the community in efforts to prevent peatland fires. This research was conducted in Kundur Village, Tebing Tinggi Barat District, Meranti Islands Regency. The number of respondents in this study was 60 people obtained using the purposive sampling method. The data that has been obtained is then analyzed using qualitative methods with descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis with average analysis. The results of the study show that the programs carried out by the government and the community are establishing a Fire Care Community (MPA), processing peat water to obtain clean drinking water through the Pamsimas program, the government also socializing fire prevention which is one of the efforts to prevent land fires. peat in Kundur Village, and the Sago-Based Pilot Project program. The analysis of social capital shows that MPA members are still not optimal in implementing ancestral values ??in Kundur Village, for example, it can be seen that in terms of interests there are still some MPA members who prioritize personal interests, compared to common interests in efforts to overcome land fires in the village. Kundur, for example, when the meeting schedule was held, some MPA members were not present and preferred to work taking care of their agricultural land. Furthermore, there are still MPA members who feel they have been treated unfairly in giving their opinions, and finally the lack of proactive action by MPA members in carrying out programs related to efforts to overcome land fires in Kundur Village.
Alifinda Candy Wicaksono, Vi’In Ayu Pertiwi, Setiyo Yuli Handono
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.456

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic had made the tourism sector managed by BUMDes Raharjo experience a decrease in the number of tourists. In 2020 also BUMDes Raharjo suffered losses in the form of debts to strawberry farmers so that employees were temporarily not given any salaries. The number of youth working in BUMDes decreased from 15 people in 2019 to 8 people in 2020. In 2021, only 5 young men remained in BUMDes Raharjo. This is due to the lack of youth trust in BUMDes. In addition, youth satisfaction also affects the confidence of youth. Satisfaction is related to the spirit and loyalty that youth give to BUMDes. This study aims to analyze the effect of satisfaction on the confidence of pandan village youth to BUMDes Raharjo. The research was conducted at BUMDes Raharjo located in Pandan Hamlet, Pandanrejo Village, Bumiaji Subdistrict, Batu City in May-June 2021. Research conducted using a quantitative approach. The population studied in this study was the youth of Pandan Hamlet aged 16 to 30 years. The sampling method used is accidental sampling.  The data analysis methods used in this study are simple linear regression and partial test (T-test) through SPSS applications. The dependent variable is youth trust. The independent variable is youth satisfaction. The results showed satisfaction had a positive and significant effect on confidence in the T-test.
Vonny Faradila G, Ernoiz Antriyandarti, Isti Khomah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 21-36; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.376

Abstract:
This analysis of the supply of onion in Brebes Regency is done using the methods of descriptive and analytic, and secondary data time series for 21 years (1998-2018). This study also utilizes the analysis of multiple linear by entering the model analysis of the distributed lag model with adjustment Nerlove (Partial Adjustment Model). The supply function is estimated with the approach of total production. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis obtained the factors that affect positively to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t, the number of onion production in year t-1, the price of onions in year t-1, the price of garlic in year t-1, the average rainfall in year t, and interest rate in year t. The factor that negatively affects the offer is the price of urea fertilizer in year t. The most influential factor to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t with the standardized regression coefficient of 0,889. The elasticity of supply for the area variable harvesting onions in year t is positive and is elastic with E>1, namely 1,328 for the short-term and 1,832 for the long term. Elasticity is inelastic with E value<1 is a variable amount of production in the previous year i.e. 0,275 short-term and 0,379 long-term prices of garlic in the previous year with a value of 0,105 short-term and of 0.145 long-term, the price of onions in the previous year with a value of -0,143 short-term and -0,197 the long term, the interest rate in year t, namely 0,136 and 0,188, and the average rainfall in year t with the value of -0,218 short-term and -0,301 the long term.
Josephine Jessica, Rosnita Rosnita, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.361

Abstract:
In carrying out their farming activities, farmers are strongly influenced by their own characteristics and the information they receive. Information relating to the improvement of oil palm farming is obtained by farmers by communicating with actors who act as sources of information. Subaryadi is the central actor who is often contacted by other farmers to get information related to oil palm farming in Surya Indah Village. This study aims to identify farmers characteristics and analyze the role of opinion leader. This study used a survey method and the sampling used a random sampling technique with a total sample of 33 oil palm farmers. The farmer characteristics were analyzed descriptively, while the role of the SB actor as an opinion leader used a likert scale.The results showed that the characteristics of farmers with the largest percentage were in productive age (54-60 years old on average) with an equivalent high school education level, 4 ha of land area, and high cosmopolitan. Farmers actively participate in extension activities with high accuracy of information channels and complete sources of information. Actor SB carry out his role as opinion leader when implementing thereplantingprogram with a value of 3.33.
Sasri Suryadi, Ahmad Rifai, Didi Muwardi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.265

Abstract:
Financial institutions have different goals and motivations; as such Cooperatives and Village-Owned Enterprises, resulting in differences in determining loan procedures, loan terms, transaction cost components, transaction costs. This condition inevitably influences customer perceptions of credit loans. This research was conducted in Sei Lambu Makmur Village, Tapung District, Kampar Regency. Borrower's perceptions analysis is measured using an ordinal scale, which is guided by the Likert's Summated Rating Scale (LSRS). The results of the study explained that there were differences in the transaction cost components of financial institutions in Desa Sei Lambu Makmur, the BUMDes Makmur Bersama Savings and Loans business unit was more efficient in determining loan transaction costs, perceptions of borrowers in the BUMDes Makmur Bersama Savings and Loans business unit and the borrowers of Mekar Jaya Palm Oil Cooperatives including into the good category.  
Latifa Hanum, Regia Indah Kemala Sari, Siska Fitrianti, Riva Hendriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 99-107; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.420

Abstract:
Lareh Sago Halaban sub-district is one of the largest Aren producers in Lima Puluh Kota Regency; however, it is famous as Nagari Tuak which sells Aren to produce palm wine. Palm sugar processing is generally carried out into molded sugar, while granulated palm sugar is still limited. This study aimed to analyze the added value of palm sugar products in Lareh Sago Halaban sub-district by comparing the added value of molded sugar with granulated palm sugar products. The research area was determined purposively, 30 molded palm sugar processors and five granulated palm sugar processors as respondents. The study was conducted in November-December 2020. The data were processed using the Hayami method. The added value of molded palm sugar is IDR 960 (the add-value ratio is 26%), and the added value of granulated palm sugar is IDR 2.452 (the add-value ratio is 46%). The added value of granulated palm sugar is in the high category (> 40%) andmolded sugar is in the medium category (15-40%). The highest percentage of owner compensation factor of production for molded palm sugar is received by workers (44%), meanwhile, for granulated palm sugar is obtained by owners of capital (processors if owned by themselves) is 41%.
Sylvi Meidika Zainal, Suardi Tarumun, Ermi Tety
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 134-145; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.289

Abstract:
Pineapple is one of the leading commodities of the Indonesian horticultural sub-sector which has been known around the world and has the potential to be used as a mainstay export commodity in international trade. This research aims to analyze the competitiveness and factors that affect Indonesian pineapple exports in the international market. The analytical methods used are quantitative methods, namely estimation of competitiveness and factors that affect Indonesia's pineapple exports in several destination countries using Export Product Dynamic (EPD), multiple linear regression analysis, and classic assumption deviation tests. Indonesia's pineapple export destinations are Bahrain, Japan, Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, and United Arab Emirates. Based on the estimated export product dynamic index (EPD) shows that the Indonesian pineapple export destination market position has strong competitiveness and occupies a "Rising Star" position so that it can continue to maintain its marketing, then occupy the position of "Retreat" then not potentially export due to the decrease in export share and declining export demand compared to competitive countries, namely Thailand and the Philippines. Then, based on the estimated multiple linear regression it is shown that Indonesian pineapple price to US$ has a significant effect on Indonesian pineapple export volume, while Indonesian pineapple productivity and Indonesian pineapple export value have no significant effect on Indonesian pineapple export volume.
Samprida Rajagukguk, Jum’Atri Yusri, Didi Muwardi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 108-120; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.290

Abstract:
Kualu Nenas Village is a center of pineapple production in Tambang District, Kampar Regency. Pineapple production and productivity for the last seven years in Tambang District were fluctuating and decreasing every year. Pineapple farming is the main source of income in the village and has not been managed properly by using its production factors. This study aims to describe the performance of pineapple cultivation by farmers and to analyze the effect of the number of production factors on pineapple productivity. This research was conducted in Kuala Nenas Village. The method of analysis using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis. The data used is time-series data in the form of cross-section data from pineapple production data in Kualu Nenas Village for a period of four months, starting from November 2019 to February 2020 from direct interviews with 35 farmers using the purposive sampling method. The results of the study conclude that the management of pineapple cultivation at of loosening the soil, weeding, controlling pests and diseases, fertilizing, giving ethrel, thinning tillers, and harvesting activities. The results of the analysis show that the variation in the total productivity of each farmer is 86,20% due to differences in the use of production factors per hectare. Of the seven production factors that are thought to affect the productivity of the pineapple, only three production factors have a statistically significant effect, namely the use of pineapple staple population with a production elasticity of 0,398%, the labor usage with a production elasticity of 0,325% and the use of amount ethrel with a production elasticity of 0,103%. While, four factors production which did not significantly influence the productivity of pineapples namely the amount of KCL fertilizer, urea fertilizer, ash fertilizer, and ZA fertilizer because the elasticity of production is less than 1 percent. The Return to Scale (RTS) condition of the business is in the Decreasing Return to Scale (DRS) condition with a value of 0,885.
M. Yusuf, Sakti Hutabarat, Syaiful Hadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 121-133; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.247

Abstract:
ISPO certification for oil palm smallholders is based on four principles: plantation legality, smallholder organization and management, environmental management, and a commitment to continuous improvement. The goal of this study is to examine how ISPO standards are used in oil palm smallholder cooperatives and to develop an ISPO application strategy for relevant stakeholders. The research was carried out at the Beringin Jaya Cooperative in the Siak District. A survey method was used to collect primary data from direct interviews with planters and secondary data from government agencies. The total number of people who took part in this study was 66, and the respondents were chosen at random sampling. This study employs descriptive qualitative analysis as well as strategic SWOT matrices for strategic analysis. According to the findings, the cooperative follows 54.17 % of ISPO standards or 26 out of 48 indicators. This research suggests some development strategies to meet ISPO standards, such as providing assistance and direction to smallholders through government agencies to avoid negative consequences during the certification process, technical assistance, agricultural counseling and training, government and financial institution funding, and the use of cooperatives, farmer groups, and mills to disseminate ISPO standards to farmers.
Suci Lestari
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 4, pp 80-88; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i2.248

Abstract:
Video is one of the media that can be used in agricultural extension activities. However, often in practice, the video used is not in accordance with the tastes of farmers and has an impact on the effectiveness of the extension itself. This research was conducted with the aim of identifying the level of farmers' preference for 10 types of videos of rice cultivation extension and analyzing the attributes that affect the attractiveness of rice cultivation video counseling in Bunga Raya Village, Bunga Raya District, Siak Regency. The location selection was done purposively with the consideration that Bunga Raya Village, Bunga Raya District, Siak Regency had an active farmer group and had utilized video media in the extension activities. The sample in this study consisted of 100 farmer panelists to assess the level of preference for the video and 12 expert panelists in attribute assessment. The hedonic test analysis was used to identify the level of farmers' preference for the 10 types of video extension of rice mina cultivation and descriptive test to analyze the attributes that affect the attractiveness of rice video extension education. The results of cluster analysis (AHC) from the hedonic test and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) analysis of the descriptive test are then analyzed using preference mapping techniques. The best video of this study is video number 1 with a respondents' favorite level of 89% and produces a video attribute rating of the most influential namely educational material, understanding material, appropriate material, material to make it easier, story, duration, tested material, gradual material, audio, color, visual, transition, zoom, movie, layout design, back sound, typography, narration, sound effects, video effects, animation, and dialogue.So that preference mapping is very helpful in developing new products by providing a more distinctive visual assessment of hedonic and descriptive data
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