Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2655-2965 / 2655-4526
Published by: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 31
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Diana Silfia Situmorang, Jum’Atri Yusri, Yusmini Yusmini
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 62-70; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.219

Abstract:
Various efforts have been made by the government in business development and improving the welfare of oil palm farmers. One of the programs announced by the government is the cattle and oil palm integration system program (SISKA). In general, farmers in Riau Province use non -organic fertilizers as input in oil palm plantations. However, with the SISKA program, oil palm farmers began to apply organic fertilizer from cattle waste to oil palm. Oil palm farmers who have applied organic fertilizer or precisely combined organic fertilizer with non -organic fertilizer are found in Sialang Palas Village, Lubuk District, Siak Regency. The use of organic fertilizer has emerged since the introduction of the SISKA program in Sialang Palas Village in 2013. This study aims to determine cultivation, productivity and income of oil palm plantation farmers who combine organic and non -organic fertilizers in Sialang Palas Village, Lubuk Dalam District, Siak Regency. The research method used is the survey method. Sampling was done with a simple random sampling technique. The data analysis used is descriptive analysis and agricultural analysis. Descriptive analysis was used to describe the nature of oil palm farming in Sialang Palas Village. Farm business analysis includes business cost, income and efficiency analysis. The results showed that the fertilizer given consisted of a combination of organic and non -organic fertilizers with the amount of fertilizer given that is cow feces 2,101 kg/ha/year, cow urine 700 kg/ha/year, KCL 20.83 kg/ha/year, Dolomite 252 , 80 kg/ha/year and Phonska 90.83 kg/ha/year. The productivity is 18,578 kg/ha/year with a plant age of 32 years. Total production cost Rp.7.717.345/ha/year which consists of fixed cost Rp.1.364.333.56/ha/year and variable cost Rp.6.353.012.42/ha/year. The net income received by farmers is Rp.16,859,773/ha/year.
Ilham Kurniawan, Eri Sayamar, Roza Yulida
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.189

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of individual rubber farmer self-help pattern in Lubuk Terentang Village and analyze the relationship between individual characteristics of farmers with communication networks in spreading farming information. Gunung Toar is a district famous for its rubber plantations which can be seen from the consistency of its farmers in producing and marketing their products through rubber auctions. most related to the communication network of farmers formed in the progress of rubber farming in the Lubuk Terentang Village. This research was conducted using snowball sampling to find the actors involved. Furthermore, the actors involved are measured by three communication network indicators namely local centrality, global centrality and togetherness. The next, individual characteristics are tested with Spearman Rank correlation. The results of this study describe the age of farmers in the category of capable and educated, have family dependents and experienced in difficult fields, land area and the level of moderate category of cosmopolitan. While the intensity of counseling, the accuracy of extension channels and the number of sources of information are in the high category. The characteristics of individual farmers who have a relationship with communication network indicators are age, education, family responsibilities, farming experience, land area, cosmopolitanism, intensity of counseling, accuracy of extension channels, and the number of sources of information.
Linnia Sundary Lubis, Susy Edwina, Evy Maharani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 4, pp 30-42; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v4i1.203

Abstract:
The implementation of the corn and cattle integration system by farmer groups in Tenayan Raya District involves several integrations such as the division of tasks that is not running optimally, the cattle transportation system that is not implemented in a colony using development activities for the transportation of fuel that can be done properly.The research aims to determine the member's perception of the role and objectives of the farmer group in the application of corn and cow integration system in Tenayan Raya district Pekanbarucity and analyzing the relationship between the role and purpose of the farmer group in the application of corn and cow integration system Tenayan Raya district Pekanbaru city. This research was conducted in Tenayan Raya district Pekanbaru city. The method use in this research is a survey method with a census sampling technique. Data analysis using quantitative descriptive and a scale to measure a person’s perception, and the spearman rank correlation test to measure the relationship between research variables. The results showed that members ' perception of the role of farmer groups in the application of corn and cow integration systems included the category of "good enough". Meanwhile, the members ' perception of Farmer's goals includes "very less good" category. The relationship between farmer role variables as production units with the goal of better business farmer groups is a strong direct correlation, while the correlation that occurs between farmer group role variables as learning class and rides Cooperation with the purpose of better farming and better living farming group has a weak correlation.
Silviana Karina, Yusmini Yusmini, Jumatri Yusri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 92-105; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.241

Abstract:
This study aims to:1)describe internal and external factors, 2) formulate alternative development strategies, and set priorities for alternative SISKA development strategies. This research was conducted in the Pangkalan Lesung Subdistrict, Pelalawan Regency. The method used in this study is a survey method, and research respondents were 29 farmers and eight experts.Data analysis used SWOT to formulate alternative strategies and AHP for strategic priorities.The results showed that internal and external factors in the development of SISKA include internal strength factors, namely institutional factors that support and SISKA's efforts were relatively profitable. Internal weakness factors are the availability of limited resources and the low technical application of technology. External opportunity factors are institutional factors is the opportunity to support the potential price of cattle and the self-sufficiency of beef through SISKA. External threats are health, safety, and limited animal feed resources. The results showed strategies increasing cattle population, planning for palm oil rejuvenation, collaborating with PKS as a reliable provider, BIS and tankos, HR training on how to process biogas, providing extension services for livestock health and incubation cage as a place for handling sick animals, re-modification of the chopper machine and planting or cultivating grass.
Martina Nafla, Ekamaida Ekamaida
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 116-123; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.266

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to uncover the Perception of Salt Farmers to ManufactureTechnology Innovation of micro salt in Dewantara District, Aceh Utara. The sample in this research,consisting of 41 salt farmers, weretaken by census. Analysis of the data was done using descriptive qualitative utilizing a Likert scale. The results of the study determines the perception of salt farmers based on the innovative characteristics of themanufacturing technology of micro salt in Dewantara sub-district Aceh Utara district. The perception of relative advantage obtained a good category with an index value of 64.63%. The perception of the complexity is the less complicated category with an index value of 63.41%, perceptions of the technology can be observed as an unfavorable category with an index value of 60.12%. Furthermore, the perception of the level of conformity of the category is relatively not good with an index value of 54.75%.Finally, the perceptions of the technology can be tested unfavorable category with an index value of 54.63%.
Afridah Ikrimah, Beauty Martha Lingga, Ilham Bagus Prasetia, Faris Achmad Baharudin, Mohamad Yogananta, Ernoiz Antriyandarti
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 124-134; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.271

Abstract:
Mojorejo village is one of the productive migrant villages (DESMIGRATIF) in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the alternative way to increase TKI household productivity of through optimization of remittances and to desain a remittance optimization program in building a constructive financial management for TKI households in Mojorejo Village, Karangmalang, Sragen. This study uses a descriptive analysis with qualitative and systematic review approach. Data collection techniques were carried out by review the previous research and empowerement, observation through field survey, interview with informan and secondary data searching. The results show that the problem on increasing TKI household productivity is unoptimal remittance management and it tends to use for consumptive activities. Lack of public awareness to allocate remittances for investment and productive business causes the stagnant economic growth and does not lead to economic improvement in the surrounding environment. Therefore, remittance optimization can be done through the community empowerment that focus in four activities, namely financial planning training for TKI households, entrepreneurship training and business plan simulations, training in processing, packaging and marketing of rice rambak crackers, and managing mini tourism object of reservoir and selfies of "Kembangan Bersolek" in Mojorejo Village, Karangmalang, Sragen.
Dara Latifa, Faidil Tanjung, Rina Sari
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 71-82; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.223

Abstract:
This research is aimed to; 1) describe the marketing system of cabbage, including marketing channels and marketing functions which is done by eachmarketing agencies;2) analyze the structure, conduct, and performance (SCP), marketing margin, farmer's share, and marketing efficiency analysis of cabbage's marketing in Kayu Aro district. The data collection method used in this research was survey. Primary and secondary data were collected and then analyzed using descriptive qualitative method and quantitative method. The findings of this research indicate that; 1) marketing agencies involved in the cabbage marketing structure are farmers, collectors sellers, large sellers, distributor sellers, and retailer sellers. 2) There are four channels of cabbage marketing, and it consists of three channels inside the region and one channel outside the region. 3) Market functions that had been conducted within each marketing channel are exchange function, physic function, and facility function. 4) The market structure analysis of cabbage leads to an oligopoly market. Marketing price is shaped based on a compromise between demand and supply. Furthermore, this study highlighted that marketing channel IV is the most efficient channel for marketing efficiency analysis. Through this study, the writer would like to advise the producers to follow the cabbage marketing structure that had already been formulated, which is marketing channel IV. The local government could create a policy to make marketing efficiency better, for example, by supplying facilities and infrastructure. As for future researchers, there is pressing urgency for further research about marketing efficiency through a market integration approach.
Helentina Situmorang, Ratna Winandi, Nunung Nuryartono
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 83-91; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.216

Abstract:
Dairi Regency has the potential to increase its maize production. One of the problems in maize farming is its low productivity because of its low efficiency of input use. The objectives of this research are:(1) analyzing factors influencing maize production, and (2) analyzing the economic efficiency of maize farming at Dairi District. The analysis methods used are the Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier production function utilizing Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) to analyze technical efficiency, the dual cost function to analyze allocative efficiency. This research used cross-section data. The research findings showed thatfactors like seed and fertilizers (SP-36 and Phonska) were positively and statistically significant on maize production (level of significance at 5 %), the use of urea and herbicide also havea positive and statistically significant influence on maize production (level of significance at 10 %). Furthermore, labor use hasa positive, but not statistically significant effect on maize production. The efficiency analysis revealed that the maize farmers had economic inefficiency. The low frequency of extension visits was a substantial contributorto this technical inefficiency. Agricultural extension is deemed essential to significantly increase the technical efficiency.
Putri Sari, Eliza Eliza, Novia Dewi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 106-115; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i2.197

Abstract:
Mangosteen prices are determined by traders who tend to speculate, causing a weak bargaining position for farmers. Prices are determined unilaterally by traders, making farmers position only as price takers. Mangosteen marketing efficiency analysis needs to be done so that it can discover the cause of the low bargaining power of farmers and price fluctuations and the level of efficiency in each marketing channel. The study aims to analyze the marketing functions, costs, and the marketing efficiency of mangosteen fruit in Pulau Rambai Village, Kampa District, Kampar Regency. The method used is a survey method. Farmer sampling in this study used a simple random sampling method, and as for the traders, samples were taken by census method. The data analysis used is descriptive and quantitative. The results of the study highlight that the marketing functions carried out by each marketing institution are the exchange function, physical function, and facility functions. The exchange function is carried out in the form of a sale and purchase function. Physical functions is performed in the form of packaging, transportation and storage functions. The function of the facilities carried out in the forms of the activities of sorting and grading, financing, risk management, and market information. There are two mangosteen marketing channels in Desa Rambai Island. The most efficient marketing channels are determinedby thecalculation of marketing costs and marketing efficiency. The most efficient chaanel in this study is marketing channel number two.
Ikrimah Rhiza Mayesty, Eri Sayamar, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 16-26; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v3i1.83

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the collection of the seeds of vitex. (2) Identify and describe of local wisdom that ever existed and still do the community in the manufacture of seasonings black. (3) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the making “Samba Itam” as well as its application. This study using the technique of snowball sampling or chain by asking for information on people who have been interviewed or contacted previous and so on. The number of respondents in this study of 14 people with 3 key informants (key informants), 5 people collecting seeds legundi, 3 persons-entrepreneurs seasoning black and 3 persons-entrepreneurs “Samba Itam”. Based on the research results the conclusions obtained are (1) the local Wisdom of the plant legundi are still there and never there which is still carried on by the collecting society legundi amounted to 7 local wisdom, in the collection of the seeds of vitex there are 4 (14.29%) and marketing of seeds of vitex as much as 3 (10,71%) of the total of all local wisdom. (2) local Wisdom herbs black are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 12 local wisdom, seasoning black processing there is 10 (35,71%) and marketing, there are 2 (7,14%) of the total of all local wisdom. (3) local Wisdom “Samba Itam” are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 9 (32,14%) of the total of all local wisdom.
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