Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 26552965 / 26554526
Current Publisher: Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh (10.32530)
Total articles ≅ 22
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Elsyintia Dwi Putri, Cepriadi Cepriadi, Fajar Restuhadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 60-70; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.94

Abstract:
Chicken broiler is the main commodities and largest in Indonesia, where Kampar district into production centre in the province of Riau. According to the company's partners, breeder who partnered with the pattern contract farming hasn't been able to combine the use of livestock production facilities as well as labor. This resulted in not maximizing the profits obtained by breeders. The purpose of the research was to analyze broiler chicken farming and analyze the efficiency of broiler chicken production. Analytical method used is the analysis method of broiler chicken flocks and the DEA method. Respondents needed is 40 farmers who have partnered with the contract farming pattern. The results showed that the production costs of Rp.180.031.229 /period, revenue Rp.203.573.865/period, so that the profit amounting to Rp 23.542.636/period with R/C ratio of 1.13. The results of the efficiency analysis show that inefficient farmers are more numerous than those who have been efficient. It showed breeders hasn't been able to use the minimum input produce output that is optimal and maximum profit.
Endang Mujayana, Rosnita Rosnita, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 44-53; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.97

Abstract:
This research aims to know what the extent to which the community adopted the innovation of processing land without burning and what stages of cultivation without burning by people of Rokan Hilir Riau Province. The research method used was survey method and in-depth analysis using questionnaires with primary and secondary data. The respondents in this research as many as 15 people consisting of a society that has already adopted the innovation of processing land without burning and the Government as well as Society of Fire Care (SFC) in the village of Rantau Bais Sub-district of Tanah Putih and Labuhan Tangga Kecil village Sub-district Of Bangko Regency of Rokan Hilir. The determination of community respondents used snowball sampling and purposive sampling for institutional respondents. The analysis of the data used for the purposes of the adoption process innovation to cultivate land without burning, namely Scales Likerts analysis and descriptive analysis is used to find out land processing system without burning have done by the community. Research results showed that land without burning processing system which conducted the community consist of several stages in the form of clearing or logging and spraying, and buildup and allowed to decay naturally. The rate of adoption of innovation of processing land without burning in the Rokan Hilir has thehigh categorywith value score 3.52. The high adoption process innovation of processing land without burning is due to the high level of knowledge, decision and implementation that also have been good. The decision to adopt was high because the society doing processing in terms of plant maintaining plants and plantations.
Imelfina Musthafa, Siska Fitrianti, Raeza Firsta Wisra
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 54-59; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.214

Abstract:
People need funding for helping their business to run well. Nowadays, people tend to avoid make loan to the bank as they have to fulfill many requirements needed for administration. Indonesian government facilitates this problem through Agribusiness Micro Finance Institution (LKMA) to help family sector to access credit for funding. This study was aimed to analyze cost and revenue of LKMA Pincuran Bonjoand to know the feasibility of LKMA Pincuran Bonjo business. This study used analytic descriptive method using case study in LKMA Pincuran Bonjo. This LKMA was chosen for the level of member activeness and the asset growth. The data were collected using unstructured interview and document study on income statement during 2016 to 2018. The study suggested that the total cost is Rp. 81.117.842,-, Rp. 93.077.138,-, and Rp.75.105.911,-, in a row. Salary contributed the most for this cost. While, the total revenue in a row is as follow: Rp.110.833.474,-, Rp.128.888.559,-, and Rp. 99.521.940,-, in which the highest revenue was achieved from the loan services. And the benefit achieved during those years was Rp. 29.715.632,-, Rp. 35.811.421,-, dan Rp. 24.416.029,-. The R/C ratio was 1.37, 1.38 and 1.33, this indicates that LKMA Pincuran Bonjo business is liable to keep running and growing.
Ikrimah Rhiza Mayesty, Eri Sayamar, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 16-26; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.83

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the collection of the seeds of vitex. (2) Identify and describe of local wisdom that ever existed and still do the community in the manufacture of seasonings black. (3) Identify and describe of local wisdom that was, and is still done by the society in the making “Samba Itam” as well as its application. This study using the technique of snowball sampling or chain by asking for information on people who have been interviewed or contacted previous and so on. The number of respondents in this study of 14 people with 3 key informants (key informants), 5 people collecting seeds legundi, 3 persons-entrepreneurs seasoning black and 3 persons-entrepreneurs “Samba Itam”. Based on the research results the conclusions obtained are (1) the local Wisdom of the plant legundi are still there and never there which is still carried on by the collecting society legundi amounted to 7 local wisdom, in the collection of the seeds of vitex there are 4 (14.29%) and marketing of seeds of vitex as much as 3 (10,71%) of the total of all local wisdom. (2) local Wisdom herbs black are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 12 local wisdom, seasoning black processing there is 10 (35,71%) and marketing, there are 2 (7,14%) of the total of all local wisdom. (3) local Wisdom “Samba Itam” are still there and never there, which is still run by the society amounted to 9 (32,14%) of the total of all local wisdom.
Intan Feronika, Yusmini Yusmini, Jum’Atri Yusri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 1-15; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.80

Abstract:
Cow-oil palm integration system is an activity that combines two or more farms with the aim of increasing profits. The application of a system of integration between cattle and oil palm has a huge impact on farmers, especially improve the management of oil palm plantation and effective cattle management for increasing productivity. This researchy aims to analyze the income structure and income distribution of SISKA program household farmers. This research was conducted in Pangkalan Lesung district Pelalawan regency. The methods used in this research is a survey method and research respondents taken as many as 40 farmers in a census.The results showed that household income is sourced from the primary income SISKA and sideline income. The main income of the farmer SISKA sourced from farming the land for palm oil SISKA and non SISKA, SISKA farmers sideline income while sourced from cattle business, trade business, civil servant (PNS), and Councilor. Oil Palm ventures SISKA earn an average income of Rp 25.350.084,69/2 ha/year (55.48%), from oil palm farming on non which is Rp12.547.756,82/ average land area 1.03 ha/year (27.46%). For a side income from livestock farms obtain average income of Rp 3.768.200,52/year (8.25%). As for the revenue from non-agricultural get the Rp 3.905.312 .50/year (8.81%). The Gini Index of Ratio of farmers is at a low inequality of 0.03, meaning that oil palm farming activities and cattle activities are homogeneous.
Muhammad Ikhsan Ikhsan, Roza Yulida, Fajar Restuhadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 27-36; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.120

Abstract:
In order to encourage rubber agribusiness activities, farmers need adequate information and reliable sources of information to achieve their goals. To meet information needs, farmers develop communication networks between farmers and their actors. This research aims to describe the sociogram of the communication network of rubber farmers in self-help patterns,and analyze the relationship between farmer characteristics and communication networks.This research conducted in Batu Bersurat Village XIII Koto Kampar District. The method used in this research is the census method and the study respondents were taken as many as 42 farmers. The results of this research indicate that the structure of the communication network formed in rubber farmers approached the radial personal networkstructure .Based on the correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to locall centrality are, extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information. Correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to globall centrality are level of education, extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information.Correlation test results indicate that the characteristics of rubber farmers related to betwenness are extent of land tenure, cosmopolity, intensity of counseling, and number of sources of information.
Trio Santoso, Fitria Saftarina
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 3, pp 37-43; doi:10.32530/jace.v3i1.187

Abstract:
Metro City is one of the administrative cities in Lampung province, Indonesia and also one of important rice producing regions in Lampung. Application of intensive agriculture in trend of declining area, low quality of land and differences of farmers internal characteristics that requires special treatment as solutions. Clustering farmers using the K-Means Cluster algorithm and Elbow Method can be used to facilitate policy makers determine programs and activities must be taken. Results showed that farmers are ideally grouped into 5 clusters (C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5). C1 members having most family members (4,54 persons). C2 members are the oldest age (68 years old) with longest farming experience (52.00 years) but have lowest formal education (7.67 years), least family members (3.33 person) and lowest total area (0.37 hectare). C3 having highest formal education (14.60 years) and largest paddy fields (0.80 hectare) but don't use any pesticides in paddy cropping management. Whereas farmers in C4 have largest family members helped (2.00 people). Farmers in C5 are the youngest (45.50 years old) and having the shortest experience (29.50 years) but use the most types (4 brands) and amounts of pesticides (400.00 mm.hectare.rotation-1) in paddy field management practices in Metro City.
Fris Safal, Syaiful Hadi, Jumatri Yusri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 2, pp 58-67; doi:10.32530/jace.v2i2.72

Abstract:
Rice is an important commodity because it is a staple food source for almost all Indonesian people. One way to increase rice production is by using available resources more efficiently. The use of production factors such as land, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and labor will affect the total production of rice produced. This study aims to determine the technicality of inorganic rice cultivation, calculate production costs and analyze the efficiency of inorganic rice farming production in the District of Rakit Kulim. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis, farming cost analysis and DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) analysis. The number of samples is 40 inorganic rice farmers. The results showed that the inorganic rice cultivation technique in the District of Rakit Kulim was not in accordance with the recommendations. Incompatibility is caused by the unavailability of technical books for inorganic rice cultivation from the localita specific crop study center. The total cost of producing inorganic rice farming in the District of Rakit Kulim is Rp. 23,622,481, - / Ha. While the average income is Rp. 24,230,168, - / Ha with a net income of 607,687, - / Ha with an RCR value of 1.07. The results of the analysis of production efficiency using DEA show that the proportion of technically efficient farmers is 50% with an average value of 0.946. The proportion of efficient farmers is allocatively relatively small at 32.5% with an average value of 0.975. Economic efficiency is relatively small at 32.5% with an average value of 0.927.
Nelvia Iryani, Syaiful Anwar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 2, pp 68-75; doi:10.32530/jace.v2i2.74

Abstract:
Labor is a very important asset in economic activities, but often the number of workers exceeds the available employment capacity, so it is very necessary to analyze the factors that affect employment. This study aims to estimate the relationship between wage, capital, production value to the amount of employment in Kerupuk Sanjai Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota This type of research is field research and use questioner to 100 respondens . The analytical tool used is multiple linear regression analysis with OLS (Ordinary Least Square) method and data processing using SPSS VR.21 software. The results of the study show that all independent variabels has a significant effect on labor absorption in Kerupuk Sanjai SMEs in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota. capital is the variable that has the most influence in the absorption of labor in the Kerupuk Sanjai Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kabupaten Limapuluh Kota.
Fina Rusdayani, Roza Yulida, Eri Sayamar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment, Volume 2, pp 76-90; doi:10.32530/jace.v2i2.76

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the internal characteristics and external characteristics of rubber farmers in self-help patterns and the communication process in Subdistrict XIII Koto Kampar, Kampar District.. Based on data on the area of ​​rubber plantations and the amount of rubber production in Riau Province has decreased in the last four years. This is caused by various factors, one of which is due to farmers' communication processes that are running poorly or not as expected. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the internal and external characteristics of independent smallholder rubber farmers and the communication process through the elements of communication using survey methods, sample selection with purposive sampling method and Likert scale analysis tools and descriptive analysis. Based on Likert scale analysis, internal characteristics and external characteristics of rubber farmers in District XIII Koto Kampar, Kampar Regency are in the moderate category (quite good). The communication process in this study is seen from the elements of communication, namely communicators, messages, media, communicants, effects, feedback, place and time dimensions