Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1897-0788 / 2544-8730
Published by: University of Warsaw (10.33077)
Total articles ≅ 555
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Latest articles in this journal

Angela Škovierová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 395-406; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.672

Abstract:
At the turn of the 16th century for a variety of reasons related to the socio-political, educational and religious situation in Hungary, relatively many natives from the area of today’s Slovakia lived and permanently worked in Bohemia and Moravia. These were mostly Protestant scholars, writing and publishing their work in Bohemia. Due to the authors’ origin, their works are also considered to be related to Slovakia. This paper illustrates the circumstances of Slovaks active in Bohemia and selectively presents the inspiration sources (the ancient times, the Bible, the Renaissance authors of the time…) that the scholars originally from today’s Slovakia used in their work, published largely in Bohemia or intended primarily for the Bohemian market and audience. It also reflects on societal, cultural, religious and philosophical trends of Humanism.
Erika Juríková, Janka Mišeková
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 375-393; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.678

Abstract:
Over the last two decades, there has been more comprehensive and focused research on old prints produced by the historical Jesuit Trnava University. It existed in Trnava between 1635 and 1777, when it was moved to Buda (today's Budapest, Hungary) by the monarch Maria Theresa. Thus the university influenced the educational level of the Hungarian population in the 17th and especially the 18th century, and became the centre of Baroque education in what is today Slovakia. The establishment and existence of Trnava University was of fundamental importance for the development of many scientific disciplines, which was further multiplied by the titles published by the Academic Printing House. The aim of this study is to highlight those aspects of the activities of the university and individuals that have contributed to a major breakthrough in scientific knowledge and at the same time have been the subject of partial or systematic research since 2000.
Lucia Lichnerová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 331-356; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.675

Abstract:
The study To Publish, Make Known and Sell is based on verified existence of competition tensions between the 15th century typographers/publishers, related to the absence of functional regulatory tools of book production of the incunabula period. The increase in the number of book-printers within the relatively narrow geographical area, disregard of publishers’ privileges, the emergence of pirated reprints, as well as insufficient self-promotion on the book market through introducing novelties had concentrated typographers’ attention on devising new tools of securing their triumph in publisher’s competition – the so called book advertisements. The author has analysed 44 promotional posters of the incunabula period from several points of view and attempted to identify their design elements, which on the one hand showed signs of certain standardization, while on the other hand they were subject to personal creativity of their creator. She gives detailed overview of the circumstances of the origin, typographic design and contents of book advertisements of several kinds within the context of promoting either the existing or planned editions, of one edition or a group of books; specifically focusing on the unique types of advertising. In conclusion, the author cites the circumstances of the extinction of book advertisements related to the rise of the new promotional tool – booksellers’ catalogue and submits a bibliography of the book advertisements dating from the 15th century.
Ivona Kollárová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 407-425; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.679

Abstract:
Through a wide range of sources, this study reveals the non-philosophical spread of the ideas of Immanuel Kant in the Slovak regions of Hungary. The flow of philosophical ideas can be demonstrated not only in the works of the Hungarian followers of Kant, but also in censorship sources documenting the import of Kantian texts in the 1790s. The critical debates in correspondences and published texts reveal anti-Kantian argumentations. Information about the advertisements of Kant’s works and subscriptions to them also help form an idea about their popularity. Research on private albums reveals how the philosophical legacy circulated, despite bans and repressions, in non-public communication networks and how its social area extended beyond the sphere of philosophy and education.
Marta Špániová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 357-374; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.670

Abstract:
Over the centuries, the typographic medium and book printing responded to the political, economic, cultural, and social conditions very sensitively. The author deals with social influences on the development of book printing in Bratislava from the fifteenth century when the first printer is documented in the town. She ponders the reasons for the long absence of typographic activities in Bratislava from the late fifteenth century to the early seventeenth century. Paradoxically, the Reformation gave an impetus to the further development of book printing in Bratislava, as a Catholic printing house was established there in direct response to Reformation printing in Hungary. Therefore, the author also examines the conditions of Reformation printing to which the beginnings of publishing activities are tied in the territory of Slovakia. In the second part of the study, she focuses on Catholic Revival literature published in Bratislava in the seventeenth century, which played an important role in implementing Catholic reforms in Hungary.
Michaela Sibylová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 427-441; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.671

Abstract:
The author has divided her article into two parts. The first part describes the status and research of aristocratic libraries in Slovakia. For a certain period of time, these libraries occupied an underappreciated place in the history of book culture in Slovakia. The socialist ideology of the ruling regime allowed their collections (with a few exceptions) to be merged with those of public libraries and archives. The author describes the events that affected these libraries during and particularly after the end of World War II and which had an adverse impact on the current disarrayed state and level of research. Over the past decades, there has been increased interest in the history of aristocratic libraries, as evidenced by multiple scientific conferences, exhibitions and publications. The second part of the article is devoted to a brief history of the best-known aristocratic libraries that were founded and operated in the territory of today’s Slovakia. From the times of humanism, there are the book collections of the Thurzó family and the Zay family, leading Austro-Hungarian noble families and the library of the bishop of Nitra, Zakariás Mossóczy. An example of a Baroque library is the Pálffy Library at Červený Kameň Castle. The Enlightenment period is represented by the Andrássy family libraries in the Betliar manor and the Apponyi family in Oponice.
Marta Špániová, Lucia Lichnerová
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 159-173; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.662

Abstract:
The authors present the characteristics of Jesuit libraries in the Kingdom of Hungary in terms of their content, with special focus on works by the most influential Jesuit authors, which were among the most numerous ones in Hungarian Jesuit libraries. The authors also draw attention to the most popular titles published by the Hungarian Jesuits in the 17th century, which can be considered bestsellers of Baroque Catholic literature not only in the Kingdom of Hungary, but also abroad. Many of them also found their readers in Poland and were translated into Polish. Furthermore, the authors point to the interconnection between Hungarian and Polish Jesuit book culture and the Jesuit Polonica in Hungarian Jesuit libraries and typographies of the 17th-18th century. The Hungarian book culture does not mean the book culture of contemporary Hungary, but of Kingdom of Hungary. This paper focus on the Jesuits from the Slovak territory, which was a part of Kingdom of Hungary for 800 years (from 11th century to 1918). The essential research sources are the international educational program Ratio Atque Institutio Studiorum Societatis Jesu and catalogues of Hungarian Jesuit libraries, located in Slovakia, from the years 1632–1782.
Alicja Łuczyńska
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 175-197; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.663

Abstract:
Oficyna wydawnicza w Braniewie funkcjonowała w latach 1589 – 1773. Jej działalność podzielić można na dwa okresy. Pierwszy to funkcjonowanie i prowadzenie jej przez kolejno sześciu typografów prywatnych: Jana Saxo, Jerzego Schönfelsa, Kacpera Weingärtnera, Piotra Freimutha, Piotra Schultza oraz Piotra Rosenbüchlera. Drugi okres to lata 1697 – 1773 kiedy oficyna zarządzana była przez Towarzystwo Jezusowe.W zbiorach Biblioteki Muzeum Warmii i Mazur w Olsztynie znajdują się 64 stare druki (w tym 68 tytułów) wydane przez ową typografię. Autorka poddała analizie 20 spośród nich. Przy opisie posłużono się kluczem chronologicznym. Wyboru dokonano dodatkowo ze względu na znaki proweniencyjne znajdujące się na woluminach. Wybrane przykłady starych druków odzwierciedlają charakter wydawniczy oficyny. Druki z kolekcji muzealnej są uzupełnieniem druków braniewskiej przechowywanych w innych bibliotekach m.in. w Bibliotece Wyższego Seminarium Duchownego Metropolii Warmińskiej „Hosianum” w Olsztynie i Bibliotece Uniwersyteckiej w Uppsali.
Anna Frett
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 199-225; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.664

Abstract:
Wiek XIX był okresem gwałtownego rozwoju czasopiśmiennictwa. Na rynku wydawniczym coraz częściej pojawiały się czasopisma tematyczne, skierowane do konkretnych grup odbiorców, wśród nich polskie periodyki adresowane do kobiet, które zaczęły ukazywać się prawie 100 lat po europejskim debiucie. W artykule omówiono polskie czasopisma kobiece z lat 1818-1914 znajdujące się w zbiorach Zakładu Narodowego im. Ossolińskich.
Olga Tchaczuk
Z Badań nad Książką i Księgozbiorami Historycznymi, Volume 15, pp 247-291; https://doi.org/10.33077/uw.25448730.zbkh.2021.666

Abstract:
Towarzystwo Naukowe im. Szewczenki to najstarsza ukraińska instytucja naukowa, która funkcjonowała we Lwowie w latach 1873-1940. Po likwidacji Towarzystwa przez władze radzieckie jego zbiory zostały rozproszone, część kolekcji podczas II wojny światowej trafiła do Polski, gdzie została podzielona między dwie instytucje: Bibliotekę Narodową w Warszawie i Ossolineum we Wrocławiu. Archiwum NTSz przechowywane w kolekcji Ossolineum to cenny zbiór dokumentów źródłowych dotyczących historii Ukrainy pierwszej połowy XX w. Mają one szczególną wartość dla badań nad historią ówczesnego ukraińskiego życia politycznego i gospodarczego, procesu literackiego oraz ruchu wydawniczego. Archiwum zawiera także ważne dokumenty, które informują o stanie stosunków polsko-ukraińskich z tego okresu. Pod koniec XX – na początku XXI w. fragmenty archiwum NTSz przechowywane w Polsce stały się obiektem polsko-ukraińskich rokowań rewindykacyjnych. Mimo że pomysł wymiany ukraińskich kolekcji przemieszczonych do Polski na pozostałe we Lwowie zbiory Ossolineum nie został ostatecznie zrealizowany, problem udało się rozwiązać dzięki kopiowaniu materiałów oraz zapewnieniu pełnego dostępu do nich obu stronom.
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