Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2581-2130 / 2598-1803
Current Publisher: Universitas Bangka Belitung (10.33019)
Total articles ≅ 59
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Latest articles in this journal

Lambok Hermanto Sihombing, Agustinus Alexander Sinaga
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 69-80; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.107

Abstract:
Film works can be created from various perspectives and production methods by teams in the film industry. Parasite is a South Korean movie present as a production-based film and it raises a big theme of lifestyle differences between social classes. Parasite Movie portrays a new perspective with an astonishing story and plot-twist in the context of film with the issue of social inequality in the modern era. Various awards were obtained by Parasite films on a national and international scale for its beautiful story. The data is collected from the scenes in the movie which later the data is connected with some theories. This study also aims to find out the literary meaning of the movie Parasite, specifically the representation of social class through some literary research.
Giyatmi - Giyatmi, Sihindun Arumi, Mas Sulis Setiyono
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 92-109; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.106

Abstract:
This study aims at describing the process of word-formation used on messaging applications found in the Play Store. This is descriptive qualitative research. The data are messaging applications written in English and in the form of words. To collect the data, the researchers use observation. The analysis data consists of three steps namely data reduction, data display, and verification. There are 56 data found. There are 6 types of word formations; Affixation (4 data), compounding (15 data), blending (4 data), coinage (8 data), clipping (4 data), reduplication (1 data). However, there are 20 messaging applications that cannot be classified into the type of word formation such as Path, Line, Lemon, etc. They are simple words that have already existed in English and have been used in everyday communication. Meanwhile, nowadays they are used as a name of messaging applications and have different meanings as the real meaning. The suffixes used in the affixation process are –er, -ous, -ster. There are 6 formations of compounding used in the messaging application such as N+N, V+V, N+V, V+N, Adv. + Prep. There are 3 ways of blending process such as taking the whole part of the first word and taking the first syllable of the second, taking the first syllable of the first word and taking the whole part of the second word, taking two syllables from the front part of the first word and taking the last syllable of the second word. Coinage consists of the name of the company and the name of the product. There are two types of clipping found namely fore-clipping and back-clipping. Reduplication happens when there is a copying of the partial part of the word. Apparently, there are morphological processes used in life such as word formation to name the messaging application.
Elvira Septevany, Liu Dandan, Qin Weifen, Lu Xing
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 81-91; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.105

Abstract:
The uses of structural particle “地 dengan/secara” in Mandarin or in Indonesian have similarities and differences. In order to compare these two words, the writer uses contrastive analysis which is a study to identify the differences and similarities between Indonesian and Mandarin structural particle. The data collection technique was done by using purposive sampling technique. It was taken randomly from Modern Indonesian books and then compared with structural particle in Mandarin. The result of this analysis is that there are similarities and differences in the use of the structural particle “地 de” in Mandarin and “dengan” or “secara” in Indonesian. Besides, there are also differences in word usage. The difference can be seen from the uses of structural particle “地 de” in Mandarin and the structural particle “dengan” or “secara” in Indonesian in other words. The “地” marker in Mandarin can only corresponds to the adjective word class while the Indonesian language is more flexible because the structural particle “dengan” or “secara” can match the adjective, verb, noun, or adverb word class. The structural particle “dengan” or “secara” when corresponding to the word class will indicate a method, style, or manner of doing something.
Ika Setyowati Sutedjo
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 54-68; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.103

Abstract:
Women’s voice has been heard by the society for the past few years. There are a lot of movements created by women to support each other, for example, Women’s March, Time’s Up, #MeToo, and HeForShe. This movement will lead to more recognition of women in various expertise. Consequently, those amazing women are able to meet in one situation. The certain situation leads women to do a conversation. The conversation between women also includes different kinds of speech acts. This study aims to find the speech act uttered by Emma Watson and Malala Yousafzai as the instrument of empowerment. The result of the study shows that Emma Watson and Malala Yousafzai are mostly using directive speech acts in their speeches. The purpose of the directive speech act is to make people do something. Emma and Malala use directive speech act to empower people to accomplish something. The use of the directive speech act also related to the third-wave feminism movement. This movement establishes women to be bold, empowered, and brave. So, the third wave of feminism also influences Emma and Malala as bold and empowered women. They empower other people to do something through their speech act because they are empowered, women.
Faridatun Nida, Ahmad Zaidi
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 110-125; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.108

Abstract:
Corona and COVID-19 become the headline of almost all newspaper articles. It leads to a curiosity of its accordance to World Health Organization naming policy since those terms are relatively new for Indonesian people. Reading the newspaper becomes the solution for updating the condition of the pandemic. Unfortunately, some of the most-frequently-read newspaper seems inconsistent in giving the name that makes them have different references. This research is aimed to see the use of corona and COVID-19 in news articles to see its accordance with WHO naming policy. The analysis was done using AntCont software to see the collocation of corona and covid; besides that, the theory of discourse pragmatic is used to interpret each term's meaning. The analysis reveals that the meaning interpreted in those newspapers is inconsistent for its collocation, conjunction, and writing style. The analysis and its result are expected to evaluate the newsmaker or news writer about giving the reader accurate information. It is also expected to give the reader understanding of the proper meaning of corona and covid.
Resneri Daulay
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 35-53; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.101

Abstract:
This research entitled “Consumerism of Leisure Class in Singapore in Kevin Kwan’s Crazy Rich Asians: A Sociological Approach”. The purpose of this study is to analyze the leisure class reflected in Singapore in the novel Crazy Rich Asians. In addition, the aim of this research is to reveal the consumerism of leisure class in Crazy Rich Asians. This novel contained the aspect about the style of consumer in Singapore. This study used the mimetic approach by M.H. Abrams. The research used qualitative method to analyze the data. This study is used two main concepts of theory of leisure class by Thorstein Veblen, these are conspicuous leisure and conspicuous consumption. The research applied the data of Singaporeans leisure class in the book Understanding Singaporeans: Values, Lifestyle, Aspirations and Consumption Behaviours by Keng et al. This study also applied the concept of uniquely Singaporean mindset in the book entitled The Cult of the Luxury Brand: Inside Asia’s Love affair with Luxury by Chadha and Paul as a tool to analyze the consumerism of leisure class in the novel Crazy Rich Asians. In this study, the researcher found two main results. First, this study indicated conspicuous leisure as a signal of leisure class in Crazy Rich Asians based on seven leisure activities of Singaporean. They are sports, social, self-improvement, various charity, travel, home, and other activities. Second, the study discover the consumerism of leisure class in the novel Crazy Rich Asians and uniquely Singaporean mindset as a main result of consumerism of leisure class in Singapore reflected in the novel Crazy Rich Asians.
Alfriani Ndandara, Erny S. N. Hambandima
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 1-15; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.99

Abstract:
The diversity of ethnicities and cultures characterizes the Indonesian nation as a multicultural nation. The peculiarities of each of these varieties can be found in the forms of social practice of social life. The values ​​that are upheld in every social practice of social life also underlie the development direction of national development sectors. Especially in the field of education, it is stated in the National Education System Law of 2003 to organize National Education which is rooted in the religious values ​​and national culture of Indonesia. The realization of the mandate of this law is stated that the content of the curriculum contains local potentials. These two mandates underlie curriculum principles and color educational practices to reflect the diversity existed in Indonesia. This research is entitled APPLICATION OF CULTURAL RESPONSIVE TEACHING (CRT) APPROACH TO DRAMA TEACHING: A Study Amidst the New Normal Conditions of the Covid-19 Pandemic. The approach was introduced by Geneva Gay (2011: 188-214) as an approach that emphasizes the importance of learning based on cultural backgrounds of students. Multicultural education is a concept that underlies this approach (Baker, 1996: 374). The research framework is the application of CRT approach to learning activities in Drama Course. This research used a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of this study resulted in several things discussed from the aspects of preparation, personal character, presentation, interaction between teachers and students and local story script products. It is hoped that this research will produce a learning framework that integrates elements of local culture for teaching drama. The results of this research will be published in scientific articles.
Andi Samsu Rijal, Andi Mega Januarti Putri, Sulviana Sulviana
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 5, pp 16-34; doi:10.33019/lire.v5i1.100

Abstract:
Historically, the immigrant has been living and interacting with Makassar people and others in Makassar since 2014 until today. These interactions result unique way of how these immigrant use language to communicate. This article mainly aimed to describe how was the language used among immigrant in Makassar. The data were collected through observation by recording the conversation and interviewing some of the participants to confirm how and why they used certain dialect during the conversation. These interactions by using some language variation or dialects can be called a language contact situation. In their early presence that immigrant used English (Eng) and Indonesia language (IL) formally to communicate with IOM staff, UNHCR staff, among immigrant, and out of them, but when they have access to live for a while in Makassar, they interact with Makassar people freely and they use various languages such as Makassar language (ML), Indonesian language by Makassar Malay language (MML) as the trend of Makassar dialect, or sometimes used English as their language code. MML was mostly used compared to other language by those immigrants in some public area in Makassar. The using of MML by immigrant was a linguistic adaptation to the target language.
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 237-246; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.92

Abstract:
Increase is a neutral word that is generally perceived as a positive word, were synonymous with positive words such as rise, grow, expand. However, when resorting to dictionary definitions, increase has been found to possess negative words such as 'increase the violence'. This study investigates how 'increase', generally often categorized with positive words, interacts with neighboring words to achieve particular meanings and how particular forms of several words can change a word to negative, positive and neutral connotation. This study is analyzed on a descriptive qualitative research design because corpus linguistic research needs to be interpreted more with qualitative considerations. The data are collected using a corpus-based approach, Covid-19 corpora, and the data analysis using semantic prosody based on Stubbs's (1998) theory. The result of the data showed that word increase in Covid-19 corpora have negative meaning if it is collocated with several word such as risk, rate, levels, number, significantly and associated and followed by negative word but it will have positive meaning if it is located with word expression.
Maria Eka Mulatsih
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 153-166; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.74

Abstract:
The shift of the way of reading from printed material into non-printed material (reading from the computer, tablet, and smartphone) happened in the past few years ago. This shift affects students’ learning and reading processes inside or outside the class. Previous researches have shown the negative impact of reading on screen. This article explores students’ reading materials from the internet today in relation to its’ weaknesses when an adaptation of the Extensive Reading procedure was applied in Prose and Book Report classes of English Language and Education Study Program during even semester 2018. Students were free to choose their reading materials which consisted of two short stories and four novels for Prose class, three simplified novels and three original novels for Book Report class. Not surprisingly, most students showed their interest in reading some literary works taken from some internet sources. Knowing the weaknesses of the source is needed so the teachers or lecturers can anticipate the problem that can be caused by reading those materials. It was found that students’ reading material from a certain internet source did not have a good structure of English due to some causes. Further activities for students who chose that source could be done so that students knew the weaknesses and tried to overcome them.
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