Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2581-2130 / 2598-1803
Current Publisher: Bangka Belitung University (10.33019)
Total articles ≅ 51
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Latest articles in this journal

Maria Ayu Pretty Sitanggang, Eddy Setia, Rohani Ganie
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 125-139; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.73

Abstract:
This thesis entitled Dysphemism Used in Deadpool Movie. Dysphemism in Deadpool is problematized in its home country, i.e. the United States, due to its excessive occurrences. For this reason, this study aims at 1) to find out the types of dysphemism which illuminate the uses of dysphemism, and 2) revealing the functions which explain why the characters utilize such dysphemistic words. The theory of Dysphemism proposed by Allan & Burridge (2006) is used to reveal the functions of the use of dysphemism. In addition, the author also uses a semantic approach by delineating the meaning of dysphemism in a lexical and contextual manner along with examples of its use in context. Moreover, the analysis of componential meaning is used to observe the types of dysphemism based on Allan & Burridge's theory and Rawson's theory. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The data of this research are words and phrases which indicated dysphemism. The sources of the data are transcript and video. There are 95 dysphemism data obtained and observed by the writer. The result of this research shows that three types of dysphemism are found in the movie, i.e. profanity, obscenity, and insult. The dysphemism type mostly found is the obscenity with 31 data (33%). In addition, there are seven functions of the use of dysphemism revealed: to humiliate something or someone else, to express anger, to emphasize thing or condition, to state and represent a very bad thing or condition, to express astonishment or amazement, to show intimacy and to express excitement. The most dominant function of dysphemism that is used in this movie is to humiliate something or someone else with 79 data (83%).
Margono Margono, Atiqa Sabardilla, Harun Joko Prayitno
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 167-176; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.84

Abstract:
The writing of the Student Creativity Program (SCP) titles has its appeal and uniqueness. One of which can be seen in the process of forming words in the form of acronyms. This article aims to describe the process and results of the formation of acronyms on the writing of SCP titles funded in 2018. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. This research data are in the form of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in the SCP titles. The source of research data is the SCP titles from 5 fields in 2018. Data collection uses observation and note-taking techniques. The method of data analysis is the constituent analysis method and its expansion techniques, namely techniques of removing, inserting, replacing, and expanding. The data validity test uses theory triangulation. The results show that the formation of acronyms produced five forms of acronyms on the writing of the SCP titles, namely acronyms derived from two words, three words, four words, five words, and more than five words. Three acronym formation processes are found, namely using the initial letters of words, using syllables or fragments of words, and using mixes of initial letters of words and syllables or fragments of words.
Maria Eka Mulatsih
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 153-166; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.74

Abstract:
The shift of the way of reading from printed material into non-printed material (reading from the computer, tablet, and smartphone) happened in the past few years ago. This shift affects students’ learning and reading processes inside or outside the class. Previous researches have shown the negative impact of reading on screen. This article explores students’ reading materials from the internet today in relation to its’ weaknesses when an adaptation of the Extensive Reading procedure was applied in Prose and Book Report classes of English Language and Education Study Program during even semester 2018. Students were free to choose their reading materials which consisted of two short stories and four novels for Prose class, three simplified novels and three original novels for Book Report class. Not surprisingly, most students showed their interest in reading some literary works taken from some internet sources. Knowing the weaknesses of the source is needed so the teachers or lecturers can anticipate the problem that can be caused by reading those materials. It was found that students’ reading material from a certain internet source did not have a good structure of English due to some causes. Further activities for students who chose that source could be done so that students knew the weaknesses and tried to overcome them.
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 237-246; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.92

Abstract:
Increase is a neutral word that is generally perceived as a positive word, were synonymous with positive words such as rise, grow, expand. However, when resorting to dictionary definitions, increase has been found to possess negative words such as 'increase the violence'. This study investigates how 'increase', generally often categorized with positive words, interacts with neighboring words to achieve particular meanings and how particular forms of several words can change a word to negative, positive and neutral connotation. This study is analyzed on a descriptive qualitative research design because corpus linguistic research needs to be interpreted more with qualitative considerations. The data are collected using a corpus-based approach, Covid-19 corpora, and the data analysis using semantic prosody based on Stubbs's (1998) theory. The result of the data showed that word increase in Covid-19 corpora have negative meaning if it is collocated with several word such as risk, rate, levels, number, significantly and associated and followed by negative word but it will have positive meaning if it is located with word expression.
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 225-236; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.90

Abstract:
The ongoing el-æl merger in Australian English has been informally recognized by Australians especially those who have experience of contact with Victorians. This study aims to investigate the correlation of speakers’ sex and origin with their /el/ production and how speech styles influence their production. Two male speakers of Australian English from Victoria and South Australia were recorded while reading texts, doing interviews, and having casual conversations. The recordings were then transcribed and analyzed by using various software to describe their /el/ productions. The result of this study was both male subjects are able to produce considerable variations in their /el/ productions. The production of the Victorian male speaker confirmed the findings of previous studies while the SA male speaker showed variations of /el/ similar to back vowels. Speech styles do not significantly affect the variations of /el/ production. The ongoing merger of el-æl in Australian English might be spreading from Victoria through diffusion to its neighboring states. However, more studies should be conducted in order to confirm this suspicion. Other suggestions include customized reading passages and better semi-structured interviews.
Christy Tisnawijaya, Puji Astuti
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 140-152; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.82

Abstract:
This paper investigates how childhood trauma causes someone to suffer from a personality disorder. The narrative discussed in this paper is The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo by Stieg Larsson (2005). The main character of the story, Martin Vanger, is unable to comprehend other’s feelings and gets pleasure from hurting women. These psychopathic behaviors are triggered by the traumatic events he endured during childhood. He was sexually assaulted by his father and was forced to watch him killing women. These experiences are the seeds of crimes that Martin commits as an adult. By using descriptive analysis, this paper explores how Martin, who was once a victim of child abuse, turns into the abuser. Freud states that someone’s personality is influenced by the interaction of id, ego, and super-ego (1993). Furthermore, Erikson believes that someone’s personality is also shaped by nature and nurture (1977). Therefore, psychoanalysis theory along with psychological approach is applied to examine the character’s psyche, mainly to reveal the causes of psychopathic personality disorder suffered by the main character. The result shows that traumatic experiences during childhood generate anxiety; guilt, shame, and agony affect the character’s psychosocial development.
Suhailee Suhailee, Ali Imron, Nafron Hasyim, Atiqa Sabardila, Markhamah Markhamah
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 212-224; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.87

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the socio-historic background of (1) Asma Nadia and (2) the structure of Bunda: Kisah Cinta 2 Kodi, This study uses the descriptive qualitative method. The research strategy is embedded in case studies. The research data are in the form of words, phrases, sentences, and paragraphs in the novel Bunda: Kisah Cinta 2 Kodi that contains information about the socio-historic background of Asma Nadia, and the structure of the novel. The primary data source is the novel and the secondary data source is relevant journal articles. The data were collected through the library, observation, and documentation techniques. The data were analyzed using the semiotic reading method, namely heuristic and hermeneutic reading. The results of the study are (1) Sociohistorical setting: Asma Nadia was born into a literary family (her grandfather, Teuku Muhammad Usman El Muhammady and her two siblings, Helvy Tiana Rosa and her brother Aeron Tomino, and her husband, Isa Alamsyah, were writers). Her works have particular characteristics: Islamic theme, simple language, and the struggle of Moslem women. (2) The structure of the novel: the theme is the struggle of a mother in a family. It uses the flashback method since the story takes a regressive plot. The important figures are Kartika, Aryani, Farid, Bagja, Farid’s mother, Anton’s mother and Siti. The setting: schools, Kartika boarding house, campus canteens, cinemas, bookstores, Aryani's house, hospitals, abortion clinics, Tanah Abang market, Aryani's in-law's house, mushalla, and food stalls. Time setting: 1962, 1963, 1965, 1989, 1992, 1998 and 2000. Social setting: Kartika comes from Javanese and Minangkabau parents, whose works are civil servants and teachers.
Dodik Murdiyanto Laksmana Putra, Wakit Abdullah Rais, Sawardi Sawardi
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 194-211; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.85

Abstract:
Rice culture society, which is a society that has a set of supernatural values and beliefs in rice entities. As a strong rice-cultured society, all main activities of Kasepuhan Ciptagelar community are centered on rice. There are many series of rituals performed during one cycle of rice planting. This study attempts to describe the problem (1) how the forms of Sundanese vocabulary are used in a series of rituals of rice culture during one cycle of rice planting in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar Sukabumi , (2) how the lexical meaning and cultural meaning of those terms, (3) how the functions of the meaning. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with an ethnolinguistic approach. This descriptive qualitative research also utilizes ethnographic methods. Ethnographic methods are used in this study because data collection is done directly. The analysis model used is a model of cognitive anthropology or ethnoscience or also known as the new ethnography. The location of this research is in the Kasepuhan Ciptagelar Indigenous community in the area of Mount Halimun Salak National Park, Sukamulya Village, Sirnaresmi Village, Cisolok District, Sukabumi Regency, West Java. Based on data analysis in this study, there were 32 series of rituals from cultural activities carried out for 10 months in one cycle of rice planting in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar.
Elvira Septevany, Liu Dandan, Ria Rizki Marsuki
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 112-125; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.83

Abstract:
For foreign students, the Mandarin time aspect “着zhe” is a common and relatively difficult grammar point to grasp. The research method used is a quantitative method and a qualitative descriptive method to describe, identify the types of mistakes made by Indonesian learners in the learning time aspect “着zhe”. The data collection technique used is purposive sampling, i.e. Mandarin language learners at the University of Nanchang, China, which had received writing, grammar and structure, and syntax courses. The purpose of this technique is to obtain relevant data in order to solve the problem of learning Mandarin, especially regarding the time aspect “着 zhe”. The results of the relevant questionnaire show that Indonesian students lack basic knowledge of time aspects and they did not understand or forget the rules of time aspect. So, they use Indonesian grammar to answer the Mandarin time aspect “着 zhe” questionnaire. This is indicated by the results of the questionnaire given, there are 3 forms of performance errors above 50%, i.e. misuse error has 65%, a misordering error has 60%, an added error has 55% and there is 1 form error below 50% namely omission error, has 45%. The Conclusions of time aspect Mandarin "着 zhe" is a form of Mandarin grammar that is often used. This time aspect "着 zhe" has several rules in matching with other words. To understand this, Indonesian students need to learn step by step and perseverance in study and practice, so they can understand the uses of time aspect "着 zhe".
Ryza Wahyu Muslimah
Lire Journal (Journal of Linguistics and Literature), Volume 4, pp 258-268; doi:10.33019/lire.v4i2.89

Abstract:
The aim of this study is expected to find whether the word critical frequently modifies COVID-19 or HIV, and are the type of critical strategies that frequently appear on the corpora.COVID-19 becomes the outbreak issue which is considered as a big problem from everyone in the world. It spreads rapidly from human to human. COVID-19 does not repute as something trifled, because it zaps undetected person in person. Besides, the existence of HIV still becomes the specter of today’s issues. These phenomena summon everyone to conduct the research in a medical perspective or even associate the result in a linguistic perspective. To reach further expanding, mixed method or commonly is used to call as quantitative and qualitative collaboration method. The result showed the T-score of COVID-19 > P value (4.548827 > 1.658). Hence, the proof meant word critical was most significantly modified COVID-19 rather than HIV. Besides, other result represent indirect criticism as the most frequent presence of critical strategies, by the keywords ‘coronavirus may’ displayed 137 (0.49 per million) tokens, ‘ coronavirus is quite’ displayed 3 (0.01 per million) tokens, and ‘coronavirus probably’ displayed 8 (0.03 per million) tokens. Keywords: Corpus-Based Analysis, Critical Strategies, COVID-19
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