Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23560312 / 23560320
Current Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya (10.33084)
Total articles ≅ 64
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Belinda Hastari, Sahat Raja Marigo Girsang
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 105-116; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1253

Abstract:
Ecotourism is responsible travel journey towards environmental sustainability and well being of local communities. The purpose of this reseach was to describe the participation of ecotourism actors on conservation activity at STPN region III Tanjung Harapan, Tanjung Puting National Park . This research is a combination of a qualitative descriptive and quantitative methods with the respondent survey, and skoring analysis methods. The result showed that the value of participation of ecotourism actors is 1.486 which is categorized as medium participation level. The level of participation for conservation efforts by ecotourism actors has been good, they are awareness about conservation likely silence on feeding area, not disposing of waste and taking forest resources, and involvement in ecotourism activities. It is important to increase conservation campaigns through ecotourism and conservation education for ecotourims actors
Mariaty Mariaty, Purwanto Budi Santosa
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 129-139; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1259

Abstract:
The forest and land fires in 2015 caused severe damage to forest areas at Sebangau National Park and KHDTK Tumbang Nusa, where the condition has not to be able to recover as before. This research objective is knowing the effect of forest and land fires on vegetation and the succession process that is happened at TN. Sebangau and KHDTK Tumbang Nusa with methodology field survey and making plots (PU) on the burnt and un-burnt forest for the comparison. Data observation and collection were done appropriately with the vegetation strata, namely the level of seedlings, saplings, poles, and trees. The data analysis used quantitative with calculating the Species Dominance, Species Diversity, Species Richness, and Species Evenness.The research result shows the un-burnt land was observed in TN. Sebangau there are 29 vegetation species, meanwhile the burnt land there are found only rejuvenation level plants, namely Seedlings and Saplings where there are two vegetation species at TN. Sabangau and 4 vegetation species at KHDTK. For species dominance is indicated by a high INP value, the greater value of INP means the forest composition is good enough in terms of density and frequency of species presence. In Sebangau, the highest value of dominance is Tutup Kabali (Diospyros pseudomalabarica) for the tree level, Rambutan Hutan (Nephelium lappaceum) for pole and sapling levels, and Bangkinang (Elaeocarpus glaber Bl) for seedling level, while in KHDTK is Milas/Tumeh (Combretacarpus rotundatus) for the seedling and sapling levels, and Gerunggang (Cratoxylon arborescens) for pole and tree levels. The Analysis Number of species diversity, richness, and evenness species in the two research locations do not show a high value which from data processing result shows the range is low to moderate, nothing high.On burnt land, the succession process happens very slowly because it experienced the severe degradation of land causing the erosion/ subsidence of soil surface so that the forest floor was flooded as the impact of the open canopy and no shade from the bush that dominated.
Fahruni Fahruni
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 117-128; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1254

Abstract:
Peatland agroforestry management that is commonly carried out by the community is the burnt peel system. Where peat is peeled and burned, it is then used as a planting medium. Over time, this system will reduce the land surface. But there is a different system. Through the method without combustion by adding organic material above the soil surface. So as the land surface does not decrease, it will even increase in height. This study aims to (1) determine the ecological value of land with a peel-burn system and the addition of minerals without fuel, (2) determine the effectiveness of the peatland management system. The variables observed / measured in this study were (1) the content of macro nutrients (N, P, K) from the system pattern of management of firewood peel and the management system of mineral soil addition. (2) Agroforestry patterns implemented by farmers at the study site. The results showed that the method of agroforestry without burning provides more nutrients than peeled fuel. Increased soil pH is also higher than burnt peel. This method is more environmentally friendly because the peat ecosystem is maintained and the most important thing is the height of the land surface continues to increase during the exploitation time.
Yunita Purnama Sari, Haryadi Haryadi, Fahruddin Arfianto
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 160-171; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1262

Abstract:
The lowness of productivity of spinach in Central Kalimantan is related to the kind of land used in the cultivation of the crop. This research attempt to find the effect of ameliorant on the growth and the harvest of spinach. The research was conducted from December 2018 until February 2019 in Kebun Percobaan dan Penelitian (KP2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya, Jln. Anggrek, Kelurahan Kereng Bengkirai, Kecamatan Sebangau, Kota Palangkaraya, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. The ameliorant applied in the research were chicken manure, dolomite and limestone. The research was conducted in the completely random design with five replications. The results indicate that the ameliorant significantly affected the plant height and the number of leaves on the 14, 21 and 28 day after plantation. The ameliorant also affected on the plant fresh weight significantly.
Arief R. Hakim, Asro L. Indrayanti, Novita ChandraWijaya
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 90-104; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1252

Abstract:
Communities in Tumbang Nusa Village, Jabiren Raya District Pulang Pisau Regency began to develop prupuk (Phragmites karka (Retz) Trin ex Steud) as a straw material to replace plastik that is difficult to decompose. This study aims to calculate the cost of production, develop a selling price scenario and conduct a feasibility study on the development of straws from prupuk. Primary data was collected from 20 people involved in making pru[uk straws and supplemented with secondary data from various previous studies and publications.The results of this study indicate that the cost of production of prupuk straws ranges between IDR 374.3 - IDR 408.68 per pcs. The proportion of prupuk straw financing is for the purchase of raw materials (59.72% to 65.14%), labor costs (34.36% to 39.58%) and overhead costs for capital financing (0.6% to 0.7 %). Determination of the selling price is done by adding the cost of goods manufactured to the desired profit (mark up method) with scenario I with a profit rate of 10% (amounting to IDR 389.04 for large packages and IDR 449.54 for small packages) to scenario VI with a level of 60% profit (IDR 565.88 for large packages and IDR 653.88 for small packages). In terms of price, determining the selling price up to scenario VI can still compete with the prices of its competitors, namely bamboo straws. Although the price of the product is competitive, the level of labor productivity is very low. At the break even point condition, the maximum labor income is only IDR 180,062.74. When compared with the UMR District of Pulang Pisau, the income contribution received from making this purun straw is very small (only 6.11%). In order to achieve an income level equivalent to the UMR of Pulang Pisau Regency, a production turnover of 383 pcs per person per day is needed or equal to 7,652 pcs per person per month. In order to improve the quality and quantity of prupuk straws, it is necessary to apply production technology.
Ummi Suraya
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 149-159; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1261

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to identify and to inventory water plants in Hanjalutung Lake,Petuk Ketimpun Village, Jekan Raya District, Palangka Raya City. This research was conducted from December 2017 to January 2018. Sampling was carried out in 3 (three) stations, namely inlet ,middle and outlet. The tool used for aquatic plants 2 x 2 m transect.The results of research aquatic plants found in the waters of Lake Hanjalutung 7 (seven) types namely Kiambang (Salvinia molesta), gerigit/bite (Leersia hexandra), Cat Tail Grass (Utricularia aurea), Para Grass (Cyperus platystylis), Water Hyacinth ( Eichhornia crassipes ), Kiapu (Pistia stratiotes) dan Ketanan (Polygonum sp).
Pienyani Rosawanti
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 140-148; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i2.1260

Abstract:
Water hyacinth, giant salvinia and water lettuce are widely available in Central Kalimantan that can be used as organic fertilizer. This study aims to determine the nutrient content of solid and liquid organic fertilizers in water hyacinth, giant salvinia and water lettuce fertilizers. The results showed that solid organic fertilizer/compost and water hyacinth, water lettuce and giant salvinia liquid fertilizer have nutrient content needed by plants. In solid fertilizers, the Nitrogen of giant salviniacontent was 2.43% and lack of the minimum standard of solid organic fertilizer, while Phospor and Potassium content were not included in the standard. In liquid organic fertilizer, Nitrogen, Phospor and Potassium content were not included in the minimum standard organic fertilizer requirements
Muhammad Anang Firmansyah, Titin Apung Atikah
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 16-24; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.917

Abstract:
The utilization of sago waste as a source of organic material, namely compost will provide positive values for both plants and soil productivity and reduce the cost of purchasing chicken manure which is increasingly expensive. Research conductedon dry land in the dry seasonat a land plot of header/ tajuk varieties red onionusing the treatment of sago waste compost dosage. The treatment of sago waste compost doses, among others KS 0 = control, KS 1 = 35 t/ha, KS 2 = 70 t/ha dan KS 3 = 105 t/ha. The results showed no significant differences between treatments on the growth parameters of red onion aged 2 MST and 4 MST. However, the dry production parameters show that KS treatment differs only with KS 0. Respectively 11,56 t/ha compared to 9,61 t/ha. The treatment of sago waste compost dosage also has a good effect on decreasing the value of soil bulk density, increasing soil water content and also soil porosity. It is associated with the increased dose of sago waste compost then further increase the number of earthworm populations at different depths in the soil. At a depth of 0-15 cm the highest population of earthworms at KS 3 reached 1,077/ 2m2while KS 0 is only 309/2m2.
Nanang Hanafi
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 25-35; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.918

Abstract:
This study was carried out on a single observation plot measuring 20 m x 100 m in the Tegakan Benih Tersertifikasi (TBT) �Pambelum in Palangka Raya City to determine of carbon stocks in five carbon sources. The method used in this study is destructive methods to determine the amount of carbon stocks in litter, and understorey, non-destructive to measure carbon stocks in tree biomass, woody necromass, and roots. Total carbon stored in TBT Pambelum is 196.695 tons / ha, where tree biomass contributes carbon at 62.67% (123.264 tons / ha); rooting contributes carbon at 23.19% (45.608 tons/ha); carbon deposits on land at 12.34% (24,281 tons/ha); litter of 1.34% (2.736 tons/ha); understorey of 0.40% (0.785 tons/ha); and woody necromass of 0.01% (0.020 tons/ha).
Nurul Hidayati
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 36-49; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.919

Abstract:
Strawberry (Fragaria sp) a part of Rosaceae family is fruit that have high economic value, and is very popular in Indonesia. Peat soils in Palangka Raya which have relatively acidic soil and high air temperatures are not agro-climately for strawberry plants. The use of Landrace strawberry varieties, organic and inorganic fertilizers are expected to produce quality strawberry production. The objectives of this study were (1) to find out the growth, yield, and level of sweetness of strawberries, (2) to get the right dose of organic fertilizer and KP fertilizer for strawberry cultivation, (3) to find out the sweetness level of lowland strawberries compared to the results of plateau (Java). This research was carried out in polybags located on Jl. Manjuhan Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan for 5 (five) months. This study was prepared using Factorial Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD), consisting of two factors. The first factor was the use of doses of chicken manure (A) consisting of 3 levels namely: 20 tons / ha (A1), 40 tons / ha (A2), 60 tons / ha (A3), meanwhile the second were giving KP (M) inorganic fertilizers, consisting from 3 levels of concentration namely: 4 grams / liter (M1), 5 grams / liter (M2) and 6 grams / liter (M3). All of the treatments were replicated 3 times thus getting 27 unit of treatments. The results of this study were (1) The interaction of treatment of organic fertilizer with KP fertilizer had an effect on the variable number of leaves aged 28 HST, time of flower appearance, strawberry sweetness level, (2) The best treatment combination yields the sweetness of strawberries at 60 kg/ha and KP fertilizer at doses of 6 gr/l, and (3) Comparison of the quality of strawberry production from Palangkaraya with Java strawberries is still low in size, fruit diameter, but the sweetness of 0.13 brix times than strawberries from Java.
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