Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 23560312 / 23560320
Current Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya (10.33084)
Total articles ≅ 57

Latest articles in this journal

Muhammad Anang Firmansyah, Titin Apung Atikah
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 16-24; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.917

Abstract:The utilization of sago waste as a source of organic material, namely compost will provide positive values for both plants and soil productivity and reduce the cost of purchasing chicken manure which is increasingly expensive. Research conductedon dry land in the dry seasonat a land plot of header/ tajuk varieties red onionusing the treatment of sago waste compost dosage. The treatment of sago waste compost doses, among others KS 0 = control, KS 1 = 35 t/ha, KS 2 = 70 t/ha dan KS 3 = 105 t/ha. The results showed no significant differences between treatments on the growth parameters of red onion aged 2 MST and 4 MST. However, the dry production parameters show that KS treatment differs only with KS 0. Respectively 11,56 t/ha compared to 9,61 t/ha. The treatment of sago waste compost dosage also has a good effect on decreasing the value of soil bulk density, increasing soil water content and also soil porosity. It is associated with the increased dose of sago waste compost then further increase the number of earthworm populations at different depths in the soil. At a depth of 0-15 cm the highest population of earthworms at KS 3 reached 1,077/ 2m2while KS 0 is only 309/2m2.
Nanang Hanafi
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 25-35; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.918

Abstract:This study was carried out on a single observation plot measuring 20 m x 100 m in the Tegakan Benih Tersertifikasi (TBT) �Pambelum in Palangka Raya City to determine of carbon stocks in five carbon sources. The method used in this study is destructive methods to determine the amount of carbon stocks in litter, and understorey, non-destructive to measure carbon stocks in tree biomass, woody necromass, and roots. Total carbon stored in TBT Pambelum is 196.695 tons / ha, where tree biomass contributes carbon at 62.67% (123.264 tons / ha); rooting contributes carbon at 23.19% (45.608 tons/ha); carbon deposits on land at 12.34% (24,281 tons/ha); litter of 1.34% (2.736 tons/ha); understorey of 0.40% (0.785 tons/ha); and woody necromass of 0.01% (0.020 tons/ha).
Nurul Hidayati
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 36-49; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.919

Abstract:Strawberry (Fragaria sp) a part of Rosaceae family is fruit that have high economic value, and is very popular in Indonesia. Peat soils in Palangka Raya which have relatively acidic soil and high air temperatures are not agro-climately for strawberry plants. The use of Landrace strawberry varieties, organic and inorganic fertilizers are expected to produce quality strawberry production. The objectives of this study were (1) to find out the growth, yield, and level of sweetness of strawberries, (2) to get the right dose of organic fertilizer and KP fertilizer for strawberry cultivation, (3) to find out the sweetness level of lowland strawberries compared to the results of plateau (Java). This research was carried out in polybags located on Jl. Manjuhan Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan for 5 (five) months. This study was prepared using Factorial Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD), consisting of two factors. The first factor was the use of doses of chicken manure (A) consisting of 3 levels namely: 20 tons / ha (A1), 40 tons / ha (A2), 60 tons / ha (A3), meanwhile the second were giving KP (M) inorganic fertilizers, consisting from 3 levels of concentration namely: 4 grams / liter (M1), 5 grams / liter (M2) and 6 grams / liter (M3). All of the treatments were replicated 3 times thus getting 27 unit of treatments. The results of this study were (1) The interaction of treatment of organic fertilizer with KP fertilizer had an effect on the variable number of leaves aged 28 HST, time of flower appearance, strawberry sweetness level, (2) The best treatment combination yields the sweetness of strawberries at 60 kg/ha and KP fertilizer at doses of 6 gr/l, and (3) Comparison of the quality of strawberry production from Palangkaraya with Java strawberries is still low in size, fruit diameter, but the sweetness of 0.13 brix times than strawberries from Java.
Yos Andy Tangkasiang
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 77-89; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.923

Abstract:Study of Effect of compound fertilizer and mixture of peat soil with mineral soil on growth of Durian (Durio Murr) tillers. The aim is to determine the levels of compound fertilizer and the comparison of mineral soil mixtures that have the best influence on the growth of Durian tillers. Time used for three months. Complete Random Design with two factors. The first factor is compound fertilizer (P) composition of N, P and K content 16: 16: 16. The levels tested are four, namely 0 gram (p0), 1 gram (p1), 2 gram (p2) and 3 gram (p3) per poly bag. The second factor is the mixture of peat soil with mineral soil (T) with 4 comparisons: without mineral soil + 100% peat (t0), 5% mineral soil + 95% peat soil (t1), 10% mineral soil + 90% peat soil (t2 ), 15% mineral soil + 85% peat soil (t3). The results of the experiments that have been conducted can be concluded: The effect of interaction between mineral soil and compound fertilizer only occurs on increasing diameter and root wet weight. The parameters of leaf number, height increase, shoot wet weight and root dry weight, interactions were not significantly different. Interactively, the best effect is given by t2p1 = 23.33 mm on increasing diameter. The root wet weight is given by t2p1 = 7.5 grams. Independently mineral soil 5-10% of the polybag provides the best average value of growth against the test parameters. Compound fertilizer provides the best average value at the level of 1-2 grams of compound fertilizer / polybag.
Supeki Supeki
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 50-61; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.921

Abstract:In soybean cultivation the use of fertilizers is needed in both single and compound forms. Given that fertilizer prices are quite expensive; their use must be efficient. Problems faced where farmers are still often not cultivating soybean plants. Though soybean plants require high N, P, and K nutrients. The research was carried out in the experimental gardens of the Agricultural Training Center for the Food and Horticulture Crops of Papua Province in May to August 2016. The data analysis was done using tabulation and processed using the program Excel. Planting Anjasmoro variety of soybeans was done using NPK compaction 15-15-15 + TE compound DGW production from PT. Hextar Fertilizer Indonesia with a dose of 140.06 kg / ha can produce an average plant height of 86.85 cm and yields with a production of 3.83 tons / ha and a weight of 100 seeds is 17 gr / 100 seeds. This fact shows that the use of NPK compound fertilizer can be recommended as a supplementary fertilizer to increase soybean growth and proudness. However, NPK compound fertilizer can also be used as a basic fertilizer if the availability of a single fertilizer N, P, and K is not available or more expensive with regard to the adequacy or dosage of its use.
Asro L Indrayanti, Dewi R Juwita, Marni Marni, Arief R Hakim
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 1-15; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.998

Abstract:The tendency for excessive consumption of MSG has prompted various studies to find a replacement. One of the ingredients studied is Sungkai leaf powder (Albertisia papuana Becc) which has been used by people in Kalimantan as a flavor enhancer. This study aims to determine the dosage of use of sungkai leaves which is preferred by panelists through organoleptic tests. Panelists (as many as 104 panelists) were selected by incidental sampling from among housewives (32), food traders (17), students of the UPR industrial technology program (41) and ordinary people (14). The treatments were made in 5 levels, namely control (M1), 0.5 gram / L (M2), 1.0 gram / L (M3), 1.5 gram / L (M4) and 2.0 gram / L (M5) ). The results showed that Sungkai leaf powder (Albertisia papuana Becc) can be used as a natural food delicacy because it can raised umami (delicious taste), which is caused by the synergy of protein, natrium and free amino acids. The panelists' response to the optimal dose of using sungkai leaf powder varies greatly depending on the habits and tastes of the panelists. This study also concluded that the application of Sungkai leaf powder was not too dominant in adding flavor and changing the color of the dishes.
Sutarman Sutarman
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 6, pp 62-76; doi:10.33084/daun.v6i1.922

Abstract:This study aims to determine the vegetative growth response of saplings of red ginger (Zingiber officinale) to the administration of red onion extract and Trichoderma biological fertilizer. Experiments were arranged factorially using a completely randomized design (CRD). The first factor is the concentration of red onion extract which consists of three levels, namely: 0 gr, 125 gr, and 250 gr per liter of shallot extract; the second factor is Trichoderma biological fertilizer, consisting of: without biological fertilizer and with Trichoderma biological fertilizer. Each combination of treatments was repeated 4 times, to obtain 24 experimental units. The variables observed were plant height (cm), number of leaves, increase in stem diameter (cm), stover wet weight (gr), and dry stover weight (gr) at 24-60 days after planting (DAP). Data were analyzed by variance at the level of 5% to determine the effect of treatment, to find out the differences between treatments were carried out by 5% HSD. The results showed that there was a significant interaction effect between red onion extract and Trichoderma biofertilizer on the increase of high growth of red ginger tillers at 36 and 48 DAP. Both factors and their interactions were not significant for the number of leaves, stem diameter, wet weight, and dry stover weight. The treatment of 125 gr/l shallot extract and Trichoderma biofertilizer produced the highest response of the number of leaves and stem diameter at 60 DAP.
Chief Editor Of Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 5; doi:10.33084/daun.v5i2.470

Iswahyudi Iswahyudi, Sustiyana Sustiyana, Lia Kristiana
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 5, pp 83-88; doi:10.33084/daun.v5i2.464

Abstract:Pamekasan Regency is one of the rice-producing areas in Madura. The problem which is the main subject of this research is how the quality of farmer grain quality in Pamekasan Regency. The study aimed to analyze the quality of Pamekasan Regency grain. This type of research is descriptive - quantitative, namely the type of research that combines quantitative and qualitative research. The analysis states that Pamekasan grain has a quantitative percentage of an empty grain of 0.9%, 3.2% green/lime grains, 18.6% yellow/damaged grains, and 0.3% red grains. It also fulfills the requirements for grain quality qualitative consisting of four characters, namely: 1) free of pests and diseases, 2) free of foul odors, acids and other odors, 3) free of chemicals and residual fertilizers, insecticides and fungicides, and 4) unhusked rice so that it has met the requirements of SNI quality grade grain quality standards II.
Maya Pattiwael
Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Volume 5, pp 89-96; doi:10.33084/daun.v5i2.465

Abstract:Teak (Tectona grandis L.f) is one of the tropical plants that have high economic value. Teak plants are also often attacked by various types of pests, which results in a decrease in the quality and quantity of growth and yield. This research was conducted aimed at identifying the types of pests that damage the leaves of teak plants and determine the intensity of damage and frequency of pest attacks on teak plants located in Klamalu Village, Mariat District, Sorong Regency. Data retrieval is done by dividing five simple random lines, five plots taken as samples. The results showed several types of pests that attacked teak plants namely grasshoppers, aphids, teak leaf caterpillars, and white mites, with an average damage intensity due to the attack of locust pests 28.93% classified as moderate damage, caterpillar pest attack 22.53 % was classified as a criterion of mild impairment, 6.8% white flea pest attacks classified as criteria for minor damage and infestation attacks 5.7% were classified as criteria for minor damage. The frequency of attacks for each type of pest is Grasshopper Pests 35.2%, Teak Leaf Caterpillar Pests 30.4%, White Louse Pests 8.8% and Leaf Louse Pests by 4%