Jurnal Surya Medika

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 24607266 / 26552051
Current Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya (10.33084)
Total articles ≅ 111
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Haryati Haryati, Siti Patma Yunaningsi, Junuda Raf
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 22-33; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1288

Abstract:
Sleep is one of the basic human needs that can affect the quality of life and health. Poor sleep quality can result in decreased physiological and psychological health. Purpose: This study aims to determine the factors that affect the sleep quality of medical students of Halu Oleo University. The study design was using quantitative research with a cross-sectional approach. The sample of this study were 174 medical students of Halu Oleo University in the second and third academic years. The sampling technique was using Proportional Random Sampling. Data on sleep quality obtained by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and data analysis was using a chi-square statistical test with a confident interval of 95% (alpha = 0.05). The median age of respondents was 20 (range 18-21) years and 127 (73%) of the participants were females. A student with high physical activity was 112 (64.4%), sleep pattern in the good category as much as 98 (56.3%), and students with emotional stress in the low category were 120 (69.0%). More than half of students (89.1%) have poor sleep quality. The bivariate analysis showed that the factors that affect sleep quality were sleep patterns (p-value = 0.019) and emotional stress (p-value = 0.021). Student physical activity was not statistically affected sleep quality (p-value = 0.519). The sleep quality of medical students of Halu Oleo university were affected by sleep patterns and emotional stress.
Reny Sulistyowati
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 100-107; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1240

Abstract:
Stress is an individual's adaptive response to various external pressures or demands and produces a variety of disorders including physical, emotional and behavioral disorders. Final year students often experience feelings of stress so that it can interfere with concentration to attend lectures and can even hamper completing education in a timely manner. There are several ways of managing stress, one of which is using aromatherapy. Aromatherapy is a non-pharmacological therapy, which is a type of therapy that applies direct body contact and has a therapeutic effect that combines physiological effects, caused by massage on the body, with psychological effects, which are derived from essential oils. The general purpose of the study is to analyze the effect of aromatherapy on blood pressure and stress levels by using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale in final semester students. The research method used a quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest control group design approach, in 28 intervention groups, namely respondents who were given lavender aromatherapy massage and 28 respondents in the control group. The univariate analysis was conducted to show frequency distribution and bivariate analysis was conducted by independent sample T-test and dependent sample T-test. The results showed that there were significant differences in systolic blood pressure before and after the intervention in the intervention and the control group with a p-value of 0.01 < 0.05. Whereas the stress level variable found that there is no difference in stress levels in the intervention and the control group before and after the intervention with p-value 0.169> 0.05.
Astri Widiarti, Ni Nyoman Sri Yuliani, Indria Augustina
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 153-159; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1323

Abstract:
One of the factors causing stunting is an infectious disease caused by helminthiasis. Worm infection is the entry of parasites in the form of worms into the human body. This infection can cause a decrease in nutritional status, endurance, intelligence and productivity of sufferers. Riskesdas 2018 data shows that the prevalence of stunting in Gunung Mas exceeds the national stunting rate. Primary school-age children, especially grades I, II and III, are vulnerable to helminthiasis because children of this age are still very actively playing on the ground and pay little attention to personal hygiene. Based on a survey conducted in 10 districts in 2012, it was found that the highest prevalence of helminthiasis came from the Gunung Mas district of Central Kalimantan province (76.67%). Pematang Limau State Elementary School in Pematang Limau Village, Sepang District, Gunung Mas Regency is in a watershed area which is a high-risk area for worm infection transmission. The purpose of this research to find out the relationship between personal hygiene behavior toward worm and stunting incidents in class I-III students at SDN Pematang Limau, Gunung Mas Regency. The method is using the analytic observation method with a cross-sectional approach. In this study, the independent variables are personal hygiene behavior and the dependent variable is the occurrence of intestinal worms and stunting. The results are shown that the incidence of helminthiasis in class I-III students were influenced by factors of poor personal hygiene behavior. The stunting incident found in this study was not related to the respondent's personal hygiene behavior.
Evodius Nasus, Grace Tedy Tulak
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 9-12; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1238

Abstract:
Hospitals as health service providers are expected to always prioritize patient satisfaction through improving the quality of services performed. One indicator to assess the quality of health services is to measure the level of satisfaction of patients who are recipients of health services. This research aims to analyze the effect of the quality of nursing services with patient satisfaction at BLUD Benyamin Guluh Kolaka Hospital. The research method used was an analytic survey with a cross-sectional approach. The population and sample were 75 patients in the internal and surgical rooms which were obtained by the accidental sampling method. The results result showed that significantly the high quality of nursing services can affect patient satisfaction (p=0.000 < p=0.05). The conclusion of this study is that the higher the quality of nursing services, the more positive impact on satisfaction felt by patients otherwise.
Intan Eskawati Ahmad, Syamsul Rijal, Haryati Haryati
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 42-53; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1290

Abstract:
Phlebitis is one of the nosocomial infections related to invasive procedures. One of the most common invasive procedures in hospitals is infusion therapy. Phlebitis can cause thrombosis, which if continued, can lead to death. Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the factors that affect the incidence of phlebitis nosocomial infection in the general hospital of Muna regency. The study design was using quantitative research with a cross-sectional study. The sample of this study was 60 inpatients who got infusion therapy and met the inclusion criteria. The sampling technique was using Proportional Random Sampling. Data were collected by direct observation method and data analysis was using a chi-square statistical test with a confident interval of 95% (alpha = 0.05). The median age of respondents was 37 (range 20 � 50) years and 31 (51.7%%) of the respondents were females. The respondent that have duration infusion less than or equal to 3 days were 39 (65%), respondent with one type of intravenous fluid was 55 (91.7%), a respondent who received antibiotic or Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) injection therapy was 38 (63.3%), and as many as 20 (33.3%) respondents experienced phlebitis infection. The bivariate analysis showed that the factors that affect the incidence of phlebitis nosocomial infection were duration of infusion (p-value = 0.000), amount of intravenous fluids (p-value = 0.038), and injection therapy (p-value = 0.014). The duration of infusion, amount of intravenous fluid, and injection therapy affect the incidence of phlebitis nosocomial infection in the general hospital of Muna regency.
Yuhanah Yuhanah, BaNgu Bangu
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 13-21; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1287

Abstract:
Menarche specifically refers to a woman's first menstruation during early adolescence (puerperal period) where the body growth (growth spurt) is very fast accompanied by hormonal changes that dramatically impact on increasing levels of reproductive function and all sexual maturation in the transition period, resulting in psychological changes, anxious children and symptoms of laziness to do something, especially in learning when the age of 10-14 years, the growth of sexual drive is a trigger for adolescent reproductive health problems is quite serious, making adolescents vulnerable to disease (STDs, HIV-AIDS) and teenage pregnancy great opportunity to have an abortion and narcotics. Adolescents in Indonesia number around 66.3 million people out of a total population of 258.7 million and one in four residents are teenagers. Southeast Sulawesi health profile data in 2017 the number of female population aged 10-14 years was 136,834 people (19.28%) while in Kolaka Regency, the female group aged 10-14 years amounted to 12,020 people (20.92%) of the total population of 251,520 souls. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of knowledge and attitudes towards readiness to face menarche through a cross-sectional approach with the chi-square test. The research was carried out in February until May 2019 with the object of the research being female students of class V and VI at SDN 4 Kolakaasi Latambaga District, Kolaka with 50 respondents with a purposive sampling technique. The research results obtained that there was no relationship between knowledge and readiness of students facing menarche with a value of P = 0.46> a = 0.05 and there was no relationship between attitudes and student readiness in dealing with menarche with a value of P = 1,000> a = 0.05.
Aida Kusnaningsih
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 1-8; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1247

Abstract:
Dysmenorrhea is pain before or during menstruation, occurring on the first day to several days of menstruation. This condition results in young women having difficulty concentrating while studying and absent in the teaching and learning process in class. The research design is quantitative descriptive research. The sample of the study were 160 female students in Madrasah Aliyah Darul Ulum and Miftahul Jannah Palangka Raya, with a purposive sampling technique. The questionnaire used was a question/statement containing the age of menarche, the incidence of dysmenorrhea, family history of menstrual pain. Data were analyzed univariately by frequency distribution test. The study found results from 160 respondents found the average age of menarche is 12.89 years with a standard deviation of 1.24, the lowest age of menarche is 9 years, and the highest is 17 years, has a history of dysmenorrhea in a family of 110 people (69%), and has menstrual pain 138 people (86%). This study concluded that the majority of respondents experienced menstrual pain, and had a family history of dysmenorrhea, and the age range of menarche 9-17 years with an average of 12.89 years.
Sutrimo Usali R, Endang Darmawan, Nurcholid Umam Kurniawan
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 139-145; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1321

Abstract:
Diarrhea is a disease that attacks the digestive system, and most caused by microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) Diarrhea is still the second largest cause of death in the world after pneumonia and is still a public health problem in developing countries like Indonesia. Vitamin D is a potential mediator in regulating the immune system to become the body's defense against infection. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of vitamin D based on body temperature parameters. The study was conducted using a double-blind randomized clinical trial experimental research design, in which researchers conducted clinical trials in the control group (placebo) and there was a comparison group (vitamin D adjuvant). Vitamin D provides a better chance of survival as well as a better chance of a decrease in body temperature compared to patients who do not get vitamin D therapy as an adjuvant (additional). Significant results occurred on days 3, 5 and 6.
Arief Rafsanjani, Endang Darmawan, Nurcholid Umam Kurniawan
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 126-130; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1319

Abstract:
Pneumonia is caused due to an infection in the lungs so antibiotics need to be administered for its management. Giving antibiotic combination therapy gives pretty good results in some cases, but the problem of mortality rates that occur is still high, it is necessary to be given additional therapy to increase the patient's cure rate. One of the adjuvant therapies that can be given is vitamin D. vitamin D is known to play a role in the body�s defense function, both in natural and adaptive immunity and plays a role in the body�s defense in cases of infections, allergies, malignancies, and autoimmune. This research was an experimental Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. The study subjects were pediatric patients aged six months to 18 years who were divided into two groups, namely the intervention group (n = 35) and the control group (n = 35). The intervention group received vitamin D, while the control group received a placebo. Data observed were body temperature. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of vitamin D based on the parameters of fever in pediatric patients with pneumonia infections treated at the Muhammadiyah Bantul Hospital. The results of this study prove that vitamin D is able to provide a chance of survival on the third day after the administration of vitamin D
Mexsi Mutia Rissa, Endang Darmawan, Arum Siwinarni
Jurnal Surya Medika, Volume 5, pp 131-138; doi:10.33084/jsm.v5i2.1320

Abstract:
Approximately 7% of Indonesia's population experience mental disorders psychosis. Yogyakarta Special Region is the second-highest incidence of psychotic mental disorders with a rate of 10 per 1000 population and 80% of those treated in mental hospitals with schizophrenia. Pharmacotherapy management in patients with psychotic mental disorders with the use of antipsychotics, both single and combination. Antipsychotics are classified as atypical antipsychotics and typical antipsychotics. Both groups of antipsychotics have the same pharmacological activity, namely blocking dopamine D2 receptors. The study design is prospective. Inclusion criteria for adult patients (18-65 years), who are inpatient, get risperidone-clozapine antipsychotic therapy and risperidone with other antipsychotics and have complete data. Data obtained from medical records and analyzed with univariate tests to describe the distribution of patients. Bivariate testing to compare the two treatment groups. The number of samples at the end of the study were 32 patients who were divided into 2 groups of antipsychotic antipsychotics, risperidone-clozapine, and risperidone with other antipsychotics. The results of this study show that the therapeutic group that is often used is the combination of risperidone-clozapine compared to risperidone with other antipsychotics in patients with psychotic mental disorders at Yogyakarta Grhasia Mental Hospital.
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