Economics of Development
ISSN / EISSN : 16831942 / 23046155
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 32
Latest articles in this journal
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 41-49; doi:10.21511/ed.18(4).2019.05
During the economic crisis, to ensure sustainable development, the use of network forms of business organization in Ukraine is one of the most effective. However, given that business networks are hierarchical organizations, the problem of continuous monitoring of economic activity is updated to make the necessary effective management decisions. In this paper, using the structural and functional modeling method, a model is developed, which is an integral part of the methodological approach to assessing the business network effectiveness. The model combines empirical, theoretical and mathematical approaches to assessing the effectiveness of the network-based business organization and is based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of business network activity. This approach ensures the objectivity of evaluating the properties of its functioning. A system of factors for a qualitative assessment of the effectiveness of a business network functioning was determined by an expert assessment method involving 40 managers of four companies in Ukraine. Determining the result deviations, in comparison with the accepted factors of the qualitative characteristics of networks, reveals the existing trends in the development of future events in terms of the risk of certain types of the business network activity. The results obtained are practical and will be useful for business network managers in developing an effective management strategy.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 28-40; doi:10.21511/ed.18(4).2019.04
The article explores theoretical and practical approaches to determining the nature of social, economic and environmental efficiency and evaluates social, economic, and environmental efficiency of cattle breeding in Ukraine. Negative trends in the industry are revealed accompanied by a decrease in the number of cattle, including cows, a decrease in production volumes of the industry, loss of production of cattle meat and a low level of profitability of milk production. To develop a motivational mechanism for improving the performance of social, economic and environmental functions of the stockbreeding industry by agricultural enterprises, a mechanism for raising its income has been proposed. The use of the socio-economic-environmental coefficient (SEEC) as an element of the proposed mechanism is justified. SEEC is an integral indicator of the social, economic and environmental efficiency of the stockbreeding development. This coefficient was verified through the example of agricultural enterprises of Kharkiv region, which in 2018 produced stockbreeding products. The relationship between SEEC and stockbreeding performance indicators was found to be related to the law of diminishing returns from changes in cost recovery due to income from milk sales and profit per cow. The maximum cost-recovery value is achieved with an SEEC of 2.1. According to a survey of 91 agricultural enterprises, only four enterprises could receive financial support for the high rates of social, economic and environmental efficiency of cattle breeding. In 2018, the amount of such support could be UAH 52,626.2 thousand.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 19-27; doi:10.21511/ed.18(4).2019.03
Achieving business success for a company is directly related to financial planning, budgeting and analysis of results. Any system is viable if it includes feedback elements that provide an analysis of what the system has done and current adjustments to the system’s behavior as signals about its state. The article deals with the features of the budget process at energy enterprises as part of vertically oriented holding structures. The system formed by such enterprises is very complex, so it is necessary to take additional measures to maintain the efficiency of the budget process in such conditions. Therefore, an important issue is the organization of effective control in the budget execution system to make operational management decisions, which turns it into an effective tool for managing the enterprise. The essence and importance of budget control of energy companies are revealed. The paper deals with the organization of budget planning at an enterprise of the energy industry. Models for budget development and budget execution processes were built and budget limits were adjusted for enterprises using the IDEF0 methodology. The methods of control over the budget execution of energy industry enterprises are considered. The essence and types of the process of adjusting the budget of enterprises are revealed.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 11-18; doi:10.21511/ed.18(4).2019.02
The paper analyzes the impact of retail transformation on the consumers’ expectations and behavior in the electronic environment and identifies the main directions of digitalization of the marketing activities of domestic retail enterprises at each stage of the purchasing decision-making process. It also systematizes the consumer expectations in the context of the digital transformation of retail, which made it possible to establish the importance of managing customer acquisition for retailers and demonstrated how technology changes the way customers purchase. The results of an online study of the impact of marketing efforts in retail outlets to highlight digital transformation tools at every stage of consumer decision-making by consumers are presented and the main directions of digitalization of marketing activities of domestic retail enterprises are summarized. The legitimacy of taking consumer expectations into account when determining the impact on the business model of retailers, returning it to the plane of mobility, digitalizing the purchase process, and the integration of digital and physical trading, has been proven. It is suggested to consider the main areas of digital transformation as digital interaction with customers, innovation in the development of products and services, distribution channels, marketing and sales; digital implementation, risk optimization, strengthening corporate control, intelligent information management and customer service, managing customer and contact center experience, customer relationship management. This made it possible to specify promising areas of digital transformation in the retail industry, in particular, optimizing human resources, creating new ways of cooperation, attracting labor and assistance (flexible work, social cooperation, corporate cooperation, integrated communications), as well as employee training for the retail industry.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 1-10; doi:10.21511/ed.18(4).2019.01
Turbulent global processes, driven by the slowdown in the economy growing, including developed countries, require further understanding of the role of financial factors, the heterogeneous impact of which is conditioned by the globalization of financial markets. The analysis of existing conceptual approaches to economic growth allows identifying bottlenecks of the national financial architecture and specifying positive aspects of successful development. The study proved the need to generalize the provisions of the Keynesian and neo-liberal theory (avoiding unipolar compositions financial architecture), supplementing them with recommendations for implementing financial dirigisme in the face of economic shocks. Given the need to transform national financial policies, the focus is on creating conditions for development of the real economy, as a main source of economic growth, through the government support.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 45-57; doi:10.21511/ed.18(3).2019.05
The system of taxation of personal income in Ukraine does not allow fully implementing the principle of social justice, which is regulated by the Tax Code of Ukraine. This is because in many cases, the taxpayers’ solvency is not taken into account when setting tax rates. The Ukrainian legislation does not regulate the list of poor people, and there is no clear compensatory mechanism of assistance to these social groups. As a result, the number of poor people is growing and, therefore, the social tension is increasing in Ukraine. The article focuses on the poor performance of Ukraine in various indices of socio-economic development, which results in the growth of poor people. There was no clear legislation to classify the poor in Ukraine. A list of poor people is offered. The main directions of poverty reduction in European countries are analyzed. Attention is drawn to the poor status of poverty reduction in Ukraine through tax policies, due to the poor implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy by the executive authorities. The instruments of tax regulation of low-income population in EU countries are considered, the main ones being tax rebate (tax credit), tax exemption, non-taxable minimum, and reduced tax rate. The list of instruments for tax regulation of low-income population in EU countries and Ukraine is summarized. The progressive scale of taxation of personal income is substantiated. The list of poor people is generalized. A non-taxable minimum income indicator is proposed based on the indicator used to determine the limit for applying the tax social benefit. Given the experience of EU countries, the introduction of separate instruments for tax regulation of low-income groups in Ukraine is justified.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 34-44; doi:10.21511/ed.18(3).2019.04
The article explores theoretical and methodical aspects of managing dual relationships that arise between participants in logistic cooperation in the process of formation and functioning of supply chains. The use of a behavioral approach to defining supply chains has allowed identifying and justifying the priority role of behavioral factors that influence modern logistics entities and determine the effectiveness and long-term satisfaction with logistics cooperation. Given the literature summary, the study has classified types of cooperation in logistic activity and proved that among the behavioral factors influencing the of logistical cooperation efficiency, the trust is of particular importance, which remains a limitation, a bottleneck in the process of formation and development of dual relationships in logistics chains. It is proposed to introduce a generic indicator, namely the level of confidence in the supply chain to assess the social, economic and strategic aspects of logistics interaction. A methodological approach to assessing the level of trust in logistic cooperation was adjusted based on determining the composition of criteria that directly affect this indicator and using the expert survey of supply chain participants. The study proposes to use the confidence indicator to form and improve networks and supply chains, taking into account its value when constructing a generalized outsourcing model.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 19-33; doi:10.21511/ed.18(3).2019.03
In most economies, strategies that promote greater equity and less precariousness have become more than a necessity for reducing the effects of poverty. Thus, the focus is on inclusive growth by policy makers and institutions in charge of development and poverty alleviation. For Tunisia, there was a broad consensus on the need for structural reforms to promote inclusive economic growth that reduce social inequalities and regional disparities. This article aims to determine a synthetic indicator of inclusive growth in Tunisia. The method used is the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The purpose of the latter is to provide weightings that take into account the variability of the data through time. The results found showed that Tunisia’s Inclusive Growth Index (IGI) deteriorated during the period from 1980 to 2017, falling from 5.35 to –3.40. The Tunisian government must embark on deep structural reforms to open up channels for a more egalitarian and inclusive society and put the country on a path to more sustainable development.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 12-18; doi:10.21511/ed.18(3).2019.02
The article is devoted to the generalization and development of the terminology that is used to describe the essence and content of the concept “entrepreneurial university”. The results of the literature review allow us to present the concept “entrepreneurial university” in the form of a system of interrelated economic terms. Based on the analysis of search queries, using the databases of Scopus and Google Scholar, the publications that reveal the content of the concept “entrepreneurial university” were selected; the features and key characteristics of the definition of this concept by various authors were defined; the authors’ interpretation has been provided. The analysis of research in the field of university entrepreneurship, which currently covers 314 articles published in various scientific journals, allows us to inductively describe the dynamic process of university entrepreneurship based on the literature synthesis. The presented definition of “entrepreneurial university” concept is based on an analysis of the evolution of ideas about the subject of the entrepreneurship theory and modern scientific management approaches and allows establishing the semantic network that reflects the inner content of the concept “entrepreneurial university”.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 1-11; doi:10.21511/ed.18(3).2019.01
Financial sustainability is one of the most important characteristics of an enterprise's financial position. It determines the level of the company independence from external entities and sources of financing, and, in turn, is conditioned by a set of multifaceted factors. In the case of negative influence of the external environment, engineering enterprises require research and selection of factors of influence on financial sustainability, which are formed in the internal environment of their functioning. The content analysis of definitions of the "financial stability of an enterprise" concept is carried out. Given the analysis results, the key informative characteristics of the enterprises are emphasized, such as state and structure of financial resources, solvency and profitability of the enterprise. In the context of selected areas and based on comparative analysis of literature sources and methods recommended at the state level for assessing the enterprise financial status, the study has formed a list of coefficients, the calculation and analysis of which is appropriate in evaluating assessment of financial enterprises. Using regression analysis, the study has revealed factors that most significantly influence the level of financial sustainability of engineering enterprises. It is established that the level of financial stability of the mechanical engineering industry enterprises in Kharkiv region is mainly influenced by the level of security of current liabilities of enterprises with financial current assets, the ability of enterprise assets to generate net profit and the share of equity in the financing sources structure. Therefore, to ensure the financial sustainability of engineering companies, management should take measures to ensure that they have a sufficient level of financial assets to cover their current liabilities and to optimize financial results in the context of increased net profit.