Economics of Development
ISSN / EISSN : 16831942 / 23046155
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 22
Latest articles in this journal
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 41-48; doi:10.21511/ed.18(2).2019.05
Abstract:Negative trends in the social sphere and the social problems that exist because of this lead to a sharpening of state national security issues. At the same time, domestic and foreign scholars do not pay sufficient attention to the psychological component of social security, which characterizes the subjective assessment of the state of the social sphere development by the population. This very aspect of social security has become a basis for the formulation of the research goal as an analysis of the state of social security of Ukraine in a regional context in accordance with the system of indicators taking into account the psychological component. The main methods of the investigation are analysis, synthesis, comparative analysis, cluster analysis method. The practical result is the definition of the main components of national security, special attention is paid to the analysis of the interpretation of the definition of “social security” by domestic scientists. The expediency of allocating the psychological component of social security has been substantiated. The list of social security indicators has defined in accordance with the methodological recommendations for calculating the level of economic security of Ukraine, namely: the ratio of nominal wages to the subsistence minimum per working age person; the ratio of the size of the labor pension to the subsistence minimum of the disabled persons; the number of HIV-infected persons with the first diagnosis, persons per 100 thousand people); the number of patients with active tuberculosis with the first diagnosis, persons per 100 thousand people; level of crime. The so-called indexes of social tension have been added to this list, which take into account the psychological aspect of the population of the state, namely: arrears of wages; the level of payment by the population of housing and communal services; the level of registered unemployment; the number of employees who were in forced full-time employment. A cluster analysis of the regions of Ukraine has carried out on the basis of the listed social security indicators, which resulted in the definition of regions with high indicators of social security, namely: Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhia, Kyiv, Luhansk, Odesa and Kharkiv regions.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 29-40; doi:10.21511/ed.18(2).2019.04
Abstract:Employment of graduates of higher educational institutions (HEIs) is an important task worldwide. The main problems of employment are due to the existing discrepancy between the education re-ceived by graduates and the needs of business environment. The modern world should focus on the formation of graduates’ competencies in accordance with the demands of employers, which will pro-vide greater access to practical skills for students throughout the entire period of university studies. The purpose of the article is the differentiation of employers, analysis of their needs for graduates of economic specialties, readiness for partnership with HEIs. A survey of experts among employers and HEI professors allowed us to reveal the advantages of their social and professional partnerships and possible problems hampering the process of forming partnership relations. Discriminant analysis became the basis for classifying employers by the degree of their readiness to cooperate with HEIs. Three groups were employers are singled out: “business-focused”, “optimists” and “flagships”. Analysis of employers, taking into account their readiness to form partnership relations with HEIs, will contrib-ute to improving the quality of training personnel in business structures and HEIs.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 19-28; doi:10.21511/ed.18(2).2019.03
Abstract:Modern competition in the tourism sector is characterized by extreme aggravation, a departure from price levers and, at the same time, a shift to quality and differentiation of services provided. Ensuring the competitive advantages becomes possible only by applying a strategic approach to managing the quality of a tourism enterprise activity. The main aspects of the strategic approach to the management of the quality of tourism enterprise services are investigated. Definition of quality of tourism services is specified. The main strategies that are most often used in the management of the quality of the tourism enterprise are identified, aimed at ensuring the compliance of tourism services with the requirements of normative documentation and aimed at ensuring the quality of the tourism product (service) in accordance with the requirements of consumers, their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. Areas of improvement of quality management of tourism enterprises activity are proposed, the essence of which is the clear formulation of the mission of the enterprise, as well as strategic, tactical and operational plans; constant monitoring of the market, identification of changes in consumer requirements to the quality of the tourism product and the process of service provision; improvement of methods and forms of work with personnel of the organization; creation of an effective control system at the enterprise; application of the latest technologies and modern equipment; constant targeted search and use of quality reserves.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 10-18; doi:10.21511/ed.18(2).2019.02
Abstract:An assessment of a relationship between aggregated and partial indicators of the tourist sector development on one hand and other sectors of economy and society on other hand are investigated in the paper. Indicators are expressed in both direct monetary terms and rating scales. The study covers 149 countries in 2016. The results of the study indicate a positive relationship between the development of the tourist sector and the level of economic welfare of the country. This is explained by fact that tourist goods and services are subject of a second necessity and demand for they increases significantly with growth of income level. Found that there is a positive correlation between indicators of tourism sector development and indicators of quality of socio-economic environment. This may be due to fact that, on one hand, high quality socioeconomic environment stimulates visits to country; on other hand, travels stimulate growth of economy and welfare of citizens who live in territory that visited. Further analysis of aggregate of countries, divided into 4 groups by income, showed mixed results. Thus, a stronger correlation between all analyzed indicators is observed in low and high-income countries, weakening in transition to averages by a sample of values. However, such a weak relationship for some countries may be a consequence of a small share of the tourism sector in the economy. This paper differs from previous researches by focusing on a large sample of countries and reveals the relationship between tourism sector development indicators and socioeconomic environment indicators. One can speak of objectivity of results obtained, since they are confirmed both using Spearman’s correlation coefficient and Kendall’s Tau correlation.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 1-9; doi:10.21511/ed.18(2).2019.01
Abstract:The main theoretical approaches to the definition of the “personnel effectiveness” content are considered. To this end, a comparative analysis of the essential features of the concept by different scientists was carried out, the main common and distinctive features in the given definitions are described. In order to determine the role of the effective use of personnel in the enterprise management system, a statistical and correlation-regression analysis was performed based on the State Statistics Service of Ukraine data. The main components of the system for managing the staff performance are revealed, in particular, its purpose, object and both objective and subjective composition are substantiated. Based on the use of the system approach, the main directions of the formation of a system for managing the efficiency of personnel use are formulated. The scientific novelty of this research is in systematizing approaches to determining the meaning of the effectiveness of the use of enterprise personnel. The main elements and stages of the formation of a system for managing the efficiency of personnel use are specified. The practical significance of the article stems from the possibility of using the results of empirical research in further scientific developments from the outlined issues. The peculiarities of the dynamics of indicators of labor productivity, profitability of labor costs for enterprises in the Ukrainian economy are analyzed. The construction of a regression model, which expresses the dependence of added value on the indicators of the efficiency of personnel use, made it possible to reveal the importance of the formation of a personnel management system in the process of development of both individual enterprises and economic growth of the Ukrainian economy as a whole.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 33-43; doi:10.21511/ed.18(1).2019.04
Abstract:Higher education in Ukraine, as one of the prerequisites for national security and competitiveness of the country, needs to be reformed, first of all in the context of improving the quality of educational services. Educational quality studies have confirmed that the educational system does not adequately address the needs of customers and those who receive education. In this regard, the purpose of the article is to study the theoretical aspects of the institutional provision of the quality management process of higher education. Methods of dialectical cognition, comparative analysis, content analysis and a comprehensive approach to the analysis of transformations in the field of higher education are used in this work. A prerequisite for ensuring the quality of higher education is the definition of the hypostasis of the relevant procedures, among which process, functional and evaluation are identified. It is established in the article that the institutional environment in the field of education is an ordered set of legally established norms and informal rules that determine the conditions for the functioning of institutions of higher education, structure the relationship between the subjects of the educational process and are formed within the educational system. The article deals with a wide network of organizations that form the institutional environment of the national higher education, which, according to the levels of government, are divided into international, national, regional and local. It is noted that state agencies for ensuring the quality of education have the largest share in the formation of the institutional environment of the educational sphere. This often leads to a conflict of interest of stakeholders, which can be solved by the introduction of the Institute of Independent Educational Auditors.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 44-55; doi:10.21511/ed.18(1).2019.05
Abstract:The results of generalization of scientific approaches to the solution of modern economic optimization tasks have shown the need for a new vision of their solution based on the improvement of existing mathematical tools. It is established that the peculiarities of the practical use of existing mathematical tools for solving economic optimization problems are caused by the problems of enterprise management in the presence of nonlinear processes in the economy, which also require consideration of the corresponding characteristics of nonlinear dynamic processes. The approach to solving the problem of integer (discrete) programming associated with the difficulties that arise when applying precise methods (methods of separation and combinatorial methods) is proposed, namely: a fractional Gomorrhic algorithm – for solving entirely integer problems (by gradual "narrowing" areas of admissible solutions of the problem under consideration); the method of branches and borders - which involves replacing the complete overview of all plans by their partial directional over. Illustrative examples of schemes of geometric programming, fractional-linear programming, nonlinear programming with a non-convex region, fractional-nonlinear programming with a non-convex domain, and research on the optimum model of Cobb-Douglas model are given. The advanced mathematical tools on the basis of the method of overlaying integer grids (OIG), which will solve problems of purely discrete, and not only integer optimization, as an individual case, are presented in the context of solving optimization tasks of an applied nature and are more effective at the expense of reducing the complexity and duration of their solving. It is proved that appropriate analytical support should be used as an economic and mathematical tool at the stage of solving tasks of an economic nature, in particular optimization of the parameters of the processes of organization and preparation of production of new products of the enterprises of the real sector of the economy.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 23-32; doi:10.21511/ed.18(1).2019.03
Abstract:With the development of globalization, labor migration is an increasingly commonplace in many nations worldwide. For Ukraine, the population of the working people emigrating to find work elsewhere has reached a significant scale. The scale of this labor migration currently emanating from Ukraine, significantly affects the structure of its labor market, level of incomes, and overall social structure within the country. It can be argued that the dynamics of the development of this process is due not only to objective factors, but also to the subjective perceptions of workers in regards to justice in the economic systems of nations around the world. The purpose of the article is to determine the specificity of the value component manifestation in the formation of human decisions in the long-term choice of the country of activity. An interdisciplinary approach to the value component in the formation of decisions of a person under development of globalization on the border of economic and psychological sciences has been implemented. The methodical basis used for this research includes the theory of justice, expectations, and decision-making. As a result, an approach has been developed to compare a migrant worker’s perception of the level of justice found in different countries and to identify common behaviors endemic amongst those choosing a labor market in different countries in the onset of developing globalization. For example, Ukrainian builders and unskilled workers perceive the domestic labor market as 2 to 5 times unfair, com-pared to the most popular countries of labor migration. Thus, it is shown that the level of perceived injustice by Ukrainian workers is rather high. It significantly influences the decision on labor migration and has a subjective significance when forming an attitude to the measures of regulation of the labor market context.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 9-22; doi:10.21511/ed.18(1).2019.02
Abstract:This article deals with trends in the development of marketing activities in the tourism market. In the field of tourist marketing should be considered in two aspects: the first aspect is a system focused on the strategy and tactics of active adaptation to the changing requirements of the tourist market; and the second aspect is the interaction of the main market elements: consumer, product, price, advertising, sales, etc. One of the types of services in tourism, which is expanding is marketing. In facts it affects the interests of every person and every organization in any given market. Marketing of tourism in the international sphere in comparison with other areas where all methods and approaches of marketing activities are actively used, remains at a lower level, of use in the promotion of tourist destination despite the fact that tourism seems to be a popular way of recreation for more than a decade. The aim of the article is to analyze the in the main tendencies in the development of the use of marketing technologies in the tourism industry services on the basis of the modern market conditions as well as the study of integrated methods of promotion of tourist destinations.
Economics of Development, Volume 18, pp 1-8; doi:10.21511/ed.18(1).2019.01
Abstract:The technology for evaluating the personnel readiness for the implementing of e-business technologies is developed, which includes the following steps: development of a list of competencies reflecting staff readiness for the introduction of e-business technologies; building a questionnaire to assess the level of development of staff competencies for each e-business technology; formation of a matrix of pairwise comparisons to determine the relative importance of competencies; personnel questioning; survey of experts; verification of the degree of consistency of expert opinions; definition of integral assessment of personnel readiness. The value of the developed technology is in determining the most important personnel competencies required to interact with the selected e-business technologies in business processes. The developed technology is tested at the enterprises of the machine-building industry of Ukraine. The selection of the most competent personnel for interaction with the e-business technologies in specific business processes is based on the developed technology. The competencies that are specific and necessary for the use of specific e-business technology are identified and evaluated. The technology has been tested at the machine-building enterprises of Ukraine. Assessment of personnel according to the requirements is implemented. The obtained results of the personnel competence before the introduction of e-business technologies in the business processes for enterprises are from 46.77% to 86.58%. Received results indicate a rather high level of competence of the personnel at the enterprises under study.