Educological discourse

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2518-766X / 2312-5829
Current Publisher: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (10.28925)
Total articles ≅ 341
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Educological discourse; doi:10.28925/2312-5829

Abstract:
Електронне наукове фахове видання
Iryna Lynova, Tatiana Pleshko
Educological discourse pp 123-141; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.9

Abstract:
The article offers consideration of the results of the analysis of the State Service for Education Quality in Kyiv of the sites of educational institutions of communal, state and private forms of ownership of the city of Kyiv in relation to their availability and occupancy on 21 indicators: charter of educational institution; licenses for educational activities; structure and governing bodies of the educational institution; staff in accordance with the license conditions; educational programs implemented in the educational institution and the list of educational components provided by the relevant educational program; service area assigned to the educational institution by its founder (for preschool and general secondary education institutions); licensed volume and actual number of students; language (languages) of the educational process; availability of vacant positions, procedure and conditions of the competition for their replacement (in case of its holding); material and technical support of the educational institution (according to the license conditions); results of monitoring the quality of education; annual report on the activities of the educational institution; admission rules; conditions of accessibility of the educational institution for training of persons with special educational needs; tuition fees for private schools); list of additional educational and other services, their cost, procedure for provision and payment; rules of conduct for students; a plan of measures aimed at preventing and combating bullying in the educational institution; the procedure for submitting and reviewing (with confidentiality) applications for cases of bullying (harassment) in an educational institution, response and responsibility of persons in an educational institution involved in bullying (harassment). The authors of the article developed 518 sites of schools of various forms of ownership: state and communal forms of ownership - 437, private - 81. On average, according to 21 indicators, 56% of schools publish the necessary information on the websites of general secondary education institutions. The authors hope that the comments and suggestions set out in the conclusions to the article will help schools to systematize information about their lives and prospects.
Nina Batechko, Lyudmyla Pantaliyenko
Educological discourse pp 68-85; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.5

Abstract:
In the article the authors consider modern approaches to the formation of the content of training of engineering specialists on the example of modelling the syllabi of academic disciplines. A comparative analysis of current trends in the content of professional training of engineering personnel in institutions of higher technical education in Ukraine, Western Europe and China. It is noted that one of the main shortcomings of domestic higher education is still its inconsistency with the requirements of the labour market and the lag of technical training from scientific and technological progress. The latter encourages the revision of another strategic involvement of training – the formation of professional competencies of future professionals, and hence the formation of a new content of training for future engineers. An example of such attempts is the introduction of syllabuses in the educational process of higher education. The creation of information and educational networks has globalized this problem and led to the need to realize it at a new innovative level. The article focuses on the definitive analysis of the researched problem and on the basic principles of syllabus construction, which are based on the competence approach. It is noted that the main task of this analysis is to study the substantive nuances between the syllabi of academic disciplines and their work programs, why and for whom this document is prepared and whether it is right at all. Emphasis is placed on the basic principles of construction of syllabi of academic disciplines, according to which they can be distinguished from work programs. As a fundamental principle, access to learning outcomes is highlighted, which should be expressed through the levels of competencies of graduates. Thus, through educational activities, the opportunity to design the future professional activity of the student is realized, and as a result to consider the competence acquired in the learning process. The structural components of syllabuses of academic disciplines are considered. The structure of the syllabus of the discipline in terms of components and a specific example of its modelling have been provided.
Glib Golovchenko
Educological discourse pp 19-36; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.2

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Inna Melnyk
Educological discourse pp 221-239; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.14

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Halyna Okrepka
Educological discourse pp 192-205; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.12

Abstract:
The problems and prospects of using virtual simulators for increasing the interactivity of educational materials in teaching general and inorganic chemistry in higher educational institutions are considered. The virtual practical works in general chemistry with the use of PhET’s simulations by pharmacist students were tested in accordance with the developed protocols and instructions. The advantages and disadvantages of the virtual practical works on the PhET–Interactive Simulation (http://phet.colorado.edu) are formulated. Performing practical tasks on the PhET simulators enhances the quality of knowledge. It is established that the use of PhET simulations is an effective method of interactive learning, which helps to improve the learning of material in both traditional lectures and demonstrations, as well as in practical classes. Students have a growing cognitive interest in real experiment, developing research and experimental competencies, in particular, the ability to formulate and ask questions, make predictions, use evidence to support ideas, focus on the main details, choose the optimal algorithms for the experiment, develop facility with commonly-used scientific representations and measurement tools, coordinate across scientific representations, science models, and real world situations. Students study to identify cause-effect relationships, make connections to everyday life. PhET simulations provide students with the opportunity to work with new material and develop further interest in science, however, the effectiveness of learning depends not only on the PhET, but also on whom and where it is used, how it is integrated into the learning process. PhET–-Interactive Simulations are effective for students to develop the skills and competencies needed to master the following chemical disciplines.
Tetiana Kutsenko
Educological discourse pp 44-54; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.4

Abstract:
The aim of the article is to improve teachers’ conflictological competence in the system of methodical work of institutions of general secondary education. The tasks of the article are to determine the directions of development of teacher’s conflictological competence and to clarify the criteria and indicators of formation of teacher’s conflictological competence.The directions of development of teacher’s conflictological competence have been presented, taking into account teachers’ readiness for conflictological activity. They have meant independent work for experienced teachers and introduction of special seminar “Fundamentals of Pedagogical Conflictology” for beginner teachers. The special seminar has included the use of educational forms and methods aimed at activation of educational-cognitive actions, development of learning independence and creativity of teachers. It has meant the use of lectures and seminars in the form of a dialogue with audience, business and role-playing games, training and testing methods, analysis of incidents and conflicts, work with own biography etc.The main criteria and indicators of formation of teacher’s conflictological competence have been clarified. They are motivational, cognitive and procedural-activity criteria. The motivational criterion included positive attitude and awareness of expediency of acquiring conflictological competence. The cognitive criterion meant completeness of conflictological knowledge. The procedural-activity criterion included the formation of conflictological skills. The main skills are diagnostic (adequate analysis on conflict situation, clear definition of the initial parameters of conflict, the causes of conflict, its participations and their peculiarities, motives and intentions), communicative (ability to engage in dialogue, focusing on the rules of conflict-free communication, peculiarities and emotional state of an interlocutor), regulatory (ability to use effective methods for solving the conflict), prognostic (substantiated prognosis of conflict developments) and reflexive (analysis and correction of own behaviour). Статтю присвячено вдосконаленню конфліктологічної компетенції вчителів у системі методичної роботи закладів загальної середньої освіти. Визначено напрями розвитку конфліктологічної компетенції вчителів з урахуванням готовності педагогів до професійно-конфліктологічної діяльності: для досвідчених учителів у процесі самоосвітньої роботи; для педагогів-початківців під час упровадження спецсемінару «Основи педагогічної конфліктології». Уточнено основні критерії (мотиваційний, когнітивний, процесуально-діяльнісний) та показники (позитивне ставлення й усвідомлення доцільності набуття конфліктологічної...
Olena Zhadko
Educological discourse pp 31-43; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.3

Abstract:
The article is dedicated to the revelation of forms and methods of interaction of school and local self-government when implementing schoolchildren's civic education. The main forms and methods of this interaction are: support of the activities of socially active schools aimed at providing the academic, health maintaining, entertaining and social services and providing training programs for people's professional activity, ensuring the implementation of projects and programs in civic education (in particular, Swiss-Ukrainian project "Development of Citizenship Competences in Ukraine", Ukrainian project "Zero Waste School", youth project "Deputy quest" etc.), support of the activities of regional youth school organizations ("Youth Parliamentary Club", in particular), conducting actions on schoolchildren's civic education (for instance, "For a Clean Environment", "Citizen" etc.), organization and facilitation of the work of museums, holding children's festivals, regional contests dedicated to different educational and cultural problems, schoolchildren's competitions in subjects, competitions (tourism and local history, sporting, intellectual etc.), tournaments, festivals, games, meetings, excursions and exhibitions dedicated to important dates and events in the life of the country, its history, outstanding people and nature, seminar-practicum in youth civic education, production and distribution of information materials about native land. Due to above-mentioned forms and methods of interaction of school and local self-government, schoolchildren can take active part in community life, introduce non-standard, innovative approaches to solving the problems of local communities and modern managerial and information technologies in local government. Статтю присвячено висвітленню форм і методів взаємодії школи та органів місцевого самоврядування у здійсненні громадянського виховання учнів. Основними формами та методами цієї взаємодії є: підтримка діяльності громадсько-активних шкіл, забезпечення реалізації проектів і програм з громадянського виховання, підтримка діяльності регіональних молодіжних шкільних організацій, проведення акцій із громадянського виховання школярів, організація та сприяння роботі музеїв, проведення дитячих фестивалів, обласних конкурсів, присвячених різних освітнім і культурним питанням, учнівських олімпіад з предметів, змагань, турнірів, свят, ігор, зустрічей, екскурсій, виставок,...
Yuliia Hlinchuk
Educological discourse pp 94-105; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.8

Abstract:
The rapid loss of health of the younger generations during school education makes it a pressing problem for students to maintain their health during the learning process. This problem is extremely important not only for the general education environment but also for institutions of higher and postgraduate education, since the safety of the educational process for the health of students depends first and foremost on the teacher. However, to date, the problem of student health technologies has not been sufficiently studied. In particular, there is no single approach to the name and overall classification of such technologies. The article analyzes the views of scientists on the nature of student health technologies. Based on this, the term "school technologies of preserving students' health" and a general classification of student health preservation technologies are proposed for use, which logically integrates existing semantic interpretations. We believe that it is appropriate to separate school technologies for preserving students' health into appropriate health (technologies implemented in the educational process without compromising the health of the subjects: taking into account individual, age, gender characteristics; ergonomic, technical, organizational norms educational process, etc.) and health-saving (technologies aimed at shaping students' competences in maintaining their own health and that of other people: fostering a culture of health, health of the same lifestyle, sanogenic thinking etc.). It is noted that the results of theoretical analysis of the problem of general classification of school technologies of preserving students' health actualize the problem of further detailed classification of these technologies and ways of their introduction in the educational process of general educational institutions. У статті висвітлено проблему загальної класифікації технологій збереження здоров’я учнів. Наголошено на актуальності даної проблеми у зв’язку зі стрімкою втратою здоров’я підростаючим поколінням за період навчання у школі. Зазначено про значущість дослідження даної проблеми у контексті змісту фахової підготовки студентів педагогічних спеціальностей та післядипломної педагогічної освіти вчителів. Запропоновано до вжитку термін «шкільні технології збереження здоров’я учнів». Проаналізовано погляди науковців щодо сутності технологій збереження здоров’я учнів. На основі цього запропоновано загальну класифікацію шкільних технологій збереження здоров’я учнів.
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