Educological discourse

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2518-766X / 2312-5829
Current Publisher: Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (10.28925)
Total articles ≅ 345
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Educological discourse; doi:10.28925/2312-5829

Educological discourse pp 1-14; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.1

Abstract:
The phenomenon of globalization creates a variety of tensions and dilemmas. The present paper attempts to approximate this phenomenon by tracing the different trends arising from the corresponding descriptive, evaluative and regulatory judgments. In addition, the various philosophers' views on the dialogue on cosmopolitanism and patriotism are outlined, and Tagore's reflections and positions on cosmopolitanism and ecumenical education are highlighted, with emphasis on the development of critical thinking and constructive dialogue. The debate on globalization raises concerns and dilemmas in educational theory as well, with the consequent urgency of the need for rapid adaptation to the challenging environment.The conclusion drawn from the presentation of the aforementioned positions is the need for the implementation of educational policies that will be based on education for empathy, solidarity and intercultural respect. Revisiting the commitment to culture within a universal horizon based on acceptance of diversity requires the existence of strategic planning that contains actions and choices that make it flexible and efficient. Явище глобалізації призводить до різноманітних дискусій, створює напругу в суспільстві, викликає дилеми, протилежне бачення самого питання. У запропонованій статті подана спроба апроксимувати явище глобалізації, простежене за різними сучасними тенденціями; результати спостережень та отримані показники викладені описовими, оцінними і регулюючими судженнями. Крім того, представлені різні філософські погляди в діалозі питань із космополітизму та патріотизму, на яких сфокусовані філософи та футурологи. Порушені питання глобалізації у статті розглянуто разом з баченнями Р. Тагора і його позиції щодо космополітизму та всесвітньої освіти, де робиться акцент на розвитку критичного мислення і конструктивного діалогу. Дебати щодо глобалізації в освітньому просторі викликають побоювання...
Oksana Buinytska, Liliia Varchenko-Trotsenko, Bohdan Hrytseliak
Educological discourse pp 64-79; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.6

Abstract:
The article discusses the process of digitization of higher education institution on the example of Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University and analyzes the main aspects of digital campus implementation. The perspective world educational technologies are described which development influences changes of the concept of management in modern educational establishments and in the educational process as a whole. Also described the main legislative decisions that may serve as a basis for transforming a higher education institution into a «digital campus». Regulatory documents of Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University identified. The existing IT infrastructure and the solutions of Grinchenko University is analyzed that can be the basis for the introduction of a «digital campus». The main components of the «digital campus» considered, which correspond to the implemented best solutions in the European educational space and at the same time satisfy the needs of the university. Analyzed the innovative solutions for the implementation of «digital campus», such as Almus Net, Classter, LMS 365, TESLA EDU, SMART HCM&LMS, ZEROBIT, and EXAMUS. The comparative analysis of the components of these solutions displayed for the construction of «digital campus». The main stages of implementation of the «digital campus» identified. Attention is paid to the fact that the construction of the digital campus should integrate the existing solutions as much as possible to ensure the comfort and convenience of participants in the educational process, implement new required solutions, each of which, thanks to unification into a single system, will ensure the functioning of a modern higher education institution, will work on its development and competitiveness. The created «digital campus» will ensure the functioning of the educational institution, the automation of all business processes, provide access to educational resources and facilitate successful management decisions.
Educological discourse pp 155-168; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.13

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the analysis of scientific researches of the best universities in the world providing training in the field of education and their impact on the quality of education. The analysis is based on the results of the QS World University Rankings in Education, which identified the top ten universities in the world in 2019, which train specialists in education. In the article the general directions and topics of scientific researches, as well as specific ones, specific to each university are highlighted. The author reveals the peculiarities of the research work of the best universities in the world in the field of education and its relationship with the quality of education. Particular attention is paid to the criteria of quality (success) of the activities of universities, and research in particular. The article emphasizes that analyzing the educational research of the best universities in the world as a condition of ensuring the quality of education can be very useful for the development of education (and not just pedagogical) in Ukraine. It is noted that a high level of educational research will help Ukrainian education to achieve modern quality of study, to provide it on a research basis and to become practically oriented.The author defines the key characteristics of successful research universities, including the following: • availability of basic and applied research in contemporary areas and topics; • carrying out research work focused on the practical results of the research; • a wide range of disciplines included in the educational program in any specialty; • a high proportion of postgraduate research programs; • high level of external income of the university, which is ensured by the implementation of research results; • international recognition of research findings and prospects for their further development.According to the QS World University Rankings, the top ten universities in the world that provide training in education are: 1. University College London, (UCL), (United Kingdom); 2. Harvard University, (USA); 3. Stanford University (USA); 4. University of Oxford, (United Kingdom); 5. University of Cambridge, (United Kingdom); 6. University of Hong Kong, (Hong Kong); 7. University of Toronto, (Canada); 8. Berkeley University, California, (USA); 9. Columbia University, New York, (USA); 10.University of California (Los Angeles), USA By looking at research topics, you can distinguish topics that are most commonly found in universities. In this case, we are referring to non-standard general topics of pedagogical research such as: educational policy, organization and improvement of training, development of standards of teaching, didactics of learning, etc. They are present in the scientific research of the best universities, but the most important place is occupied by the research topics that characterize the current stage of development of education in the world, with all its features, influences and main trends. For example, almost all the best universities in the world are researching on human rights and equity in education. A striking example of such research can be the scientific theme of the Pedagogical Institute of Hong Kong University "Justice and Social Justice in Education".Another important theme that unites the best universities is the topic of developing critical thinking and developing critical media literacy skills for students and students. An example of such research is the Teachers' Training Program for Critical Media Literacy Skills in Students at the Teachers at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA. Стаття присвячена аналізу наукових досліджень кращих університетів світу, що здійснюють підготовку в галузі освіти, та їх впливу на якість навчання. За основу аналізу покладено результати рейтингу QS World University Rankings в галузі освіти, який визначив десятку кращих університетів світу в 2019 році, що готують спеціалістів в галузі освіти. В статті виокремленні як загальні напрями та теми наукових...
Educological discourse pp 118-130; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.10

Abstract:
This article is devoted to approaches to the targeted and consistent preparation of the educational environment for inclusive learning in educational institutions. The author reveals the limited and controversial nature of the concept of «inclusive educational environment» in Ukrainian regulatory and educational materials; the author presents international guidelines, according to which the educational environment acquires such characteristics as: free, stimulating, supportive, developing for all students. The author carefully analyses the content and structural components of the classroom management strategy (object spatial, organizational-semantic, socio-psychological), aimed at positive transformation of the educational environment for the success of each participant in the educational process. The author presents research on the implementation of the «Classroom Management» strategy in the educational process, in which seven educational institutions took part. The aim of the research was to carry out positive transformations in the educational environment as the basis for the implementation of effective inclusive education. According to expert assessments of the teaching staff, the changes achieved have significantly improved the start of inclusive education. In turn, the team of organizers and experts of this research noted the particular success of two schools, the teaching teams of which showed sincere interest in the proposed approach and joined the preparatory work not as consumers, but as real partners, with enthusiasm, creative proposals, a desire to transform the environment for the better and achieve greater success in student learning and development. The results obtained showed the effectiveness of the «Classroom Management» strategy, which positively transform the educational environment and contribute to the development of a competent inclusive process. В статті розкривається сутність цілеспрямованої та послідовної підготовки освітнього середовища до інклюзивного навчання у закладах освіти. Автор розкриває обмежений і суперечливий характер поняття «інклюзивне освітнє середовище» в українських нормативно-правових та навчально-методичних розробках; представляє міжнародні орієнтири, за якими освітнє середовище набуває таких характеристик, як: безперешкодне, стимулююче, підтримувальне, розвивальне для усіх учнів. Автор ретельно аналізує зміст та структурні компоненти стратегії «Класний менеджмент», спрямованої на позитивне перетворення освітнього середовища для успіху кожного учасника...
Svitlana Zaskaleta, Olena Shcherbakova
Educological discourse; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.2.10

Abstract:
The article deals with the question of applying the principles of cross-curricular approach in higher education in the countries of the West. The concept of interdisciplinary research is based on the premise that concepts and facts are not studied in isolation from each other. An analysis of the development of higher education in Europe and the US made it possible to highlight its general trend. It defines the application of cross-domain communication principles. Implementation of the cross-curricular approach is considered as a promising method for professional training of students for the application of knowledge in other disciplines. Common terms of this direction are defined. They are: cross-curricular approach, interdisciplinary approach, multidisciplinary approach, cross-disciplinary approach, transdisciplinary approach. A comparative characteristic of integration approaches is proposed. Cross-disciplinary analysis - studies a problem that is usually transformed into one discipline through the prism of another discipline (for example, learning a foreign language of professional communication is studied through profiling disciplines). Multidisciplinary analysis - considers the problem from different points of view, without making a joint effort for the systematic integration of disciplinary views. Inter-disciplinary analysis - considers the problem from different points of view, which leads to a systematic effort to integrate alternative views into a single or holistic framework of analysis The interrelationships between three different approaches are established. Given the differences, the three approaches have much in common. Thus, the level of discipline Multidisciplinary study based on themes. Interdisciplinary skills and concepts are embedded in the standards of the discipline. The transdisciplinary approach takes into account the real life context. In the context of the cross-curricular approach, the integration of scientific literacy with the use of information literacy skills is considered. The purpose of information literacy is to improve both scientific and information literacy of students, the introduction of the concepts of scientific literacy in courses related to relevant topics. This model allows students to better understand scientific information and expand the scientific topics on which the research is conducted. Special attention in the European educational space given to study foreign languages. In the context of an interdisciplinary approach, this means that semantic subjects are taught and studied in a language that is not the student’s native language.
Educological discourse pp 106-117; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.1.9

Abstract:
Main methodological approaches to studying of Ukrainian as a foreign language of students from medical institutions of higher education have been described in the article, in particular content and peculiarities have been revealed of such approaches as system, communicative-activity, personally-oriented professionally-oriented, socially-cultural, word-centric, contextual, competency ones. It has been stated, that such structured components are singled out in methodological system of studying of Ukrainian as a foreign language as aim, content, task, approaches, principles, methods, forms, means, technologies and results of studying, which provide implementation of educational process, while interacting between each other. It has been noted, that distinguishing of presented approaches to studying of Ukrainian as a foreign language is implemented according to the aim and tasks of educational disciplines. It has been emphasized, that aim of the discipline «Ukrainian language» consists in achievement of final goals of education, which are basis for construction of its content. Practical acquirement of a language at I medium level is considered as terminal goal of the discipline at medical institutions of higher education, that is sufficient for implementation of cognitive activity in social-cultural and educational-professional spheres, that is realized with the help of complex approach to preparation of future specialists and provides interaction of communicative, educational and disciplinary goals.
Educological discourse pp 240-252; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.15

Abstract:
The study aims to describe the methodology for a comparative study of US and Ukrainian higher education institutions, namely with regard to the professional training of electronics engineers. Although applying international experiences in training students of higher education institutions is becoming more widely accepted by Ukrainian higher education institutions, few studies attempted to explore the impact of leading US institutions’ best engineering education practices on Ukrainian higher engineering education. It is suggested that comparing professional training of electronics engineers in US and Ukrainian higher education contexts should address the feasibility and procedures for US experience implementation. Thus, this article determines the levels of comparative pedagogical analysis of professional training of electronics engineers i.e. conceptual, organizational and methodological, content and technological. In addition, invariant tasks of comparative pedagogical research are proposed. In particular, they include analysis and comparison of concepts, provision of procedures and comparison criteria, description of research stages, applying the discovered US educational experience to the Ukrainian context, development of recommendations for educational policy with regard to the modernization of higher education. The comparative analysis of concepts has identified the equivalents in the educational contexts of two countries as well as shown the need for introducing some new concepts into Ukrainian engineering education terminology. Criteria introduced by the leading international, US and Ukrainian ranking systems, Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology enabled the selection of 43 appropriate higher engineering institutions. The findings reveal that US educational experience allows Ukrainian institutions that train electronics engineers to find optimal solutions to solve these problems and outline promising areas for applying the US experience. Comparative study of two educational systems is of undeniable practical importance, particularly with respect to the modern period of Ukrainian higher engineering education reforms.
Olexander Horban , Maria Maletska
Educological discourse pp 1-18; doi:10.28925/2312-5829.2020.3.1

Abstract:
In this article, the use of videogames in online learning has been considered. It is emphasized that new forms and methods of organizing the educational process are becoming increasingly important in times of global educational crisis and the crisis in education. It is noted that new strategies for the establishment of modern educational space, based on the involvement of new, primarily digital, technologies, and new methodological approaches to the organization and content of the educational process, including game approaches, are quite effective in solving problems of modern education. An essential means of increasing students’ motivation is the use of videogames in the educational process. The main aspects of videogame phenomenon that actualize its use in contemporary education have been analyzed. The following forms and methods of involving videogames in the educational process have been considered: gamification as a partial use of game mechanics or complete transformation of the educational process into a (video)game; game-based learning as the use of particular videogames in education to motivate students and improve learning; educational videogames as a separate category of games that are developed primarily for educational purposes and for which the entertainment-motivational function is secondary. The advantages and disadvantages of videogame activity within each of forms in conditions of online learning have been determined. The authors raise the question of the need to develop and involve comprehensive multiplayer videogames, aimed not at supplementing the educational process, but at the complete transformation of online learning. It is noted that such videogames can be an environment for learning and communication between teacher and students and contain the information base necessary for studying the subject. It is concluded that the development of a comprehensive videogame for online learning in higher education institutions can increase the effectiveness of online education in general by increasing students’ motivation and interest in learning, giving them an opportunity to acquire the additional experience, moving to more individualized and flexible trajectory of higher education.
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