ISSN / EISSN : 2089-0338 / 2502-7921
Published by: Puslitbangkesos Kementerian Sosial RI (10.33007)
Total articles ≅ 133
Latest articles in this journal
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 97-110; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2158
The Corona virus outbreak changes life habits, interaction patterns and people's behavior. The impact is very large and massive, not only targeting the health aspects but also the economic, psychological, social, political, educational, cultural, religious, etc, so that it needs to deal with proper government policies. The article uses a qualitative method with a case study approach that concentrates on the dynamics that occur in society after the implementation of policies related to COVID-19. Methods of data collection through observation, interviews, and content analysis of online media publications. The focus of the study is government policy, community response, and the events that follow after the policy was implemented in the period March to August 2020 in Kendari City. The results show that after the implementation of the policy to prevent the spread of COVID-19, there will be dynamics and noise in the community. The noise, panic, and stress were triggered by 3 things, first, the Mayor of Kendari's instruction that prohibited Kendari City residents from doing activities outside their home for 3 consecutive days without clear social security; second, the issue of the arrival of foreign workers from China, and third, the patient suspected of being infected with Corona escaped from the hospital isolation room. Public response to controversial government policies has ranged from non-compliance, violating health protocol rules, to anxiety and uproar in the community. In order not to cause uproar and controversy, government policies should be made to answer needs, solve problems, and improve the welfare of society.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 159-176; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2389
This research focused on the ability and strength of "terrorist" families in dealing with certain condition and problem after their family member was arrested as terrorist. This problem and certain condition arose due to the fact that one of their family members becomes a suspect in a criminal act of terrorism. This study particularly explored the family dynamics in dealing with problems, reactions from surrounding communities, local government actions, both negative stigma, as well as positive support from community, discrimination and the resilience of terrorist families. The method used in this study was qualitative method specifically using the phenomenological tradition by exploring the subject experience. Subjects or informants in this study were individuals who have specific background (having family member who was arrested as terrorist) and people who know about these events. The purpose of this study is to obtain an overview with the dynamics of psychological problems and resilience of terrorist families in the face of pressure, prejudice, negative stigma and possible discrimination from society, and to describe it as a research report from the perspective of the terrorist suspect's family. Collecting data in this study was done through in depth interview for the primary data and observation for secondary data. The result of this study showed a picture of the terrorist family with the dynamics of psychological problems in facing negative stigma and discrimination experienced in their daily lives. This can be used as an illustration of family resilience in facing problems and difficult situations
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 138-146; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2090
The Corona-19 outbreak, which has now become a pandemic, and has had an impact on health conditions and people's behavior, “called” TKSK to get involved in handling the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak. This study aims to describe the role of TKSK in overcoming the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in various regions in Indonesia. The primary data sources of this research are program implementersat the Directorate of Social Empowerment for Individuals, Families, Groups and Communities (Dit-PSPKKM), Ministry of Social Affairs RI, and TKSK coordinators in 34 provinces. For primary data collection, interviews were conducted online with program implementers, and virtual discussions involving the TKSK coordinator in 34 provinces, the person in charge and program implementers at Dit-PSPKKM), and a team of consultants. Secondary data sources are regulations, guidelines, resumes from consultant team meetings, and literature. For secondary data collection, documentation study and literature study were conducted. The research findings,TKSK has played a role in overcoming the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in its working area. Activities carried out are categorized onprevention, distribution of social assistance, complaints and social advocacy. The results of this study contribute conceptually and in an applied manner related to management in overcoming the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic through optimal utilization of TKSK
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 122-137; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2360
The study was entitled Good Practices for the Implementation of the Harapan Family Program (Case Study in Oesena Village and Nonbes Village, Amarasi District, Kupang Regency). This study is based on data on the amount of PKH funds that were not used properly in several regions, including NTT. However, the Beneficiary Groups (KPM) in Oesena and Nonbes Villages demonstrated good practice of PKH funds. This study aims to see and identify the efforts developed by the KPM PKH Program post-exit PKH Program and the business strategies of post-exit PKH fund recipients in improving welfare. This study uses qualitative techniques with 12 research subjects. Sampling is done by purposes sampling. Data collection was carried out by means of observation, FGD, and in-depth interviews. The results showed that the PKH funding program in Oesena and Nonbes villages was very good in developing PKH funds. Funds received by KPM are used to meet the needs of schools and pregnant women (30%), savings (20) and to develop household businesses (50%). KPM members have an innovative, creative, and productive spirit in PKH assistance funds. PKH Beneficiary Groups (KPM) in Oesena Village and Nonbes Village have a strategy to improve welfare, namely by making individual budget plans, starting small businesses, marketing products from capital and PKH.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 177-192; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2423
This paper examined the Jogo Tonggo policy issued by the Central Java Provincial Government in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methodology: This research is a qualitative descriptive, data were collected by in-depth interviews with respondents who were selected by snowball sampling. The research was conducted in Purworejo Regency. Result: The Covid-19 pandemic changed the pattern of relations between communities through the local (village) self-contained quarantine that was enforced in villages. Several village-level social activities were canceled to avoid crowds. Jogo tonggo begins with the provision of PPE and disinfectant equipment. Community solidarity with neighbors is established as usual, even better, for example helping neighbors who must self-quarantine. The form of solidarity that is carried out is by taking turns providing foodstuffs for 14 days of quarantine with a varied menu managed by the PKK or Dasawisma group. The community also routinely works together in spraying disinfectants, guarding the entrance portal which is managed in rotation. Recommendation: This movement needs to be continuously advocated so that people who are getting fed up with pandemic conditions remain vigilant and do not ignore health protocols. It is also necessary to think about a stimulus for villages to assist with foodstuffs, medical devices and internet quota packages for school children.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 147-158; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2063
The objectives of this research are: (1) Identification of groups of Sakai residents who want to obtain (2) The role of local government in cultural development and local wisdom, (3) The appropriate model for strengthening social capital for the Sakai tribe. This study uses a qualitative approach by expressing phenomenology, exploring and describing the current condition of the Sakai people. The research informants were the Head of the Bengkalis Regency Tourism and Culture Office, Tualang Mandau Sub-District Head, Mandau Sub-District Head, Village Head Bathin Salopan District and the Head of Bathin (tribal chief) in three Sakai areas, namely the Industrial Plantation Forest area, the Rokan Muandau River Area, and the Batin Salopan Traditional Area. This research was conducted in July 2018 to April 2019. The results of this study are (1) identification of finding groups of Sakai residents divided into four groups who are in different areas. (2) The role of the government is considered to have not been maximal in the development and empowerment of the Sakai people in the Bengkalis district (3) The social capital strengthening model in the Government, the private sector and the community must mutually strengthen and support the development and empowerment of the Sakai tribe
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 111-121; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i2.2222
To fulfill the economic needs through working abroad in order to raise the wind is one of benefit seeks by the woman migrant workers. Migrant workers is protected with formal social protection schemes both in origin and destination countries as stipulated in UU No. 18 tahun 2017 about migrant workers protection article 31. This study aims to apprehend on how is the mechanism of social protection to Indonesian Women Migrant Workers in Hongkong. 12 informants were involved in this study from Indonesian women migrant workers post placement and in placement period. This study founds that donation and inter-family loan among Indonesian women migrant workers were informal social protection mechanism developed by them in Hongkong. In certain condition, the coverage of formal social protection is insufficient to to protect Indonesian women migrant workers. As woman migran workers have solid friendship relations among their group and communities, informal social protection schemes with gotong royong principle helped them when in illness, unemployment, and work injury.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 14-31; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i1.2091
The Family Hope Program (PKH) is a conditional social assistance program for very poor families aimed at improving the quality of life and well-being. PKH is considered to provide direct benefits to help with education and health costs, but it has not yet affected social economic status. PKH implementation is considered not on target, giving rise to potential conflicts, and other technical problems. Central Java Province is the region that has the second highest poverty rate in Indonesia, and a very large number of PKH recipients. This study aims to: 1) Describe the implementation of PKH in Central Java; 2) Analyze community attitudes towards the implementation of PKH in Central Java; 3) Formulating the concept of PKH renewal desired by the community. This study used mixed method approach (qualitative and quantitative). This reseacrh conducted in 15 districts with the highest poverty rate in Central Java. Informants involved in this study were the recipient of the handler, PKH assistant, village officials, and local government officials. Data collection instruments are questionnaires, FGDs, and interview guides. Data analysis with an interactive model developed by Miles and Huberman, which includes data reduction, data display, and data verification. The conclusions of this study are: 1) The implementation of PKH in Central Java in terms of procedures and managerial aspects is considered good, but the program targets are not appropriate because of invalid data, amounting to 21.54 percent of PKH recipients are not poor, and only 13.99 percent of PKH recipients are poor and 26,21 percent very poor. 2) The community feels the benefits of PKH to ease their living expenses and if possible increase the amount, on the other hand there are still many poor families who have not received assistance to cause conflict and suspicion. 3) The renewal of PKH needed is to have a dimension of sustainability, involving the community in program planning, as well as educating the poor to be empowered and productive. The recommendations of this study are: 1) updating data integrated with population data, as well as collaboration between village, district/city, and provincial governments; 2) education for the community to escape poverty and submit correct data. 3) increasing training activities, increasing competitiveness and productivity. 4) local governments contribute to the addition quota of PKH recipients and companion staff.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 32-44; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i1.1892
Pentingnya mekanisme program dan efektifitas pemberdayaan ekonomi merupakan suatu keniscayaan dalam meningkatkan kemandirian masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh faktor eksternal dan mekanisme program terhadap efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif dan tingkat kemandirian penerima manfaat programyang ada di wilayah provinsi Jawa Barat. Jumlah populasi sebesar 1.888 orang penerima manfaat program, melalui rumus slovin didapatkan sampel sejumlah 330 responden. Lokasi penelitian di Kota Bogor, Kabupaten Cianjur, Kabupaten Sukabumi dan Kabupaten Bogor. Metode penelitian yang digunakan surveymelalui kuesioner serta diolah dengan program SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada variabel faktor eksternal, indikatorperan nilai-nilai agama, peran nilai-nilai sosial dan potensi pasar berkategori tinggi. Sedangkan dari indikator dukungan komunitas, kepemimpinan formal dan non formal berkategori sedang. Pada variabel mekanisme program yang memiliki indikator diantaranya; sosialisasi program, penyaluran dana, kesepakatan pengembalian, pemberian sanksi dan penghargaan menunjukkan kategori tinggi. Sedangkan indikator pemilihan kegiatan usaha masuk pada kategori sedang. Selanjutnya variabel efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif didalamnya ada indikator yaitu efektivitas pemberian bantuan teknis dan efektivitas penguatan kapasitas sama-sama mempunyai kategori tinggi. Variabel tingkat kemandirian penerima manfaat program terdapat beberapa indikator yakni tingkat pendapatan, tingkat investasi usaha, dan tingkat kemitraan usaha berada pada kategori tinggi. Adapun bila dilihat dari pengaruh secara parsial variabel kondisi lingkungan eksternal terhadap efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif sebesar 28,6 %, pengaruh secara parsial variabel mekanis program terhadap efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif sebesar 32,7%, melihat dari pengaruh secara simultan efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif sebesar 37,9% dan pengaruh secara simultan dari efektivitas pemberdayaan ekonomi produktif terhadap tingkat kemandirian penerima manfaat program sebesar 87,1%.
Sosio Konsepsia, Volume 10, pp 74-83; https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v10i1.1971
Drug abuse is a quite serious problem and its handling involves various stakeholders. This study aims to analyze how the influence of family communication on the assertiveness of adolescent drug abusers. This study used a cross-sectional study design and was carried out at National Narcotics Agency, Jakarta Timur City (BNNK), Jakarta Timur and Non-Governmental Organizations under the guidance of the BNNK, Jakarta Timur namely: Balarenik Foundation and Swara Peduli Indonesia Foundation. The selection of research locations is done by snowball sampling. The population of this study is adolescent drug abusers in Jakarta Timur, Jakarta. The respondents of this study were 68 adolescent drug abusers in BNNK, Jakarta Timur, Balarenik Foundation, and Indonesian Swara Care Foundation. The sampling technique in this study uses non-probability sampling with purposive sampling. The findings in this study are that there is a significant positive effect of family communication on adolescent assertiveness. The determinant coefficient in this study was 62%, which means that the assertiveness of adolescent abusers of narcotics is determined by the communication of the of family of 62% and 38% is determined by other factors.